US trade (export - import) with Ethiopia in 2015

Published or Updated: Feb 17, 2017

The report on US foreign trade in goods with Ethiopia in 2015: exports, imports, balance, product types and groups, dynamics.

US Trade with Ethiopia

In 2015, US trade with Ethiopia was $1,873.4 million, down 0.51% ($9.6 million) from 2014.

US exports to Ethiopia in 2015 were $1,554.7 million, down 6.85% ($114.3 million) from 2014.

US imports from Ethiopia in 2015 totaled $318.7 million, up 48.90% ($104.7 million) from 2014.

US trade surplus with Ethiopia in 2015 was $1,236.0 million, a 15.05% decrease ($218.9 million) over 2014.

Ethiopia was the US 81st largest trading partner in 2015 (up from 86th in 2014), accounting for 0.0492% of US total trade (up from 0.0467% in 2014).

Ethiopia was the US 66th largest export market in 2015 (up from 68th in 2014), accounting for 0.1034% of US total exports (up from 0.1030% in 2014).

Ethiopia was the US 100th largest supplier in 2015 (up from 110th in 2014), accounting for 0.0138% of US total imports (up from 0.0089% in 2014).

US Exports to Ethiopia

The major share of US exports to Ethiopia in 2015 (and in 2014) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 90.43% of US total exports to Ethiopia (90.88% in 2014);
  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 5.98% of US total exports to Ethiopia (4.99% in 2014);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 0.35% of US total exports to Ethiopia (1.21% in 2014).

The largest gains in US exports to Ethiopia in 2015 over 2014 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers (HS code 07) - an increase of $14.7 million;
  • Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof (HS code 87) - an increase of $14.3 million;
  • Commodities not specified according to kind (HS code 99) - an increase of $6.0 million.

The largest declines in US exports to Ethiopia in 2015 over 2014 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Aircraft, spacecraft, and parts thereof (HS code 88) - a decrease of $105.5 million;
  • Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles (HS code 85) - a decrease of $14.1 million;
  • Miscellaneous chemical products (HS code 38) - a decrease of $11.4 million;
  • Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof (HS code 84) - a decrease of $6.7 million.
US exports to Ethiopia in 2015 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value
of exports
in 2015
(USD thousand)
Share
in total export
(%)
Value
of exports
in 2014
(USD thousand)
Change
in 2015
over 2014
(%)
01 Live animals 15.6 0.00 10.253.20
04 Dairy produce; birds eggs; natural honey; edible products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 0.0 0.00 27.0-100.00
05 Products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 14.9 0.00 161.0-90.73
06 Live trees and other plants; bulbs, roots and the like; cut flowers and ornamental foliage 13.0 0.00 0.0
07 Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers 21,493.1 1.38 6,810.7215.58
08 Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons 60.7 0.00 0.0
10 Cereals 61,334.2 3.95 63,089.7-2.78
11 Products of the milling industry; malt; starches; inulin; wheat gluten 0.0 0.00 6.1-100.00
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 183.6 0.01 16.8992.21
13 Lac; gums, resins and other vegetable saps and extracts 513.7 0.03 0.0
15 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes 7,455.8 0.48 6,754.910.38
17 Sugars and sugar confectionery 0.0 0.00 94.2-100.00
18 Cocoa and cocoa preparations 0.0 0.00 72.2-100.00
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 1,082.9 0.07 5,510.9-80.35
20 Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants 399.0 0.03 418.5-4.67
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 379.4 0.02 282.634.23
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 57.1 0.00 24.0138.02
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 77.1 0.00 54.441.65
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 5,287.8 0.34 6,089.6-13.17
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 54.0 0.00 1,890.4-97.14
29 Organic chemicals 54.5 0.00 150.5-63.82
30 Pharmaceutical products 117.6 0.01 371.8-68.36
31 Fertilizers 2.6 0.00 3.8-31.90
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 224.0 0.01 617.4-63.71
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 437.9 0.03 471.7-7.17
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 263.7 0.02 430.2-38.71
35 Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes 250.6 0.02 240.74.12
36 Explosives; pyrotechnic products; matches; pyrophoric alloys; certain combustible preparations 24.9 0.00 238.6-89.56
37 Photographic or cinematographic goods 13.7 0.00 30.1-54.47
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 968.1 0.06 12,350.3-92.16
39 Plastics and articles thereof 2,395.0 0.15 2,617.0-8.49
40 Rubber and articles thereof 642.1 0.04 811.7-20.89
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 112.6 0.01 267.7-57.92
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 162.9 0.01 171.0-4.72
47 Pulp of wood or of other fibrous cellulosic material; waste and scrap of paper or paperboard 194.3 0.01 310.9-37.49
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 213.9 0.01 169.726.03
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 608.2 0.04 615.5-1.19
51 Wool, fine or coarse animal hair; horsehair yarn and woven fabric 12.0 0.00 0.0
52 Cotton 705.0 0.05 0.0
55 Man-made staple fibers 3.5 0.00 16.2-78.27
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 30.3 0.00 16.187.86
57 Carpets and other textile floor coverings 31.9 0.00 5.3498.01
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 86.1 0.01 239.9-64.09
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 99.1 0.01 106.6-7.00
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 497.2 0.03 535.2-7.10
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 2,033.4 0.13 4,632.0-56.10
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 519.6 0.03 536.5-3.15
65 Headgear and parts thereof 796.5 0.05 15.35,111.21
66 Umbrellas, sun umbrellas, walking sticks, seatsticks, whips, riding-crops and parts thereof 0.0 0.00 2.6-100.00
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 1,820.8 0.12 3,193.8-42.99
69 Ceramic products 95.6 0.01 42.9122.70
70 Glass and glassware 1,842.7 0.12 1,151.060.10
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 15.0 0.00 8.969.13
72 Iron and steel 19.8 0.00 34.9-43.14
73 Articles of iron or steel 1,240.1 0.08 1,585.6-21.79
74 Copper and articles thereof 39.5 0.00 60.0-34.23
75 Nickel and articles thereof 159.2 0.01 191.3-16.77
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 205.3 0.01 258.9-20.69
79 Zinc and articles thereof 3.9 0.00 0.0
81 Other base metals; cermets; articles thereof 75.8 0.00 151.1-49.80
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 872.5 0.06 1,536.3-43.21
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 395.3 0.03 682.9-42.11
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 24,037.5 1.55 30,759.8-21.85
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 22,759.7 1.46 36,846.2-38.23
86 Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds 0.0 0.00 7.9-100.00
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 17,095.0 1.10 2,768.4517.50
88 Aircraft, spacecraft, and parts thereof 1,330,044.5 85.55 1,435,550.4-7.35
89 Ships, boats and floating structures 43.9 0.00 3.61,136.34
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 11,976.4 0.77 10,800.210.89
91 Clocks and watches and parts thereof 0.0 0.00 11.4-100.00
92 Musical instruments; parts and accessories of such articles 14.5 0.00 0.0
93 Arms and ammunition; parts and accessories thereof 194.5 0.01 0.0
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 3,596.0 0.23 3,350.27.34
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 242.9 0.02 743.8-67.34
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 124.6 0.01 51.2143.13
99 Commodities not specified according to kind 27,880.2 1.79 21,897.827.32

US Imports from Ethiopia

The major share of US imports from Ethiopia in 2015 (and in 2014) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 50.67% of US total imports from Ethiopia (56.38% in 2014);
  • Textiles, textile products and footwear (HS codes 50-67) - 12.23% of US total imports from Ethiopia (15.40% in 2014);
  • Precious metals and stones (HS code 71) - 1.39% of US total imports from Ethiopia (1.06% in 2014);
  • Mineral products (HS codes 25-27) - 0.00% of US total imports from Ethiopia (2.60% in 2014).

The largest gains in US imports from Ethiopia in 2015 over 2014 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Commodities not specified according to kind (HS code 99) - an increase of $62.7 million;
  • Coffee, tea, maté and spices (HS code 09) - an increase of $33.7 million;
  • Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted (HS code 61) - an increase of $4.8 million;
  • Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder (HS code 12) - an increase of $3.4 million;
  • Live trees and other plants; bulbs, roots and the like; cut flowers and ornamental foliage (HS code 06) - an increase of $2.2 million;
  • Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin (HS code 71) - an increase of $2.2 million;
  • Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted (HS code 62) - an increase of $1.2 million.

The largest declines in US imports from Ethiopia in 2015 over the 2014 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Ores, slag and ash (HS code 26) - a decrease of $5.5 million;
  • Works of art, collectors’ pieces and antiques (HS code 97) - a decrease of $1.6 million.
US imports from Ethiopia in 2015 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value
of imports
in 2015
(USD thousand)
Share
in total import
(%)
Value
of imports
in 2014
USD thousand)
Change
in 2015
over 2014
(%)
04 Dairy produce; birds eggs; natural honey; edible products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 105.5 0.03 16.3546.90
06 Live trees and other plants; bulbs, roots and the like; cut flowers and ornamental foliage 7,483.2 2.35 5,298.941.22
07 Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers 1,685.0 0.53 1,183.242.41
09 Coffee, tea, maté and spices 129,794.5 40.73 96,093.835.07
10 Cereals 16.5 0.01 10.261.81
11 Products of the milling industry; malt; starches; inulin; wheat gluten 248.6 0.08 261.8-5.07
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 19,500.8 6.12 16,144.220.79
13 Lac; gums, resins and other vegetable saps and extracts 225.0 0.07 247.7-9.18
15 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes 1,611.8 0.51 886.981.74
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 181.3 0.06 116.855.23
20 Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants 65.5 0.02 0.0
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 39.1 0.01 52.5-25.52
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 498.5 0.16 367.335.72
23 Residues and waste from the food industries; prepared animal feed 41.9 0.01 0.0
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 0.0 0.00 10.6-100.00
26 Ores, slag and ash 0.0 0.00 5,548.0-100.00
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 0.0 0.00 3.0-100.00
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 5.2 0.00 0.0
30 Pharmaceutical products 10.9 0.00 5.0119.93
31 Fertilizers 12.6 0.00 0.0
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 10.4 0.00 39.2-73.47
39 Plastics and articles thereof 30.8 0.01 97.9-68.54
40 Rubber and articles thereof 0.0 0.00 21.7-100.00
41 Raw hides and skins (other than furskins) and leather 95.8 0.03 101.3-5.38
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 3,703.0 1.16 4,205.9-11.96
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 4.7 0.00 4.017.72
46 Manufactures of straw, of esparto or of other plaiting materials; basketware and wickerwork 24.3 0.01 10.1140.59
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 35.4 0.01 35.8-1.14
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 3.7 0.00 0.0
57 Carpets and other textile floor coverings 6.6 0.00 0.9646.34
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 13,288.4 4.17 8,530.955.77
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 5,223.6 1.64 4,061.128.62
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 274.6 0.09 149.284.12
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 20,182.1 6.33 20,230.8-0.24
69 Ceramic products 39.4 0.01 24.859.04
70 Glass and glassware 10.6 0.00 10.9-3.49
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 4,436.7 1.39 2,271.495.33
73 Articles of iron or steel 44.2 0.01 26.467.03
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 2.3 0.00 0.0
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 43.2 0.01 3.11,295.77
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 176.1 0.06 106.565.34
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 1,032.8 0.32 509.0102.93
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 148.4 0.05 102.045.53
91 Clocks and watches and parts thereof 0.0 0.00 5.6-100.00
92 Musical instruments; parts and accessories of such articles 0.0 0.00 8.4-100.00
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 53.5 0.02 85.6-37.52
97 Works of art, collectors’ pieces and antiques 120.2 0.04 1,685.7-92.87
99 Commodities not specified according to kind 108,188.6 33.95 45,469.4137.94
Compiled by «US-EXPORT–IMPORT» based on the statistics of the US Department of Commerce