US trade (export - import) with Afghanistan in 2013

Published or Updated: Feb 02, 2017

The report on US foreign trade in goods with Afghanistan in 2013: exports, imports, balance, product types and groups, dynamics.

US Trade with Afghanistan

In 2013, US trade with Afghanistan was $1,456.0 million, down 6.64% ($103.5 million) from 2012.

US exports to Afghanistan in 2013 were $1,409.6 million, down 7.36% ($111.9 million) from 2012.

US imports from Afghanistan in 2013 totaled $46.3 million, up 22.12% ($8.4 million) from 2012.

US trade surplus with Afghanistan in 2013 was $1,363.3 million, a 8.11% decrease ($120.3 million) over 2012.

Afghanistan was the US 90th largest trading partner in 2013 (up from 92nd in 2012), accounting for 0.0373% of US total trade (down from 0.0402% in 2012).

Afghanistan was the US 72nd largest export market in 2013 (down from 69th in 2012), accounting for 0.0894% of US total exports (down from 0.0985% in 2012).

Afghanistan was the US 139th largest supplier in 2013 (up from 146th in 2012), accounting for 0.0020% of US total imports (up from 0.0016% in 2012).

US Exports to Afghanistan

The major share of US exports to Afghanistan in 2013 (and in 2012) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 90.47% of US total exports to Afghanistan (85.97% in 2012);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 2.14% of US total exports to Afghanistan (1.66% in 2012);
  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 1.95% of US total exports to Afghanistan (2.99% in 2012);
  • Metals and products from them (HS codes 72-83) - 1.42% of US total exports to Afghanistan (1.73% in 2012).

The largest gains in US exports to Afghanistan in 2013 over 2012 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof (HS code 87) - an increase of $79.2 million;
  • Pharmaceutical products (HS code 30) - an increase of $8.2 million.

The largest declines in US exports to Afghanistan in 2013 over 2012 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles (HS code 85) - a decrease of $54.8 million;
  • Aircraft, spacecraft, and parts thereof (HS code 88) - a decrease of $33.6 million;
  • Commodities not specified according to kind (HS code 99) - a decrease of $32.8 million;
  • Arms and ammunition; parts and accessories thereof (HS code 93) - a decrease of $14.8 million;
  • Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof (HS code 90) - a decrease of $14.4 million;
  • Meat and edible meat offal (HS code 02) - a decrease of $9.3 million;
  • Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof (HS code 84) - a decrease of $8.5 million;
  • Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes (HS code 15) - a decrease of $4.5 million.
US exports to Afghanistan in 2013 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value
of exports
in 2013
(USD thousand)
Share
in total export
(%)
Value
of exports
in 2012
(USD thousand)
Change
in 2013
over 2012
(%)
01 Live animals 306.0 0.02 346.0-11.56
02 Meat and edible meat offal 23,147.5 1.64 32,485.7-28.75
03 Fish and crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates 14.1 0.00 4.5213.72
04 Dairy produce; birds eggs; natural honey; edible products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 15.6 0.00 330.7-95.30
07 Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers 774.4 0.05 764.01.36
08 Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons 84.1 0.01 95.0-11.48
09 Coffee, tea, maté and spices 6.9 0.00 23.0-70.10
10 Cereals 837.8 0.06 4,280.8-80.43
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 9.1 0.00 1,455.8-99.37
15 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes 608.6 0.04 5,096.5-88.06
16 Preparations of meat, of fish or of crustaceans, molluscs or other aquatic invertebrates 3.1 0.00 131.2-97.61
17 Sugars and sugar confectionery 22.8 0.00 18.026.90
18 Cocoa and cocoa preparations 259.3 0.02 99.3161.07
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 32.2 0.00 54.8-41.29
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 312.1 0.02 252.023.86
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 1,096.5 0.08 10.010,865.36
23 Residues and waste from the food industries; prepared animal feed 11.5 0.00 8.633.40
24 Tobacco and manufactured tobacco substitutes 0.0 0.00 16.5-100.00
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 24.9 0.00 4.6442.02
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 527.2 0.04 772.6-31.76
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 142.2 0.01 195.8-27.39
29 Organic chemicals 197.2 0.01 432.7-54.42
30 Pharmaceutical products 13,204.6 0.94 5,019.1163.09
31 Fertilizers 6.9 0.00 27.3-74.89
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 1,076.5 0.08 801.534.31
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 96.2 0.01 223.4-56.92
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 551.6 0.04 1,478.2-62.69
35 Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes 115.4 0.01 890.9-87.04
36 Explosives; pyrotechnic products; matches; pyrophoric alloys; certain combustible preparations 2,518.9 0.18 567.9343.56
37 Photographic or cinematographic goods 36.3 0.00 24.448.73
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 3,381.3 0.24 3,282.53.01
39 Plastics and articles thereof 6,479.8 0.46 9,721.7-33.35
40 Rubber and articles thereof 2,375.0 0.17 2,542.5-6.59
41 Raw hides and skins (other than furskins) and leather 0.0 0.00 1,005.7-100.00
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 981.1 0.07 1,849.0-46.94
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 457.2 0.03 742.8-38.45
45 Cork and articles of cork 0.0 0.00 77.5-100.00
47 Pulp of wood or of other fibrous cellulosic material; waste and scrap of paper or paperboard 178.5 0.01 280.2-36.28
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 1,610.5 0.11 1,944.4-17.17
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 669.2 0.05 1,094.6-38.86
51 Wool, fine or coarse animal hair; horsehair yarn and woven fabric 20.9 0.00 0.0
52 Cotton 8.6 0.00 251.1-96.57
53 Other vegetable textile fibers; paper yarn and woven fabric of paper yarn 4.4 0.00 0.0
54 Man-made filaments 0.0 0.00 365.8-100.00
55 Man-made staple fibers 6.8 0.00 62.6-89.20
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 446.5 0.03 116.3283.87
57 Carpets and other textile floor coverings 6.8 0.00 0.0
58 Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery 23.3 0.00 37.3-37.50
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 923.1 0.07 367.6151.13
60 Knitted or crocheted fabrics 5.0 0.00 0.0
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 732.4 0.05 1,874.9-60.94
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 3,782.3 0.27 4,286.0-11.75
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 1,327.4 0.09 2,194.2-39.50
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 946.1 0.07 1,054.1-10.24
65 Headgear and parts thereof 551.6 0.04 1,205.4-54.24
66 Umbrellas, sun umbrellas, walking sticks, seatsticks, whips, riding-crops and parts thereof 7.4 0.00 0.0
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 431.2 0.03 793.9-45.68
69 Ceramic products 799.3 0.06 946.2-15.53
70 Glass and glassware 440.9 0.03 617.9-28.64
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 178.2 0.01 692.6-74.27
72 Iron and steel 605.4 0.04 1,285.2-52.90
73 Articles of iron or steel 9,639.5 0.68 8,625.611.75
74 Copper and articles thereof 530.0 0.04 1,187.9-55.38
75 Nickel and articles thereof 3.5 0.00 37.7-90.85
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 2,435.9 0.17 2,830.3-13.93
78 Lead and articles thereof 3.0 0.00 13.1-77.09
79 Zinc and articles thereof 22.9 0.00 53.9-57.45
81 Other base metals; cermets; articles thereof 19.3 0.00 71.1-72.91
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 4,411.7 0.31 8,605.8-48.74
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 2,294.7 0.16 3,660.9-37.32
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 145,483.3 10.32 154,008.4-5.54
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 186,597.6 13.24 241,426.4-22.71
86 Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds 756.8 0.05 883.7-14.37
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 217,325.7 15.42 138,157.257.30
88 Aircraft, spacecraft, and parts thereof 338,803.8 24.03 372,433.5-9.03
89 Ships, boats and floating structures 146.5 0.01 465.8-68.54
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 386,218.0 27.40 400,653.5-3.60
91 Clocks and watches and parts thereof 131.4 0.01 118.510.83
92 Musical instruments; parts and accessories of such articles 0.0 0.00 299.5-100.00
93 Arms and ammunition; parts and accessories thereof 5,208.2 0.37 19,970.2-73.92
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 9,414.2 0.67 11,008.4-14.48
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 704.8 0.05 3,494.0-79.83
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 549.2 0.04 614.0-10.56
99 Commodities not specified according to kind 25,518.9 1.81 58,333.0-56.25

US Imports from Afghanistan

The major share of US imports from Afghanistan in 2013 (and in 2012) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 12.06% of US total imports from Afghanistan (17.71% in 2012);
  • Textiles, textile products and footwear (HS codes 50-67) - 7.07% of US total imports from Afghanistan (7.92% in 2012);
  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 1.41% of US total imports from Afghanistan (1.56% in 2012).

The largest gains in US imports from Afghanistan in 2013 over 2012 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Works of art, collectors’ pieces and antiques (HS code 97) - an increase of $7.3 million;
  • Commodities not specified according to kind (HS code 99) - an increase of $1.7 million;
  • Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons (HS code 08) - an increase of $0.7 million;
  • Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles (HS code 85) - an increase of $0.5 million;
  • Carpets and other textile floor coverings (HS code 57) - an increase of $0.3 million.

The largest declines in US imports from Afghanistan in 2013 over the 2012 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder (HS code 12) - a decrease of $1.9 million;
  • Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof (HS code 87) - a decrease of $0.6 million;
  • Live animals (HS code 01) - a decrease of $0.2 million.
US imports from Afghanistan in 2013 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value
of imports
in 2013
(USD thousand)
Share
in total import
(%)
Value
of imports
in 2012
USD thousand)
Change
in 2013
over 2012
(%)
01 Live animals 0.0 0.00 188.0-100.00
04 Dairy produce; birds eggs; natural honey; edible products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 0.0 0.00 5.0-100.00
07 Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers 23.9 0.05 12.098.95
08 Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons 1,266.5 2.73 530.1138.95
09 Coffee, tea, maté and spices 244.8 0.53 120.5103.17
11 Products of the milling industry; malt; starches; inulin; wheat gluten 0.0 0.00 2.1-100.00
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 3,963.7 8.56 5,856.2-32.31
17 Sugars and sugar confectionery 4.9 0.01 2.3109.18
20 Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants 80.8 0.17 0.0
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 0.0 0.00 6.5-100.00
30 Pharmaceutical products 2.4 0.01 2.6-5.84
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 5.1 0.01 3.070.88
39 Plastics and articles thereof 4.3 0.01 0.0
40 Rubber and articles thereof 13.5 0.03 0.0
41 Raw hides and skins (other than furskins) and leather 0.0 0.00 0.9-100.00
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 8.2 0.02 2.1291.08
43 Furskins and artificial fur; manufactures thereof 0.3 0.00 5.3-93.78
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 10.9 0.02 0.0
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 21.2 0.05 50.5-57.96
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 6.0 0.01 36.2-83.50
51 Wool, fine or coarse animal hair; horsehair yarn and woven fabric 20.0 0.04 12.363.00
52 Cotton 6.7 0.01 0.0
54 Man-made filaments 35.6 0.08 0.0
55 Man-made staple fibers 8.8 0.02 0.0
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 6.4 0.01 0.0
57 Carpets and other textile floor coverings 3,150.7 6.80 2,873.99.63
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 1.6 0.00 0.0
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 1.6 0.00 10.5-84.55
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 28.0 0.06 17.560.42
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 12.6 0.03 87.8-85.61
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 0.3 0.00 0.0
65 Headgear and parts thereof 0.7 0.00 3.4-79.71
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 29.7 0.06 0.0
70 Glass and glassware 14.9 0.03 22.8-34.65
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 441.7 0.95 323.436.56
73 Articles of iron or steel 30.9 0.07 21.146.05
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 2.1 0.00 0.0
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 84.8 0.18 0.0
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 504.2 1.09 0.0
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 0.0 0.00 563.8-100.00
88 Aircraft, spacecraft, and parts thereof 18.7 0.04 0.0
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 128.6 0.28 28.2356.39
92 Musical instruments; parts and accessories of such articles 8.1 0.02 0.0
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 3.4 0.01 8.6-60.85
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 3.7 0.01 0.0
97 Works of art, collectors’ pieces and antiques 7,670.5 16.56 403.41,801.41
99 Commodities not specified according to kind 28,445.1 61.42 26,727.46.43
Compiled by «US-EXPORT–IMPORT» based on the statistics of the US Department of Commerce