US trade (export - import) with Mongolia in 2018

Published or Updated: Jun 17, 2019

The report on US foreign trade in goods with Mongolia in 2018: exports, imports, balance, product types and groups, dynamics.

US Trade with Mongolia

In 2018, US trade with Mongolia totaled $129.9 million, up 43.24% ($39.2 million) from 2017.

US exports to Mongolia in 2018 totaled $119.8 million, up 47.06% ($38.3 million) from 2017.

US imports from Mongolia in 2018 totaled $10.1 million, up 9.61% ($0.9 million) from 2017.

US trade surplus with Mongolia in 2018 was $109.6 million, a 51.87% increase ($37.4 million) over 2017.

Mongolia was the US 157th largest trading partner in 2018 (up from 167th in 2017), accounting for 0.0030% of US total trade (up from 0.0023% in 2017).

Mongolia was the US 141st largest export market in 2018 (up from 147th in 2017), accounting for 0.0072% of US total exports (up from 0.0053% in 2017).

Mongolia was the US 171st largest supplier in 2018 (down from 170th in 2017), accounting for 0.0004% of US total imports (just as in 2017).

US Exports to Mongolia

The major share of US exports to Mongolia in 2018 (and in 2017) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 74.79% of US total exports to Mongolia (69.32% in 2017);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 11.05% of US total exports to Mongolia (13.70% in 2017);
  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 6.66% of US total exports to Mongolia (6.31% in 2017);
  • Metals and products from them (HS codes 72-83) - 2.89% of US total exports to Mongolia (3.84% in 2017);
  • Textiles, textile products and footwear (HS codes 50-67) - 1.44% of US total exports to Mongolia (2.35% in 2017);
  • Mineral products (HS codes 25-27) - 0.96% of US total exports to Mongolia (1.15% in 2017).

The largest gains in US exports to Mongolia in 2018 over 2017 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof (HS code 87) - an increase of $19,769.2 thousand;
  • Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof (HS code 84) - an increase of $4,646.6 thousand;
  • Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof (HS code 90) - an increase of $4,404.2 thousand;
  • Rubber and articles thereof (HS code 40) - an increase of $4,271.6 thousand;
  • Aircraft, spacecraft, and parts thereof (HS code 88) - an increase of $3,368.2 thousand;
  • Miscellaneous edible preparations (HS code 21) - an increase of $2,717.6 thousand;
  • Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles (HS code 85) - an increase of $1,037.6 thousand;
  • Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles (HS code 64) - an increase of $702.3 thousand;
  • Miscellaneous chemical products (HS code 38) - an increase of $571.0 thousand;
  • Articles of iron or steel (HS code 73) - an increase of $460.4 thousand.

The largest declines in US exports to Mongolia in 2018 over 2017 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Pharmaceutical products (HS code 30) - a decrease of $1,740.3 thousand;
  • Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted (HS code 61) - a decrease of $848.3 thousand;
  • Organic chemicals (HS code 29) - a decrease of $614.3 thousand;
  • Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster (HS code 34) - a decrease of $402.8 thousand.
US exports to Mongolia in 2018 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value
of exports
in 2018
(USD thousand)
Share
in total export
(%)
Value
of exports
in 2017
(USD thousand)
Change
in 2018
over 2017
(%)
02 Meat and edible meat offal 0.0 0.00 24.0-100.00
04 Dairy produce; birds eggs; natural honey; edible products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 54.0 0.05 31.372.50
07 Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers 2.9 0.00 0.0
08 Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons 54.7 0.05 235.2-76.76
09 Coffee, tea, maté and spices 61.7 0.05 65.9-6.39
10 Cereals 58.7 0.05 144.2-59.32
11 Products of the milling industry; malt; starches; inulin; wheat gluten 70.6 0.06 0.0
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 2.8 0.00 19.8-85.95
13 Lac; gums, resins and other vegetable saps and extracts 124.1 0.10 62.399.26
15 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes 31.4 0.03 31.8-1.47
17 Sugars and sugar confectionery 162.0 0.14 182.6-11.28
18 Cocoa and cocoa preparations 264.9 0.22 158.667.01
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 57.4 0.05 75.1-23.56
20 Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants 327.0 0.27 204.460.01
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 6,250.0 5.22 3,532.476.93
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 406.8 0.34 291.639.54
23 Residues and waste from the food industries; prepared animal feed 48.5 0.04 75.2-35.51
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 0.0 0.00 23.3-100.00
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 1,149.4 0.96 914.225.72
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 11.9 0.01 0.0
29 Organic chemicals 331.7 0.28 945.9-64.94
30 Pharmaceutical products 662.6 0.55 2,402.8-72.43
31 Fertilizers 0.0 0.00 28.2-100.00
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 335.9 0.28 293.814.35
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 689.0 0.58 668.83.02
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 366.7 0.31 769.5-52.35
35 Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes 26.3 0.02 23.014.31
36 Explosives; pyrotechnic products; matches; pyrophoric alloys; certain combustible preparations 0.0 0.00 7.1-100.00
37 Photographic or cinematographic goods 0.0 0.00 2.5-100.00
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 1,442.0 1.20 871.165.55
39 Plastics and articles thereof 1,079.0 0.90 1,126.7-4.24
40 Rubber and articles thereof 8,286.3 6.92 4,014.6106.40
41 Raw hides and skins (other than furskins) and leather 0.0 0.00 28.6-100.00
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 32.4 0.03 12.9151.98
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 71.6 0.06 44.959.47
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 9.9 0.01 15.4-35.67
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 15.6 0.01 29.5-47.26
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 30.1 0.03 12.8134.96
57 Carpets and other textile floor coverings 32.7 0.03 0.0
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 10.6 0.01 26.3-59.64
60 Knitted or crocheted fabrics 14.1 0.01 0.0
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 165.3 0.14 1,013.6-83.69
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 163.4 0.14 188.3-13.24
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 108.6 0.09 139.6-22.22
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 1,181.0 0.99 478.6146.74
65 Headgear and parts thereof 20.8 0.02 55.7-62.58
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 13.0 0.01 47.5-72.59
69 Ceramic products 6.1 0.01 4.439.64
70 Glass and glassware 123.8 0.10 69.677.88
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 313.1 0.26 21.21,376.73
72 Iron and steel 152.6 0.13 53.2186.87
73 Articles of iron or steel 2,202.8 1.84 1,742.426.42
74 Copper and articles thereof 8.8 0.01 25.7-65.70
75 Nickel and articles thereof 19.4 0.02 8.8119.72
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 57.5 0.05 51.711.19
78 Lead and articles thereof 3.9 0.00 0.0
81 Other base metals; cermets; articles thereof 8.1 0.01 12.9-37.41
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 801.6 0.67 999.7-19.82
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 210.8 0.18 235.8-10.57
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 23,111.0 19.30 18,464.525.16
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 6,018.7 5.03 4,981.120.83
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 44,982.8 37.56 25,213.678.41
88 Aircraft, spacecraft, and parts thereof 8,169.8 6.82 4,801.670.15
89 Ships, boats and floating structures 42.9 0.04 149.0-71.23
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 7,242.9 6.05 2,838.7155.15
91 Clocks and watches and parts thereof 2.9 0.00 14.4-79.56
92 Musical instruments; parts and accessories of such articles 0.0 0.00 17.2-100.00
93 Arms and ammunition; parts and accessories thereof 134.9 0.11 206.9-34.79
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 799.2 0.67 896.2-10.82
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 99.3 0.08 187.6-47.10
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 81.6 0.07 91.1-10.34
97 Works of art, collectors’ pieces and antiques 10.0 0.01 0.0
99 Commodities not specified according to kind 922.5 0.77 1,023.6-9.88

US Imports from Mongolia

The major share of US imports from Mongolia in 2018 (and in 2017) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Mineral products (HS codes 25-27) - 50.68% of US total imports from Mongolia (51.97% in 2017);
  • Textiles, textile products and footwear (HS codes 50-67) - 24.92% of US total imports from Mongolia (17.85% in 2017);
  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 9.85% of US total imports from Mongolia (8.70% in 2017);
  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 1.27% of US total imports from Mongolia (1.45% in 2017);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 0.99% of US total imports from Mongolia (2.06% in 2017).

The largest gains in US imports from Mongolia in 2018 over 2017 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement (HS code 25) - an increase of $919.4 thousand;
  • Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted (HS code 61) - an increase of $858.2 thousand;
  • Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof (HS code 90) - an increase of $326.7 thousand;
  • Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof (HS code 84) - an increase of $187.1 thousand;
  • Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings (HS code 94) - an increase of $143.9 thousand;
  • Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted (HS code 62) - an increase of $83.3 thousand;
  • Plastics and articles thereof (HS code 39) - an increase of $78.6 thousand;
  • Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder (HS code 12) - an increase of $51.9 thousand;
  • Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof (HS code 95) - an increase of $48.8 thousand;
  • Clocks and watches and parts thereof (HS code 91) - an increase of $46.5 thousand.

The largest declines in US imports from Mongolia in 2018 over the 2017 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Ores, slag and ash (HS code 26) - a decrease of $588.0 thousand;
  • Works of art, collectors’ pieces and antiques (HS code 97) - a decrease of $587.2 thousand;
  • Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof (HS code 87) - a decrease of $230.5 thousand;
  • Organic chemicals (HS code 29) - a decrease of $117.0 thousand;
  • Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles (HS code 85) - a decrease of $89.9 thousand;
  • Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin (HS code 71) - a decrease of $84.8 thousand;
  • Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes (HS code 28) - a decrease of $53.3 thousand;
  • Carpets and other textile floor coverings (HS code 57) - a decrease of $45.2 thousand;
  • Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal (HS code 44) - a decrease of $42.6 thousand;
  • Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants (HS code 20) - a decrease of $38.8 thousand;
  • Miscellaneous edible preparations (HS code 21) - a decrease of $38.5 thousand;
  • Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags (HS code 63) - a decrease of $33.1 thousand.
US imports from Mongolia in 2018 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value
of imports
in 2018
(USD thousand)
Share
in total import
(%)
Value
of imports
in 2017
USD thousand)
Change
in 2018
over 2017
(%)
07 Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers 10.1 0.10 0.0
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 51.9 0.51 0.0
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 3.8 0.04 12.8-70.21
20 Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants 6.7 0.07 45.5-85.28
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 2.9 0.03 41.4-92.99
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 13.5 0.13 12.94.47
23 Residues and waste from the food industries; prepared animal feed 39.7 0.39 21.882.33
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 999.5 9.85 80.11,148.23
26 Ores, slag and ash 4,142.3 40.83 4,730.3-12.43
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 0.0 0.00 53.3-100.00
29 Organic chemicals 0.0 0.00 117.0-100.00
39 Plastics and articles thereof 99.1 0.98 20.5383.37
40 Rubber and articles thereof 1.4 0.01 0.0
41 Raw hides and skins (other than furskins) and leather 5.3 0.05 0.0
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 16.5 0.16 0.0
43 Furskins and artificial fur; manufactures thereof 6.5 0.06 0.0
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 0.0 0.00 42.6-100.00
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 0.0 0.00 11.2-100.00
51 Wool, fine or coarse animal hair; horsehair yarn and woven fabric 7.7 0.08 15.9-51.80
55 Man-made staple fibers 8.9 0.09 0.0
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 2.6 0.03 0.0
57 Carpets and other textile floor coverings 4.8 0.05 50.0-90.35
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 1,997.4 19.69 1,139.275.34
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 193.1 1.90 109.875.89
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 221.0 2.18 254.2-13.04
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 32.1 0.32 46.8-31.40
65 Headgear and parts thereof 60.6 0.60 36.765.27
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 0.0 0.00 84.8-100.00
73 Articles of iron or steel 21.1 0.21 0.0
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 14.5 0.14 0.0
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 394.5 3.89 207.390.27
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 101.1 1.00 191.0-47.04
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 136.3 1.34 366.8-62.84
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 367.1 3.62 40.5807.30
91 Clocks and watches and parts thereof 46.5 0.46 0.0
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 188.9 1.86 44.9320.16
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 51.5 0.51 2.71,783.55
97 Works of art, collectors’ pieces and antiques 82.1 0.81 669.2-87.74
99 Commodities not specified according to kind 814.6 8.03 806.90.96
Compiled by «US-EXPORT–IMPORT» based on the statistics of the US Department of Commerce