US trade (export - import) with Estonia in 2016

Published or Updated: May 10, 2017

The report on US foreign trade in goods with Estonia in 2016: exports, imports, balance, product types and groups, dynamics.

US Trade with Estonia

In 2016, US trade with Estonia totaled $1,250.6 million, up 60.47% ($471.3 million) from 2015.

US exports to Estonia in 2016 were $233.0 million, down 11.83% ($31.3 million) from 2015.

US imports from Estonia in 2016 totaled $1,017.6 million, up 97.57% ($502.5 million) from 2015.

US trade deficit with Estonia in 2016 was $784.5 million, a 212.86% increase ($533.8 million) over 2015.

Estonia was the US 87th largest trading partner in 2016 (up from 101st in 2015), accounting for 0.0338% of US total trade (up from 0.0205% in 2015).

Estonia was the US 120th largest export market in 2016 (down from 115th in 2015), accounting for 0.0160% of US total exports (down from 0.0176% in 2015).

Estonia was the US 75th largest supplier in 2016 (up from 88th in 2015), accounting for 0.0452% of US total imports (up from 0.0223% in 2015).

US Exports to Estonia

The major share of US exports to Estonia in 2016 (and in 2015) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 66.79% of US total exports to Estonia (69.97% in 2015);
  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 11.97% of US total exports to Estonia (8.51% in 2015);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 8.61% of US total exports to Estonia (7.25% in 2015);
  • Wood and wood products (HS codes 44-49) - 4.31% of US total exports to Estonia (3.81% in 2015);
  • Metals and products from them (HS codes 72-83) - 1.97% of US total exports to Estonia (1.75% in 2015);
  • Textiles, textile products and footwear (HS codes 50-67) - 1.48% of US total exports to Estonia (1.68% in 2015);
  • Precious metals and stones (HS code 71) - 0.88% of US total exports to Estonia (2.96% in 2015).

The largest gains in US exports to Estonia in 2016 over 2015 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof (HS code 87) - an increase of $4,463.3 thousand;
  • Cocoa and cocoa preparations (HS code 18) - an increase of $3,885.3 thousand;
  • Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons (HS code 08) - an increase of $3,299.9 thousand;
  • Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations (HS code 33) - an increase of $2,974.5 thousand;
  • Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof (HS code 84) - an increase of $1,675.6 thousand;
  • Plastics and articles thereof (HS code 39) - an increase of $1,051.5 thousand;
  • Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder (HS code 12) - an increase of $761.3 thousand.

The largest declines in US exports to Estonia in 2016 over 2015 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Aircraft, spacecraft, and parts thereof (HS code 88) - a decrease of $20,861.6 thousand;
  • Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles (HS code 85) - a decrease of $8,172.1 thousand;
  • Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof (HS code 90) - a decrease of $6,586.8 thousand;
  • Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin (HS code 71) - a decrease of $5,773.7 thousand;
  • Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants (HS code 20) - a decrease of $1,521.6 thousand;
  • Miscellaneous edible preparations (HS code 21) - a decrease of $1,455.6 thousand;
  • Pharmaceutical products (HS code 30) - a decrease of $1,437.8 thousand;
  • Ores, slag and ash (HS code 26) - a decrease of $1,348.7 thousand;
  • Other base metals; cermets; articles thereof (HS code 81) - a decrease of $1,263.2 thousand;
  • Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes (HS code 28) - a decrease of $1,183.3 thousand.
US exports to Estonia in 2016 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value
of exports
in 2016
(USD thousand)
Share
in total export
(%)
Value
of exports
in 2015
(USD thousand)
Change
in 2016
over 2015
(%)
01 Live animals 66.2 0.03 0.0
03 Fish and crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates 1,176.1 0.50 1,823.9-35.52
04 Dairy produce; birds eggs; natural honey; edible products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 0.0 0.00 195.3-100.00
05 Products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 46.5 0.02 4.5933.33
06 Live trees and other plants; bulbs, roots and the like; cut flowers and ornamental foliage 0.0 0.00 6.5-100.00
07 Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers 56.4 0.02 230.5-75.51
08 Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons 11,281.7 4.84 7,981.741.34
09 Coffee, tea, maté and spices 294.8 0.13 222.832.29
10 Cereals 53.1 0.02 72.2-26.50
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 982.4 0.42 221.1344.26
15 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes 589.7 0.25 525.412.24
16 Preparations of meat, of fish or of crustaceans, molluscs or other aquatic invertebrates 1,270.5 0.55 785.661.73
17 Sugars and sugar confectionery 282.2 0.12 39.3618.76
18 Cocoa and cocoa preparations 3,926.1 1.68 40.89,527.72
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 168.0 0.07 3.34,918.85
20 Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants 1,228.6 0.53 2,750.2-55.33
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 3,763.5 1.61 5,219.1-27.89
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 2,660.5 1.14 2,249.818.25
23 Residues and waste from the food industries; prepared animal feed 11.6 0.00 0.0
24 Tobacco and manufactured tobacco substitutes 25.7 0.01 128.5-79.99
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 19.9 0.01 6.7198.65
26 Ores, slag and ash 0.0 0.00 1,348.7-100.00
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 45.3 0.02 60.5-25.18
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 2,022.7 0.87 3,206.0-36.91
29 Organic chemicals 1,699.2 0.73 2,045.2-16.92
30 Pharmaceutical products 614.6 0.26 2,052.4-70.05
31 Fertilizers 0.0 0.00 10.3-100.00
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 631.5 0.27 1,086.9-41.90
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 7,415.7 3.18 4,441.266.98
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 462.0 0.20 478.8-3.51
35 Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes 49.5 0.02 103.7-52.26
36 Explosives; pyrotechnic products; matches; pyrophoric alloys; certain combustible preparations 25.1 0.01 116.4-78.46
37 Photographic or cinematographic goods 364.4 0.16 374.2-2.59
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 1,264.2 0.54 1,140.710.83
39 Plastics and articles thereof 4,672.4 2.00 3,620.829.04
40 Rubber and articles thereof 839.2 0.36 494.969.59
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 236.1 0.10 138.171.00
43 Furskins and artificial fur; manufactures thereof 3.5 0.00 67.2-94.87
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 8,392.3 3.60 8,275.41.41
47 Pulp of wood or of other fibrous cellulosic material; waste and scrap of paper or paperboard 0.0 0.00 41.4-100.00
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 1,235.0 0.53 1,270.2-2.77
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 415.9 0.18 495.6-16.09
53 Other vegetable textile fibers; paper yarn and woven fabric of paper yarn 2.6 0.00 3.5-26.37
54 Man-made filaments 1,322.0 0.57 1,166.313.35
55 Man-made staple fibers 30.2 0.01 68.4-55.77
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 70.2 0.03 233.4-69.91
57 Carpets and other textile floor coverings 46.3 0.02 39.118.53
58 Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery 7.9 0.00 15.9-50.47
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 503.4 0.22 764.9-34.18
60 Knitted or crocheted fabrics 57.5 0.02 184.9-68.89
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 49.9 0.02 128.7-61.22
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 100.4 0.04 307.7-67.39
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 143.1 0.06 528.7-72.94
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 668.9 0.29 450.848.40
65 Headgear and parts thereof 429.7 0.18 551.0-22.01
67 Prepared feathers and down and articles made of feathers or of down; artificial flowers; articles of human hair 17.8 0.01 6.6169.51
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 342.8 0.15 251.836.13
69 Ceramic products 48.2 0.02 43.012.21
70 Glass and glassware 646.0 0.28 157.7309.68
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 2,048.0 0.88 7,821.6-73.82
72 Iron and steel 40.7 0.02 197.4-79.40
73 Articles of iron or steel 1,148.7 0.49 679.968.97
74 Copper and articles thereof 90.4 0.04 174.0-48.02
75 Nickel and articles thereof 19.8 0.01 3.2513.85
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 861.5 0.37 452.190.55
78 Lead and articles thereof 57.8 0.02 0.0
81 Other base metals; cermets; articles thereof 444.1 0.19 1,707.3-73.99
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 1,606.7 0.69 1,232.230.39
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 327.8 0.14 173.788.73
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 42,738.7 18.34 41,063.14.08
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 35,981.6 15.44 44,153.7-18.51
86 Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds 127.4 0.05 100.926.36
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 32,067.3 13.76 27,604.016.17
88 Aircraft, spacecraft, and parts thereof 11,215.8 4.81 32,077.4-65.04
89 Ships, boats and floating structures 341.2 0.15 169.3101.57
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 33,183.1 14.24 39,769.9-16.56
91 Clocks and watches and parts thereof 136.0 0.06 184.5-26.27
92 Musical instruments; parts and accessories of such articles 514.8 0.22 630.1-18.30
93 Arms and ammunition; parts and accessories thereof 377.4 0.16 578.1-34.71
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 1,854.9 0.80 2,483.4-25.31
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 2,093.6 0.90 1,530.636.79
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 135.2 0.06 701.3-80.73
97 Works of art, collectors’ pieces and antiques 102.2 0.04 92.111.00
99 Commodities not specified according to kind 2,744.5 1.18 2,437.212.61

US Imports from Estonia

The major share of US imports from Estonia in 2016 (and in 2015) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 85.61% of US total imports from Estonia (72.10% in 2015);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 2.80% of US total imports from Estonia (5.87% in 2015);
  • Wood and wood products (HS codes 44-49) - 2.40% of US total imports from Estonia (4.47% in 2015);
  • Metals and products from them (HS codes 72-83) - 1.84% of US total imports from Estonia (3.88% in 2015);
  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 1.05% of US total imports from Estonia (2.02% in 2015);
  • Textiles, textile products and footwear (HS codes 50-67) - 0.57% of US total imports from Estonia (1.01% in 2015).

The largest gains in US imports from Estonia in 2016 over 2015 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles (HS code 85) - an increase of $505,311.3 thousand;
  • Commodities not specified according to kind (HS code 99) - an increase of $4,570.1 thousand.

The largest declines in US imports from Estonia in 2016 over the 2015 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes (HS code 28) - a decrease of $3,852.6 thousand;
  • Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof (HS code 87) - a decrease of $3,647.3 thousand.
US imports from Estonia in 2016 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value
of imports
in 2016
(USD thousand)
Share
in total import
(%)
Value
of imports
in 2015
USD thousand)
Change
in 2016
over 2015
(%)
01 Live animals 40.4 0.00 5.6622.88
03 Fish and crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates 726.8 0.07 722.80.56
04 Dairy produce; birds eggs; natural honey; edible products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 794.6 0.08 1,062.5-25.22
07 Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers 0.0 0.00 4.4-100.00
08 Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons 85.1 0.01 0.0
09 Coffee, tea, maté and spices 7.6 0.00 11.2-32.38
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 228.1 0.02 231.6-1.55
15 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes 253.6 0.02 0.0
16 Preparations of meat, of fish or of crustaceans, molluscs or other aquatic invertebrates 23.1 0.00 62.9-63.28
17 Sugars and sugar confectionery 0.0 0.00 13.2-100.00
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 34.2 0.00 0.0
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 8,120.6 0.80 7,834.13.66
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 405.7 0.04 474.5-14.49
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 5.3 0.00 0.0
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 2,130.5 0.21 3,032.5-29.74
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 5,953.7 0.59 9,806.3-39.29
29 Organic chemicals 9,805.0 0.96 10,600.3-7.50
30 Pharmaceutical products 54.4 0.01 36.549.09
31 Fertilizers 0.0 0.00 1,567.0-100.00
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 6,700.7 0.66 4,222.258.70
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 55.5 0.01 3.61,448.94
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 12.8 0.00 2.1502.55
35 Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes 1,606.4 0.16 106.71,405.53
36 Explosives; pyrotechnic products; matches; pyrophoric alloys; certain combustible preparations 4.0 0.00 43.7-90.88
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 739.6 0.07 631.717.07
39 Plastics and articles thereof 1,959.1 0.19 2,007.8-2.43
40 Rubber and articles thereof 1,555.7 0.15 1,192.130.50
41 Raw hides and skins (other than furskins) and leather 0.0 0.00 1.5-100.00
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 253.8 0.02 163.355.46
43 Furskins and artificial fur; manufactures thereof 22.2 0.00 27.8-20.15
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 23,773.5 2.34 22,437.85.95
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 610.2 0.06 553.310.29
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 75.5 0.01 56.633.39
52 Cotton 3.0 0.00 0.0
53 Other vegetable textile fibers; paper yarn and woven fabric of paper yarn 0.0 0.00 1.6-100.00
55 Man-made staple fibers 0.0 0.00 65.7-100.00
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 1,865.0 0.18 1,067.774.67
57 Carpets and other textile floor coverings 41.1 0.00 21.096.03
58 Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery 14.1 0.00 13.26.36
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 5.1 0.00 23.5-78.27
60 Knitted or crocheted fabrics 1.2 0.00 25.2-95.20
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 239.6 0.02 177.035.35
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 1,264.9 0.12 1,237.42.22
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 2,049.1 0.20 2,095.1-2.19
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 129.2 0.01 187.2-31.02
65 Headgear and parts thereof 209.9 0.02 308.5-31.95
67 Prepared feathers and down and articles made of feathers or of down; artificial flowers; articles of human hair 1.2 0.00 0.935.23
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 35.8 0.00 32.012.05
69 Ceramic products 84.4 0.01 360.2-76.57
70 Glass and glassware 3,051.2 0.30 3,059.8-0.28
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 95.3 0.01 20.2371.23
72 Iron and steel 575.3 0.06 295.994.39
73 Articles of iron or steel 5,697.7 0.56 3,667.655.35
74 Copper and articles thereof 6.5 0.00 0.0
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 174.6 0.02 188.2-7.24
81 Other base metals; cermets; articles thereof 9,117.7 0.90 12,164.4-25.05
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 2,526.1 0.25 2,709.4-6.77
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 614.0 0.06 942.9-34.88
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 30,162.4 2.96 32,566.2-7.38
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 789,910.0 77.63 284,598.7177.55
86 Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds 371.1 0.04 45.5715.65
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 2,304.4 0.23 5,951.7-61.28
88 Aircraft, spacecraft, and parts thereof 94.1 0.01 15.9492.71
89 Ships, boats and floating structures 98.7 0.01 42.1134.31
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 48,211.7 4.74 48,121.90.19
91 Clocks and watches and parts thereof 0.0 0.00 51.9-100.00
92 Musical instruments; parts and accessories of such articles 2,004.7 0.20 1,579.226.95
93 Arms and ammunition; parts and accessories thereof 63.6 0.01 197.0-67.69
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 16,237.5 1.60 13,815.317.53
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 17,889.4 1.76 20,555.2-12.97
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 196.4 0.02 502.3-60.90
97 Works of art, collectors’ pieces and antiques 222.4 0.02 30.0640.60
99 Commodities not specified according to kind 15,973.0 1.57 11,402.940.08
Compiled by «US-EXPORT–IMPORT» based on the statistics of the US Department of Commerce