US trade (export - import) with Macedonia in 2018

Published or Updated: Jun 10, 2019

The report on US foreign trade in goods with Macedonia in 2018: exports, imports, balance, product types and groups, dynamics.

US Trade with Macedonia

In 2018, US trade with Macedonia totaled $402.9 million, up 33.97% ($102.2 million) from 2017.

US exports to Macedonia in 2018 totaled $41.4 million, up 2.47% ($1.0 million) from 2017.

US imports from Macedonia in 2018 totaled $361.4 million, up 38.86% ($101.2 million) from 2017.

US trade deficit with Macedonia in 2018 was $320.0 million, a 45.56% increase ($100.2 million) over 2017.

Macedonia was the US 131st largest trading partner in 2018 (down from 129th in 2017), accounting for 0.0094% of US total trade (up from 0.0076% in 2017).

Macedonia was the US 172nd largest export market in 2018 (down from 168th in 2017), accounting for 0.0025% of US total exports (down from 0.0026% in 2017).

Macedonia was the US 105th largest supplier in 2018 (up from 107th in 2017), accounting for 0.0138% of US total imports (up from 0.0108% in 2017).

US Exports to Macedonia

The major share of US exports to Macedonia in 2018 (and in 2017) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 72.68% of US total exports to Macedonia (66.74% in 2017);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 12.25% of US total exports to Macedonia (15.00% in 2017);
  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 5.10% of US total exports to Macedonia (4.90% in 2017);
  • Metals and products from them (HS codes 72-83) - 1.74% of US total exports to Macedonia (1.14% in 2017);
  • Wood and wood products (HS codes 44-49) - 1.40% of US total exports to Macedonia (0.40% in 2017);
  • Textiles, textile products and footwear (HS codes 50-67) - 0.76% of US total exports to Macedonia (1.15% in 2017).

The largest gains in US exports to Macedonia in 2018 over 2017 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof (HS code 84) - an increase of $4.3 million;
  • Explosives; pyrotechnic products; matches; pyrophoric alloys; certain combustible preparations (HS code 36) - an increase of $0.8 million;
  • Glass and glassware (HS code 70) - an increase of $0.6 million;
  • Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans (HS code 49) - an increase of $0.4 million;
  • Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons (HS code 08) - an increase of $0.4 million;
  • Plastics and articles thereof (HS code 39) - an increase of $0.4 million;
  • Arms and ammunition; parts and accessories thereof (HS code 93) - an increase of $0.2 million;
  • Man-made staple fibers (HS code 55) - an increase of $0.2 million;
  • Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles (HS code 85) - an increase of $0.2 million;
  • Miscellaneous articles of base metal (HS code 83) - an increase of $0.1 million.

The largest declines in US exports to Macedonia in 2018 over 2017 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Commodities not specified according to kind (HS code 99) - a decrease of $2.7 million;
  • Pharmaceutical products (HS code 30) - a decrease of $1.3 million;
  • Aircraft, spacecraft, and parts thereof (HS code 88) - a decrease of $1.3 million;
  • Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes (HS code 28) - a decrease of $0.4 million;
  • Meat and edible meat offal (HS code 02) - a decrease of $0.3 million;
  • Man-made filaments (HS code 54) - a decrease of $0.3 million;
  • Organic chemicals (HS code 29) - a decrease of $0.2 million;
  • Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations (HS code 33) - a decrease of $0.2 million;
  • Fish and crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates (HS code 03) - a decrease of $0.1 million;
  • Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery (HS code 58) - a decrease of $0.1 million.
US exports to Macedonia in 2018 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value
of exports
in 2018
(USD thousand)
Share
in total export
(%)
Value
of exports
in 2017
(USD thousand)
Change
in 2018
over 2017
(%)
02 Meat and edible meat offal 906.7 2.19 1,227.8-26.15
03 Fish and crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates 0.0 0.00 142.9-100.00
04 Dairy produce; birds eggs; natural honey; edible products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 28.0 0.07 0.0
05 Products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 14.5 0.03 20.8-30.47
08 Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons 400.2 0.97 0.0
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 67.6 0.16 27.8143.17
13 Lac; gums, resins and other vegetable saps and extracts 65.2 0.16 0.0
20 Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants 120.4 0.29 44.7169.50
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 511.9 1.24 518.2-1.21
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 170.7 0.41 603.0-71.69
29 Organic chemicals 150.3 0.36 333.9-54.99
30 Pharmaceutical products 11.7 0.03 1,319.0-99.12
31 Fertilizers 0.0 0.00 6.3-100.00
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 126.9 0.31 299.1-57.58
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 37.6 0.09 0.0
35 Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes 15.8 0.04 0.0
36 Explosives; pyrotechnic products; matches; pyrophoric alloys; certain combustible preparations 2,962.0 7.15 2,137.438.58
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 971.6 2.34 1,093.4-11.14
39 Plastics and articles thereof 578.2 1.40 182.1217.49
40 Rubber and articles thereof 53.2 0.13 92.5-42.52
47 Pulp of wood or of other fibrous cellulosic material; waste and scrap of paper or paperboard 19.5 0.05 0.0
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 18.0 0.04 30.8-41.48
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 540.6 1.30 131.6310.89
54 Man-made filaments 0.0 0.00 281.3-100.00
55 Man-made staple fibers 239.5 0.58 0.0
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 5.8 0.01 0.0
58 Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery 26.4 0.06 151.9-82.61
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 0.0 0.00 3.5-100.00
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 15.0 0.04 0.0
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 17.1 0.04 7.6126.32
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 9.5 0.02 16.3-41.63
65 Headgear and parts thereof 0.0 0.00 5.8-100.00
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 32.7 0.08 34.0-3.79
70 Glass and glassware 640.1 1.54 76.7734.56
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 92.0 0.22 0.0
72 Iron and steel 73.6 0.18 57.627.76
73 Articles of iron or steel 310.7 0.75 251.123.74
74 Copper and articles thereof 67.2 0.16 78.8-14.74
75 Nickel and articles thereof 4.9 0.01 2.872.69
78 Lead and articles thereof 18.5 0.04 0.0
81 Other base metals; cermets; articles thereof 0.0 0.00 8.2-100.00
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 97.3 0.23 56.273.10
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 147.4 0.36 8.01,739.13
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 24,388.1 58.85 20,099.321.34
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 1,392.6 3.36 1,159.720.08
86 Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds 9.8 0.02 55.9-82.56
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 2,114.1 5.10 2,111.80.11
88 Aircraft, spacecraft, and parts thereof 60.7 0.15 1,316.3-95.39
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 2,149.8 5.19 2,244.0-4.20
91 Clocks and watches and parts thereof 4.4 0.01 3.719.31
92 Musical instruments; parts and accessories of such articles 0.0 0.00 60.2-100.00
93 Arms and ammunition; parts and accessories thereof 270.9 0.65 24.61,000.50
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 51.9 0.13 55.1-5.93
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 100.3 0.24 29.6238.21
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 5.8 0.01 5.72.53
99 Commodities not specified according to kind 1,320.9 3.19 4,019.6-67.14

US Imports from Macedonia

The major share of US imports from Macedonia in 2018 (and in 2017) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 74.18% of US total imports from Macedonia (78.31% in 2017);
  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 10.93% of US total imports from Macedonia (11.45% in 2017);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 4.57% of US total imports from Macedonia (0.72% in 2017);
  • Metals and products from them (HS codes 72-83) - 4.29% of US total imports from Macedonia (3.25% in 2017);
  • Textiles, textile products and footwear (HS codes 50-67) - 2.66% of US total imports from Macedonia (3.04% in 2017).

The largest gains in US imports from Macedonia in 2018 over 2017 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof (HS code 87) - an increase of $62.0 million;
  • Miscellaneous chemical products (HS code 38) - an increase of $15.6 million;
  • Tobacco and manufactured tobacco substitutes (HS code 24) - an increase of $7.0 million;
  • Iron and steel (HS code 72) - an increase of $5.8 million;
  • Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof (HS code 95) - an increase of $3.9 million;
  • Miscellaneous edible preparations (HS code 21) - an increase of $3.6 million;
  • Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof (HS code 84) - an increase of $1.5 million;
  • Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans (HS code 49) - an increase of $1.3 million;
  • Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles (HS code 85) - an increase of $1.3 million;
  • Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags (HS code 63) - an increase of $1.2 million.

The largest declines in US imports from Macedonia in 2018 over the 2017 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Dairy produce; birds eggs; natural honey; edible products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included (HS code 04) - a decrease of $1.5 million.
US imports from Macedonia in 2018 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value
of imports
in 2018
(USD thousand)
Share
in total import
(%)
Value
of imports
in 2017
USD thousand)
Change
in 2018
over 2017
(%)
01 Live animals 33.6 0.01 36.5-7.73
04 Dairy produce; birds eggs; natural honey; edible products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 56.7 0.02 1,539.8-96.32
07 Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers 27.8 0.01 13.4107.41
09 Coffee, tea, maté and spices 144.0 0.04 74.094.54
10 Cereals 12.7 0.00 5.4134.82
11 Products of the milling industry; malt; starches; inulin; wheat gluten 22.1 0.01 14.651.64
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 286.9 0.08 216.132.79
15 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes 21.6 0.01 0.0
17 Sugars and sugar confectionery 582.7 0.16 529.89.98
18 Cocoa and cocoa preparations 70.3 0.02 81.7-13.89
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 999.4 0.28 904.710.47
20 Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants 2,153.9 0.60 2,103.52.39
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 6,054.7 1.68 2,491.3143.03
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 1,254.5 0.35 972.828.96
24 Tobacco and manufactured tobacco substitutes 27,802.0 7.69 20,830.533.47
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 23.0 0.01 125.1-81.61
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 11.2 0.00 40.0-72.07
36 Explosives; pyrotechnic products; matches; pyrophoric alloys; certain combustible preparations 18.2 0.01 223.7-91.87
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 16,079.8 4.45 502.83,098.29
39 Plastics and articles thereof 354.8 0.10 954.5-62.83
40 Rubber and articles thereof 32.3 0.01 23.835.85
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 44.6 0.01 26.170.59
43 Furskins and artificial fur; manufactures thereof 777.0 0.21 1,668.3-53.43
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 3.0 0.00 3.4-12.21
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 2,325.3 0.64 1,019.5128.09
51 Wool, fine or coarse animal hair; horsehair yarn and woven fabric 10.6 0.00 0.0
52 Cotton 131.0 0.04 197.6-33.73
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 0.0 0.00 67.2-100.00
58 Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery 2.4 0.00 0.0
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 595.3 0.16 814.3-26.89
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 5,606.2 1.55 4,778.717.32
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 2,643.7 0.73 1,490.477.38
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 572.8 0.16 571.30.26
65 Headgear and parts thereof 35.4 0.01 1.03,409.01
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 69.2 0.02 29.4135.45
69 Ceramic products 33.8 0.01 0.0
70 Glass and glassware 99.2 0.03 20.0396.97
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 0.0 0.00 8.6-100.00
72 Iron and steel 14,154.1 3.92 8,305.370.42
73 Articles of iron or steel 1,119.2 0.31 134.9729.81
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 18.1 0.00 17.15.48
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 5.7 0.00 0.0
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 203.3 0.06 0.0
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 9,502.6 2.63 7,977.119.12
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 34,433.9 9.53 33,160.43.84
86 Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds 2,611.6 0.72 3,064.8-14.79
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 221,272.9 61.22 159,278.138.92
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 301.4 0.08 361.2-16.56
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 3,072.2 0.85 3,794.9-19.04
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 3,914.3 1.08 37.310,402.95
97 Works of art, collectors’ pieces and antiques 96.7 0.03 220.5-56.13
99 Commodities not specified according to kind 1,747.8 0.48 1,555.112.39
Compiled by «US-EXPORT–IMPORT» based on the statistics of the US Department of Commerce