US trade with Ethiopia in the first half of 2017

Published or Updated: Oct 22, 2017

The report on US foreign trade in goods with Ethiopia in the first half of 2017: exports, imports, balance, product types and groups, dynamics.

US Trade with Ethiopia

In the first half of 2017, US trade with Ethiopia totaled $548.9 million, up 15.21% ($72.5 million) from the first half of 2016.

US exports to Ethiopia in the first half of 2017 totaled $417.9 million, up 17.48% ($62.2 million) from the first half of 2016.

US imports from Ethiopia in the first half of 2017 totaled $131.0 million, up 8.54% ($10.3 million) from the first half of 2016.

US trade surplus with Ethiopia in the first half of 2017 was $286.9 million, a 22.07% increase ($51.9 million) over the first half of 2016.

Ethiopia was the US 91st largest trading partner in the first half of 2017 (up from 97th in the first half of 2016), accounting for 0.0285% of US total trade (up from 0.0265% in the first half of 2016).

Ethiopia was the US 82nd largest export market in the first half of 2017 (up from 87th in the first half of 2016), accounting for 0.0552% of US total exports (up from 0.0500% in the first half of 2016).

Ethiopia was the US 104th largest supplier in the first half of 2017 (down from 102nd in the first half of 2016), accounting for 0.0112% of US total imports (up from 0.0111% in the first half of 2016).

US Exports to Ethiopia

The major share of US exports to Ethiopia in the first half of 2017 (and in the first half of 2016) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 87.39% of US total exports to Ethiopia (51.35% in the first half of 2016);
  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 6.57% of US total exports to Ethiopia (27.95% in the first half of 2016);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 1.39% of US total exports to Ethiopia (1.39% in the first half of 2016).

The largest gains in US exports to Ethiopia in the first half of 2017 over the first half of 2016 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Aircraft, spacecraft, and parts thereof (HS code 88) - an increase of $208.9 million;
  • Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof (HS code 90) - an increase of $1.8 million.

The largest declines in US exports to Ethiopia in the first half of 2017 over the first half of 2016 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Cereals (HS code 10) - a decrease of $42.3 million;
  • Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof (HS code 84) - a decrease of $22.1 million;
  • Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers (HS code 07) - a decrease of $20.3 million;
  • Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes (HS code 15) - a decrease of $7.8 million;
  • Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles (HS code 85) - a decrease of $3.7 million;
  • Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares (HS code 19) - a decrease of $2.6 million;
  • Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof (HS code 87) - a decrease of $2.3 million;
  • Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags (HS code 63) - a decrease of $1.5 million;
  • Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings (HS code 94) - a decrease of $1.4 million.
US exports to Ethiopia in the first half of 2017 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value
of exports
in first-half 2017
(USD thousand)
Share
in total export
(%)
Value
of exports
in first-half 2016
(USD thousand)
Change
in first-half 2017
over first-half 2016
(%)
04 Dairy produce; birds eggs; natural honey; edible products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 4.7 0.00 0.0
07 Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers 8,753.0 2.09 29,100.4-69.92
08 Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons 61.8 0.01 15.6296.28
09 Coffee, tea, maté and spices 6.7 0.00 0.0
10 Cereals 13,949.9 3.34 56,263.3-75.21
11 Products of the milling industry; malt; starches; inulin; wheat gluten 4.1 0.00 0.0
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 59.0 0.01 0.0
15 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes 2,444.0 0.58 10,266.1-76.19
17 Sugars and sugar confectionery 5.8 0.00 0.0
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 183.9 0.04 2,742.5-93.29
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 1,898.0 0.45 1,037.982.88
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 65.4 0.02 6.1974.56
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 8.3 0.00 8.6-3.69
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 5.3 0.00 38.7-86.43
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 459.3 0.11 0.0
29 Organic chemicals 13.3 0.00 90.3-85.29
30 Pharmaceutical products 58.1 0.01 163.0-64.35
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 321.3 0.08 186.572.26
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 295.0 0.07 95.9207.70
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 23.3 0.01 360.6-93.54
35 Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes 136.0 0.03 67.6101.25
36 Explosives; pyrotechnic products; matches; pyrophoric alloys; certain combustible preparations 6.7 0.00 97.5-93.16
37 Photographic or cinematographic goods 26.7 0.01 0.0
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 3,280.1 0.78 2,101.556.08
39 Plastics and articles thereof 945.2 0.23 1,429.0-33.86
40 Rubber and articles thereof 225.0 0.05 364.7-38.32
41 Raw hides and skins (other than furskins) and leather 145.1 0.03 391.5-62.94
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 64.5 0.02 82.8-22.06
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 0.0 0.00 237.1-100.00
45 Cork and articles of cork 5.8 0.00 0.0
47 Pulp of wood or of other fibrous cellulosic material; waste and scrap of paper or paperboard 56.8 0.01 317.4-82.09
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 567.1 0.14 775.9-26.92
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 675.0 0.16 357.888.65
52 Cotton 0.0 0.00 14.7-100.00
55 Man-made staple fibers 0.0 0.00 254.8-100.00
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 0.0 0.00 52.1-100.00
57 Carpets and other textile floor coverings 5.7 0.00 62.8-90.86
58 Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery 0.0 0.00 9.1-100.00
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 14.0 0.00 57.8-75.73
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 50.4 0.01 10.5380.33
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 155.6 0.04 167.7-7.22
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 692.2 0.17 2,163.7-68.01
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 100.5 0.02 134.2-25.13
65 Headgear and parts thereof 36.0 0.01 14.7144.49
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 1,520.0 0.36 1,288.018.01
69 Ceramic products 3.9 0.00 11.6-66.65
70 Glass and glassware 40.9 0.01 47.4-13.73
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 23.7 0.01 37.7-37.15
72 Iron and steel 3.1 0.00 2.521.83
73 Articles of iron or steel 488.4 0.12 633.0-22.85
75 Nickel and articles thereof 52.5 0.01 212.1-75.27
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 292.3 0.07 168.873.10
81 Other base metals; cermets; articles thereof 0.0 0.00 26.7-100.00
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 552.3 0.13 162.2240.59
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 256.2 0.06 286.5-10.59
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 11,917.7 2.85 34,064.2-65.01
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 8,153.0 1.95 11,848.6-31.19
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 1,230.6 0.29 3,543.6-65.27
88 Aircraft, spacecraft, and parts thereof 335,223.4 80.22 126,314.9165.39
89 Ships, boats and floating structures 51.3 0.01 13.5280.16
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 8,617.5 2.06 6,867.525.48
91 Clocks and watches and parts thereof 7.5 0.00 0.0
92 Musical instruments; parts and accessories of such articles 24.2 0.01 2.5858.14
93 Arms and ammunition; parts and accessories thereof 2.6 0.00 3.9-33.68
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 2,040.1 0.49 3,481.0-41.39
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 396.4 0.09 671.4-40.96
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 55.5 0.01 7.5644.84
97 Works of art, collectors’ pieces and antiques 0.0 0.00 136.9-100.00

US Imports from Ethiopia

The major share of US imports from Ethiopia in the first half of 2017 (and in the first half of 2016) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 56.13% of US total imports from Ethiopia (57.16% in the first half of 2016);
  • Textiles, textile products and footwear (HS codes 50-67) - 28.76% of US total imports from Ethiopia (23.60% in the first half of 2016);
  • Precious metals and stones (HS code 71) - 1.79% of US total imports from Ethiopia (2.36% in the first half of 2016).

The largest gains in US imports from Ethiopia in the first half of 2017 over the first half of 2016 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Coffee, tea, maté and spices (HS code 09) - an increase of $10.2 million;
  • Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted (HS code 62) - an increase of $5.0 million;
  • Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted (HS code 61) - an increase of $3.3 million;
  • Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles (HS code 64) - an increase of $0.7 million.

The largest declines in US imports from Ethiopia in the first half of 2017 over the first half of 2016 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder (HS code 12) - a decrease of $4.5 million;
  • Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) (HS code 42) - a decrease of $1.1 million;
  • Live trees and other plants; bulbs, roots and the like; cut flowers and ornamental foliage (HS code 06) - a decrease of $1.0 million;
  • Works of art, collectors’ pieces and antiques (HS code 97) - a decrease of $0.5 million;
  • Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin (HS code 71) - a decrease of $0.5 million.
US imports from Ethiopia in the first half of 2017 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value
of imports
in first-half 2017
(USD thousand)
Share
in total import
(%)
Value
of imports
in first-half 2016
(USD thousand)
Change
in first-half 2017
over first-half 2016
(%)
03 Fish and crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates 0.0 0.00 6.5-100.00
04 Dairy produce; birds eggs; natural honey; edible products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 4.3 0.00 3.714.57
06 Live trees and other plants; bulbs, roots and the like; cut flowers and ornamental foliage 4,250.4 3.24 5,272.4-19.38
07 Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers 527.2 0.40 616.3-14.45
09 Coffee, tea, maté and spices 57,585.9 43.95 47,392.121.51
10 Cereals 114.0 0.09 13.6736.94
11 Products of the milling industry; malt; starches; inulin; wheat gluten 147.9 0.11 114.229.56
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 9,735.2 7.43 14,257.9-31.72
13 Lac; gums, resins and other vegetable saps and extracts 44.7 0.03 170.0-73.67
15 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes 676.3 0.52 678.9-0.39
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 171.9 0.13 177.0-2.88
20 Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants 75.9 0.06 104.5-27.36
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 5.0 0.00 4.75.85
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 196.4 0.15 190.03.36
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 5.6 0.00 19.6-71.42
39 Plastics and articles thereof 14.0 0.01 23.0-39.30
40 Rubber and articles thereof 0.0 0.00 0.4-100.00
41 Raw hides and skins (other than furskins) and leather 78.2 0.06 6.71,066.90
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 1,887.1 1.44 3,013.3-37.38
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 18.0 0.01 4.0352.42
46 Manufactures of straw, of esparto or of other plaiting materials; basketware and wickerwork 19.6 0.01 16.816.61
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 0.0 0.00 10.6-100.00
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 4.8 0.00 3.155.24
52 Cotton 0.0 0.00 35.0-100.00
54 Man-made filaments 0.0 0.00 0.8-100.00
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 0.9 0.00 0.0
57 Carpets and other textile floor coverings 47.2 0.04 3.81,130.37
58 Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery 0.0 0.00 5.3-100.00
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 15,781.9 12.05 12,473.926.52
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 8,012.2 6.12 2,973.9169.42
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 395.1 0.30 251.257.31
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 13,445.8 10.26 12,746.15.49
65 Headgear and parts thereof 0.0 0.00 0.4-100.00
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 7.4 0.01 0.0
69 Ceramic products 26.5 0.02 45.4-41.64
70 Glass and glassware 14.6 0.01 11.229.85
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 2,344.4 1.79 2,852.5-17.81
72 Iron and steel 0.0 0.00 5.9-100.00
73 Articles of iron or steel 2.3 0.00 5.6-59.13
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 0.0 0.00 10.4-100.00
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 111.8 0.09 64.274.17
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 343.4 0.26 550.4-37.60
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 27.3 0.02 5.6389.85
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 13.8 0.01 25.1-44.91
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 16.7 0.01 16.04.36
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 34.8 0.03 0.0
97 Works of art, collectors’ pieces and antiques 132.5 0.10 667.6-80.16
Compiled by «US-EXPORT–IMPORT» based on the statistics of the US Department of Commerce