US trade (export - import) with Ethiopia in 2014

Published or Updated: Feb 07, 2017

The report on US foreign trade in goods with Ethiopia in 2014: exports, imports, balance, product types and groups, dynamics.

US Trade with Ethiopia

In 2014, US trade with Ethiopia totaled $1,883.0 million, up 111.72% ($993.6 million) from 2013.

US exports to Ethiopia in 2014 totaled $1,669.0 million, up 142.40% ($980.5 million) from 2013.

US imports from Ethiopia in 2014 totaled $214.0 million, up 6.56% ($13.2 million) from 2013.

US trade surplus with Ethiopia in 2014 was $1,454.9 million, a 198.36% increase ($967.3 million) over 2013.

Ethiopia was the US 86th largest trading partner in 2014 (up from 101st in 2013), accounting for 0.0467% of US total trade (up from 0.0228% in 2013).

Ethiopia was the US 68th largest export market in 2014 (up from 91st in 2013), accounting for 0.1030% of US total exports (up from 0.0436% in 2013).

Ethiopia was the US 110th largest supplier in 2014 (up from 111th in 2013), accounting for 0.0089% of US total imports (up from 0.0086% in 2013).

US Exports to Ethiopia

The major share of US exports to Ethiopia in 2014 (and in 2013) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 90.88% of US total exports to Ethiopia (83.18% in 2013);
  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 4.99% of US total exports to Ethiopia (9.82% in 2013);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 1.21% of US total exports to Ethiopia (1.21% in 2013).

The largest gains in US exports to Ethiopia in 2014 over 2013 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Aircraft, spacecraft, and parts thereof (HS code 88) - an increase of $928.0 million;
  • Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles (HS code 85) - an increase of $23.3 million;
  • Cereals (HS code 10) - an increase of $18.1 million;
  • Miscellaneous chemical products (HS code 38) - an increase of $8.5 million;
  • Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes (HS code 27) - an increase of $5.7 million.

The largest declines in US exports to Ethiopia in 2014 over 2013 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • No product groups with a substantial decrease.
US exports to Ethiopia in 2014 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value
of exports
in 2014
(USD thousand)
Share
in total export
(%)
Value
of exports
in 2013
(USD thousand)
Change
in 2014
over 2013
(%)
01 Live animals 10.2 0.00 8.717.10
04 Dairy produce; birds eggs; natural honey; edible products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 27.0 0.00 0.0
05 Products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 161.0 0.01 12.81,160.63
06 Live trees and other plants; bulbs, roots and the like; cut flowers and ornamental foliage 0.0 0.00 7.5-100.00
07 Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers 6,810.7 0.41 9,535.0-28.57
09 Coffee, tea, maté and spices 0.0 0.00 3.1-100.00
10 Cereals 63,089.7 3.78 44,946.140.37
11 Products of the milling industry; malt; starches; inulin; wheat gluten 6.1 0.00 0.0
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 16.8 0.00 55.9-69.91
15 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes 6,754.9 0.40 6,968.6-3.07
17 Sugars and sugar confectionery 94.2 0.01 0.0
18 Cocoa and cocoa preparations 72.2 0.00 2.82,503.21
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 5,510.9 0.33 5,608.2-1.73
20 Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants 418.5 0.03 16.82,393.13
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 282.6 0.02 433.4-34.79
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 24.0 0.00 31.2-23.07
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 54.4 0.00 102.9-47.14
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 6,089.6 0.36 414.71,368.32
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 1,890.4 0.11 191.9885.28
29 Organic chemicals 150.5 0.01 149.30.82
30 Pharmaceutical products 371.8 0.02 88.4320.73
31 Fertilizers 3.8 0.00 10.8-65.13
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 617.4 0.04 151.7307.06
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 471.7 0.03 695.5-32.17
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 430.2 0.03 126.5240.04
35 Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes 240.7 0.01 82.8190.55
36 Explosives; pyrotechnic products; matches; pyrophoric alloys; certain combustible preparations 238.6 0.01 686.3-65.23
37 Photographic or cinematographic goods 30.1 0.00 9.7208.86
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 12,350.3 0.74 3,886.5217.77
39 Plastics and articles thereof 2,617.0 0.16 1,588.764.72
40 Rubber and articles thereof 811.7 0.05 685.018.51
41 Raw hides and skins (other than furskins) and leather 0.0 0.00 58.3-100.00
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 267.7 0.02 101.2164.47
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 171.0 0.01 354.7-51.79
47 Pulp of wood or of other fibrous cellulosic material; waste and scrap of paper or paperboard 310.9 0.02 455.0-31.68
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 169.7 0.01 143.218.50
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 615.5 0.04 714.1-13.81
55 Man-made staple fibers 16.2 0.00 0.0
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 16.1 0.00 2.9464.09
57 Carpets and other textile floor coverings 5.3 0.00 0.0
58 Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery 0.0 0.00 4.1-100.00
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 239.9 0.01 32.4640.93
60 Knitted or crocheted fabrics 0.0 0.00 6.5-100.00
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 106.6 0.01 60.177.45
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 535.2 0.03 270.298.05
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 4,632.0 0.28 370.41,150.56
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 536.5 0.03 318.568.44
65 Headgear and parts thereof 15.3 0.00 65.7-76.73
66 Umbrellas, sun umbrellas, walking sticks, seatsticks, whips, riding-crops and parts thereof 2.6 0.00 0.0
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 3,193.8 0.19 3,443.5-7.25
69 Ceramic products 42.9 0.00 0.0
70 Glass and glassware 1,151.0 0.07 576.999.52
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 8.9 0.00 6.145.85
72 Iron and steel 34.9 0.00 905.1-96.15
73 Articles of iron or steel 1,585.6 0.10 1,117.541.89
74 Copper and articles thereof 60.0 0.00 82.3-27.08
75 Nickel and articles thereof 191.3 0.01 84.3127.01
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 258.9 0.02 105.0146.65
81 Other base metals; cermets; articles thereof 151.1 0.01 88.371.12
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 1,536.3 0.09 1,796.8-14.50
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 682.9 0.04 318.2114.64
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 30,759.8 1.84 33,045.2-6.92
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 36,846.2 2.21 13,503.2172.87
86 Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds 7.9 0.00 5.057.08
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 2,768.4 0.17 3,997.1-30.74
88 Aircraft, spacecraft, and parts thereof 1,435,550.4 86.01 507,558.2182.83
89 Ships, boats and floating structures 3.6 0.00 11.2-68.22
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 10,800.2 0.65 14,596.6-26.01
91 Clocks and watches and parts thereof 11.4 0.00 0.0
92 Musical instruments; parts and accessories of such articles 0.0 0.00 33.9-100.00
93 Arms and ammunition; parts and accessories thereof 0.0 0.00 9.8-100.00
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 3,350.2 0.20 1,376.0143.48
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 743.8 0.04 500.648.56
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 51.2 0.00 56.3-8.99
97 Works of art, collectors’ pieces and antiques 0.0 0.00 10.0-100.00
99 Commodities not specified according to kind 21,897.8 1.31 25,823.0-15.20

US Imports from Ethiopia

The major share of US imports from Ethiopia in 2014 (and in 2013) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 56.38% of US total imports from Ethiopia (56.14% in 2013);
  • Textiles, textile products and footwear (HS codes 50-67) - 15.40% of US total imports from Ethiopia (15.64% in 2013);
  • Mineral products (HS codes 25-27) - 2.60% of US total imports from Ethiopia (0.00% in 2013);
  • Precious metals and stones (HS code 71) - 1.06% of US total imports from Ethiopia (0.15% in 2013).

The largest gains in US imports from Ethiopia in 2014 over 2013 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Coffee, tea, maté and spices (HS code 09) - an increase of $13.5 million;
  • Ores, slag and ash (HS code 26) - an increase of $5.5 million;
  • Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin (HS code 71) - an increase of $2.0 million;
  • Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) (HS code 42) - an increase of $1.9 million;
  • Live trees and other plants; bulbs, roots and the like; cut flowers and ornamental foliage (HS code 06) - an increase of $1.8 million;
  • Works of art, collectors’ pieces and antiques (HS code 97) - an increase of $1.4 million;
  • Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted (HS code 62) - an increase of $1.1 million;
  • Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted (HS code 61) - an increase of $0.8 million.

The largest declines in US imports from Ethiopia in 2014 over the 2013 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder (HS code 12) - a decrease of $7.9 million;
  • Commodities not specified according to kind (HS code 99) - a decrease of $7.2 million.
US imports from Ethiopia in 2014 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value
of imports
in 2014
(USD thousand)
Share
in total import
(%)
Value
of imports
in 2013
USD thousand)
Change
in 2014
over 2013
(%)
04 Dairy produce; birds eggs; natural honey; edible products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 16.3 0.01 0.0
06 Live trees and other plants; bulbs, roots and the like; cut flowers and ornamental foliage 5,298.9 2.48 3,479.552.29
07 Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers 1,183.2 0.55 628.488.29
08 Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons 0.0 0.00 85.3-100.00
09 Coffee, tea, maté and spices 96,093.8 44.89 82,605.316.33
10 Cereals 10.2 0.00 4.5125.56
11 Products of the milling industry; malt; starches; inulin; wheat gluten 261.8 0.12 353.0-25.83
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 16,144.2 7.54 24,088.1-32.98
13 Lac; gums, resins and other vegetable saps and extracts 247.7 0.12 172.243.86
15 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes 886.9 0.41 912.2-2.78
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 116.8 0.05 93.025.59
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 52.5 0.02 10.5398.96
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 367.3 0.17 345.86.21
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 10.6 0.00 5.593.51
26 Ores, slag and ash 5,548.0 2.59 0.0
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 3.0 0.00 0.0
30 Pharmaceutical products 5.0 0.00 0.0
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 39.2 0.02 76.3-48.70
39 Plastics and articles thereof 97.9 0.05 67.146.02
40 Rubber and articles thereof 21.7 0.01 0.0
41 Raw hides and skins (other than furskins) and leather 101.3 0.05 0.0
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 4,205.9 1.96 2,335.280.11
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 4.0 0.00 0.0
46 Manufactures of straw, of esparto or of other plaiting materials; basketware and wickerwork 10.1 0.00 2.6288.34
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 0.0 0.00 27.6-100.00
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 35.8 0.02 35.02.52
57 Carpets and other textile floor coverings 0.9 0.00 57.6-98.46
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 8,530.9 3.99 7,746.110.13
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 4,061.1 1.90 2,939.938.14
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 149.2 0.07 154.8-3.67
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 20,230.8 9.45 20,519.2-1.41
69 Ceramic products 24.8 0.01 11.3119.11
70 Glass and glassware 10.9 0.01 18.6-41.33
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 2,271.4 1.06 308.7635.88
73 Articles of iron or steel 26.4 0.01 0.0
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 3.1 0.00 33.5-90.75
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 106.5 0.05 147.5-27.79
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 509.0 0.24 514.3-1.03
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 102.0 0.05 116.3-12.33
91 Clocks and watches and parts thereof 5.6 0.00 0.0
92 Musical instruments; parts and accessories of such articles 8.4 0.00 0.0
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 85.6 0.04 5.31,508.24
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 0.0 0.00 10.2-100.00
97 Works of art, collectors’ pieces and antiques 1,685.7 0.79 266.2533.27
99 Commodities not specified according to kind 45,469.4 21.24 52,695.0-13.71
Compiled by «US-EXPORT–IMPORT» based on the statistics of the US Department of Commerce