US trade (export - import) with Afghanistan in 2016

Published or Updated: Apr 16, 2017

The report on US foreign trade in goods with Afghanistan in 2016: exports, imports, balance, product types and groups, dynamics.

US Trade with Afghanistan

In 2016, US trade with Afghanistan totaled $947.7 million, up 81.44% ($425.4 million) from 2015.

US exports to Afghanistan in 2016 totaled $913.5 million, up 82.78% ($413.7 million) from 2015.

US imports from Afghanistan in 2016 totaled $34.3 million, up 51.74% ($11.7 million) from 2015.

US trade surplus with Afghanistan in 2016 was $879.2 million, a 84.25% increase ($402.0 million) over 2015.

Afghanistan was the US 95th largest trading partner in 2016 (up from 115th in 2015), accounting for 0.0256% of US total trade (up from 0.0137% in 2015).

Afghanistan was the US 77th largest export market in 2016 (up from 96th in 2015), accounting for 0.0629% of US total exports (up from 0.0332% in 2015).

Afghanistan was the US 146th largest supplier in 2016 (up from 157th in 2015), accounting for 0.0015% of US total imports (up from 0.0010% in 2015).

US Exports to Afghanistan

The major share of US exports to Afghanistan in 2016 (and in 2015) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 87.92% of US total exports to Afghanistan (82.40% in 2015);
  • Metals and products from them (HS codes 72-83) - 3.17% of US total exports to Afghanistan (1.37% in 2015);
  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 2.94% of US total exports to Afghanistan (6.64% in 2015);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 1.56% of US total exports to Afghanistan (3.94% in 2015);
  • Textiles, textile products and footwear (HS codes 50-67) - 0.61% of US total exports to Afghanistan (1.28% in 2015).

The largest gains in US exports to Afghanistan in 2016 over 2015 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof (HS code 87) - an increase of $378,032.8 thousand;
  • Aircraft, spacecraft, and parts thereof (HS code 88) - an increase of $37,948.7 thousand;
  • Articles of iron or steel (HS code 73) - an increase of $17,908.8 thousand;
  • Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof (HS code 84) - an increase of $15,187.4 thousand;
  • Commodities not specified according to kind (HS code 99) - an increase of $6,527.1 thousand;
  • Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes (HS code 15) - an increase of $4,576.8 thousand;
  • Arms and ammunition; parts and accessories thereof (HS code 93) - an increase of $4,378.4 thousand.

The largest declines in US exports to Afghanistan in 2016 over 2015 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof (HS code 90) - a decrease of $23,718.7 thousand;
  • Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles (HS code 85) - a decrease of $15,828.2 thousand;
  • Explosives; pyrotechnic products; matches; pyrophoric alloys; certain combustible preparations (HS code 36) - a decrease of $10,581.3 thousand;
  • Cereals (HS code 10) - a decrease of $7,241.6 thousand.
US exports to Afghanistan in 2016 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value
of exports
in 2016
(USD thousand)
Share
in total export
(%)
Value
of exports
in 2015
(USD thousand)
Change
in 2016
over 2015
(%)
01 Live animals 129.0 0.01 141.2-8.64
02 Meat and edible meat offal 20,279.4 2.22 22,736.3-10.81
03 Fish and crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates 29.4 0.00 283.4-89.61
04 Dairy produce; birds eggs; natural honey; edible products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 748.4 0.08 516.045.05
07 Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers 0.0 0.00 11.6-100.00
08 Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons 0.0 0.00 45.1-100.00
09 Coffee, tea, maté and spices 181.4 0.02 29.7511.74
10 Cereals 5.0 0.00 7,246.5-99.93
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 274.7 0.03 48.1471.12
15 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes 4,597.8 0.50 21.021,830.68
16 Preparations of meat, of fish or of crustaceans, molluscs or other aquatic invertebrates 0.0 0.00 75.3-100.00
17 Sugars and sugar confectionery 78.4 0.01 38.8102.17
18 Cocoa and cocoa preparations 219.0 0.02 68.1221.61
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 47.8 0.01 63.1-24.25
20 Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants 74.6 0.01 88.6-15.82
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 137.7 0.02 1,017.2-86.46
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 0.0 0.00 754.1-100.00
23 Residues and waste from the food industries; prepared animal feed 23.0 0.00 2.6789.67
24 Tobacco and manufactured tobacco substitutes 0.0 0.00 2.5-100.00
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 10.8 0.00 392.0-97.25
26 Ores, slag and ash 12.5 0.00 0.0
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 402.2 0.04 358.212.28
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 141.8 0.02 75.188.83
29 Organic chemicals 283.1 0.03 80.5251.57
30 Pharmaceutical products 1,131.3 0.12 636.477.76
31 Fertilizers 13.7 0.00 14.6-6.52
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 854.6 0.09 281.4203.70
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 299.0 0.03 684.7-56.33
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 114.0 0.01 190.5-40.16
35 Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes 79.4 0.01 57.238.88
36 Explosives; pyrotechnic products; matches; pyrophoric alloys; certain combustible preparations 69.0 0.01 10,650.3-99.35
37 Photographic or cinematographic goods 77.5 0.01 99.3-21.93
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 3,284.2 0.36 2,208.848.69
39 Plastics and articles thereof 4,313.0 0.47 1,628.7164.82
40 Rubber and articles thereof 3,597.2 0.39 3,060.317.54
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 411.9 0.05 654.7-37.08
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 1,902.5 0.21 78.02,339.22
47 Pulp of wood or of other fibrous cellulosic material; waste and scrap of paper or paperboard 65.3 0.01 105.6-38.16
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 2,270.4 0.25 209.8982.08
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 298.7 0.03 289.13.31
52 Cotton 5.4 0.00 0.0
54 Man-made filaments 43.4 0.00 8.1436.62
55 Man-made staple fibers 20.5 0.00 2.6694.03
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 175.8 0.02 133.531.72
57 Carpets and other textile floor coverings 269.2 0.03 67.1300.93
58 Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery 39.7 0.00 23.668.07
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 75.4 0.01 15.7381.14
60 Knitted or crocheted fabrics 4.5 0.00 0.0
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 572.7 0.06 911.8-37.20
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 2,289.9 0.25 2,632.0-13.00
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 308.1 0.03 319.5-3.57
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 1,223.6 0.13 1,484.3-17.57
65 Headgear and parts thereof 527.3 0.06 773.1-31.79
67 Prepared feathers and down and articles made of feathers or of down; artificial flowers; articles of human hair 10.3 0.00 13.8-25.59
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 527.0 0.06 226.6132.59
69 Ceramic products 719.4 0.08 895.7-19.68
70 Glass and glassware 1,115.7 0.12 1,047.16.55
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 55.7 0.01 14.3290.79
72 Iron and steel 628.6 0.07 18.63,278.87
73 Articles of iron or steel 22,077.6 2.42 4,168.8429.59
74 Copper and articles thereof 1,668.1 0.18 276.1504.10
75 Nickel and articles thereof 551.9 0.06 12.14,447.43
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 1,265.1 0.14 287.6339.93
78 Lead and articles thereof 42.7 0.00 0.0
79 Zinc and articles thereof 54.7 0.01 2.81,837.92
80 Tin and articles thereof 0.0 0.00 4.1-100.00
81 Other base metals; cermets; articles thereof 89.0 0.01 18.0394.83
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 1,617.2 0.18 1,194.835.35
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 949.0 0.10 880.17.83
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 68,377.7 7.49 53,190.328.55
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 63,890.7 6.99 79,718.8-19.86
86 Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds 0.0 0.00 180.5-100.00
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 491,545.1 53.81 113,512.3333.03
88 Aircraft, spacecraft, and parts thereof 151,116.9 16.54 113,168.233.53
89 Ships, boats and floating structures 20.1 0.00 149.6-86.58
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 28,157.5 3.08 51,876.2-45.72
91 Clocks and watches and parts thereof 12.6 0.00 22.2-43.45
92 Musical instruments; parts and accessories of such articles 29.6 0.00 0.0
93 Arms and ammunition; parts and accessories thereof 6,139.3 0.67 1,760.8248.66
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 2,594.9 0.28 4,296.8-39.61
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 317.8 0.03 132.8139.26
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 127.4 0.01 113.911.79
97 Works of art, collectors’ pieces and antiques 0.0 0.00 29.2-100.00
99 Commodities not specified according to kind 17,748.7 1.94 11,221.658.17

US Imports from Afghanistan

The major share of US imports from Afghanistan in 2016 (and in 2015) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Precious metals and stones (HS code 71) - 22.18% of US total imports from Afghanistan (35.27% in 2015);
  • Textiles, textile products and footwear (HS codes 50-67) - 14.90% of US total imports from Afghanistan (20.52% in 2015);
  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 6.52% of US total imports from Afghanistan (12.34% in 2015);
  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 4.72% of US total imports from Afghanistan (1.69% in 2015).

The largest gains in US imports from Afghanistan in 2016 over 2015 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Commodities not specified according to kind (HS code 99) - an increase of $11,220.2 thousand;
  • Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles (HS code 85) - an increase of $1,302.4 thousand;
  • Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons (HS code 08) - an increase of $682.3 thousand;
  • Carpets and other textile floor coverings (HS code 57) - an increase of $376.5 thousand;
  • Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans (HS code 49) - an increase of $278.2 thousand.

The largest declines in US imports from Afghanistan in 2016 over the 2015 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder (HS code 12) - a decrease of $1,312.8 thousand;
  • Works of art, collectors’ pieces and antiques (HS code 97) - a decrease of $419.5 thousand;
  • Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin (HS code 71) - a decrease of $366.2 thousand;
  • Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal (HS code 82) - a decrease of $147.5 thousand.
US imports from Afghanistan in 2016 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value
of imports
in 2016
(USD thousand)
Share
in total import
(%)
Value
of imports
in 2015
USD thousand)
Change
in 2016
over 2015
(%)
01 Live animals 3.9 0.01 0.0
07 Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers 22.6 0.07 17.826.89
08 Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons 1,401.0 4.09 718.794.94
09 Coffee, tea, maté and spices 259.0 0.76 196.431.87
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 356.1 1.04 1,668.9-78.66
17 Sugars and sugar confectionery 36.6 0.11 17.4110.51
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 7.1 0.02 0.0
20 Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants 103.1 0.30 53.393.58
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 45.6 0.13 12.9254.71
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 0.0 0.00 90.2-100.00
23 Residues and waste from the food industries; prepared animal feed 0.0 0.00 13.0-100.00
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 2.8 0.01 0.0
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 3.1 0.01 0.0
39 Plastics and articles thereof 0.0 0.00 18.0-100.00
40 Rubber and articles thereof 6.4 0.02 2.9124.44
41 Raw hides and skins (other than furskins) and leather 1.4 0.00 1.037.40
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 9.3 0.03 3.5165.32
43 Furskins and artificial fur; manufactures thereof 19.5 0.06 0.0
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 3.4 0.01 29.2-88.49
46 Manufactures of straw, of esparto or of other plaiting materials; basketware and wickerwork 0.0 0.00 8.4-100.00
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 337.3 0.98 59.1470.65
51 Wool, fine or coarse animal hair; horsehair yarn and woven fabric 2.7 0.01 3.4-22.01
52 Cotton 1.1 0.00 0.0
57 Carpets and other textile floor coverings 4,969.1 14.50 4,592.68.20
58 Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery 0.0 0.00 4.1-100.00
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 72.4 0.21 4.51,497.53
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 52.7 0.15 27.691.09
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 5.4 0.02 0.0
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 1.0 0.00 3.0-67.14
65 Headgear and parts thereof 2.5 0.01 0.0
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 4.3 0.01 0.0
69 Ceramic products 10.4 0.03 32.7-68.20
70 Glass and glassware 0.0 0.00 16.4-100.00
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 7,602.8 22.18 7,969.0-4.59
73 Articles of iron or steel 6.3 0.02 23.3-73.20
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 22.0 0.06 169.5-87.00
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 48.4 0.14 0.0
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 1,309.1 3.82 6.719,514.67
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 0.0 0.00 85.5-100.00
88 Aircraft, spacecraft, and parts thereof 0.0 0.00 20.1-100.00
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 308.0 0.90 270.613.81
91 Clocks and watches and parts thereof 3.7 0.01 0.0
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 0.0 0.00 13.3-100.00
97 Works of art, collectors’ pieces and antiques 439.4 1.28 858.9-48.84
99 Commodities not specified according to kind 16,799.6 49.01 5,579.5201.10
Compiled by «US-EXPORT–IMPORT» based on the statistics of the US Department of Commerce