US trade (export - import) with Afghanistan in 2018

Published or Updated: Jun 12, 2019

The report on US foreign trade in goods with Afghanistan in 2018: exports, imports, balance, product types and groups, dynamics.

US Trade with Afghanistan

In 2018, US trade with Afghanistan totaled $1,265.2 million, up 32.89% ($313.1 million) from 2017.

US exports to Afghanistan in 2018 totaled $1,235.1 million, up 31.77% ($297.8 million) from 2017.

US imports from Afghanistan in 2018 totaled $30.1 million, up 104.14% ($15.4 million) from 2017.

US trade surplus with Afghanistan in 2018 was $1,205.0 million, a 30.61% increase ($282.4 million) over 2017.

Afghanistan was the US 93rd largest trading partner in 2018 (up from 95th in 2017), accounting for 0.0296% of US total trade (up from 0.0241% in 2017).

Afghanistan was the US 77th largest export market in 2018 (up from 79th in 2017), accounting for 0.0742% of US total exports (up from 0.0606% in 2017).

Afghanistan was the US 152nd largest supplier in 2018 (up from 159th in 2017), accounting for 0.0012% of US total imports (up from 0.0006% in 2017).

US Exports to Afghanistan

The major share of US exports to Afghanistan in 2018 (and in 2017) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 77.79% of US total exports to Afghanistan (87.24% in 2017);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 3.38% of US total exports to Afghanistan (1.10% in 2017);
  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 2.44% of US total exports to Afghanistan (3.15% in 2017);
  • Metals and products from them (HS codes 72-83) - 1.01% of US total exports to Afghanistan (1.78% in 2017);
  • Textiles, textile products and footwear (HS codes 50-67) - 0.87% of US total exports to Afghanistan (1.11% in 2017).

The largest gains in US exports to Afghanistan in 2018 over 2017 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Arms and ammunition; parts and accessories thereof (HS code 93) - an increase of $123.7 million;
  • Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof (HS code 87) - an increase of $71.8 million;
  • Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles (HS code 85) - an increase of $31.1 million;
  • Aircraft, spacecraft, and parts thereof (HS code 88) - an increase of $24.3 million;
  • Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof (HS code 90) - an increase of $19.7 million;
  • Explosives; pyrotechnic products; matches; pyrophoric alloys; certain combustible preparations (HS code 36) - an increase of $14.1 million;
  • Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons (HS code 08) - an increase of $5.9 million;
  • Pharmaceutical products (HS code 30) - an increase of $5.8 million;
  • Plastics and articles thereof (HS code 39) - an increase of $5.4 million;
  • Rubber and articles thereof (HS code 40) - an increase of $4.9 million.

The largest declines in US exports to Afghanistan in 2018 over 2017 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof (HS code 84) - a decrease of $3.8 million.
US exports to Afghanistan in 2018 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value
of exports
in 2018
(USD thousand)
Share
in total export
(%)
Value
of exports
in 2017
(USD thousand)
Change
in 2018
over 2017
(%)
01 Live animals 126.5 0.01 36.4247.67
02 Meat and edible meat offal 19,552.9 1.58 23,043.8-15.15
03 Fish and crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates 16.7 0.00 0.0
04 Dairy produce; birds eggs; natural honey; edible products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 1,699.7 0.14 3,301.3-48.51
06 Live trees and other plants; bulbs, roots and the like; cut flowers and ornamental foliage 0.0 0.00 16.0-100.00
07 Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers 0.0 0.00 7.6-100.00
08 Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons 6,416.4 0.52 566.41,032.94
09 Coffee, tea, maté and spices 40.3 0.00 18.9113.45
10 Cereals 8.9 0.00 12.0-25.67
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 34.4 0.00 0.0
13 Lac; gums, resins and other vegetable saps and extracts 0.0 0.00 100.0-100.00
16 Preparations of meat, of fish or of crustaceans, molluscs or other aquatic invertebrates 49.1 0.00 12.4294.20
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 0.0 0.00 10.8-100.00
20 Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants 183.1 0.01 20.9776.23
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 1,872.0 0.15 2,315.7-19.16
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 41.9 0.00 28.944.83
23 Residues and waste from the food industries; prepared animal feed 54.3 0.00 23.0136.47
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 87.4 0.01 88.0-0.70
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 546.2 0.04 460.818.53
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 486.0 0.04 242.9100.06
29 Organic chemicals 444.2 0.04 783.8-43.33
30 Pharmaceutical products 6,634.2 0.54 817.1711.89
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 500.2 0.04 382.530.75
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 86.9 0.01 81.17.06
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 288.8 0.02 529.2-45.44
35 Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes 186.2 0.02 94.197.87
36 Explosives; pyrotechnic products; matches; pyrophoric alloys; certain combustible preparations 14,397.6 1.17 266.45,304.84
37 Photographic or cinematographic goods 12.9 0.00 165.7-92.19
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 2,674.2 0.22 1,255.2113.05
39 Plastics and articles thereof 8,207.3 0.66 2,776.5195.60
40 Rubber and articles thereof 7,783.9 0.63 2,913.2167.20
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 505.3 0.04 867.2-41.73
43 Furskins and artificial fur; manufactures thereof 23.7 0.00 0.0
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 1,166.1 0.09 488.8138.56
46 Manufactures of straw, of esparto or of other plaiting materials; basketware and wickerwork 20.0 0.00 0.0
47 Pulp of wood or of other fibrous cellulosic material; waste and scrap of paper or paperboard 3.4 0.00 0.0
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 918.3 0.07 609.250.73
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 399.8 0.03 310.628.71
51 Wool, fine or coarse animal hair; horsehair yarn and woven fabric 3.0 0.00 0.0
52 Cotton 450.7 0.04 0.0
54 Man-made filaments 18.8 0.00 0.0
55 Man-made staple fibers 28.8 0.00 0.0
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 108.7 0.01 148.2-26.67
57 Carpets and other textile floor coverings 80.3 0.01 117.0-31.38
58 Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery 182.8 0.01 23.9665.94
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 59.2 0.00 36.163.82
60 Knitted or crocheted fabrics 0.0 0.00 5.3-100.00
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 2,925.8 0.24 874.1234.72
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 2,270.5 0.18 5,180.0-56.17
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 2,037.6 0.16 2,101.4-3.04
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 1,938.3 0.16 1,460.732.70
65 Headgear and parts thereof 608.6 0.05 441.337.92
66 Umbrellas, sun umbrellas, walking sticks, seatsticks, whips, riding-crops and parts thereof 0.0 0.00 13.6-100.00
67 Prepared feathers and down and articles made of feathers or of down; artificial flowers; articles of human hair 4.2 0.00 9.5-55.90
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 768.0 0.06 304.2152.45
69 Ceramic products 1,096.9 0.09 3,478.8-68.47
70 Glass and glassware 717.6 0.06 1,385.6-48.21
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 67.9 0.01 460.7-85.27
72 Iron and steel 652.4 0.05 76.5752.54
73 Articles of iron or steel 6,000.4 0.49 8,695.4-30.99
74 Copper and articles thereof 116.2 0.01 168.4-31.03
75 Nickel and articles thereof 52.9 0.00 6.7687.27
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 1,720.4 0.14 1,559.010.35
78 Lead and articles thereof 16.4 0.00 21.2-22.66
79 Zinc and articles thereof 5.6 0.00 55.5-89.83
80 Tin and articles thereof 10.7 0.00 0.0
81 Other base metals; cermets; articles thereof 870.0 0.07 89.4873.29
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 1,733.0 0.14 4,536.3-61.80
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 1,349.6 0.11 1,489.0-9.36
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 70,352.4 5.70 74,175.5-5.15
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 109,521.7 8.87 78,372.639.74
86 Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds 27.4 0.00 91.3-70.01
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 645,390.0 52.25 573,635.612.51
88 Aircraft, spacecraft, and parts thereof 100,039.0 8.10 75,716.332.12
89 Ships, boats and floating structures 34.9 0.00 0.0
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 35,459.3 2.87 15,718.7125.59
91 Clocks and watches and parts thereof 51.8 0.00 87.5-40.82
93 Arms and ammunition; parts and accessories thereof 145,132.5 11.75 21,443.0576.83
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 4,131.2 0.33 2,898.342.54
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 733.5 0.06 979.8-25.14
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 565.9 0.05 137.2312.41
97 Works of art, collectors’ pieces and antiques 48.6 0.00 21.0130.79
99 Commodities not specified according to kind 22,252.4 1.80 18,659.119.26

US Imports from Afghanistan

The major share of US imports from Afghanistan in 2018 (and in 2017) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Precious metals and stones (HS code 71) - 30.75% of US total imports from Afghanistan (11.34% in 2017);
  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 26.44% of US total imports from Afghanistan (15.67% in 2017);
  • Textiles, textile products and footwear (HS codes 50-67) - 13.77% of US total imports from Afghanistan (29.41% in 2017);
  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 10.23% of US total imports from Afghanistan (14.02% in 2017).

The largest gains in US imports from Afghanistan in 2018 over 2017 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin (HS code 71) - an increase of $7.6 million;
  • Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons (HS code 08) - an increase of $5.6 million;
  • Works of art, collectors’ pieces and antiques (HS code 97) - an increase of $2.8 million;
  • Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof (HS code 84) - an increase of $1.1 million;
  • Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles (HS code 85) - an increase of $0.2 million;
  • Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants (HS code 20) - an increase of $0.2 million.

The largest declines in US imports from Afghanistan in 2018 over the 2017 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Commodities not specified according to kind (HS code 99) - a decrease of $1.4 million;
  • Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof (HS code 90) - a decrease of $0.2 million;
  • Carpets and other textile floor coverings (HS code 57) - a decrease of $0.2 million;
  • Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder (HS code 12) - a decrease of $0.1 million.
US imports from Afghanistan in 2018 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value
of imports
in 2018
(USD thousand)
Share
in total import
(%)
Value
of imports
in 2017
USD thousand)
Change
in 2018
over 2017
(%)
01 Live animals 2.7 0.01 0.0
04 Dairy produce; birds eggs; natural honey; edible products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 6.8 0.02 0.0
07 Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers 11.8 0.04 0.0
08 Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons 7,385.9 24.52 1,754.9320.86
09 Coffee, tea, maté and spices 370.8 1.23 414.3-10.50
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 0.0 0.00 100.3-100.00
17 Sugars and sugar confectionery 4.7 0.02 2.588.07
20 Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants 179.0 0.59 16.7972.04
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 0.0 0.00 22.9-100.00
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 5.6 0.02 0.0
39 Plastics and articles thereof 37.1 0.12 3.01,132.39
40 Rubber and articles thereof 0.0 0.00 3.2-100.00
41 Raw hides and skins (other than furskins) and leather 0.0 0.00 2.8-100.00
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 19.4 0.06 12.357.51
43 Furskins and artificial fur; manufactures thereof 0.0 0.00 2.4-100.00
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 0.0 0.00 27.1-100.00
46 Manufactures of straw, of esparto or of other plaiting materials; basketware and wickerwork 0.0 0.00 6.1-100.00
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 0.0 0.00 6.9-100.00
50 Silk 0.4 0.00 0.0
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 24.1 0.08 8.1198.38
57 Carpets and other textile floor coverings 4,062.7 13.49 4,259.1-4.61
58 Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery 1.1 0.00 5.1-79.25
60 Knitted or crocheted fabrics 0.0 0.00 0.3-100.00
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 14.0 0.05 29.1-51.67
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 40.0 0.13 36.210.68
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 4.7 0.02 0.7551.53
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 0.4 0.00 0.0
65 Headgear and parts thereof 0.9 0.00 0.582.91
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 3.1 0.01 0.0
69 Ceramic products 0.0 0.00 5.4-100.00
70 Glass and glassware 4.9 0.02 18.4-73.32
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 9,261.4 30.75 1,673.1453.53
73 Articles of iron or steel 4.8 0.02 2.4100.00
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 2.4 0.01 0.0
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 35.7 0.12 114.1-68.71
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 1,817.4 6.03 757.1140.05
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 1,013.8 3.37 850.519.20
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 13.7 0.05 31.2-55.93
88 Aircraft, spacecraft, and parts thereof 11.4 0.04 0.0
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 225.1 0.75 429.9-47.64
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 7.2 0.02 13.0-44.30
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 0.0 0.00 5.9-100.00
97 Works of art, collectors’ pieces and antiques 3,179.6 10.56 393.0709.13
99 Commodities not specified according to kind 2,365.4 7.85 3,744.9-36.84
td/tr/tr
Compiled by «US-EXPORT–IMPORT» based on the statistics of the US Department of Commerce