US trade (export - import) with Ghana in 2016

Published or Updated: May 06, 2017

The report on US foreign trade in goods with Ghana in 2016: exports, imports, balance, product types and groups, dynamics.

US Trade with Ghana

In 2016, US trade with Ghana was $1,165.8 million, down 3.89% ($47.2 million) from 2015.

US exports to Ghana in 2016 were $830.5 million, down 6.40% ($56.8 million) from 2015.

US imports from Ghana in 2016 totaled $335.3 million, up 2.92% ($9.5 million) from 2015.

US trade surplus with Ghana in 2016 was $495.1 million, a 11.80% decrease ($66.3 million) over 2015.

Ghana was the US 89th largest trading partner in 2016 (up from 90th in 2015), accounting for 0.0315% of US total trade (down from 0.0318% in 2015).

Ghana was the US 81st largest export market in 2016 (just as in 2015), accounting for 0.0572% of US total exports (down from 0.0590% in 2015).

Ghana was the US 96th largest supplier in 2016 (up from 98th in 2015), accounting for 0.0149% of US total imports (up from 0.0141% in 2015).

US Exports to Ghana

The major share of US exports to Ghana in 2016 (and in 2015) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 57.83% of US total exports to Ghana (57.16% in 2015);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 11.19% of US total exports to Ghana (11.09% in 2015);
  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 9.07% of US total exports to Ghana (8.36% in 2015);
  • Mineral products (HS codes 25-27) - 7.43% of US total exports to Ghana (7.19% in 2015);
  • Metals and products from them (HS codes 72-83) - 3.58% of US total exports to Ghana (5.10% in 2015);
  • Textiles, textile products and footwear (HS codes 50-67) - 1.40% of US total exports to Ghana (1.32% in 2015);
  • Wood and wood products (HS codes 44-49) - 1.36% of US total exports to Ghana (2.38% in 2015).

The largest gains in US exports to Ghana in 2016 over 2015 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Aircraft, spacecraft, and parts thereof (HS code 88) - an increase of $60,426.8 thousand;
  • Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles (HS code 85) - an increase of $33,245.1 thousand;
  • Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof (HS code 87) - an increase of $17,663.2 thousand;
  • Plastics and articles thereof (HS code 39) - an increase of $5,940.5 thousand;
  • Organic chemicals (HS code 29) - an increase of $4,866.7 thousand;
  • Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants (HS code 20) - an increase of $3,891.7 thousand;
  • Works of art, collectors’ pieces and antiques (HS code 97) - an increase of $3,686.0 thousand;
  • Iron and steel (HS code 72) - an increase of $3,673.7 thousand.

The largest declines in US exports to Ghana in 2016 over 2015 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof (HS code 84) - a decrease of $132,108.2 thousand;
  • Articles of iron or steel (HS code 73) - a decrease of $13,428.4 thousand;
  • Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal (HS code 44) - a decrease of $7,437.3 thousand;
  • Cereals (HS code 10) - a decrease of $6,108.8 thousand;
  • Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof (HS code 90) - a decrease of $5,961.3 thousand;
  • Pharmaceutical products (HS code 30) - a decrease of $5,087.4 thousand;
  • Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes (HS code 28) - a decrease of $4,323.4 thousand;
  • Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations (HS code 33) - a decrease of $2,755.0 thousand.
US exports to Ghana in 2016 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value
of exports
in 2016
(USD thousand)
Share
in total export
(%)
Value
of exports
in 2015
(USD thousand)
Change
in 2016
over 2015
(%)
02 Meat and edible meat offal 41,845.8 5.04 40,918.12.27
03 Fish and crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates 2,692.0 0.32 736.2265.65
04 Dairy produce; birds eggs; natural honey; edible products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 683.7 0.08 296.0130.99
05 Products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 30.4 0.00 3.9689.48
06 Live trees and other plants; bulbs, roots and the like; cut flowers and ornamental foliage 5.5 0.00 0.0
07 Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers 7.6 0.00 60.0-87.40
08 Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons 293.3 0.04 87.2236.24
09 Coffee, tea, maté and spices 1,412.6 0.17 273.7416.03
10 Cereals 8,673.7 1.04 14,782.6-41.32
11 Products of the milling industry; malt; starches; inulin; wheat gluten 142.4 0.02 66.5114.27
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 536.9 0.06 3,021.6-82.23
13 Lac; gums, resins and other vegetable saps and extracts 63.1 0.01 0.0
14 Vegetable plaiting materials; vegetable products not elsewhere specified or included 0.0 0.00 553.1-100.00
15 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes 96.1 0.01 43.7119.86
16 Preparations of meat, of fish or of crustaceans, molluscs or other aquatic invertebrates 0.0 0.00 11.0-100.00
17 Sugars and sugar confectionery 0.0 0.00 99.9-100.00
18 Cocoa and cocoa preparations 108.7 0.01 10.5935.03
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 325.0 0.04 213.052.53
20 Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants 7,283.9 0.88 3,392.2114.73
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 5,165.2 0.62 5,004.33.22
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 3,657.2 0.44 1,238.8195.22
23 Residues and waste from the food industries; prepared animal feed 2,306.3 0.28 3,360.2-31.37
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 246.6 0.03 520.7-52.65
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 61,487.4 7.40 63,266.4-2.81
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 2,463.6 0.30 6,787.0-63.70
29 Organic chemicals 7,034.8 0.85 2,168.0224.48
30 Pharmaceutical products 441.8 0.05 5,529.3-92.01
31 Fertilizers 1,196.1 0.14 2,648.2-54.83
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 4,545.1 0.55 4,378.93.79
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 9,236.5 1.11 11,991.6-22.97
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 1,529.5 0.18 1,518.30.74
35 Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes 782.2 0.09 590.232.52
36 Explosives; pyrotechnic products; matches; pyrophoric alloys; certain combustible preparations 537.0 0.06 2,094.0-74.36
37 Photographic or cinematographic goods 104.0 0.01 0.0
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 3,848.2 0.46 4,717.3-18.42
39 Plastics and articles thereof 49,382.3 5.95 43,441.913.67
40 Rubber and articles thereof 11,802.4 1.42 12,574.3-6.14
41 Raw hides and skins (other than furskins) and leather 65.0 0.01 73.5-11.52
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 423.3 0.05 330.428.12
43 Furskins and artificial fur; manufactures thereof 33.5 0.00 2.81,085.14
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 5,609.9 0.68 13,047.2-57.00
45 Cork and articles of cork 48.8 0.01 10.5362.87
46 Manufactures of straw, of esparto or of other plaiting materials; basketware and wickerwork 7.8 0.00 0.0
47 Pulp of wood or of other fibrous cellulosic material; waste and scrap of paper or paperboard 472.1 0.06 87.7438.36
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 2,712.2 0.33 4,239.2-36.02
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 2,442.1 0.29 3,743.3-34.76
51 Wool, fine or coarse animal hair; horsehair yarn and woven fabric 0.0 0.00 6.1-100.00
52 Cotton 12.7 0.00 5.0152.94
53 Other vegetable textile fibers; paper yarn and woven fabric of paper yarn 2.6 0.00 0.0
54 Man-made filaments 25.6 0.00 26.3-2.69
55 Man-made staple fibers 120.9 0.01 213.4-43.37
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 1,452.9 0.17 365.8297.24
57 Carpets and other textile floor coverings 165.2 0.02 76.6115.57
58 Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery 27.0 0.00 13.1106.05
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 483.2 0.06 248.494.48
60 Knitted or crocheted fabrics 13.6 0.00 11.023.70
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 214.8 0.03 217.4-1.22
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 445.1 0.05 329.135.25
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 6,152.2 0.74 6,461.7-4.79
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 2,322.9 0.28 3,515.6-33.93
65 Headgear and parts thereof 121.1 0.01 45.5166.25
67 Prepared feathers and down and articles made of feathers or of down; artificial flowers; articles of human hair 95.2 0.01 183.0-47.95
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 310.8 0.04 1,583.2-80.37
69 Ceramic products 2,284.7 0.28 3,696.9-38.20
70 Glass and glassware 447.9 0.05 603.7-25.81
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 73.1 0.01 15.1383.50
72 Iron and steel 6,661.3 0.80 2,987.6122.96
73 Articles of iron or steel 16,186.7 1.95 29,615.1-45.34
74 Copper and articles thereof 119.2 0.01 941.0-87.33
75 Nickel and articles thereof 1,207.9 0.15 502.2140.55
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 1,205.1 0.15 3,066.4-60.70
78 Lead and articles thereof 0.0 0.00 11.0-100.00
79 Zinc and articles thereof 4.5 0.00 59.8-92.42
80 Tin and articles thereof 2.8 0.00 0.0
81 Other base metals; cermets; articles thereof 77.9 0.01 170.4-54.31
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 2,594.5 0.31 4,911.2-47.17
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 1,649.4 0.20 2,969.6-44.46
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 139,096.2 16.75 271,204.4-48.71
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 76,395.6 9.20 43,150.577.04
86 Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds 60.2 0.01 80.7-25.43
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 178,328.1 21.47 160,664.810.99
88 Aircraft, spacecraft, and parts thereof 62,902.9 7.57 2,476.22,440.32
89 Ships, boats and floating structures 2,227.3 0.27 2,322.3-4.09
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 21,259.0 2.56 27,220.4-21.90
91 Clocks and watches and parts thereof 58.3 0.01 116.4-49.92
92 Musical instruments; parts and accessories of such articles 78.2 0.01 36.3115.12
93 Arms and ammunition; parts and accessories thereof 2,142.8 0.26 1,192.679.67
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 21,561.4 2.60 20,417.15.60
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 343.1 0.04 620.8-44.73
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 361.8 0.04 610.3-40.72
97 Works of art, collectors’ pieces and antiques 3,739.4 0.45 53.36,909.96
99 Commodities not specified according to kind 35,675.9 4.30 36,297.9-1.71

US Imports from Ghana

The major share of US imports from Ghana in 2016 (and in 2015) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 77.63% of US total imports from Ghana (77.15% in 2015);
  • Mineral products (HS codes 25-27) - 7.27% of US total imports from Ghana (2.64% in 2015);
  • Wood and wood products (HS codes 44-49) - 5.50% of US total imports from Ghana (7.18% in 2015);
  • Precious metals and stones (HS code 71) - 3.32% of US total imports from Ghana (1.16% in 2015);
  • Textiles, textile products and footwear (HS codes 50-67) - 2.01% of US total imports from Ghana (3.01% in 2015).

The largest gains in US imports from Ghana in 2016 over 2015 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes (HS code 27) - an increase of $18,453.0 thousand;
  • Cocoa and cocoa preparations (HS code 18) - an increase of $7,804.0 thousand;
  • Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin (HS code 71) - an increase of $7,376.4 thousand;
  • Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons (HS code 08) - an increase of $2,827.5 thousand;
  • Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes (HS code 15) - an increase of $1,011.9 thousand.

The largest declines in US imports from Ghana in 2016 over the 2015 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Commodities not specified according to kind (HS code 99) - a decrease of $13,261.8 thousand;
  • Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal (HS code 44) - a decrease of $5,646.5 thousand;
  • Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted (HS code 62) - a decrease of $3,224.0 thousand;
  • Ores, slag and ash (HS code 26) - a decrease of $2,643.0 thousand;
  • Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers (HS code 07) - a decrease of $1,808.4 thousand;
  • Works of art, collectors’ pieces and antiques (HS code 97) - a decrease of $1,050.3 thousand.
US imports from Ghana in 2016 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value
of imports
in 2016
(USD thousand)
Share
in total import
(%)
Value
of imports
in 2015
USD thousand)
Change
in 2016
over 2015
(%)
01 Live animals 222.2 0.07 223.5-0.59
03 Fish and crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates 146.0 0.04 164.2-11.09
04 Dairy produce; birds eggs; natural honey; edible products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 0.0 0.00 61.2-100.00
07 Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers 10,906.1 3.25 12,714.5-14.22
08 Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons 7,787.8 2.32 4,960.357.00
09 Coffee, tea, maté and spices 107.9 0.03 803.4-86.57
10 Cereals 35.7 0.01 138.2-74.15
11 Products of the milling industry; malt; starches; inulin; wheat gluten 1,139.0 0.34 1,493.6-23.74
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 279.5 0.08 95.9191.42
13 Lac; gums, resins and other vegetable saps and extracts 68.7 0.02 51.832.63
15 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes 4,695.4 1.40 3,683.527.47
16 Preparations of meat, of fish or of crustaceans, molluscs or other aquatic invertebrates 2.8 0.00 0.0
17 Sugars and sugar confectionery 25.0 0.01 0.0
18 Cocoa and cocoa preparations 233,252.8 69.56 225,448.83.46
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 502.2 0.15 348.544.10
20 Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants 494.6 0.15 769.2-35.70
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 520.8 0.16 252.0106.66
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 151.9 0.05 166.9-8.95
23 Residues and waste from the food industries; prepared animal feed 0.0 0.00 3.5-100.00
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 0.0 0.00 8.6-100.00
26 Ores, slag and ash 0.0 0.00 2,643.0-100.00
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 24,393.0 7.27 5,940.0310.65
29 Organic chemicals 2.8 0.00 38.0-92.57
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 220.2 0.07 50.9332.74
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 939.0 0.28 869.28.03
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 710.5 0.21 523.335.78
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 0.0 0.00 6.2-100.00
39 Plastics and articles thereof 28.1 0.01 49.7-43.49
40 Rubber and articles thereof 548.1 0.16 1,154.6-52.53
41 Raw hides and skins (other than furskins) and leather 0.0 0.00 0.8-100.00
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 103.8 0.03 48.3114.76
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 15,500.0 4.62 21,146.5-26.70
46 Manufactures of straw, of esparto or of other plaiting materials; basketware and wickerwork 2,919.1 0.87 2,210.732.04
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 32.7 0.01 48.6-32.72
52 Cotton 46.9 0.01 28.564.20
54 Man-made filaments 22.5 0.01 21.25.99
55 Man-made staple fibers 4.3 0.00 0.4929.15
58 Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery 7.9 0.00 0.32,523.18
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 25.8 0.01 0.0
60 Knitted or crocheted fabrics 0.7 0.00 1.0-31.15
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 6,098.4 1.82 5,930.82.83
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 394.0 0.12 3,617.9-89.11
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 31.8 0.01 19.463.86
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 40.6 0.01 58.4-30.49
65 Headgear and parts thereof 56.3 0.02 27.7103.30
66 Umbrellas, sun umbrellas, walking sticks, seatsticks, whips, riding-crops and parts thereof 2.5 0.00 14.8-82.74
67 Prepared feathers and down and articles made of feathers or of down; artificial flowers; articles of human hair 13.5 0.00 73.1-81.57
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 3.9 0.00 4.4-13.31
69 Ceramic products 0.0 0.00 10.7-100.00
70 Glass and glassware 53.8 0.02 67.8-20.70
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 11,149.5 3.32 3,773.1195.50
73 Articles of iron or steel 4.7 0.00 12.7-63.21
74 Copper and articles thereof 0.0 0.00 11.6-100.00
78 Lead and articles thereof 450.4 0.13 0.0
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 19.0 0.01 2.9563.47
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 2.9 0.00 42.2-93.06
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 118.6 0.04 735.2-83.88
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 337.6 0.10 42.0703.91
86 Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds 25.0 0.01 0.0
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 6.3 0.00 150.0-95.78
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 52.6 0.02 86.7-39.36
91 Clocks and watches and parts thereof 25.7 0.01 0.0
92 Musical instruments; parts and accessories of such articles 216.0 0.06 120.479.37
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 70.8 0.02 187.7-62.29
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 0.0 0.00 24.9-100.00
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 0.0 0.00 4.0-100.00
97 Works of art, collectors’ pieces and antiques 1,329.4 0.40 2,379.7-44.14
99 Commodities not specified according to kind 8,997.3 2.68 22,259.1-59.58
Compiled by «US-EXPORT–IMPORT» based on the statistics of the US Department of Commerce