US trade (export - import) with Ethiopia in 2016

Published or Updated: May 06, 2017

The report on US foreign trade in goods with Ethiopia in 2016: exports, imports, balance, product types and groups, dynamics.

US Trade with Ethiopia

In 2016, US trade with Ethiopia was $1,074.3 million, down 42.65% ($799.1 million) from 2015.

US exports to Ethiopia in 2016 were $827.3 million, down 46.79% ($727.4 million) from 2015.

US imports from Ethiopia in 2016 were $247.0 million, down 22.49% ($71.7 million) from 2015.

US trade surplus with Ethiopia in 2016 was $580.2 million, a 53.05% decrease ($655.8 million) over 2015.

Ethiopia was the US 92nd largest trading partner in 2016 (down from 81st in 2015), accounting for 0.0290% of US total trade (down from 0.0492% in 2015).

Ethiopia was the US 82nd largest export market in 2016 (down from 66th in 2015), accounting for 0.0569% of US total exports (down from 0.1034% in 2015).

Ethiopia was the US 103rd largest supplier in 2016 (down from 100th in 2015), accounting for 0.0110% of US total imports (down from 0.0138% in 2015).

US Exports to Ethiopia

The major share of US exports to Ethiopia in 2016 (and in 2015) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 66.48% of US total exports to Ethiopia (90.43% in 2015);
  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 18.12% of US total exports to Ethiopia (5.98% in 2015);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 1.16% of US total exports to Ethiopia (0.35% in 2015).

The largest gains in US exports to Ethiopia in 2016 over 2015 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Commodities not specified according to kind (HS code 99) - an increase of $65,916.3 thousand;
  • Cereals (HS code 10) - an increase of $35,854.6 thousand;
  • Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof (HS code 84) - an increase of $25,663.8 thousand;
  • Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers (HS code 07) - an increase of $16,528.5 thousand;
  • Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles (HS code 85) - an increase of $10,017.9 thousand;
  • Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes (HS code 15) - an increase of $2,810.3 thousand.

The largest declines in US exports to Ethiopia in 2016 over 2015 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Aircraft, spacecraft, and parts thereof (HS code 88) - a decrease of $880,448.5 thousand;
  • Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof (HS code 87) - a decrease of $10,498.9 thousand.
US exports to Ethiopia in 2016 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value
of exports
in 2016
(USD thousand)
Share
in total export
(%)
Value
of exports
in 2015
(USD thousand)
Change
in 2016
over 2015
(%)
01 Live animals 0.0 0.00 15.6-100.00
05 Products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 17.7 0.00 14.918.48
06 Live trees and other plants; bulbs, roots and the like; cut flowers and ornamental foliage 202.2 0.02 13.01,452.16
07 Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers 38,021.5 4.60 21,493.176.90
08 Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons 78.6 0.01 60.729.59
10 Cereals 97,188.8 11.75 61,334.258.46
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 15.5 0.00 183.6-91.57
13 Lac; gums, resins and other vegetable saps and extracts 0.0 0.00 513.7-100.00
15 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes 10,266.1 1.24 7,455.837.69
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 2,742.5 0.33 1,082.9153.25
20 Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants 0.0 0.00 399.0-100.00
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 1,245.3 0.15 379.4228.27
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 88.2 0.01 57.154.47
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 83.0 0.01 77.17.69
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 2,882.7 0.35 5,287.8-45.48
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 33.8 0.00 54.0-37.49
29 Organic chemicals 109.2 0.01 54.5100.48
30 Pharmaceutical products 255.9 0.03 117.6117.52
31 Fertilizers 0.0 0.00 2.6-100.00
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 765.4 0.09 224.0241.67
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 208.3 0.03 437.9-52.44
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 1,994.4 0.24 263.7656.32
35 Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes 104.2 0.01 250.6-58.43
36 Explosives; pyrotechnic products; matches; pyrophoric alloys; certain combustible preparations 242.8 0.03 24.9875.04
37 Photographic or cinematographic goods 0.0 0.00 13.7-100.00
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 2,745.3 0.33 968.1183.59
39 Plastics and articles thereof 2,509.5 0.30 2,395.04.78
40 Rubber and articles thereof 599.9 0.07 642.1-6.58
41 Raw hides and skins (other than furskins) and leather 395.1 0.05 0.0
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 244.2 0.03 112.6116.80
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 262.5 0.03 162.961.08
47 Pulp of wood or of other fibrous cellulosic material; waste and scrap of paper or paperboard 317.4 0.04 194.363.33
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 1,257.8 0.15 213.9487.96
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 661.0 0.08 608.28.69
51 Wool, fine or coarse animal hair; horsehair yarn and woven fabric 0.0 0.00 12.0-100.00
52 Cotton 29.6 0.00 705.0-95.81
55 Man-made staple fibers 315.8 0.04 3.58,862.76
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 55.4 0.01 30.382.83
57 Carpets and other textile floor coverings 91.2 0.01 31.9186.15
58 Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery 123.4 0.01 0.0
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 89.8 0.01 86.14.22
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 20.3 0.00 99.1-79.51
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 507.1 0.06 497.22.00
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 3,502.7 0.42 2,033.472.26
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 142.3 0.02 519.6-72.62
65 Headgear and parts thereof 14.7 0.00 796.5-98.15
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 2,517.2 0.30 1,820.838.24
69 Ceramic products 23.6 0.00 95.6-75.35
70 Glass and glassware 239.1 0.03 1,842.7-87.03
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 51.6 0.01 15.0244.29
72 Iron and steel 15.4 0.00 19.8-22.49
73 Articles of iron or steel 1,242.1 0.15 1,240.10.16
74 Copper and articles thereof 47.1 0.01 39.519.17
75 Nickel and articles thereof 317.1 0.04 159.299.18
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 424.3 0.05 205.3106.63
79 Zinc and articles thereof 0.0 0.00 3.9-100.00
81 Other base metals; cermets; articles thereof 67.6 0.01 75.8-10.85
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 719.2 0.09 872.5-17.57
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 624.8 0.08 395.358.04
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 49,701.4 6.01 24,037.5106.77
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 32,777.6 3.96 22,759.744.02
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 6,596.1 0.80 17,095.0-61.41
88 Aircraft, spacecraft, and parts thereof 449,596.0 54.35 1,330,044.5-66.20
89 Ships, boats and floating structures 13.5 0.00 43.9-69.25
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 11,287.0 1.36 11,976.4-5.76
92 Musical instruments; parts and accessories of such articles 24.4 0.00 14.568.00
93 Arms and ammunition; parts and accessories thereof 3.9 0.00 194.5-98.00
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 5,715.6 0.69 3,596.058.94
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 798.4 0.10 242.9228.66
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 124.1 0.02 124.6-0.37
97 Works of art, collectors’ pieces and antiques 136.9 0.02 0.0
99 Commodities not specified according to kind 93,796.5 11.34 27,880.2236.43

US Imports from Ethiopia

The major share of US imports from Ethiopia in 2016 (and in 2015) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 59.79% of US total imports from Ethiopia (50.67% in 2015);
  • Textiles, textile products and footwear (HS codes 50-67) - 23.93% of US total imports from Ethiopia (12.23% in 2015);
  • Precious metals and stones (HS code 71) - 1.75% of US total imports from Ethiopia (1.39% in 2015).

The largest gains in US imports from Ethiopia in 2016 over 2015 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted (HS code 61) - an increase of $15,562.7 thousand;
  • Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder (HS code 12) - an increase of $14,359.9 thousand;
  • Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles (HS code 64) - an increase of $4,478.9 thousand;
  • Live trees and other plants; bulbs, roots and the like; cut flowers and ornamental foliage (HS code 06) - an increase of $1,749.9 thousand;
  • Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) (HS code 42) - an increase of $1,616.7 thousand;
  • Works of art, collectors’ pieces and antiques (HS code 97) - an increase of $1,274.0 thousand.

The largest declines in US imports from Ethiopia in 2016 over the 2015 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Commodities not specified according to kind (HS code 99) - a decrease of $81,117.3 thousand;
  • Coffee, tea, maté and spices (HS code 09) - a decrease of $28,953.6 thousand.
US imports from Ethiopia in 2016 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value
of imports
in 2016
(USD thousand)
Share
in total import
(%)
Value
of imports
in 2015
USD thousand)
Change
in 2016
over 2015
(%)
03 Fish and crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates 6.5 0.00 0.0
04 Dairy produce; birds eggs; natural honey; edible products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 6.5 0.00 105.5-93.84
06 Live trees and other plants; bulbs, roots and the like; cut flowers and ornamental foliage 9,233.1 3.74 7,483.223.38
07 Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers 1,070.5 0.43 1,685.0-36.47
09 Coffee, tea, maté and spices 100,841.0 40.82 129,794.5-22.31
10 Cereals 45.8 0.02 16.5177.42
11 Products of the milling industry; malt; starches; inulin; wheat gluten 247.0 0.10 248.6-0.65
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 33,860.8 13.71 19,500.873.64
13 Lac; gums, resins and other vegetable saps and extracts 354.9 0.14 225.057.75
15 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes 1,013.7 0.41 1,611.8-37.11
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 336.7 0.14 181.385.67
20 Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants 104.5 0.04 65.559.63
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 44.8 0.02 39.114.73
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 546.2 0.22 498.59.57
23 Residues and waste from the food industries; prepared animal feed 0.0 0.00 41.9-100.00
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 0.0 0.00 5.2-100.00
30 Pharmaceutical products 2.5 0.00 10.9-77.09
31 Fertilizers 0.0 0.00 12.6-100.00
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 87.7 0.04 10.4744.04
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 19.3 0.01 0.0
39 Plastics and articles thereof 39.9 0.02 30.829.35
40 Rubber and articles thereof 0.4 0.00 0.0
41 Raw hides and skins (other than furskins) and leather 83.4 0.03 95.8-12.99
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 5,319.6 2.15 3,703.043.66
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 16.1 0.01 4.7241.32
46 Manufactures of straw, of esparto or of other plaiting materials; basketware and wickerwork 38.3 0.02 24.357.71
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 13.7 0.01 0.0
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 11.0 0.00 35.4-68.92
52 Cotton 41.5 0.02 0.0
54 Man-made filaments 6.2 0.00 0.0
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 0.0 0.00 3.7-100.00
57 Carpets and other textile floor coverings 8.4 0.00 6.627.10
58 Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery 5.3 0.00 0.0
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 28,851.1 11.68 13,288.4117.12
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 5,105.9 2.07 5,223.6-2.25
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 442.0 0.18 274.660.95
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 24,661.0 9.98 20,182.122.19
65 Headgear and parts thereof 0.4 0.00 0.0
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 12.5 0.01 0.0
69 Ceramic products 74.4 0.03 39.488.73
70 Glass and glassware 16.2 0.01 10.653.48
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 4,315.6 1.75 4,436.7-2.73
72 Iron and steel 5.9 0.00 0.0
73 Articles of iron or steel 11.4 0.00 44.2-74.15
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 0.0 0.00 2.3-100.00
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 10.4 0.00 43.2-75.93
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 730.0 0.30 176.1314.42
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 816.4 0.33 1,032.8-20.95
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 53.1 0.02 0.0
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 40.9 0.02 148.4-72.43
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 24.5 0.01 53.5-54.18
97 Works of art, collectors’ pieces and antiques 1,394.1 0.56 120.21,060.24
99 Commodities not specified according to kind 27,071.3 10.96 108,188.6-74.98
Compiled by «US-EXPORT–IMPORT» based on the statistics of the US Department of Commerce