US trade (export - import) with Nepal in 2018

Published or Updated: Jul 10, 2019

The report on US foreign trade in goods with Nepal in 2018: exports, imports, balance, product types and groups, dynamics.

US Trade with Nepal

In 2018, US trade with Nepal was $161.3 million, down 6.99% ($12.1 million) from 2017.

US exports to Nepal in 2018 were $55.6 million, down 26.56% ($20.1 million) from 2017.

US imports from Nepal in 2018 totaled $105.7 million, up 8.17% ($8.0 million) from 2017.

US trade deficit with Nepal in 2018 was $50.1 million, a 127.76% increase ($28.1 million) over 2017.

Nepal was the US 149th largest trading partner in 2018 (down from 148th in 2017), accounting for 0.0038% of US total trade (down from 0.0044% in 2017).

Nepal was the US 164th largest export market in 2018 (down from 151st in 2017), accounting for 0.0033% of US total exports (down from 0.0049% in 2017).

Nepal was the US 122nd largest supplier in 2018 (up from 124th in 2017), accounting for 0.0040% of US total imports (down from 0.0041% in 2017).

US Exports to Nepal

The major share of US exports to Nepal in 2018 (and in 2017) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 71.93% of US total exports to Nepal (74.76% in 2017);
  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 9.35% of US total exports to Nepal (9.35% in 2017);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 7.96% of US total exports to Nepal (3.89% in 2017).

The largest gains in US exports to Nepal in 2018 over 2017 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof (HS code 84) - an increase of $3,157.4 thousand;
  • Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder (HS code 12) - an increase of $2,345.5 thousand;
  • Pharmaceutical products (HS code 30) - an increase of $730.8 thousand;
  • Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations (HS code 33) - an increase of $349.5 thousand;
  • Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal (HS code 44) - an increase of $317.3 thousand;
  • Plastics and articles thereof (HS code 39) - an increase of $247.3 thousand;
  • Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof (HS code 95) - an increase of $209.6 thousand;
  • Residues and waste from the food industries; prepared animal feed (HS code 23) - an increase of $173.7 thousand.

The largest declines in US exports to Nepal in 2018 over 2017 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Aircraft, spacecraft, and parts thereof (HS code 88) - a decrease of $16,345.8 thousand;
  • Commodities not specified according to kind (HS code 99) - a decrease of $4,111.5 thousand;
  • Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof (HS code 90) - a decrease of $3,113.3 thousand;
  • Cocoa and cocoa preparations (HS code 18) - a decrease of $2,943.9 thousand;
  • Miscellaneous edible preparations (HS code 21) - a decrease of $955.8 thousand;
  • Dairy produce; birds eggs; natural honey; edible products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included (HS code 04) - a decrease of $388.5 thousand;
  • Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles (HS code 85) - a decrease of $288.3 thousand;
  • Miscellaneous chemical products (HS code 38) - a decrease of $174.7 thousand.
US exports to Nepal in 2018 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value
of exports
in 2018
(USD thousand)
Share
in total export
(%)
Value
of exports
in 2017
(USD thousand)
Change
in 2018
over 2017
(%)
01 Live animals 375.3 0.67 375.30.00
04 Dairy produce; birds eggs; natural honey; edible products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 252.1 0.45 640.5-60.65
05 Products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 5.0 0.01 8.7-42.53
06 Live trees and other plants; bulbs, roots and the like; cut flowers and ornamental foliage 13.9 0.02 23.9-41.82
07 Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers 0.0 0.00 10.4-100.00
08 Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons 428.1 0.77 371.515.23
10 Cereals 12.9 0.02 21.8-41.15
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 2,429.1 4.37 83.72,803.63
13 Lac; gums, resins and other vegetable saps and extracts 0.0 0.00 63.9-100.00
15 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes 3.2 0.01 3.13.96
18 Cocoa and cocoa preparations 232.4 0.42 3,176.2-92.68
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 3.9 0.01 0.0
20 Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants 7.7 0.01 0.0
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 1,224.6 2.20 2,180.4-43.84
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 31.3 0.06 112.4-72.19
23 Residues and waste from the food industries; prepared animal feed 180.4 0.32 6.72,606.59
24 Tobacco and manufactured tobacco substitutes 0.0 0.00 3.4-100.00
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 130.5 0.23 45.4187.69
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 7.6 0.01 0.0
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 21.0 0.04 18.314.60
29 Organic chemicals 383.7 0.69 262.246.36
30 Pharmaceutical products 1,705.5 3.07 974.774.98
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 139.2 0.25 177.2-21.48
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 475.6 0.86 126.1277.17
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 477.8 0.86 340.540.30
35 Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes 2.6 0.00 69.6-96.20
37 Photographic or cinematographic goods 109.2 0.20 0.0
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 377.0 0.68 551.7-31.66
39 Plastics and articles thereof 640.9 1.15 393.562.85
40 Rubber and articles thereof 96.5 0.17 28.2242.55
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 46.6 0.08 22.7105.65
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 411.8 0.74 94.5335.82
47 Pulp of wood or of other fibrous cellulosic material; waste and scrap of paper or paperboard 60.8 0.11 14.8311.06
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 21.6 0.04 6.9212.09
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 39.7 0.07 54.5-27.16
54 Man-made filaments 13.6 0.02 6.4111.38
55 Man-made staple fibers 18.1 0.03 3.2466.17
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 3.4 0.01 6.1-43.89
57 Carpets and other textile floor coverings 12.2 0.02 22.9-46.60
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 0.0 0.00 2.7-100.00
60 Knitted or crocheted fabrics 0.0 0.00 7.4-100.00
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 26.9 0.05 22.519.54
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 145.0 0.26 39.1270.49
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 21.3 0.04 2.8662.54
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 8.2 0.01 2.7203.57
65 Headgear and parts thereof 64.4 0.12 13.5376.57
66 Umbrellas, sun umbrellas, walking sticks, seatsticks, whips, riding-crops and parts thereof 0.0 0.00 3.3-100.00
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 0.0 0.00 19.1-100.00
69 Ceramic products 2.8 0.01 0.0
70 Glass and glassware 20.9 0.04 2.7661.54
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 0.0 0.00 11.0-100.00
73 Articles of iron or steel 96.8 0.17 93.13.97
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 6.4 0.01 0.0
78 Lead and articles thereof 45.7 0.08 0.0
80 Tin and articles thereof 0.0 0.00 35.3-100.00
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 19.9 0.04 13.844.23
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 16.4 0.03 36.3-54.76
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 12,034.3 21.64 8,876.935.57
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 2,248.5 4.04 2,536.8-11.36
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 395.2 0.71 455.8-13.32
88 Aircraft, spacecraft, and parts thereof 17,213.2 30.95 33,559.0-48.71
89 Ships, boats and floating structures 61.5 0.11 20.8196.29
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 8,044.7 14.47 11,157.9-27.90
91 Clocks and watches and parts thereof 7.1 0.01 0.0
92 Musical instruments; parts and accessories of such articles 64.9 0.12 21.0208.58
93 Arms and ammunition; parts and accessories thereof 3.5 0.01 10.7-67.72
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 207.3 0.37 120.272.41
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 375.4 0.68 165.8126.42
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 33.1 0.06 9.3257.39
97 Works of art, collectors’ pieces and antiques 0.0 0.00 12.7-100.00
99 Commodities not specified according to kind 4,051.8 7.29 8,163.3-50.37

US Imports from Nepal

The major share of US imports from Nepal in 2018 (and in 2017) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Textiles, textile products and footwear (HS codes 50-67) - 61.65% of US total imports from Nepal (62.02% in 2017);
  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 12.06% of US total imports from Nepal (8.99% in 2017);
  • Precious metals and stones (HS code 71) - 2.56% of US total imports from Nepal (1.77% in 2017);
  • Wood and wood products (HS codes 44-49) - 2.21% of US total imports from Nepal (1.86% in 2017);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 1.96% of US total imports from Nepal (2.56% in 2017);
  • Metals and products from them (HS codes 72-83) - 0.86% of US total imports from Nepal (1.23% in 2017);
  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 0.35% of US total imports from Nepal (1.26% in 2017).

The largest gains in US imports from Nepal in 2018 over 2017 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Carpets and other textile floor coverings (HS code 57) - an increase of $4,320.2 thousand;
  • Residues and waste from the food industries; prepared animal feed (HS code 23) - an increase of $2,602.1 thousand;
  • Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin (HS code 71) - an increase of $976.7 thousand;
  • Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal (HS code 44) - an increase of $442.3 thousand;
  • Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags (HS code 63) - an increase of $415.1 thousand;
  • Musical instruments; parts and accessories of such articles (HS code 92) - an increase of $401.0 thousand;
  • Lac; gums, resins and other vegetable saps and extracts (HS code 13) - an increase of $396.2 thousand;
  • Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted (HS code 61) - an increase of $349.7 thousand;
  • Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares (HS code 19) - an increase of $333.4 thousand.

The largest declines in US imports from Nepal in 2018 over the 2017 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof (HS code 84) - a decrease of $944.3 thousand;
  • Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted (HS code 62) - a decrease of $791.3 thousand;
  • Works of art, collectors’ pieces and antiques (HS code 97) - a decrease of $391.4 thousand;
  • Glass and glassware (HS code 70) - a decrease of $345.8 thousand;
  • Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations (HS code 33) - a decrease of $327.1 thousand.
US imports from Nepal in 2018 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value
of imports
in 2018
(USD thousand)
Share
in total import
(%)
Value
of imports
in 2017
USD thousand)
Change
in 2018
over 2017
(%)
01 Live animals 0.0 0.00 2.0-100.00
04 Dairy produce; birds eggs; natural honey; edible products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 177.5 0.17 74.1139.40
05 Products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 134.7 0.13 0.0
06 Live trees and other plants; bulbs, roots and the like; cut flowers and ornamental foliage 10.8 0.01 24.9-56.45
07 Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers 37.9 0.04 43.5-12.79
08 Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons 3.3 0.00 18.0-81.88
09 Coffee, tea, maté and spices 641.5 0.61 399.860.45
11 Products of the milling industry; malt; starches; inulin; wheat gluten 82.0 0.08 40.7101.40
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 50.8 0.05 3.81,244.61
13 Lac; gums, resins and other vegetable saps and extracts 396.2 0.37 0.0
17 Sugars and sugar confectionery 92.8 0.09 38.4141.50
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 865.5 0.82 532.162.65
20 Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants 196.7 0.19 151.829.62
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 6.4 0.01 2.6142.74
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 4.8 0.00 13.7-65.07
23 Residues and waste from the food industries; prepared animal feed 10,043.0 9.50 7,440.934.97
30 Pharmaceutical products 580.8 0.55 520.111.67
31 Fertilizers 2.3 0.00 0.0
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 7.3 0.01 0.0
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 1,315.7 1.24 1,642.8-19.91
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 22.9 0.02 29.0-21.00
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 8.6 0.01 8.50.67
39 Plastics and articles thereof 128.8 0.12 297.0-56.64
40 Rubber and articles thereof 0.7 0.00 6.8-89.53
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 2,173.9 2.06 2,035.26.81
43 Furskins and artificial fur; manufactures thereof 0.7 0.00 10.9-93.78
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 511.4 0.48 69.1640.28
46 Manufactures of straw, of esparto or of other plaiting materials; basketware and wickerwork 133.5 0.13 198.5-32.73
47 Pulp of wood or of other fibrous cellulosic material; waste and scrap of paper or paperboard 54.7 0.05 74.0-26.13
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 1,490.8 1.41 1,349.810.45
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 147.0 0.14 126.116.57
50 Silk 10.9 0.01 3.4218.81
51 Wool, fine or coarse animal hair; horsehair yarn and woven fabric 179.4 0.17 205.9-12.88
52 Cotton 2.5 0.00 3.9-37.12
53 Other vegetable textile fibers; paper yarn and woven fabric of paper yarn 9.3 0.01 3.9138.13
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 378.0 0.36 288.331.13
57 Carpets and other textile floor coverings 42,583.3 40.29 38,263.111.29
58 Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery 16.4 0.02 7.3123.90
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 56.0 0.05 35.458.23
60 Knitted or crocheted fabrics 1.0 0.00 11.2-91.40
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 4,986.1 4.72 4,636.47.54
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 6,966.0 6.59 7,757.3-10.20
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 8,071.4 7.64 7,656.35.42
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 202.8 0.19 165.922.20
65 Headgear and parts thereof 1,656.5 1.57 1,500.210.42
67 Prepared feathers and down and articles made of feathers or of down; artificial flowers; articles of human hair 33.4 0.03 60.2-44.48
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 23.6 0.02 3.1652.39
69 Ceramic products 91.5 0.09 64.442.10
70 Glass and glassware 299.6 0.28 645.4-53.58
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 2,702.3 2.56 1,725.756.59
73 Articles of iron or steel 5.5 0.01 122.8-95.54
74 Copper and articles thereof 373.1 0.35 414.6-10.01
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 55.4 0.05 48.614.01
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 31.9 0.03 63.3-49.57
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 445.4 0.42 555.3-19.80
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 63.7 0.06 1,007.9-93.68
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 219.3 0.21 28.9658.65
86 Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds 0.0 0.00 20.0-100.00
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 5.1 0.00 5.5-6.26
88 Aircraft, spacecraft, and parts thereof 7.8 0.01 0.0
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 79.1 0.07 168.5-53.06
92 Musical instruments; parts and accessories of such articles 658.6 0.62 257.5155.72
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 121.0 0.11 146.1-17.17
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 2,065.4 1.95 1,889.39.32
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 100.9 0.10 251.2-59.83
97 Works of art, collectors’ pieces and antiques 11,304.8 10.70 11,696.3-3.35
99 Commodities not specified according to kind 2,560.1 2.42 2,837.3-9.77
Compiled by «US-EXPORT–IMPORT» based on the statistics of the US Department of Commerce