US trade (export - import) with Madagascar in 2018

Published or Updated: Jul 14, 2019

The report on US foreign trade in goods with Madagascar in 2018: exports, imports, balance, product types and groups, dynamics.

US Trade with Madagascar

In 2018, US trade with Madagascar totaled $1,019.5 million, up 26.58% ($214.1 million) from 2017.

US exports to Madagascar in 2018 totaled $112.6 million, up 110.94% ($59.2 million) from 2017.

US imports from Madagascar in 2018 totaled $906.9 million, up 20.59% ($154.8 million) from 2017.

US trade deficit with Madagascar in 2018 was $794.2 million, a 13.68% increase ($95.6 million) over 2017.

Madagascar was the US 98th largest trading partner in 2018 (up from 103rd in 2017), accounting for 0.0238% of US total trade (up from 0.0204% in 2017).

Madagascar was the US 145th largest export market in 2018 (up from 165th in 2017), accounting for 0.0068% of US total exports (up from 0.0035% in 2017).

Madagascar was the US 81st largest supplier in 2018 (up from 82nd in 2017), accounting for 0.0347% of US total imports (up from 0.0312% in 2017).

US Exports to Madagascar

The major share of US exports to Madagascar in 2018 (and in 2017) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Mineral products (HS codes 25-27) - 58.83% of US total exports to Madagascar (0.06% in 2017);
  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 25.61% of US total exports to Madagascar (60.53% in 2017);
  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 4.01% of US total exports to Madagascar (13.84% in 2017);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 3.47% of US total exports to Madagascar (7.54% in 2017);
  • Metals and products from them (HS codes 72-83) - 2.76% of US total exports to Madagascar (4.57% in 2017);
  • Textiles, textile products and footwear (HS codes 50-67) - 2.30% of US total exports to Madagascar (7.41% in 2017);
  • Wood and wood products (HS codes 44-49) - 0.29% of US total exports to Madagascar (1.51% in 2017).

The largest gains in US exports to Madagascar in 2018 over 2017 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes (HS code 27) - an increase of $66.2 million;
  • Articles of iron or steel (HS code 73) - an increase of $1.6 million;
  • Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof (HS code 90) - an increase of $1.6 million;
  • Coffee, tea, maté and spices (HS code 09) - an increase of $1.2 million;
  • Knitted or crocheted fabrics (HS code 60) - an increase of $0.9 million;
  • Miscellaneous chemical products (HS code 38) - an increase of $0.9 million;
  • Cereals (HS code 10) - an increase of $0.8 million;
  • Commodities not specified according to kind (HS code 99) - an increase of $0.7 million;
  • Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations (HS code 33) - an increase of $0.6 million.

The largest declines in US exports to Madagascar in 2018 over 2017 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Aircraft, spacecraft, and parts thereof (HS code 88) - a decrease of $2.8 million;
  • Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes (HS code 15) - a decrease of $2.2 million;
  • Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof (HS code 84) - a decrease of $2.1 million;
  • Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags (HS code 63) - a decrease of $1.8 million;
  • Plastics and articles thereof (HS code 39) - a decrease of $1.7 million;
  • Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers (HS code 07) - a decrease of $0.9 million;
  • Miscellaneous edible preparations (HS code 21) - a decrease of $0.9 million;
  • Nickel and articles thereof (HS code 75) - a decrease of $0.8 million;
  • Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares (HS code 19) - a decrease of $0.6 million;
  • Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans (HS code 49) - a decrease of $0.5 million;
  • Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings (HS code 94) - a decrease of $0.5 million;
  • Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles (HS code 85) - a decrease of $0.4 million.
US exports to Madagascar in 2018 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value
of exports
in 2018
(USD thousand)
Share
in total export
(%)
Value
of exports
in 2017
(USD thousand)
Change
in 2018
over 2017
(%)
04 Dairy produce; birds eggs; natural honey; edible products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 102.6 0.09 92.910.51
05 Products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 51.0 0.05 32.955.10
07 Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers 0.0 0.00 946.8-100.00
08 Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons 0.0 0.00 150.9-100.00
09 Coffee, tea, maté and spices 1,434.4 1.27 220.5550.59
10 Cereals 1,624.6 1.44 780.4108.19
11 Products of the milling industry; malt; starches; inulin; wheat gluten 81.3 0.07 279.8-70.93
13 Lac; gums, resins and other vegetable saps and extracts 0.0 0.00 9.1-100.00
15 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes 92.7 0.08 2,265.3-95.91
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 1,129.0 1.00 1,744.6-35.28
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 0.0 0.00 855.1-100.00
23 Residues and waste from the food industries; prepared animal feed 6.0 0.01 15.2-60.83
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 12.4 0.01 23.6-47.27
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 66,256.8 58.82 9.5698,590.59
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 5.7 0.01 6.0-4.75
29 Organic chemicals 78.7 0.07 75.34.52
30 Pharmaceutical products 241.4 0.21 354.0-31.81
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 39.9 0.04 6.1549.90
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 608.7 0.54 0.0
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 0.0 0.00 40.8-100.00
35 Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes 49.3 0.04 0.0
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 1,501.9 1.33 624.8140.39
39 Plastics and articles thereof 752.3 0.67 2,424.6-68.97
40 Rubber and articles thereof 629.1 0.56 494.527.24
41 Raw hides and skins (other than furskins) and leather 6.1 0.01 0.0
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 30.4 0.03 25.220.60
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 8.0 0.01 9.4-15.13
47 Pulp of wood or of other fibrous cellulosic material; waste and scrap of paper or paperboard 202.7 0.18 148.736.32
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 10.8 0.01 22.6-52.17
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 110.3 0.10 625.3-82.37
52 Cotton 18.0 0.02 3.3438.80
54 Man-made filaments 2.6 0.00 0.0
55 Man-made staple fibers 8.2 0.01 266.8-96.92
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 20.0 0.02 25.4-21.37
58 Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery 31.5 0.03 46.7-32.37
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 31.8 0.03 71.3-55.46
60 Knitted or crocheted fabrics 1,078.5 0.96 185.2482.43
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 0.0 0.00 168.2-100.00
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 198.4 0.18 114.473.47
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 1,185.6 1.05 3,033.6-60.92
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 0.0 0.00 29.6-100.00
65 Headgear and parts thereof 16.8 0.01 13.722.55
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 8.5 0.01 0.0
69 Ceramic products 79.9 0.07 124.0-35.57
70 Glass and glassware 4.1 0.00 6.3-35.21
73 Articles of iron or steel 2,743.0 2.44 1,139.8140.65
74 Copper and articles thereof 0.0 0.00 9.7-100.00
75 Nickel and articles thereof 118.3 0.11 881.5-86.58
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 50.0 0.04 12.0315.12
81 Other base metals; cermets; articles thereof 20.3 0.02 41.1-50.51
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 45.9 0.04 139.4-67.08
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 131.2 0.12 218.7-40.00
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 22,236.7 19.74 24,319.9-8.57
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 1,055.4 0.94 1,480.5-28.71
86 Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds 316.5 0.28 4.96,340.00
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 1,486.2 1.32 1,528.8-2.79
88 Aircraft, spacecraft, and parts thereof 937.4 0.83 3,780.6-75.21
89 Ships, boats and floating structures 39.4 0.03 13.9182.60
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 2,773.5 2.46 1,193.1132.47
92 Musical instruments; parts and accessories of such articles 0.0 0.00 6.0-100.00
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 44.8 0.04 507.5-91.18
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 102.1 0.09 38.5165.28
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 185.3 0.16 39.7366.99
97 Works of art, collectors’ pieces and antiques 258.0 0.23 0.0
99 Commodities not specified according to kind 2,351.7 2.09 1,673.840.50

US Imports from Madagascar

The major share of US imports from Madagascar in 2018 (and in 2017) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 59.29% of US total imports from Madagascar (56.04% in 2017);
  • Textiles, textile products and footwear (HS codes 50-67) - 22.93% of US total imports from Madagascar (22.15% in 2017);
  • Metals and products from them (HS codes 72-83) - 9.91% of US total imports from Madagascar (12.23% in 2017);
  • Mineral products (HS codes 25-27) - 4.12% of US total imports from Madagascar (5.20% in 2017);
  • Precious metals and stones (HS code 71) - 2.06% of US total imports from Madagascar (2.93% in 2017).

The largest gains in US imports from Madagascar in 2018 over 2017 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Coffee, tea, maté and spices (HS code 09) - an increase of $123.2 million;
  • Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted (HS code 62) - an increase of $33.4 million;
  • Other base metals; cermets; articles thereof (HS code 81) - an increase of $11.2 million;
  • Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted (HS code 61) - an increase of $8.1 million;
  • Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations (HS code 33) - an increase of $3.0 million.

The largest declines in US imports from Madagascar in 2018 over the 2017 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Nickel and articles thereof (HS code 75) - a decrease of $13.4 million;
  • Lac; gums, resins and other vegetable saps and extracts (HS code 13) - a decrease of $9.0 million;
  • Ores, slag and ash (HS code 26) - a decrease of $4.1 million;
  • Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin (HS code 71) - a decrease of $3.4 million.
US imports from Madagascar in 2018 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value
of imports
in 2018
(USD thousand)
Share
in total import
(%)
Value
of imports
in 2017
USD thousand)
Change
in 2018
over 2017
(%)
01 Live animals 269.1 0.03 261.13.06
03 Fish and crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates 2,023.7 0.22 199.4914.70
06 Live trees and other plants; bulbs, roots and the like; cut flowers and ornamental foliage 84.3 0.01 59.741.14
07 Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers 1,606.3 0.18 367.2337.45
09 Coffee, tea, maté and spices 527,352.3 58.15 404,113.730.50
10 Cereals 0.0 0.00 157.6-100.00
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 123.2 0.01 120.02.66
13 Lac; gums, resins and other vegetable saps and extracts 3,223.5 0.36 12,186.8-73.55
14 Vegetable plaiting materials; vegetable products not elsewhere specified or included 355.1 0.04 520.8-31.83
15 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes 51.2 0.01 32.955.69
18 Cocoa and cocoa preparations 2,418.2 0.27 3,105.7-22.14
20 Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants 121.9 0.01 283.8-57.05
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 9.3 0.00 0.0
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 4,547.8 0.50 2,165.6110.01
26 Ores, slag and ash 32,831.3 3.62 36,948.8-11.14
29 Organic chemicals 1,218.8 0.13 1,152.05.80
31 Fertilizers 10.4 0.00 24.4-57.30
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 6,038.9 0.67 3,077.196.25
39 Plastics and articles thereof 411.7 0.05 445.3-7.55
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 255.4 0.03 211.320.85
43 Furskins and artificial fur; manufactures thereof 6.6 0.00 0.0
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 14.4 0.00 7.395.90
46 Manufactures of straw, of esparto or of other plaiting materials; basketware and wickerwork 1,134.9 0.13 979.215.90
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 4.8 0.00 0.0
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 0.0 0.00 6.4-100.00
52 Cotton 0.0 0.00 3.5-100.00
53 Other vegetable textile fibers; paper yarn and woven fabric of paper yarn 9.3 0.00 0.0
54 Man-made filaments 1.0 0.00 0.0
55 Man-made staple fibers 0.0 0.00 1.0-100.00
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 587.0 0.06 648.1-9.42
58 Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery 0.9 0.00 14.9-93.97
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 75,583.0 8.33 67,501.811.97
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 131,038.9 14.45 97,670.234.16
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 197.4 0.02 158.224.73
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 96.5 0.01 100.7-4.15
65 Headgear and parts thereof 399.6 0.04 477.1-16.23
67 Prepared feathers and down and articles made of feathers or of down; artificial flowers; articles of human hair 5.8 0.00 0.5993.37
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 146.4 0.02 229.4-36.18
69 Ceramic products 0.0 0.00 156.7-100.00
70 Glass and glassware 24.8 0.00 4.1502.99
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 18,652.8 2.06 22,020.2-15.29
72 Iron and steel 0.0 0.00 6.4-100.00
73 Articles of iron or steel 394.4 0.04 211.686.39
75 Nickel and articles thereof 24,111.6 2.66 37,558.9-35.80
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 2.4 0.00 0.0
81 Other base metals; cermets; articles thereof 65,316.1 7.20 54,163.320.59
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 8.2 0.00 42.7-80.83
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 326.2 0.04 497.3-34.41
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 38.5 0.00 80.2-51.99
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 56.2 0.01 136.4-58.82
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 112.2 0.01 30.6267.01
91 Clocks and watches and parts thereof 8.8 0.00 38.2-76.96
92 Musical instruments; parts and accessories of such articles 6.4 0.00 0.0
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 5.0 0.00 7.1-30.27
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 879.4 0.10 723.721.52
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 227.3 0.03 95.5138.12
97 Works of art, collectors’ pieces and antiques 1,257.9 0.14 988.927.20
99 Commodities not specified according to kind 3,263.0 0.36 2,030.960.66
/td /td46
Compiled by «US-EXPORT–IMPORT» based on the statistics of the US Department of Commerce