US trade with Bulgaria in the first half of 2017

Published or Updated: Oct 21, 2017

The report on US foreign trade in goods with Bulgaria in the first half of 2017: exports, imports, balance, product types and groups, dynamics.

US Trade with Bulgaria

In the first half of 2017, US trade with Bulgaria totaled $533.7 million, up 23.00% ($99.8 million) from the first half of 2016.

US exports to Bulgaria in the first half of 2017 totaled $216.5 million, up 67.79% ($87.5 million) from the first half of 2016.

US imports from Bulgaria in the first half of 2017 totaled $317.2 million, up 4.04% ($12.3 million) from the first half of 2016.

US trade deficit with Bulgaria in the first half of 2017 was $100.6 million, a 42.76% decrease ($75.2 million) over the first half of 2016.

Bulgaria was the US 93rd largest trading partner in the first half of 2017 (up from 100th in the first half of 2016), accounting for 0.0277% of US total trade (up from 0.0241% in the first half of 2016).

Bulgaria was the US 102nd largest export market in the first half of 2017 (up from 111th in the first half of 2016), accounting for 0.0286% of US total exports (up from 0.0181% in the first half of 2016).

Bulgaria was the US 82nd largest supplier in the first half of 2017 (just as in the first half of 2016), accounting for 0.0272% of US total imports (down from 0.0280% in the first half of 2016).

US Exports to Bulgaria

The major share of US exports to Bulgaria in the first half of 2017 (and in the first half of 2016) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 78.84% of US total exports to Bulgaria (66.64% in the first half of 2016);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 6.45% of US total exports to Bulgaria (10.25% in the first half of 2016);
  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 4.79% of US total exports to Bulgaria (8.75% in the first half of 2016);
  • Mineral products (HS codes 25-27) - 3.84% of US total exports to Bulgaria (3.56% in the first half of 2016);
  • Textiles, textile products and footwear (HS codes 50-67) - 1.04% of US total exports to Bulgaria (1.29% in the first half of 2016);
  • Wood and wood products (HS codes 44-49) - 0.78% of US total exports to Bulgaria (1.13% in the first half of 2016);
  • Metals and products from them (HS codes 72-83) - 0.78% of US total exports to Bulgaria (1.09% in the first half of 2016).

The largest gains in US exports to Bulgaria in the first half of 2017 over the first half of 2016 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Aircraft, spacecraft, and parts thereof (HS code 88) - an increase of $96.7 million;
  • Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes (HS code 27) - an increase of $4.3 million;
  • Plastics and articles thereof (HS code 39) - an increase of $2.3 million;
  • Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof (HS code 90) - an increase of $2.2 million.

The largest declines in US exports to Bulgaria in the first half of 2017 over the first half of 2016 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof (HS code 84) - a decrease of $14.3 million;
  • Fertilizers (HS code 31) - a decrease of $1.2 million.
US exports to Bulgaria in the first half of 2017 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value
of exports
in first-half 2017
(USD thousand)
Share
in total export
(%)
Value
of exports
in first-half 2016
(USD thousand)
Change
in first-half 2017
over first-half 2016
(%)
01 Live animals 13.2 0.01 303.2-95.66
03 Fish and crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates 114.1 0.05 120.8-5.53
04 Dairy produce; birds eggs; natural honey; edible products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 23.0 0.01 46.2-50.28
05 Products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 104.7 0.05 60.373.55
07 Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers 611.1 0.28 85.5614.59
08 Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons 3,559.2 1.64 2,953.920.49
10 Cereals 49.3 0.02 54.9-10.21
11 Products of the milling industry; malt; starches; inulin; wheat gluten 26.4 0.01 38.5-31.33
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 1,674.0 0.77 1,740.5-3.82
13 Lac; gums, resins and other vegetable saps and extracts 12.8 0.01 17.3-25.98
15 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes 10.2 0.00 39.8-74.46
18 Cocoa and cocoa preparations 103.1 0.05 384.0-73.16
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 129.0 0.06 9.71,231.41
20 Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants 29.0 0.01 665.4-95.64
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 531.5 0.25 866.3-38.64
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 3,122.0 1.44 3,728.9-16.28
23 Residues and waste from the food industries; prepared animal feed 227.7 0.11 170.833.27
24 Tobacco and manufactured tobacco substitutes 27.2 0.01 2.9828.05
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 113.7 0.05 254.8-55.39
26 Ores, slag and ash 504.5 0.23 915.5-44.89
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 7,692.6 3.55 3,428.2124.39
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 288.6 0.13 145.398.57
29 Organic chemicals 865.8 0.40 835.83.58
30 Pharmaceutical products 854.7 0.39 803.26.40
31 Fertilizers 841.3 0.39 2,049.3-58.95
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 399.7 0.18 334.419.51
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 1,172.5 0.54 886.432.27
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 1,208.9 0.56 1,437.0-15.88
35 Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes 154.4 0.07 195.2-20.90
36 Explosives; pyrotechnic products; matches; pyrophoric alloys; certain combustible preparations 7.5 0.00 49.3-84.86
37 Photographic or cinematographic goods 16.4 0.01 8.493.98
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 1,874.3 0.87 2,072.5-9.56
39 Plastics and articles thereof 6,031.8 2.79 3,777.359.68
40 Rubber and articles thereof 248.3 0.11 634.8-60.89
41 Raw hides and skins (other than furskins) and leather 4.0 0.00 0.0
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 169.1 0.08 163.13.67
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 300.5 0.14 195.953.40
45 Cork and articles of cork 0.0 0.00 10.1-100.00
47 Pulp of wood or of other fibrous cellulosic material; waste and scrap of paper or paperboard 618.1 0.29 906.3-31.80
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 297.5 0.14 61.8381.40
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 481.2 0.22 288.167.03
51 Wool, fine or coarse animal hair; horsehair yarn and woven fabric 394.5 0.18 0.0
54 Man-made filaments 4.4 0.00 0.0
55 Man-made staple fibers 148.0 0.07 199.5-25.83
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 354.1 0.16 65.0444.47
57 Carpets and other textile floor coverings 0.0 0.00 49.8-100.00
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 304.1 0.14 246.323.48
60 Knitted or crocheted fabrics 9.5 0.00 66.1-85.61
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 27.6 0.01 59.7-53.84
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 71.3 0.03 89.7-20.56
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 869.6 0.40 748.816.14
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 65.8 0.03 139.1-52.70
65 Headgear and parts thereof 8.8 0.00 0.0
67 Prepared feathers and down and articles made of feathers or of down; artificial flowers; articles of human hair 3.8 0.00 3.314.03
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 746.7 0.34 769.3-2.94
69 Ceramic products 54.7 0.03 19.3183.19
70 Glass and glassware 538.1 0.25 538.5-0.07
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 530.8 0.25 1,170.6-54.65
72 Iron and steel 212.3 0.10 251.7-15.64
73 Articles of iron or steel 600.4 0.28 506.718.51
74 Copper and articles thereof 10.5 0.00 118.0-91.09
75 Nickel and articles thereof 30.1 0.01 23.527.96
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 112.3 0.05 22.0409.80
79 Zinc and articles thereof 8.7 0.00 0.0
81 Other base metals; cermets; articles thereof 24.7 0.01 13.582.66
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 615.7 0.28 404.252.32
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 75.3 0.03 61.023.52
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 16,352.0 7.55 30,642.9-46.64
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 28,282.8 13.06 28,279.90.01
86 Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds 0.0 0.00 5.7-100.00
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 14,892.2 6.88 14,893.7-0.01
88 Aircraft, spacecraft, and parts thereof 99,744.3 46.07 3,048.23,172.19
89 Ships, boats and floating structures 317.3 0.15 180.775.59
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 11,114.6 5.13 8,936.924.37
91 Clocks and watches and parts thereof 108.4 0.05 129.9-16.55
92 Musical instruments; parts and accessories of such articles 122.5 0.06 127.8-4.18
93 Arms and ammunition; parts and accessories thereof 160.7 0.07 137.516.88
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 1,346.9 0.62 1,705.9-21.04
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 346.1 0.16 948.0-63.49
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 106.2 0.05 55.491.82
97 Works of art, collectors’ pieces and antiques 112.5 0.05 59.987.79

US Imports from Bulgaria

The major share of US imports from Bulgaria in the first half of 2017 (and in the first half of 2016) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 35.99% of US total imports from Bulgaria (34.69% in the first half of 2016);
  • Textiles, textile products and footwear (HS codes 50-67) - 14.72% of US total imports from Bulgaria (16.29% in the first half of 2016);
  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 14.08% of US total imports from Bulgaria (14.13% in the first half of 2016);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 9.26% of US total imports from Bulgaria (13.23% in the first half of 2016);
  • Metals and products from them (HS codes 72-83) - 5.80% of US total imports from Bulgaria (4.51% in the first half of 2016);
  • Mineral products (HS codes 25-27) - 1.54% of US total imports from Bulgaria (1.96% in the first half of 2016).

The largest gains in US imports from Bulgaria in the first half of 2017 over the first half of 2016 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof (HS code 90) - an increase of $9.8 million;
  • Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof (HS code 95) - an increase of $3.9 million;
  • Copper and articles thereof (HS code 74) - an increase of $3.8 million;
  • Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations (HS code 33) - an increase of $3.6 million;
  • Ceramic products (HS code 69) - an increase of $2.5 million;
  • Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds (HS code 86) - an increase of $2.5 million;
  • Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles (HS code 85) - an increase of $2.4 million;
  • Tobacco and manufactured tobacco substitutes (HS code 24) - an increase of $1.5 million;
  • Miscellaneous chemical products (HS code 38) - an increase of $1.4 million;
  • Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder (HS code 12) - an increase of $1.2 million.

The largest declines in US imports from Bulgaria in the first half of 2017 over the first half of 2016 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Organic chemicals (HS code 29) - a decrease of $6.2 million;
  • Fertilizers (HS code 31) - a decrease of $5.2 million;
  • Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof (HS code 84) - a decrease of $4.1 million;
  • Pharmaceutical products (HS code 30) - a decrease of $2.9 million;
  • Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted (HS code 61) - a decrease of $2.4 million;
  • Rubber and articles thereof (HS code 40) - a decrease of $2.3 million;
  • Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof (HS code 87) - a decrease of $2.1 million;
  • Arms and ammunition; parts and accessories thereof (HS code 93) - a decrease of $1.5 million;
  • Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons (HS code 08) - a decrease of $1.3 million;
  • Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement (HS code 25) - a decrease of $1.1 million.
US imports from Bulgaria in the first half of 2017 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value
of imports
in first-half 2017
(USD thousand)
Share
in total import
(%)
Value
of imports
in first-half 2016
(USD thousand)
Change
in first-half 2017
over first-half 2016
(%)
01 Live animals 73.6 0.02 41.577.52
03 Fish and crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates 152.7 0.05 71.0115.12
04 Dairy produce; birds eggs; natural honey; edible products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 5,599.7 1.77 5,453.52.68
05 Products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 3.8 0.00 3.8-1.61
06 Live trees and other plants; bulbs, roots and the like; cut flowers and ornamental foliage 9.1 0.00 0.0
07 Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers 291.0 0.09 532.6-45.37
08 Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons 1,021.6 0.32 2,275.9-55.11
09 Coffee, tea, maté and spices 405.6 0.13 338.719.76
10 Cereals 0.0 0.00 6.4-100.00
11 Products of the milling industry; malt; starches; inulin; wheat gluten 14.7 0.00 0.0
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 12,433.3 3.92 11,268.310.34
13 Lac; gums, resins and other vegetable saps and extracts 158.0 0.05 127.324.10
15 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes 108.7 0.03 173.0-37.17
16 Preparations of meat, of fish or of crustaceans, molluscs or other aquatic invertebrates 190.4 0.06 120.657.90
17 Sugars and sugar confectionery 117.7 0.04 21.7441.73
18 Cocoa and cocoa preparations 323.6 0.10 408.5-20.77
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 1,339.0 0.42 1,063.225.95
20 Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants 5,093.0 1.61 4,773.16.70
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 501.6 0.16 537.0-6.59
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 1,337.0 0.42 1,136.317.66
23 Residues and waste from the food industries; prepared animal feed 2,519.6 0.79 3,236.9-22.16
24 Tobacco and manufactured tobacco substitutes 12,969.6 4.09 11,480.512.97
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 4,868.9 1.54 5,984.1-18.63
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 5.7 0.00 7.3-21.78
29 Organic chemicals 4,953.6 1.56 11,149.2-55.57
30 Pharmaceutical products 502.5 0.16 3,442.6-85.40
31 Fertilizers 4.0 0.00 5,156.1-99.92
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 6.0 0.00 166.8-96.40
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 8,100.3 2.55 4,499.380.03
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 274.4 0.09 18.71,369.40
35 Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes 7,371.3 2.32 7,641.4-3.53
37 Photographic or cinematographic goods 0.0 0.00 3.7-100.00
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 1,985.3 0.63 567.6249.76
39 Plastics and articles thereof 3,028.4 0.95 2,214.736.74
40 Rubber and articles thereof 3,149.2 0.99 5,473.0-42.46
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 1,491.8 0.47 1,934.5-22.89
43 Furskins and artificial fur; manufactures thereof 24.6 0.01 0.64,018.73
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 39.1 0.01 100.0-60.87
46 Manufactures of straw, of esparto or of other plaiting materials; basketware and wickerwork 0.0 0.00 3.7-100.00
47 Pulp of wood or of other fibrous cellulosic material; waste and scrap of paper or paperboard 0.0 0.00 39.9-100.00
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 96.0 0.03 141.4-32.11
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 267.7 0.08 180.548.35
51 Wool, fine or coarse animal hair; horsehair yarn and woven fabric 1,209.3 0.38 482.4150.69
52 Cotton 111.2 0.04 84.831.05
53 Other vegetable textile fibers; paper yarn and woven fabric of paper yarn 1.5 0.00 4.6-66.89
54 Man-made filaments 120.3 0.04 69.373.55
55 Man-made staple fibers 13.3 0.00 102.7-87.05
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 5.3 0.00 11.0-51.55
57 Carpets and other textile floor coverings 3,936.3 1.24 4,258.4-7.56
58 Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery 0.0 0.00 2.6-100.00
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 5.3 0.00 12.5-57.26
60 Knitted or crocheted fabrics 81.5 0.03 50.361.97
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 12,485.1 3.94 14,907.3-16.25
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 26,157.9 8.25 26,902.6-2.77
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 320.5 0.10 245.930.34
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 1,944.0 0.61 2,369.3-17.95
65 Headgear and parts thereof 281.9 0.09 171.364.58
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 4,352.1 1.37 3,947.910.24
69 Ceramic products 4,447.8 1.40 1,914.2132.35
70 Glass and glassware 4,109.6 1.30 4,524.1-9.16
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 13.4 0.00 12.47.90
72 Iron and steel 40.1 0.01 0.0
73 Articles of iron or steel 2,891.6 0.91 2,811.52.85
74 Copper and articles thereof 9,381.1 2.96 5,581.668.07
75 Nickel and articles thereof 130.0 0.04 0.0
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 1,786.1 0.56 912.995.66
81 Other base metals; cermets; articles thereof 59.6 0.02 96.7-38.32
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 2,868.1 0.90 2,495.314.94
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 1,229.4 0.39 1,837.2-33.08
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 52,597.4 16.58 56,682.4-7.21
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 30,013.4 9.46 27,601.18.74
86 Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds 3,133.4 0.99 651.8380.70
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 1,891.2 0.60 4,035.0-53.13
88 Aircraft, spacecraft, and parts thereof 5.0 0.00 12.4-59.70
89 Ships, boats and floating structures 3.2 0.00 49.2-93.49
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 26,499.5 8.35 16,728.858.41
91 Clocks and watches and parts thereof 7.0 0.00 22.5-69.11
92 Musical instruments; parts and accessories of such articles 398.5 0.13 411.8-3.23
93 Arms and ammunition; parts and accessories thereof 3,779.2 1.19 5,256.8-28.11
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 7,225.7 2.28 6,889.54.88
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 10,645.0 3.36 6,746.757.78
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 254.9 0.08 157.761.69
97 Works of art, collectors’ pieces and antiques 477.1 0.15 834.2-42.81
Compiled by «US-EXPORT–IMPORT» based on the statistics of the US Department of Commerce