US trade (export - import) with Estonia in 2018

Published or Updated: Jun 10, 2019

The report on US foreign trade in goods with Estonia in 2018: exports, imports, balance, product types and groups, dynamics.

US Trade with Estonia

In 2018, US trade with Estonia totaled $1,302.5 million, up 49.90% ($433.6 million) from 2017.

US exports to Estonia in 2018 totaled $310.2 million, up 25.57% ($63.2 million) from 2017.

US imports from Estonia in 2018 totaled $992.3 million, up 59.56% ($370.4 million) from 2017.

US trade deficit with Estonia in 2018 was $682.1 million, a 81.95% increase ($307.2 million) over 2017.

Estonia was the US 90th largest trading partner in 2018 (up from 100th in 2017), accounting for 0.0304% of US total trade (up from 0.0220% in 2017).

Estonia was the US 116th largest export market in 2018 (up from 119th in 2017), accounting for 0.0186% of US total exports (up from 0.0160% in 2017).

Estonia was the US 79th largest supplier in 2018 (up from 84th in 2017), accounting for 0.0379% of US total imports (up from 0.0258% in 2017).

US Exports to Estonia

The major share of US exports to Estonia in 2018 (and in 2017) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 60.62% of US total exports to Estonia (54.37% in 2017);
  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 18.15% of US total exports to Estonia (17.72% in 2017);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 7.76% of US total exports to Estonia (12.47% in 2017);
  • Wood and wood products (HS codes 44-49) - 3.65% of US total exports to Estonia (4.36% in 2017);
  • Metals and products from them (HS codes 72-83) - 3.65% of US total exports to Estonia (2.57% in 2017);
  • Precious metals and stones (HS code 71) - 1.32% of US total exports to Estonia (0.36% in 2017).

The largest gains in US exports to Estonia in 2018 over 2017 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof (HS code 87) - an increase of $35.3 million;
  • Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons (HS code 08) - an increase of $17.1 million;
  • Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles (HS code 85) - an increase of $15.9 million;
  • Other base metals; cermets; articles thereof (HS code 81) - an increase of $4.9 million;
  • Aircraft, spacecraft, and parts thereof (HS code 88) - an increase of $4.0 million;
  • Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin (HS code 71) - an increase of $3.2 million;
  • Commodities not specified according to kind (HS code 99) - an increase of $1.8 million;
  • Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes (HS code 27) - an increase of $1.3 million;
  • Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof (HS code 84) - an increase of $1.2 million.

The largest declines in US exports to Estonia in 2018 over 2017 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Miscellaneous chemical products (HS code 38) - a decrease of $8.8 million;
  • Arms and ammunition; parts and accessories thereof (HS code 93) - a decrease of $6.0 million;
  • Cocoa and cocoa preparations (HS code 18) - a decrease of $3.7 million;
  • Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof (HS code 90) - a decrease of $2.7 million;
  • Miscellaneous edible preparations (HS code 21) - a decrease of $1.3 million;
  • Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings (HS code 94) - a decrease of $1.3 million.
US exports to Estonia in 2018 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value
of exports
in 2018
(USD thousand)
Share
in total export
(%)
Value
of exports
in 2017
(USD thousand)
Change
in 2018
over 2017
(%)
03 Fish and crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates 1,590.6 0.51 795.899.88
04 Dairy produce; birds eggs; natural honey; edible products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 0.0 0.00 149.0-100.00
05 Products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 0.0 0.00 102.1-100.00
08 Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons 46,949.0 15.14 29,853.057.27
09 Coffee, tea, maté and spices 529.8 0.17 285.885.37
10 Cereals 103.0 0.03 93.310.35
11 Products of the milling industry; malt; starches; inulin; wheat gluten 4.5 0.00 0.0
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 572.1 0.18 254.6124.72
15 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes 9.6 0.00 938.9-98.98
16 Preparations of meat, of fish or of crustaceans, molluscs or other aquatic invertebrates 1,335.3 0.43 884.251.02
17 Sugars and sugar confectionery 212.6 0.07 195.18.99
18 Cocoa and cocoa preparations 1,281.8 0.41 4,932.8-74.01
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 271.3 0.09 347.8-21.99
20 Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants 74.2 0.02 277.0-73.20
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 1,512.9 0.49 2,832.9-46.60
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 1,833.4 0.59 1,822.70.59
24 Tobacco and manufactured tobacco substitutes 3.4 0.00 0.0
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 188.0 0.06 24.2677.32
26 Ores, slag and ash 0.0 0.00 232.9-100.00
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 1,975.1 0.64 684.6188.52
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 1,347.8 0.43 1,323.21.86
29 Organic chemicals 1,322.2 0.43 1,482.4-10.81
30 Pharmaceutical products 568.2 0.18 548.03.68
31 Fertilizers 0.0 0.00 3.5-100.00
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 795.4 0.26 339.0134.62
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 6,143.8 1.98 6,628.5-7.31
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 253.2 0.08 202.425.10
35 Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes 854.3 0.28 156.7445.26
36 Explosives; pyrotechnic products; matches; pyrophoric alloys; certain combustible preparations 69.5 0.02 17.9287.79
37 Photographic or cinematographic goods 327.1 0.11 656.2-50.15
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 3,140.8 1.01 11,907.4-73.62
39 Plastics and articles thereof 7,851.0 2.53 7,026.411.74
40 Rubber and articles thereof 1,401.1 0.45 510.6174.38
41 Raw hides and skins (other than furskins) and leather 0.0 0.00 14.1-100.00
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 187.2 0.06 204.9-8.64
43 Furskins and artificial fur; manufactures thereof 0.0 0.00 49.6-100.00
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 10,773.5 3.47 9,990.37.84
45 Cork and articles of cork 2.7 0.00 0.0
46 Manufactures of straw, of esparto or of other plaiting materials; basketware and wickerwork 4.7 0.00 0.0
47 Pulp of wood or of other fibrous cellulosic material; waste and scrap of paper or paperboard 3.4 0.00 70.5-95.21
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 157.5 0.05 355.9-55.75
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 390.0 0.13 340.914.42
52 Cotton 10.6 0.00 8.919.58
53 Other vegetable textile fibers; paper yarn and woven fabric of paper yarn 0.0 0.00 3.6-100.00
54 Man-made filaments 19.3 0.01 847.8-97.73
55 Man-made staple fibers 6.4 0.00 139.8-95.45
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 114.0 0.04 164.9-30.86
57 Carpets and other textile floor coverings 0.0 0.00 86.5-100.00
58 Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery 7.5 0.00 15.8-52.69
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 461.8 0.15 285.961.56
60 Knitted or crocheted fabrics 21.7 0.01 14.648.34
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 39.8 0.01 82.6-51.83
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 276.6 0.09 112.0146.87
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 636.0 0.21 230.2176.26
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 6.8 0.00 37.1-81.75
65 Headgear and parts thereof 23.0 0.01 319.0-92.80
66 Umbrellas, sun umbrellas, walking sticks, seatsticks, whips, riding-crops and parts thereof 42.8 0.01 10.2321.04
67 Prepared feathers and down and articles made of feathers or of down; artificial flowers; articles of human hair 65.5 0.02 29.9118.83
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 464.1 0.15 390.418.87
69 Ceramic products 247.5 0.08 12.61,869.29
70 Glass and glassware 257.6 0.08 509.9-49.48
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 4,082.7 1.32 893.3357.03
72 Iron and steel 397.3 0.13 56.7600.55
73 Articles of iron or steel 1,151.5 0.37 679.469.50
74 Copper and articles thereof 46.1 0.01 62.8-26.60
75 Nickel and articles thereof 310.8 0.10 96.0223.71
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 352.5 0.11 394.2-10.57
81 Other base metals; cermets; articles thereof 8,342.1 2.69 3,443.3142.27
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 457.3 0.15 1,247.8-63.35
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 268.4 0.09 372.5-27.95
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 38,659.5 12.46 37,489.43.12
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 45,468.7 14.66 29,607.353.57
86 Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds 43.5 0.01 15.1188.93
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 58,288.6 18.79 22,941.9154.07
88 Aircraft, spacecraft, and parts thereof 16,039.6 5.17 12,057.633.02
89 Ships, boats and floating structures 221.9 0.07 133.865.85
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 29,310.5 9.45 32,055.6-8.56
91 Clocks and watches and parts thereof 213.5 0.07 84.6152.26
92 Musical instruments; parts and accessories of such articles 243.2 0.08 263.8-7.82
93 Arms and ammunition; parts and accessories thereof 2,209.0 0.71 8,160.6-72.93
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 1,701.1 0.55 2,967.2-42.67
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 1,107.9 0.36 1,279.5-13.41
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 115.0 0.04 129.2-10.96
97 Works of art, collectors’ pieces and antiques 180.8 0.06 329.9-45.20
99 Commodities not specified according to kind 4,220.3 1.36 2,415.574.71

US Imports from Estonia

The major share of US imports from Estonia in 2018 (and in 2017) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 75.28% of US total imports from Estonia (67.68% in 2017);
  • Mineral products (HS codes 25-27) - 5.14% of US total imports from Estonia (6.65% in 2017);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 5.01% of US total imports from Estonia (4.95% in 2017);
  • Wood and wood products (HS codes 44-49) - 4.31% of US total imports from Estonia (5.09% in 2017);
  • Metals and products from them (HS codes 72-83) - 1.60% of US total imports from Estonia (2.99% in 2017);
  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 1.21% of US total imports from Estonia (1.91% in 2017).

The largest gains in US imports from Estonia in 2018 over 2017 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles (HS code 85) - an increase of $278.6 million;
  • Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof (HS code 84) - an increase of $46.2 million;
  • Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal (HS code 44) - an increase of $11.3 million;
  • Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes (HS code 27) - an increase of $9.6 million;
  • Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics (HS code 32) - an increase of $6.5 million;
  • Fertilizers (HS code 31) - an increase of $4.8 million;
  • Works of art, collectors’ pieces and antiques (HS code 97) - an increase of $3.7 million;
  • Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings (HS code 94) - an increase of $3.6 million;
  • Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof (HS code 90) - an increase of $3.3 million.

The largest declines in US imports from Estonia in 2018 over the 2017 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Ships, boats and floating structures (HS code 89) - a decrease of $3.4 million.
US imports from Estonia in 2018 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value
of imports
in 2018
(USD thousand)
Share
in total import
(%)
Value
of imports
in 2017
USD thousand)
Change
in 2018
over 2017
(%)
01 Live animals 60.5 0.01 138.5-56.31
03 Fish and crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates 716.3 0.07 921.8-22.29
04 Dairy produce; birds eggs; natural honey; edible products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 2,161.4 0.22 1,513.742.79
05 Products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 42.5 0.00 94.3-54.96
08 Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons 0.0 0.00 32.9-100.00
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 147.7 0.01 257.5-42.65
13 Lac; gums, resins and other vegetable saps and extracts 11.3 0.00 25.0-55.04
16 Preparations of meat, of fish or of crustaceans, molluscs or other aquatic invertebrates 0.0 0.00 14.7-100.00
18 Cocoa and cocoa preparations 0.0 0.00 10.3-100.00
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 31.2 0.00 27.812.37
20 Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants 92.5 0.01 0.0
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 7,968.9 0.80 8,126.5-1.94
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 809.4 0.08 732.510.50
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 10.4 0.00 0.0
26 Ores, slag and ash 10.9 0.00 0.0
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 50,985.6 5.14 41,351.223.30
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 10,207.1 1.03 9,106.612.08
29 Organic chemicals 10,730.2 1.08 8,679.623.62
30 Pharmaceutical products 409.1 0.04 233.275.45
31 Fertilizers 4,869.8 0.49 28.916,752.68
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 13,134.0 1.32 6,597.599.08
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 128.4 0.01 297.1-56.77
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 208.1 0.02 30.4584.83
35 Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes 61.4 0.01 23.2164.49
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 2,439.2 0.25 561.7334.28
39 Plastics and articles thereof 5,867.4 0.59 3,848.152.47
40 Rubber and articles thereof 1,694.2 0.17 1,381.022.68
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 172.4 0.02 111.654.50
43 Furskins and artificial fur; manufactures thereof 0.0 0.00 4.7-100.00
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 41,895.0 4.22 30,634.736.76
46 Manufactures of straw, of esparto or of other plaiting materials; basketware and wickerwork 41.3 0.00 0.0
47 Pulp of wood or of other fibrous cellulosic material; waste and scrap of paper or paperboard 0.0 0.00 11.9-100.00
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 389.2 0.04 870.5-55.29
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 421.4 0.04 160.3162.84
52 Cotton 3.7 0.00 12.2-69.69
53 Other vegetable textile fibers; paper yarn and woven fabric of paper yarn 0.3 0.00 6.8-95.43
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 242.3 0.02 714.2-66.07
57 Carpets and other textile floor coverings 1.9 0.00 15.3-87.49
58 Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery 3.9 0.00 3.029.70
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 25.9 0.00 38.0-31.92
60 Knitted or crocheted fabrics 0.0 0.00 13.8-100.00
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 245.6 0.02 198.024.06
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 1,760.3 0.18 1,430.423.07
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 3,512.6 0.35 1,947.080.41
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 25.5 0.00 108.5-76.54
65 Headgear and parts thereof 62.6 0.01 180.0-65.24
66 Umbrellas, sun umbrellas, walking sticks, seatsticks, whips, riding-crops and parts thereof 0.3 0.00 0.0
67 Prepared feathers and down and articles made of feathers or of down; artificial flowers; articles of human hair 47.2 0.00 25.783.32
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 49.2 0.00 20.3142.77
69 Ceramic products 125.5 0.01 100.225.25
70 Glass and glassware 939.2 0.09 1,854.8-49.37
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 316.0 0.03 114.8175.25
72 Iron and steel 251.6 0.03 223.712.48
73 Articles of iron or steel 2,106.1 0.21 3,206.4-34.32
75 Nickel and articles thereof 7.2 0.00 0.0
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 173.1 0.02 69.3149.63
78 Lead and articles thereof 2.0 0.00 0.0
79 Zinc and articles thereof 0.0 0.00 6.9-100.00
81 Other base metals; cermets; articles thereof 10,609.7 1.07 12,161.8-12.76
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 2,127.7 0.21 2,424.5-12.24
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 624.1 0.06 479.430.18
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 84,321.5 8.50 38,132.1121.13
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 609,864.3 61.46 331,224.984.12
86 Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds 0.0 0.00 19.6-100.00
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 3,717.1 0.37 2,246.765.44
88 Aircraft, spacecraft, and parts thereof 107.1 0.01 75.142.68
89 Ships, boats and floating structures 474.2 0.05 3,905.0-87.86
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 48,570.9 4.89 45,285.07.26
92 Musical instruments; parts and accessories of such articles 1,403.3 0.14 1,782.5-21.27
93 Arms and ammunition; parts and accessories thereof 254.7 0.03 382.7-33.45
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 27,275.1 2.75 23,646.815.34
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 19,606.9 1.98 17,318.413.21
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 228.0 0.02 212.37.40
97 Works of art, collectors’ pieces and antiques 3,950.4 0.40 270.81,358.65
99 Commodities not specified according to kind 13,552.6 1.37 16,220.9-16.45
Compiled by «US-EXPORT–IMPORT» based on the statistics of the US Department of Commerce