US trade (export - import) with Ethiopia in 2018

Published or Updated: Jul 10, 2019

The report on US foreign trade in goods with Ethiopia in 2018: exports, imports, balance, product types and groups, dynamics.

US Trade with Ethiopia

In 2018, US trade with Ethiopia totaled $1,769.4 million, up 50.43% ($593.2 million) from 2017.

US exports to Ethiopia in 2018 totaled $1,310.8 million, up 50.07% ($437.3 million) from 2017.

US imports from Ethiopia in 2018 totaled $458.6 million, up 51.48% ($155.8 million) from 2017.

US trade surplus with Ethiopia in 2018 was $852.3 million, a 49.32% increase ($281.5 million) over 2017.

Ethiopia was the US 82nd largest trading partner in 2018 (up from 87th in 2017), accounting for 0.0413% of US total trade (up from 0.0297% in 2017).

Ethiopia was the US 74th largest export market in 2018 (up from 83rd in 2017), accounting for 0.0787% of US total exports (up from 0.0565% in 2017).

Ethiopia was the US 98th largest supplier in 2018 (up from 102nd in 2017), accounting for 0.0175% of US total imports (up from 0.0126% in 2017).

US Exports to Ethiopia

The major share of US exports to Ethiopia in 2018 (and in 2017) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 89.67% of US total exports to Ethiopia (82.67% in 2017);
  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 5.95% of US total exports to Ethiopia (12.00% in 2017);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 1.06% of US total exports to Ethiopia (0.98% in 2017).

The largest gains in US exports to Ethiopia in 2018 over 2017 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Aircraft, spacecraft, and parts thereof (HS code 88) - an increase of $433.3 million;
  • Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof (HS code 84) - an increase of $13.6 million;
  • Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles (HS code 85) - an increase of $9.4 million;
  • Commodities not specified according to kind (HS code 99) - an increase of $5.0 million;
  • Miscellaneous chemical products (HS code 38) - an increase of $4.3 million.

The largest declines in US exports to Ethiopia in 2018 over 2017 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Cereals (HS code 10) - a decrease of $13.9 million;
  • Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes (HS code 15) - a decrease of $8.1 million;
  • Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers (HS code 07) - a decrease of $6.4 million.
US exports to Ethiopia in 2018 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value
of exports
in 2018
(USD thousand)
Share
in total export
(%)
Value
of exports
in 2017
(USD thousand)
Change
in 2018
over 2017
(%)
04 Dairy produce; birds eggs; natural honey; edible products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 0.0 0.00 4.7-100.00
05 Products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 31.3 0.00 22.240.83
06 Live trees and other plants; bulbs, roots and the like; cut flowers and ornamental foliage 407.2 0.03 207.696.10
07 Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers 12,080.7 0.92 18,472.0-34.60
08 Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons 14.4 0.00 217.3-93.38
09 Coffee, tea, maté and spices 18.6 0.00 6.7178.99
10 Cereals 50,918.5 3.88 64,791.0-21.41
11 Products of the milling industry; malt; starches; inulin; wheat gluten 0.0 0.00 4.1-100.00
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 242.1 0.02 59.0310.27
13 Lac; gums, resins and other vegetable saps and extracts 20.5 0.00 0.0
15 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes 10,556.0 0.81 18,656.9-43.42
17 Sugars and sugar confectionery 0.0 0.00 11.2-100.00
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 2,042.0 0.16 183.91,010.15
20 Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants 21.7 0.00 0.0
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 1,647.4 0.13 2,060.1-20.03
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 38.2 0.00 75.4-49.29
23 Residues and waste from the food industries; prepared animal feed 0.0 0.00 64.2-100.00
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 14.6 0.00 23.6-38.26
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 164.5 0.01 14.81,012.63
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 121.7 0.01 489.5-75.14
29 Organic chemicals 374.9 0.03 190.996.33
30 Pharmaceutical products 61.8 0.00 109.4-43.50
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 571.1 0.04 446.128.02
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 497.9 0.04 546.0-8.81
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 221.1 0.02 147.949.53
35 Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes 263.2 0.02 326.8-19.48
36 Explosives; pyrotechnic products; matches; pyrophoric alloys; certain combustible preparations 0.0 0.00 61.3-100.00
37 Photographic or cinematographic goods 173.8 0.01 26.7551.50
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 8,136.4 0.62 3,793.4114.49
39 Plastics and articles thereof 2,867.1 0.22 1,864.053.82
40 Rubber and articles thereof 660.5 0.05 593.811.24
41 Raw hides and skins (other than furskins) and leather 44.7 0.00 145.1-69.23
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 26.2 0.00 72.1-63.72
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 83.6 0.01 25.6226.74
45 Cork and articles of cork 5.5 0.00 5.8-5.34
47 Pulp of wood or of other fibrous cellulosic material; waste and scrap of paper or paperboard 389.4 0.03 592.2-34.25
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 834.8 0.06 1,401.4-40.43
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 276.3 0.02 948.1-70.85
55 Man-made staple fibers 0.0 0.00 45.1-100.00
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 3.3 0.00 2.627.56
57 Carpets and other textile floor coverings 39.6 0.00 5.7589.96
58 Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery 131.8 0.01 6.61,891.63
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 105.9 0.01 60.475.34
60 Knitted or crocheted fabrics 0.0 0.00 24.5-100.00
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 69.5 0.01 53.629.49
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 178.5 0.01 231.4-22.87
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 1,312.9 0.10 1,771.5-25.89
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 160.5 0.01 149.47.38
65 Headgear and parts thereof 3.5 0.00 38.6-91.01
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 1,845.3 0.14 2,238.1-17.55
69 Ceramic products 21.8 0.00 6.4241.69
70 Glass and glassware 3,197.6 0.24 540.9491.12
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 33.0 0.00 35.8-7.72
72 Iron and steel 30.0 0.00 39.6-24.23
73 Articles of iron or steel 985.0 0.08 923.66.65
74 Copper and articles thereof 19.1 0.00 3.2505.75
75 Nickel and articles thereof 265.8 0.02 153.273.56
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 302.7 0.02 510.7-40.73
81 Other base metals; cermets; articles thereof 105.7 0.01 295.3-64.22
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 1,010.5 0.08 1,210.3-16.50
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 1,484.8 0.11 643.3130.81
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 39,821.2 3.04 26,231.551.81
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 31,504.9 2.40 22,148.242.25
86 Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds 0.0 0.00 1,600.0-100.00
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 2,596.1 0.20 3,423.0-24.16
88 Aircraft, spacecraft, and parts thereof 1,087,268.4 82.94 653,994.366.25
89 Ships, boats and floating structures 53.1 0.00 54.2-1.92
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 14,132.7 1.08 14,672.1-3.68
91 Clocks and watches and parts thereof 27.9 0.00 11.0152.15
92 Musical instruments; parts and accessories of such articles 9.2 0.00 47.0-80.36
93 Arms and ammunition; parts and accessories thereof 0.0 0.00 2.6-100.00
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 4,206.3 0.32 4,404.9-4.51
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 279.0 0.02 463.9-39.85
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 47.5 0.00 73.8-35.67
99 Commodities not specified according to kind 25,762.7 1.97 20,720.724.33

US Imports from Ethiopia

The major share of US imports from Ethiopia in 2018 (and in 2017) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 38.17% of US total imports from Ethiopia (60.17% in 2017);
  • Textiles, textile products and footwear (HS codes 50-67) - 33.41% of US total imports from Ethiopia (28.34% in 2017);
  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 9.54% of US total imports from Ethiopia (0.26% in 2017).

The largest gains in US imports from Ethiopia in 2018 over 2017 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Commodities not specified according to kind (HS code 99) - an increase of $46.7 million;
  • Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted (HS code 62) - an increase of $34.9 million;
  • Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted (HS code 61) - an increase of $25.2 million;
  • Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof (HS code 84) - an increase of $24.2 million;
  • Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles (HS code 85) - an increase of $18.3 million;
  • Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles (HS code 64) - an increase of $6.4 million;
  • Works of art, collectors’ pieces and antiques (HS code 97) - an increase of $3.1 million;
  • Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) (HS code 42) - an increase of $2.3 million;
  • Plastics and articles thereof (HS code 39) - an increase of $1.5 million.

The largest declines in US imports from Ethiopia in 2018 over the 2017 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Coffee, tea, maté and spices (HS code 09) - a decrease of $7.4 million;
  • Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin (HS code 71) - a decrease of $1.4 million.
US imports from Ethiopia in 2018 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value
of imports
in 2018
(USD thousand)
Share
in total import
(%)
Value
of imports
in 2017
USD thousand)
Change
in 2018
over 2017
(%)
04 Dairy produce; birds eggs; natural honey; edible products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 8.3 0.00 4.394.30
06 Live trees and other plants; bulbs, roots and the like; cut flowers and ornamental foliage 7,072.2 1.54 8,088.8-12.57
07 Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers 771.1 0.17 763.70.97
09 Coffee, tea, maté and spices 142,742.7 31.13 150,124.2-4.92
10 Cereals 6.1 0.00 114.0-94.68
11 Products of the milling industry; malt; starches; inulin; wheat gluten 199.0 0.04 393.7-49.45
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 21,276.6 4.64 20,261.35.01
13 Lac; gums, resins and other vegetable saps and extracts 359.1 0.08 322.211.47
15 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes 1,357.9 0.30 1,155.817.49
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 664.3 0.14 354.987.20
20 Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants 0.0 0.00 78.4-100.00
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 48.7 0.01 53.1-8.30
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 544.4 0.12 448.321.44
31 Fertilizers 5.3 0.00 0.0
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 47.3 0.01 31.351.03
39 Plastics and articles thereof 1,508.7 0.33 33.14,464.08
41 Raw hides and skins (other than furskins) and leather 0.0 0.00 78.2-100.00
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 7,324.2 1.60 5,019.645.91
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 31.6 0.01 31.11.54
46 Manufactures of straw, of esparto or of other plaiting materials; basketware and wickerwork 108.2 0.02 43.3150.15
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 6.7 0.00 0.0
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 10.1 0.00 4.8109.95
52 Cotton 190.8 0.04 0.0
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 0.4 0.00 0.9-50.79
57 Carpets and other textile floor coverings 0.0 0.00 48.1-100.00
58 Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery 1.6 0.00 2.9-45.44
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 62,871.9 13.71 37,648.867.00
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 52,335.8 11.41 17,417.3200.48
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 601.8 0.13 699.3-13.95
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 36,350.8 7.93 29,967.121.30
65 Headgear and parts thereof 877.5 0.19 0.0
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 0.0 0.00 7.4-100.00
69 Ceramic products 78.1 0.02 68.114.70
70 Glass and glassware 3.0 0.00 17.0-82.12
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 1,287.2 0.28 2,685.8-52.07
73 Articles of iron or steel 0.0 0.00 5.1-100.00
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 3.9 0.00 6.5-39.64
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 24,308.4 5.30 126.319,149.94
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 18,873.1 4.12 603.43,027.82
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 0.0 0.00 27.3-100.00
88 Aircraft, spacecraft, and parts thereof 5.2 0.00 0.0
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 565.9 0.12 38.41,372.61
93 Arms and ammunition; parts and accessories thereof 351.7 0.08 0.0
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 50.9 0.01 31.860.27
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 5.9 0.00 34.8-83.20
97 Works of art, collectors’ pieces and antiques 3,656.5 0.80 575.2535.74
99 Commodities not specified according to kind 72,072.6 15.72 25,328.0184.56
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Compiled by «US-EXPORT–IMPORT» based on the statistics of the US Department of Commerce