US trade (export - import) with Ethiopia in 2013

Published or Updated: Feb 01, 2017

The report on US foreign trade in goods with Ethiopia in 2013: exports, imports, balance, product types and groups, dynamics.

US Trade with Ethiopia

In 2013, US trade with Ethiopia was $889.4 million, down 39.26% ($574.8 million) from 2012.

US exports to Ethiopia in 2013 were $688.5 million, down 45.99% ($586.2 million) from 2012.

US imports from Ethiopia in 2013 totaled $200.9 million, up 5.99% ($11.4 million) from 2012.

US trade surplus with Ethiopia in 2013 was $487.6 million, a 55.06% decrease ($597.5 million) over 2012.

Ethiopia was the US 101st largest trading partner in 2013 (down from 95th in 2012), accounting for 0.0228% of US total trade (down from 0.0377% in 2012).

Ethiopia was the US 91st largest export market in 2013 (down from 74th in 2012), accounting for 0.0436% of US total exports (down from 0.0825% in 2012).

Ethiopia was the US 111th largest supplier in 2013 (up from 112th in 2012), accounting for 0.0086% of US total imports (up from 0.0081% in 2012).

US Exports to Ethiopia

The major share of US exports to Ethiopia in 2013 (and in 2012) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 83.18% of US total exports to Ethiopia (89.40% in 2012);
  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 9.82% of US total exports to Ethiopia (7.65% in 2012);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 1.21% of US total exports to Ethiopia (0.49% in 2012).

The largest gains in US exports to Ethiopia in 2013 over 2012 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Commodities not specified according to kind (HS code 99) - an increase of $7.2 million;
  • Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof (HS code 90) - an increase of $3.6 million.

The largest declines in US exports to Ethiopia in 2013 over 2012 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Aircraft, spacecraft, and parts thereof (HS code 88) - a decrease of $563.9 million;
  • Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares (HS code 19) - a decrease of $11.4 million;
  • Cereals (HS code 10) - a decrease of $7.6 million;
  • Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes (HS code 15) - a decrease of $6.3 million;
  • Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles (HS code 85) - a decrease of $4.3 million;
  • Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers (HS code 07) - a decrease of $4.0 million;
  • Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof (HS code 87) - a decrease of $2.8 million.
US exports to Ethiopia in 2013 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value
of exports
in 2013
(USD thousand)
Share
in total export
(%)
Value
of exports
in 2012
(USD thousand)
Change
in 2013
over 2012
(%)
01 Live animals 8.7 0.00 0.0
05 Products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 12.8 0.00 22.0-41.86
06 Live trees and other plants; bulbs, roots and the like; cut flowers and ornamental foliage 7.5 0.00 14.7-48.85
07 Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers 9,535.0 1.38 13,486.1-29.30
09 Coffee, tea, maté and spices 3.1 0.00 0.0
10 Cereals 44,946.1 6.53 52,581.3-14.52
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 55.9 0.01 21.5159.31
15 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes 6,968.6 1.01 13,235.1-47.35
17 Sugars and sugar confectionery 0.0 0.00 571.6-100.00
18 Cocoa and cocoa preparations 2.8 0.00 7.9-65.03
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 5,608.2 0.81 17,015.2-67.04
20 Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants 16.8 0.00 37.3-55.01
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 433.4 0.06 502.5-13.75
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 31.2 0.00 14.2119.11
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 102.9 0.01 122.8-16.21
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 414.7 0.06 44.7827.23
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 191.9 0.03 116.664.55
29 Organic chemicals 149.3 0.02 281.4-46.97
30 Pharmaceutical products 88.4 0.01 215.6-59.01
31 Fertilizers 10.8 0.00 376.2-97.12
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 151.7 0.02 67.1126.08
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 695.5 0.10 545.127.59
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 126.5 0.02 91.039.00
35 Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes 82.8 0.01 9.6762.96
36 Explosives; pyrotechnic products; matches; pyrophoric alloys; certain combustible preparations 686.3 0.10 39.91,621.43
37 Photographic or cinematographic goods 9.7 0.00 3.4189.07
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 3,886.5 0.56 2,180.278.27
39 Plastics and articles thereof 1,588.7 0.23 2,021.7-21.42
40 Rubber and articles thereof 685.0 0.10 250.1173.90
41 Raw hides and skins (other than furskins) and leather 58.3 0.01 2.62,184.55
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 101.2 0.01 87.315.94
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 354.7 0.05 203.174.67
47 Pulp of wood or of other fibrous cellulosic material; waste and scrap of paper or paperboard 455.0 0.07 44.7917.92
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 143.2 0.02 107.133.69
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 714.1 0.10 1,183.6-39.67
55 Man-made staple fibers 0.0 0.00 150.4-100.00
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 2.9 0.00 130.9-97.81
58 Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery 4.1 0.00 16.9-75.71
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 32.4 0.00 101.9-68.23
60 Knitted or crocheted fabrics 6.5 0.00 0.0
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 60.1 0.01 14.4316.05
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 270.2 0.04 99.3172.22
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 370.4 0.05 644.8-42.56
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 318.5 0.05 109.9189.77
65 Headgear and parts thereof 65.7 0.01 12.5424.92
67 Prepared feathers and down and articles made of feathers or of down; artificial flowers; articles of human hair 0.0 0.00 3.6-100.00
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 3,443.5 0.50 3,096.411.21
69 Ceramic products 0.0 0.00 14.9-100.00
70 Glass and glassware 576.9 0.08 2,193.6-73.70
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 6.1 0.00 6.4-4.54
72 Iron and steel 905.1 0.13 125.2622.90
73 Articles of iron or steel 1,117.5 0.16 680.164.30
74 Copper and articles thereof 82.3 0.01 24.2239.69
75 Nickel and articles thereof 84.3 0.01 292.8-71.22
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 105.0 0.02 347.5-69.79
81 Other base metals; cermets; articles thereof 88.3 0.01 159.7-44.71
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 1,796.8 0.26 761.1136.07
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 318.2 0.05 273.816.22
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 33,045.2 4.80 32,615.01.32
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 13,503.2 1.96 17,787.9-24.09
86 Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds 5.0 0.00 4.511.04
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 3,997.1 0.58 6,762.8-40.90
88 Aircraft, spacecraft, and parts thereof 507,558.2 73.72 1,071,449.5-52.63
89 Ships, boats and floating structures 11.2 0.00 13.4-16.82
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 14,596.6 2.12 10,979.332.95
92 Musical instruments; parts and accessories of such articles 33.9 0.00 50.4-32.73
93 Arms and ammunition; parts and accessories thereof 9.8 0.00 7.727.27
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 1,376.0 0.20 1,247.110.34
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 500.6 0.07 354.141.39
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 56.3 0.01 42.133.76
97 Works of art, collectors’ pieces and antiques 10.0 0.00 0.0
99 Commodities not specified according to kind 25,823.0 3.75 18,594.538.87

US Imports from Ethiopia

The major share of US imports from Ethiopia in 2013 (and in 2012) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 56.14% of US total imports from Ethiopia (55.40% in 2012);
  • Textiles, textile products and footwear (HS codes 50-67) - 15.64% of US total imports from Ethiopia (9.81% in 2012);
  • Mineral products (HS codes 25-27) - 0.00% of US total imports from Ethiopia (2.45% in 2012).

The largest gains in US imports from Ethiopia in 2013 over 2012 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles (HS code 64) - an increase of $12.8 million;
  • Coffee, tea, maté and spices (HS code 09) - an increase of $5.6 million;
  • Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder (HS code 12) - an increase of $2.3 million;
  • Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted (HS code 61) - an increase of $2.1 million;
  • Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) (HS code 42) - an increase of $1.1 million;
  • Live trees and other plants; bulbs, roots and the like; cut flowers and ornamental foliage (HS code 06) - an increase of $0.9 million.

The largest declines in US imports from Ethiopia in 2013 over the 2012 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Commodities not specified according to kind (HS code 99) - a decrease of $6.4 million;
  • Ores, slag and ash (HS code 26) - a decrease of $4.6 million;
  • Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted (HS code 62) - a decrease of $2.1 million;
  • Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers (HS code 07) - a decrease of $0.9 million.
US imports from Ethiopia in 2013 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value
of imports
in 2013
(USD thousand)
Share
in total import
(%)
Value
of imports
in 2012
USD thousand)
Change
in 2013
over 2012
(%)
06 Live trees and other plants; bulbs, roots and the like; cut flowers and ornamental foliage 3,479.5 1.73 2,620.932.76
07 Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers 628.4 0.31 1,538.1-59.14
08 Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons 85.3 0.04 0.0
09 Coffee, tea, maté and spices 82,605.3 41.12 77,010.87.26
10 Cereals 4.5 0.00 63.0-92.82
11 Products of the milling industry; malt; starches; inulin; wheat gluten 353.0 0.18 215.863.60
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 24,088.1 11.99 21,825.010.37
13 Lac; gums, resins and other vegetable saps and extracts 172.2 0.09 237.0-27.35
15 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes 912.2 0.45 1,098.2-16.94
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 93.0 0.05 58.558.94
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 10.5 0.01 9.77.91
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 345.8 0.17 321.37.65
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 5.5 0.00 0.0
26 Ores, slag and ash 0.0 0.00 4,639.3-100.00
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 76.3 0.04 54.440.37
39 Plastics and articles thereof 67.1 0.03 6.6910.73
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 2,335.2 1.16 1,230.989.71
46 Manufactures of straw, of esparto or of other plaiting materials; basketware and wickerwork 2.6 0.00 0.0
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 27.6 0.01 0.0
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 35.0 0.02 15.8121.05
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 0.0 0.00 14.5-100.00
57 Carpets and other textile floor coverings 57.6 0.03 0.0
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 7,746.1 3.86 5,657.136.93
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 2,939.9 1.46 5,040.7-41.68
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 154.8 0.08 127.221.73
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 20,519.2 10.22 7,714.3165.99
65 Headgear and parts thereof 0.0 0.00 31.6-100.00
66 Umbrellas, sun umbrellas, walking sticks, seatsticks, whips, riding-crops and parts thereof 0.0 0.00 1.4-100.00
69 Ceramic products 11.3 0.01 25.8-56.13
70 Glass and glassware 18.6 0.01 0.0
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 308.7 0.15 481.6-35.91
74 Copper and articles thereof 0.0 0.00 25.2-100.00
75 Nickel and articles thereof 0.0 0.00 3.2-100.00
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 33.5 0.02 0.0
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 147.5 0.07 49.5197.94
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 514.3 0.26 137.5274.10
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 0.0 0.00 2.6-100.00
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 116.3 0.06 15.8635.09
91 Clocks and watches and parts thereof 0.0 0.00 2.5-100.00
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 5.3 0.00 9.4-43.16
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 10.2 0.01 7.144.13
97 Works of art, collectors’ pieces and antiques 266.2 0.13 171.055.70
99 Commodities not specified according to kind 52,695.0 26.23 59,057.1-10.77
Compiled by «US-EXPORT–IMPORT» based on the statistics of the US Department of Commerce