US trade (export - import) with Ghana in 2018

Published or Updated: Jul 13, 2019

The report on US foreign trade in goods with Ghana in 2018: exports, imports, balance, product types and groups, dynamics.

US Trade with Ghana

In 2018, US trade with Ghana was $1,363.6 million, down 18.17% ($302.8 million) from 2017.

US exports to Ghana in 2018 were $778.1 million, down 12.15% ($107.6 million) from 2017.

US imports from Ghana in 2018 were $585.5 million, down 25.01% ($195.2 million) from 2017.

US trade surplus with Ghana in 2018 was $192.6 million, a 83.54% increase ($87.7 million) over 2017.

Ghana was the US 87th largest trading partner in 2018 (down from 81st in 2017), accounting for 0.0319% of US total trade (down from 0.0421% in 2017).

Ghana was the US 84th largest export market in 2018 (down from 81st in 2017), accounting for 0.0467% of US total exports (down from 0.0573% in 2017).

Ghana was the US 86th largest supplier in 2018 (down from 81st in 2017), accounting for 0.0224% of US total imports (down from 0.0324% in 2017).

US Exports to Ghana

The major share of US exports to Ghana in 2018 (and in 2017) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 51.17% of US total exports to Ghana (50.84% in 2017);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 13.13% of US total exports to Ghana (10.04% in 2017);
  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 12.58% of US total exports to Ghana (12.79% in 2017);
  • Mineral products (HS codes 25-27) - 10.09% of US total exports to Ghana (13.06% in 2017);
  • Wood and wood products (HS codes 44-49) - 3.04% of US total exports to Ghana (1.56% in 2017);
  • Metals and products from them (HS codes 72-83) - 2.69% of US total exports to Ghana (5.16% in 2017).

The largest gains in US exports to Ghana in 2018 over 2017 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof (HS code 90) - an increase of $37.7 million;
  • Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof (HS code 84) - an increase of $29.6 million;
  • Plastics and articles thereof (HS code 39) - an increase of $10.6 million;
  • Aircraft, spacecraft, and parts thereof (HS code 88) - an increase of $8.8 million;
  • Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes (HS code 28) - an increase of $7.9 million;
  • Beverages, spirits and vinegar (HS code 22) - an increase of $5.9 million;
  • Pulp of wood or of other fibrous cellulosic material; waste and scrap of paper or paperboard (HS code 47) - an increase of $5.3 million;
  • Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder (HS code 12) - an increase of $4.2 million;
  • Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard (HS code 48) - an increase of $3.4 million.

The largest declines in US exports to Ghana in 2018 over 2017 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles (HS code 85) - a decrease of $108.5 million;
  • Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes (HS code 27) - a decrease of $37.1 million;
  • Articles of iron or steel (HS code 73) - a decrease of $24.4 million;
  • Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof (HS code 87) - a decrease of $21.6 million;
  • Cereals (HS code 10) - a decrease of $15.3 million;
  • Meat and edible meat offal (HS code 02) - a decrease of $7.8 million;
  • Rubber and articles thereof (HS code 40) - a decrease of $4.3 million;
  • Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics (HS code 32) - a decrease of $2.5 million;
  • Commodities not specified according to kind (HS code 99) - a decrease of $2.5 million;
  • Residues and waste from the food industries; prepared animal feed (HS code 23) - a decrease of $2.4 million.
US exports to Ghana in 2018 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value
of exports
in 2018
(USD thousand)
Share
in total export
(%)
Value
of exports
in 2017
(USD thousand)
Change
in 2018
over 2017
(%)
01 Live animals 5.7 0.00 0.0
02 Meat and edible meat offal 45,445.1 5.84 53,239.0-14.64
03 Fish and crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates 7,314.0 0.94 7,851.3-6.84
04 Dairy produce; birds eggs; natural honey; edible products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 2,379.2 0.31 1,256.989.29
05 Products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 47.3 0.01 50.0-5.30
06 Live trees and other plants; bulbs, roots and the like; cut flowers and ornamental foliage 0.0 0.00 5.4-100.00
07 Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers 33.0 0.00 12.8157.18
08 Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons 778.0 0.10 303.0156.79
09 Coffee, tea, maté and spices 1,201.9 0.15 1,333.2-9.84
10 Cereals 16,467.3 2.12 31,724.5-48.09
11 Products of the milling industry; malt; starches; inulin; wheat gluten 113.1 0.01 225.7-49.88
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 5,348.1 0.69 1,164.1359.44
14 Vegetable plaiting materials; vegetable products not elsewhere specified or included 7.0 0.00 31.0-77.42
15 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes 74.6 0.01 94.1-20.73
16 Preparations of meat, of fish or of crustaceans, molluscs or other aquatic invertebrates 3.9 0.00 0.0
17 Sugars and sugar confectionery 89.6 0.01 230.6-61.13
18 Cocoa and cocoa preparations 36.3 0.00 15.0142.58
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 226.0 0.03 156.544.37
20 Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants 181.7 0.02 1,722.5-89.45
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 7,541.8 0.97 6,788.011.10
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 8,899.1 1.14 2,979.3198.69
23 Residues and waste from the food industries; prepared animal feed 1,723.8 0.22 4,074.1-57.69
24 Tobacco and manufactured tobacco substitutes 3.5 0.00 0.0
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 681.4 0.09 658.23.53
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 77,860.9 10.01 115,001.4-32.30
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 9,838.2 1.26 1,956.8402.76
29 Organic chemicals 1,752.6 0.23 1,698.53.19
30 Pharmaceutical products 1,102.7 0.14 759.845.12
31 Fertilizers 508.0 0.07 2,139.0-76.25
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 2,874.9 0.37 5,333.9-46.10
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 8,305.9 1.07 8,393.5-1.04
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 1,843.6 0.24 1,402.531.45
35 Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes 1,357.4 0.17 395.3243.36
36 Explosives; pyrotechnic products; matches; pyrophoric alloys; certain combustible preparations 830.3 0.11 102.5710.16
37 Photographic or cinematographic goods 19.4 0.00 11.076.01
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 7,052.7 0.91 6,340.111.24
39 Plastics and articles thereof 55,755.7 7.17 45,167.523.44
40 Rubber and articles thereof 10,960.9 1.41 15,265.1-28.20
41 Raw hides and skins (other than furskins) and leather 32.0 0.00 0.0
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 91.6 0.01 138.6-33.88
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 5,668.6 0.73 6,280.9-9.75
45 Cork and articles of cork 0.0 0.00 7.0-100.00
46 Manufactures of straw, of esparto or of other plaiting materials; basketware and wickerwork 0.0 0.00 3.3-100.00
47 Pulp of wood or of other fibrous cellulosic material; waste and scrap of paper or paperboard 5,594.2 0.72 280.91,891.49
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 8,615.0 1.11 5,201.865.62
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 3,774.2 0.49 2,062.483.00
52 Cotton 26.7 0.00 18.246.24
54 Man-made filaments 465.1 0.06 0.0
55 Man-made staple fibers 141.0 0.02 194.9-27.67
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 794.6 0.10 473.267.91
57 Carpets and other textile floor coverings 40.2 0.01 365.3-89.00
58 Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery 7.7 0.00 23.0-66.41
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 146.8 0.02 420.2-65.07
60 Knitted or crocheted fabrics 83.5 0.01 55.051.78
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 96.4 0.01 264.4-63.55
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 240.4 0.03 258.7-7.05
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 3,009.4 0.39 3,261.4-7.73
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 1,989.5 0.26 1,224.462.48
65 Headgear and parts thereof 26.9 0.00 34.6-22.27
67 Prepared feathers and down and articles made of feathers or of down; artificial flowers; articles of human hair 275.8 0.04 84.7225.73
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 497.1 0.06 381.330.38
69 Ceramic products 1,452.2 0.19 1,091.033.10
70 Glass and glassware 207.8 0.03 180.215.31
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 246.8 0.03 93.7163.33
72 Iron and steel 1,343.7 0.17 3,133.8-57.12
73 Articles of iron or steel 11,035.4 1.42 35,485.0-68.90
74 Copper and articles thereof 81.9 0.01 17.2377.62
75 Nickel and articles thereof 930.8 0.12 184.3404.98
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 432.6 0.06 978.2-55.77
81 Other base metals; cermets; articles thereof 97.0 0.01 0.0
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 5,930.7 0.76 5,021.718.10
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 1,075.0 0.14 913.917.63
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 135,611.6 17.43 105,968.527.97
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 17,357.7 2.23 125,824.2-86.20
86 Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds 264.9 0.03 369.7-28.35
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 176,413.7 22.67 198,012.2-10.91
88 Aircraft, spacecraft, and parts thereof 13,178.4 1.69 4,401.2199.43
89 Ships, boats and floating structures 2,907.0 0.37 978.1197.21
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 52,450.6 6.74 14,755.7255.46
91 Clocks and watches and parts thereof 173.1 0.02 129.433.77
92 Musical instruments; parts and accessories of such articles 172.3 0.02 134.028.51
93 Arms and ammunition; parts and accessories thereof 1,482.8 0.19 78.91,778.91
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 17,353.3 2.23 15,880.49.28
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 385.8 0.05 1,180.3-67.31
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 435.2 0.06 456.5-4.67
97 Works of art, collectors’ pieces and antiques 8.0 0.00 2,248.9-99.64
99 Commodities not specified according to kind 26,784.9 3.44 29,242.8-8.41

US Imports from Ghana

The major share of US imports from Ghana in 2018 (and in 2017) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Mineral products (HS codes 25-27) - 51.63% of US total imports from Ghana (56.60% in 2017);
  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 35.80% of US total imports from Ghana (33.95% in 2017);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 3.58% of US total imports from Ghana (2.01% in 2017);
  • Wood and wood products (HS codes 44-49) - 3.31% of US total imports from Ghana (2.20% in 2017);
  • Textiles, textile products and footwear (HS codes 50-67) - 2.53% of US total imports from Ghana (1.13% in 2017).

The largest gains in US imports from Ghana in 2018 over 2017 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted (HS code 61) - an increase of $5.9 million;
  • Rubber and articles thereof (HS code 40) - an increase of $5.6 million;
  • Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal (HS code 44) - an increase of $1.9 million.

The largest declines in US imports from Ghana in 2018 over the 2017 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes (HS code 27) - a decrease of $139.6 million;
  • Cocoa and cocoa preparations (HS code 18) - a decrease of $54.2 million;
  • Commodities not specified according to kind (HS code 99) - a decrease of $9.2 million;
  • Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin (HS code 71) - a decrease of $3.4 million;
  • Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants (HS code 20) - a decrease of $2.1 million.
US imports from Ghana in 2018 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value
of imports
in 2018
(USD thousand)
Share
in total import
(%)
Value
of imports
in 2017
USD thousand)
Change
in 2018
over 2017
(%)
01 Live animals 381.7 0.07 325.417.30
03 Fish and crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates 757.7 0.13 433.075.00
07 Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers 15,121.4 2.58 13,606.611.13
08 Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons 6,215.3 1.06 7,674.7-19.02
09 Coffee, tea, maté and spices 48.5 0.01 163.2-70.28
10 Cereals 152.9 0.03 90.069.79
11 Products of the milling industry; malt; starches; inulin; wheat gluten 1,526.0 0.26 1,544.9-1.22
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 343.8 0.06 307.111.95
13 Lac; gums, resins and other vegetable saps and extracts 29.7 0.01 4.2605.98
15 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes 6,076.2 1.04 4,682.429.77
16 Preparations of meat, of fish or of crustaceans, molluscs or other aquatic invertebrates 214.1 0.04 4.25,028.14
17 Sugars and sugar confectionery 25.9 0.00 13.395.01
18 Cocoa and cocoa preparations 175,631.7 30.00 229,871.4-23.60
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 786.0 0.13 1,006.7-21.93
20 Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants 1,931.9 0.33 4,032.1-52.09
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 190.3 0.03 963.2-80.25
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 151.2 0.03 328.3-53.96
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 3.2 0.00 0.0
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 302,298.0 51.63 441,927.1-31.60
29 Organic chemicals 5.7 0.00 49.0-88.41
30 Pharmaceutical products 0.0 0.00 5.5-100.00
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 214.0 0.04 804.0-73.39
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 818.9 0.14 748.19.45
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 960.2 0.16 783.222.61
35 Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes 4.0 0.00 2.377.02
39 Plastics and articles thereof 37.8 0.01 7.9377.28
40 Rubber and articles thereof 18,945.9 3.24 13,315.042.29
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 181.4 0.03 117.554.33
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 15,678.4 2.68 13,771.513.85
46 Manufactures of straw, of esparto or of other plaiting materials; basketware and wickerwork 3,706.6 0.63 3,417.68.46
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 14.6 0.00 21.1-30.81
51 Wool, fine or coarse animal hair; horsehair yarn and woven fabric 0.0 0.00 4.3-100.00
52 Cotton 39.7 0.01 25.854.04
54 Man-made filaments 17.6 0.00 9.683.61
55 Man-made staple fibers 3.4 0.00 0.4700.00
57 Carpets and other textile floor coverings 207.5 0.04 9.52,075.08
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 0.0 0.00 6.5-100.00
60 Knitted or crocheted fabrics 0.0 0.00 5.5-100.00
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 14,115.0 2.41 8,245.371.19
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 312.0 0.05 423.8-26.38
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 53.2 0.01 19.5172.76
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 9.0 0.00 27.8-67.59
65 Headgear and parts thereof 47.0 0.01 44.45.88
66 Umbrellas, sun umbrellas, walking sticks, seatsticks, whips, riding-crops and parts thereof 0.3 0.00 2.3-86.36
67 Prepared feathers and down and articles made of feathers or of down; artificial flowers; articles of human hair 5.3 0.00 6.4-16.69
70 Glass and glassware 27.5 0.00 66.3-58.58
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 4,285.0 0.73 7,713.9-44.45
73 Articles of iron or steel 5.6 0.00 9.4-40.93
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 60.1 0.01 0.0
78 Lead and articles thereof 0.0 0.00 507.0-100.00
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 9.4 0.00 0.0
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 965.9 0.16 610.358.27
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 567.1 0.10 169.0235.46
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 293.7 0.05 584.8-49.78
88 Aircraft, spacecraft, and parts thereof 2.4 0.00 5.3-54.99
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 189.1 0.03 91.5106.62
92 Musical instruments; parts and accessories of such articles 232.5 0.04 150.954.05
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 169.0 0.03 207.7-18.60
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 0.0 0.00 2.9-100.00
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 5.5 0.00 0.0
97 Works of art, collectors’ pieces and antiques 1,363.0 0.23 2,459.4-44.58
99 Commodities not specified according to kind 10,069.7 1.72 19,316.7-47.87
52/tdtd
Compiled by «US-EXPORT–IMPORT» based on the statistics of the US Department of Commerce