US trade (export - import) with Iraq in 2018

Published or Updated: Jun 11, 2019

The report on US foreign trade in goods with Iraq in 2018: exports, imports, balance, product types and groups, dynamics.

US Trade with Iraq

In 2018, US trade with Iraq totaled $13,552.1 million, up 9.74% ($1,203.3 million) from 2017.

US exports to Iraq in 2018 totaled $1,317.5 million, up 10.01% ($119.9 million) from 2017.

US imports from Iraq in 2018 totaled $12,234.6 million, up 9.72% ($1,083.4 million) from 2017.

US trade deficit with Iraq in 2018 was $10,917.1 million, a 9.68% increase ($963.5 million) over 2017.

Iraq was the US 41st largest trading partner in 2018 (down from 40th in 2017), accounting for 0.3166% of US total trade (up from 0.3123% in 2017).

Iraq was the US 73rd largest export market in 2018 (down from 71st in 2017), accounting for 0.0791% of US total exports (up from 0.0775% in 2017).

Iraq was the US 31st largest supplier in 2018 (just as in 2017), accounting for 0.4677% of US total imports (up from 0.4630% in 2017).

US Exports to Iraq

The major share of US exports to Iraq in 2018 (and in 2017) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 50.97% of US total exports to Iraq (72.70% in 2017);
  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 28.51% of US total exports to Iraq (13.27% in 2017);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 6.52% of US total exports to Iraq (5.56% in 2017);
  • Metals and products from them (HS codes 72-83) - 1.90% of US total exports to Iraq (2.00% in 2017).

The largest gains in US exports to Iraq in 2018 over 2017 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Cereals (HS code 10) - an increase of $232.7 million;
  • Arms and ammunition; parts and accessories thereof (HS code 93) - an increase of $86.6 million;
  • Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof (HS code 84) - an increase of $52.1 million;
  • Miscellaneous chemical products (HS code 38) - an increase of $9.3 million;
  • Photographic or cinematographic goods (HS code 37) - an increase of $7.1 million;
  • Organic chemicals (HS code 29) - an increase of $6.1 million;
  • Commodities not specified according to kind (HS code 99) - an increase of $5.8 million.

The largest declines in US exports to Iraq in 2018 over 2017 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Aircraft, spacecraft, and parts thereof (HS code 88) - a decrease of $111.6 million;
  • Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles (HS code 85) - a decrease of $82.7 million;
  • Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof (HS code 87) - a decrease of $41.8 million;
  • Meat and edible meat offal (HS code 02) - a decrease of $19.6 million;
  • Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof (HS code 90) - a decrease of $15.4 million;
  • Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof (HS code 95) - a decrease of $10.1 million;
  • Plastics and articles thereof (HS code 39) - a decrease of $4.7 million.
US exports to Iraq in 2018 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value
of exports
in 2018
(USD thousand)
Share
in total export
(%)
Value
of exports
in 2017
(USD thousand)
Change
in 2018
over 2017
(%)
01 Live animals 0.0 0.00 138.0-100.00
02 Meat and edible meat offal 39,495.9 3.00 59,070.7-33.14
03 Fish and crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates 671.3 0.05 236.3184.13
04 Dairy produce; birds eggs; natural honey; edible products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 632.1 0.05 190.7231.52
05 Products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 61.0 0.00 30.699.17
07 Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers 168.3 0.01 148.913.05
08 Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons 5,884.4 0.45 5,004.217.59
09 Coffee, tea, maté and spices 47.9 0.00 176.1-72.78
10 Cereals 310,193.4 23.54 77,539.6300.05
11 Products of the milling industry; malt; starches; inulin; wheat gluten 6.0 0.00 14.2-58.06
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 4,937.9 0.37 7,860.0-37.18
13 Lac; gums, resins and other vegetable saps and extracts 0.0 0.00 3.8-100.00
14 Vegetable plaiting materials; vegetable products not elsewhere specified or included 0.0 0.00 26.3-100.00
15 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes 304.7 0.02 361.7-15.76
16 Preparations of meat, of fish or of crustaceans, molluscs or other aquatic invertebrates 163.7 0.01 19.4744.55
17 Sugars and sugar confectionery 48.0 0.00 50.6-5.17
18 Cocoa and cocoa preparations 141.7 0.01 26.3438.33
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 5,081.6 0.39 2,048.1148.11
20 Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants 268.3 0.02 300.1-10.58
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 5,474.7 0.42 4,613.918.66
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 1,081.4 0.08 653.765.43
23 Residues and waste from the food industries; prepared animal feed 110.7 0.01 132.9-16.71
24 Tobacco and manufactured tobacco substitutes 851.5 0.06 275.5209.06
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 297.5 0.02 314.6-5.41
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 7,587.5 0.58 8,431.0-10.00
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 344.5 0.03 832.9-58.64
29 Organic chemicals 10,799.7 0.82 4,703.6129.60
30 Pharmaceutical products 19,840.1 1.51 17,829.011.28
31 Fertilizers 76.7 0.01 811.7-90.55
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 961.2 0.07 4,072.2-76.40
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 6,414.8 0.49 5,422.918.29
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 4,322.1 0.33 1,785.7142.04
35 Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes 3,097.2 0.24 2,961.24.59
36 Explosives; pyrotechnic products; matches; pyrophoric alloys; certain combustible preparations 2,741.7 0.21 4,240.8-35.35
37 Photographic or cinematographic goods 8,787.2 0.67 1,638.1436.43
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 15,720.1 1.19 6,461.3143.30
39 Plastics and articles thereof 8,533.5 0.65 13,183.9-35.27
40 Rubber and articles thereof 4,196.3 0.32 2,692.055.88
41 Raw hides and skins (other than furskins) and leather 0.0 0.00 15.8-100.00
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 581.4 0.04 341.870.06
43 Furskins and artificial fur; manufactures thereof 7.0 0.00 0.0
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 587.4 0.04 1,048.9-44.00
45 Cork and articles of cork 0.0 0.00 15.3-100.00
47 Pulp of wood or of other fibrous cellulosic material; waste and scrap of paper or paperboard 415.8 0.03 36.41,042.10
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 329.2 0.02 281.516.94
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 242.5 0.02 1,082.3-77.60
52 Cotton 8.0 0.00 39.5-79.73
54 Man-made filaments 8.2 0.00 0.0
55 Man-made staple fibers 77.7 0.01 14.6432.86
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 247.6 0.02 36.9570.40
57 Carpets and other textile floor coverings 93.7 0.01 18.7399.84
58 Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery 45.0 0.00 8.2451.54
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 686.9 0.05 217.7215.48
60 Knitted or crocheted fabrics 0.0 0.00 46.8-100.00
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 374.1 0.03 440.6-15.09
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 4,005.4 0.30 1,755.2128.20
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 2,003.5 0.15 2,623.3-23.63
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 1,081.3 0.08 854.626.52
65 Headgear and parts thereof 244.9 0.02 381.7-35.85
67 Prepared feathers and down and articles made of feathers or of down; artificial flowers; articles of human hair 4.8 0.00 9.8-51.32
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 345.7 0.03 538.1-35.76
69 Ceramic products 77.6 0.01 204.4-62.03
70 Glass and glassware 191.6 0.01 1,937.7-90.11
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 48.9 0.00 4.01,129.55
72 Iron and steel 414.6 0.03 857.1-51.62
73 Articles of iron or steel 11,475.0 0.87 12,544.1-8.52
74 Copper and articles thereof 444.8 0.03 809.7-45.06
75 Nickel and articles thereof 201.5 0.02 407.0-50.49
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 893.0 0.07 825.88.14
78 Lead and articles thereof 58.3 0.00 0.0
79 Zinc and articles thereof 13.6 0.00 20.8-34.56
80 Tin and articles thereof 47.7 0.00 0.0
81 Other base metals; cermets; articles thereof 83.5 0.01 401.4-79.19
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 9,612.1 0.73 6,617.845.25
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 1,802.7 0.14 1,460.323.45
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 216,463.6 16.43 164,323.531.73
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 102,861.7 7.81 185,548.9-44.56
86 Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds 233.9 0.02 167.939.27
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 206,149.9 15.65 247,922.9-16.85
88 Aircraft, spacecraft, and parts thereof 47,136.9 3.58 158,765.0-70.31
89 Ships, boats and floating structures 192.2 0.01 90.7111.93
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 98,484.1 7.48 113,845.9-13.49
91 Clocks and watches and parts thereof 108.5 0.01 82.032.36
92 Musical instruments; parts and accessories of such articles 11.1 0.00 58.1-80.84
93 Arms and ammunition; parts and accessories thereof 97,405.6 7.39 10,849.4797.80
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 5,854.3 0.44 4,813.221.63
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 5,062.9 0.38 15,197.6-66.69
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 226.2 0.02 255.5-11.46
97 Works of art, collectors’ pieces and antiques 15.7 0.00 127.0-87.62
99 Commodities not specified according to kind 31,188.9 2.37 25,342.123.07

US Imports from Iraq

The major share of US imports from Iraq in 2018 (and in 2017) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Mineral products (HS codes 25-27) - 99.98% of US total imports from Iraq (99.94% in 2017).

The largest gains in US imports from Iraq in 2018 over 2017 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes (HS code 27) - an increase of $1,088.3 million.

The largest declines in US imports from Iraq in 2018 over the 2017 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • No product groups with a substantial decrease.
US imports from Iraq in 2018 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value
of imports
in 2018
(USD thousand)
Share
in total import
(%)
Value
of imports
in 2017
USD thousand)
Change
in 2018
over 2017
(%)
01 Live animals 0.0 0.00 5.0-100.00
08 Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons 5.9 0.00 7.9-25.14
11 Products of the milling industry; malt; starches; inulin; wheat gluten 55.3 0.00 7.2665.29
13 Lac; gums, resins and other vegetable saps and extracts 418.6 0.00 891.4-53.04
15 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes 17.3 0.00 10.564.99
17 Sugars and sugar confectionery 93.1 0.00 104.4-10.87
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 25.2 0.00 29.1-13.26
20 Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants 190.1 0.00 68.6176.97
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 30.9 0.00 8.2277.33
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 3.9 0.00 25.9-84.96
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 12,232,549.7 99.98 11,144,275.49.77
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 15.1 0.00 112.7-86.59
39 Plastics and articles thereof 0.0 0.00 1.8-100.00
40 Rubber and articles thereof 0.8 0.00 9.4-91.01
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 0.0 0.00 2.4-100.00
43 Furskins and artificial fur; manufactures thereof 7.5 0.00 9.0-17.03
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 0.0 0.00 4.1-100.00
46 Manufactures of straw, of esparto or of other plaiting materials; basketware and wickerwork 8.8 0.00 0.0
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 46.5 0.00 360.9-87.11
51 Wool, fine or coarse animal hair; horsehair yarn and woven fabric 0.5 0.00 0.0
57 Carpets and other textile floor coverings 114.1 0.00 4.12,718.07
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 0.0 0.00 23.3-100.00
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 0.0 0.00 80.4-100.00
73 Articles of iron or steel 4.5 0.00 75.1-94.05
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 0.0 0.00 4.1-100.00
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 217.2 0.00 117.784.59
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 199.3 0.00 162.922.34
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 47.0 0.00 82.1-42.72
91 Clocks and watches and parts thereof 2.3 0.00 0.0
97 Works of art, collectors’ pieces and antiques 264.3 0.00 865.2-69.45
99 Commodities not specified according to kind 317.5 0.00 3,874.8-91.81
96
Compiled by «US-EXPORT–IMPORT» based on the statistics of the US Department of Commerce