US trade (export - import) with Nicaragua in 2018

Published or Updated: Jun 04, 2019

The report on US foreign trade in goods with Nicaragua in 2018: exports, imports, balance, product types and groups, dynamics.

US Trade with Nicaragua

In 2018, US trade with Nicaragua totaled $5,298.4 million, up 7.39% ($364.5 million) from 2017.

US exports to Nicaragua in 2018 totaled $1,605.2 million, up 1.39% ($22.0 million) from 2017.

US imports from Nicaragua in 2018 totaled $3,693.2 million, up 10.22% ($342.5 million) from 2017.

US trade deficit with Nicaragua in 2018 was $2,088.0 million, a 18.13% increase ($320.4 million) over 2017.

Nicaragua was the US 62nd largest trading partner in 2018 (down from 61st in 2017), accounting for 0.1238% of US total trade (down from 0.1248% in 2017).

Nicaragua was the US 68th largest export market in 2018 (down from 65th in 2017), accounting for 0.0964% of US total exports (down from 0.1024% in 2017).

Nicaragua was the US 60th largest supplier in 2018 (down from 58th in 2017), accounting for 0.1412% of US total imports (up from 0.1391% in 2017).

US Exports to Nicaragua

The major share of US exports to Nicaragua in 2018 (and in 2017) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Textiles, textile products and footwear (HS codes 50-67) - 29.25% of US total exports to Nicaragua (21.58% in 2017);
  • Mineral products (HS codes 25-27) - 25.86% of US total exports to Nicaragua (19.28% in 2017);
  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 15.81% of US total exports to Nicaragua (22.31% in 2017);
  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 13.12% of US total exports to Nicaragua (12.94% in 2017);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 5.40% of US total exports to Nicaragua (7.03% in 2017);
  • Wood and wood products (HS codes 44-49) - 2.03% of US total exports to Nicaragua (2.86% in 2017);
  • Metals and products from them (HS codes 72-83) - 1.15% of US total exports to Nicaragua (1.56% in 2017).

The largest gains in US exports to Nicaragua in 2018 over 2017 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes (HS code 27) - an increase of $110.6 million;
  • Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted (HS code 61) - an increase of $71.5 million;
  • Cotton (HS code 52) - an increase of $20.9 million;
  • Knitted or crocheted fabrics (HS code 60) - an increase of $20.0 million;
  • Cereals (HS code 10) - an increase of $17.2 million;
  • Man-made staple fibers (HS code 55) - an increase of $15.3 million;
  • Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery (HS code 58) - an increase of $9.1 million.

The largest declines in US exports to Nicaragua in 2018 over 2017 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Commodities not specified according to kind (HS code 99) - a decrease of $69.5 million;
  • Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof (HS code 84) - a decrease of $46.1 million;
  • Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles (HS code 85) - a decrease of $29.5 million;
  • Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof (HS code 87) - a decrease of $18.9 million;
  • Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard (HS code 48) - a decrease of $13.4 million;
  • Fertilizers (HS code 31) - a decrease of $8.6 million;
  • Plastics and articles thereof (HS code 39) - a decrease of $5.4 million.
US exports to Nicaragua in 2018 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value
of exports
in 2018
(USD thousand)
Share
in total export
(%)
Value
of exports
in 2017
(USD thousand)
Change
in 2018
over 2017
(%)
01 Live animals 870.9 0.05 977.4-10.89
02 Meat and edible meat offal 21,070.6 1.31 19,079.610.44
03 Fish and crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates 943.4 0.06 2,059.1-54.18
04 Dairy produce; birds eggs; natural honey; edible products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 12,596.3 0.78 12,114.83.97
05 Products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 1,442.1 0.09 1,951.4-26.10
06 Live trees and other plants; bulbs, roots and the like; cut flowers and ornamental foliage 840.4 0.05 88.6848.95
07 Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers 1,670.5 0.10 1,402.519.11
08 Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons 4,307.8 0.27 7,139.5-39.66
09 Coffee, tea, maté and spices 404.5 0.03 677.6-40.30
10 Cereals 66,631.3 4.15 49,468.534.69
11 Products of the milling industry; malt; starches; inulin; wheat gluten 314.3 0.02 259.820.97
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 7,488.7 0.47 7,917.3-5.41
13 Lac; gums, resins and other vegetable saps and extracts 51.8 0.00 202.8-74.47
14 Vegetable plaiting materials; vegetable products not elsewhere specified or included 11.4 0.00 13.8-16.85
15 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes 14,997.3 0.93 17,625.3-14.91
16 Preparations of meat, of fish or of crustaceans, molluscs or other aquatic invertebrates 1,848.8 0.12 2,366.6-21.88
17 Sugars and sugar confectionery 2,067.6 0.13 1,590.729.98
18 Cocoa and cocoa preparations 2,148.3 0.13 2,989.7-28.14
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 6,342.6 0.40 7,675.0-17.36
20 Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants 7,559.3 0.47 8,785.9-13.96
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 12,988.2 0.81 13,993.9-7.19
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 1,612.0 0.10 2,448.5-34.16
23 Residues and waste from the food industries; prepared animal feed 40,275.5 2.51 41,129.1-2.08
24 Tobacco and manufactured tobacco substitutes 2,079.7 0.13 2,965.3-29.87
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 1,980.2 0.12 2,595.8-23.72
26 Ores, slag and ash 14.6 0.00 59.5-75.52
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 413,117.8 25.74 302,523.636.56
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 7,465.6 0.47 6,466.315.45
29 Organic chemicals 6,880.5 0.43 6,641.73.60
30 Pharmaceutical products 4,378.8 0.27 4,706.3-6.96
31 Fertilizers 4,607.9 0.29 13,253.8-65.23
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 7,224.1 0.45 9,567.2-24.49
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 5,683.4 0.35 7,862.9-27.72
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 2,945.1 0.18 3,713.9-20.70
35 Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes 1,123.6 0.07 2,480.6-54.71
36 Explosives; pyrotechnic products; matches; pyrophoric alloys; certain combustible preparations 22.7 0.00 61.1-62.89
37 Photographic or cinematographic goods 428.2 0.03 543.4-21.20
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 12,399.2 0.77 13,554.3-8.52
39 Plastics and articles thereof 28,720.9 1.79 34,167.3-15.94
40 Rubber and articles thereof 4,826.4 0.30 8,203.1-41.16
41 Raw hides and skins (other than furskins) and leather 320.8 0.02 138.2132.05
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 701.4 0.04 938.2-25.24
43 Furskins and artificial fur; manufactures thereof 28.3 0.00 55.4-48.89
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 3,065.9 0.19 2,250.236.25
45 Cork and articles of cork 7.3 0.00 3.2132.97
46 Manufactures of straw, of esparto or of other plaiting materials; basketware and wickerwork 69.2 0.00 0.0
47 Pulp of wood or of other fibrous cellulosic material; waste and scrap of paper or paperboard 18.9 0.00 13.738.06
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 27,431.5 1.71 40,827.7-32.81
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 2,052.7 0.13 2,173.9-5.58
50 Silk 36.0 0.00 0.0
51 Wool, fine or coarse animal hair; horsehair yarn and woven fabric 5.0 0.00 18.9-73.42
52 Cotton 64,147.5 4.00 43,255.848.30
53 Other vegetable textile fibers; paper yarn and woven fabric of paper yarn 7.8 0.00 130.7-94.01
54 Man-made filaments 3,573.3 0.22 2,459.445.29
55 Man-made staple fibers 44,037.7 2.74 28,786.952.98
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 1,587.2 0.10 1,475.27.59
57 Carpets and other textile floor coverings 423.6 0.03 488.4-13.27
58 Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery 49,578.3 3.09 40,518.622.36
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 2,412.4 0.15 4,463.0-45.95
60 Knitted or crocheted fabrics 69,792.3 4.35 49,770.140.23
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 206,561.1 12.87 135,060.452.94
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 2,649.8 0.17 3,440.8-22.99
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 22,144.8 1.38 26,219.3-15.54
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 2,319.8 0.14 4,941.0-53.05
65 Headgear and parts thereof 240.5 0.01 154.056.17
66 Umbrellas, sun umbrellas, walking sticks, seatsticks, whips, riding-crops and parts thereof 33.4 0.00 307.5-89.13
67 Prepared feathers and down and articles made of feathers or of down; artificial flowers; articles of human hair 7.7 0.00 134.0-94.29
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 1,298.4 0.08 2,267.9-42.75
69 Ceramic products 386.1 0.02 520.7-25.86
70 Glass and glassware 972.6 0.06 1,630.3-40.34
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 210.2 0.01 271.3-22.52
72 Iron and steel 686.0 0.04 848.6-19.16
73 Articles of iron or steel 8,305.0 0.52 9,180.0-9.53
74 Copper and articles thereof 375.3 0.02 2,092.1-82.06
75 Nickel and articles thereof 24.4 0.00 19.624.16
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 2,980.0 0.19 3,689.2-19.22
78 Lead and articles thereof 100.4 0.01 264.0-61.98
79 Zinc and articles thereof 121.9 0.01 278.3-56.20
80 Tin and articles thereof 9.3 0.00 35.2-73.57
81 Other base metals; cermets; articles thereof 17.0 0.00 18.1-6.03
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 3,474.6 0.22 5,902.5-41.13
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 2,405.1 0.15 2,399.40.24
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 117,564.1 7.32 163,709.1-28.19
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 74,440.6 4.64 103,895.2-28.35
86 Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds 357.1 0.02 406.0-12.05
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 30,401.6 1.89 49,327.7-38.37
88 Aircraft, spacecraft, and parts thereof 3,761.9 0.23 7,865.1-52.17
89 Ships, boats and floating structures 3,965.8 0.25 2,371.067.26
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 23,240.5 1.45 25,689.4-9.53
91 Clocks and watches and parts thereof 95.1 0.01 173.1-45.06
92 Musical instruments; parts and accessories of such articles 238.3 0.01 454.5-47.57
93 Arms and ammunition; parts and accessories thereof 448.8 0.03 680.9-34.08
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 8,006.4 0.50 11,332.9-29.35
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 3,295.5 0.21 6,837.2-51.80
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 9,829.6 0.61 9,212.86.70
97 Works of art, collectors’ pieces and antiques 11.0 0.00 469.5-97.65
99 Commodities not specified according to kind 92,528.1 5.76 161,981.3-42.88

US Imports from Nicaragua

The major share of US imports from Nicaragua in 2018 (and in 2017) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Textiles, textile products and footwear (HS codes 50-67) - 46.46% of US total imports from Nicaragua (45.73% in 2017);
  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 27.12% of US total imports from Nicaragua (28.02% in 2017);
  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 14.18% of US total imports from Nicaragua (16.30% in 2017);
  • Precious metals and stones (HS code 71) - 10.52% of US total imports from Nicaragua (8.39% in 2017).

The largest gains in US imports from Nicaragua in 2018 over 2017 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin (HS code 71) - an increase of $107.4 million;
  • Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted (HS code 61) - an increase of $95.8 million;
  • Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted (HS code 62) - an increase of $79.2 million;
  • Meat and edible meat offal (HS code 02) - an increase of $31.6 million;
  • Tobacco and manufactured tobacco substitutes (HS code 24) - an increase of $31.6 million;
  • Fish and crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates (HS code 03) - an increase of $16.1 million.

The largest declines in US imports from Nicaragua in 2018 over the 2017 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Coffee, tea, maté and spices (HS code 09) - a decrease of $43.4 million;
  • Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles (HS code 85) - a decrease of $24.6 million.
US imports from Nicaragua in 2018 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value
of imports
in 2018
(USD thousand)
Share
in total import
(%)
Value
of imports
in 2017
USD thousand)
Change
in 2018
over 2017
(%)
01 Live animals 199.8 0.01 70.4183.63
02 Meat and edible meat offal 244,854.5 6.63 213,209.914.84
03 Fish and crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates 87,971.7 2.38 71,831.022.47
04 Dairy produce; birds eggs; natural honey; edible products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 30,401.6 0.82 22,590.634.58
05 Products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 316.3 0.01 175.280.60
06 Live trees and other plants; bulbs, roots and the like; cut flowers and ornamental foliage 7,396.2 0.20 6,464.314.42
07 Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers 39,039.9 1.06 31,194.225.15
08 Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons 21,786.6 0.59 24,574.5-11.34
09 Coffee, tea, maté and spices 252,606.3 6.84 296,050.4-14.67
11 Products of the milling industry; malt; starches; inulin; wheat gluten 28.0 0.00 23.121.11
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 3,886.2 0.11 2,585.550.31
15 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes 10,070.0 0.27 7,163.140.58
16 Preparations of meat, of fish or of crustaceans, molluscs or other aquatic invertebrates 2,977.6 0.08 3,061.0-2.73
17 Sugars and sugar confectionery 61,913.7 1.68 59,512.54.03
18 Cocoa and cocoa preparations 252.5 0.01 234.97.49
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 537.2 0.01 719.3-25.32
20 Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants 3,771.6 0.10 141.62,563.77
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 4,860.4 0.13 4,136.317.51
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 14,749.0 0.40 12,687.916.24
24 Tobacco and manufactured tobacco substitutes 214,120.3 5.80 182,504.217.32
26 Ores, slag and ash 360.4 0.01 0.0
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 6.2 0.00 5.218.94
30 Pharmaceutical products 7,083.7 0.19 3,907.181.30
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 0.0 0.00 91.0-100.00
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 27.5 0.00 80.9-66.03
35 Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes 3.7 0.00 0.0
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 50.5 0.00 0.0
39 Plastics and articles thereof 3,120.8 0.08 1,366.0128.46
40 Rubber and articles thereof 6.3 0.00 0.31,712.46
41 Raw hides and skins (other than furskins) and leather 12.0 0.00 8.442.75
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 3,965.1 0.11 3,420.015.94
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 1,747.4 0.05 2,326.9-24.91
46 Manufactures of straw, of esparto or of other plaiting materials; basketware and wickerwork 25.7 0.00 24.54.75
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 180.5 0.00 188.7-4.33
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 49.6 0.00 40.123.45
50 Silk 147.0 0.00 81.480.71
52 Cotton 300.9 0.01 182.265.16
54 Man-made filaments 534.2 0.01 118.4351.13
55 Man-made staple fibers 10.6 0.00 0.91,094.61
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 71.4 0.00 41.671.56
57 Carpets and other textile floor coverings 1.2 0.00 15.3-91.86
58 Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery 215.1 0.01 81.3164.76
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 3.0 0.00 2.427.25
60 Knitted or crocheted fabrics 3.5 0.00 8.8-60.44
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 1,207,111.8 32.68 1,111,359.28.62
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 487,254.1 13.19 408,030.319.42
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 2,762.0 0.07 1,867.147.93
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 17,216.1 0.47 10,550.563.18
65 Headgear and parts thereof 100.9 0.00 22.6347.16
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 738.4 0.02 443.766.42
69 Ceramic products 646.3 0.02 644.30.31
70 Glass and glassware 5.3 0.00 36.6-85.48
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 388,697.9 10.52 281,273.038.19
72 Iron and steel 2.7 0.00 3.5-23.22
74 Copper and articles thereof 1,337.4 0.04 1,836.6-27.18
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 816.8 0.02 1,000.2-18.33
80 Tin and articles thereof 80.6 0.00 59.036.60
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 0.0 0.00 9.4-100.00
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 5.1 0.00 3.070.28
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 1,278.4 0.03 2,128.9-39.95
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 513,543.9 13.91 538,189.4-4.58
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 600.0 0.02 996.5-39.78
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 8,219.5 0.22 4,881.168.40
92 Musical instruments; parts and accessories of such articles 80.6 0.00 55.545.09
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 19,615.1 0.53 22,583.5-13.14
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 1,468.7 0.04 430.4241.24
97 Works of art, collectors’ pieces and antiques 56.5 0.00 894.0-93.68
99 Commodities not specified according to kind 21,924.5 0.59 12,544.674.77
Compiled by «US-EXPORT–IMPORT» based on the statistics of the US Department of Commerce