US trade (export - import) with Nigeria in 2015

Published or Updated: Feb 17, 2017

The report on US foreign trade in goods with Nigeria in 2015: exports, imports, balance, product types and groups, dynamics.

US Trade with Nigeria

In 2015, US trade with Nigeria was $5,414.1 million, down 45.33% ($4,489.1 million) from 2014.

US exports to Nigeria in 2015 were $3,410.3 million, down 42.85% ($2,557.5 million) from 2014.

US imports from Nigeria in 2015 were $2,003.8 million, down 49.08% ($1,931.6 million) from 2014.

US trade surplus with Nigeria in 2015 was $1,406.5 million, a 30.79% decrease ($625.8 million) over 2014.

Nigeria was the US 60th largest trading partner in 2015 (down from 49th in 2014), accounting for 0.14% of US total trade (down from 0.25% in 2014).

Nigeria was the US 50th largest export market in 2015 (down from 41st in 2014), accounting for 0.23% of US total exports (down from 0.37% in 2014).

Nigeria was the US 65th largest supplier in 2015 (down from 56th in 2014), accounting for 0.09% of US total imports (down from 0.16% in 2014).

US Exports to Nigeria

The major share of US exports to Nigeria in 2015 (and in 2014) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 42.07% of US total exports to Nigeria (36.41% in 2014);
  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 20.28% of US total exports to Nigeria (14.86% in 2014);
  • Mineral products (HS codes 25-27) - 18.02% of US total exports to Nigeria (35.76% in 2014);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 11.43% of US total exports to Nigeria (7.21% in 2014);
  • Metals and products from them (HS codes 72-83) - 3.42% of US total exports to Nigeria (2.69% in 2014);
  • Wood and wood products (HS codes 44-49) - 0.96% of US total exports to Nigeria (1.01% in 2014).

The largest gains in US exports to Nigeria in 2015 over 2014 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder (HS code 12) - an increase of $15.1 million;
  • Aircraft, spacecraft, and parts thereof (HS code 88) - an increase of $14.9 million;
  • Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings (HS code 94) - an increase of $12.4 million.

The largest declines in US exports to Nigeria in 2015 over 2014 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes (HS code 27) - a decrease of $1,517.2 million;
  • Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof (HS code 87) - a decrease of $566.4 million;
  • Cereals (HS code 10) - a decrease of $190.0 million;
  • Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof (HS code 84) - a decrease of $118.9 million;
  • Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof (HS code 90) - a decrease of $33.8 million;
  • Articles of iron or steel (HS code 73) - a decrease of $31.6 million;
  • Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard (HS code 48) - a decrease of $24.4 million;
  • Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles (HS code 85) - a decrease of $21.2 million;
  • Beverages, spirits and vinegar (HS code 22) - a decrease of $19.3 million;
  • Ships, boats and floating structures (HS code 89) - a decrease of $14.2 million;
  • Plastics and articles thereof (HS code 39) - a decrease of $12.4 million;
  • Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations (HS code 33) - a decrease of $10.3 million.
US exports to Nigeria in 2015 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value
of exports
in 2015
(USD thousand)
Share
in total export
(%)
Value
of exports
in 2014
(USD thousand)
Change
in 2015
over 2014
(%)
02 Meat and edible meat offal 596.6 0.02 266.1124.16
03 Fish and crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates 12,403.7 0.36 2,565.0383.57
04 Dairy produce; birds eggs; natural honey; edible products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 7,208.4 0.21 9,529.0-24.35
05 Products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 144.6 0.00 149.5-3.25
06 Live trees and other plants; bulbs, roots and the like; cut flowers and ornamental foliage 20.1 0.00 42.7-53.06
07 Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers 78.4 0.00 101.1-22.49
08 Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons 160.0 0.00 233.5-31.45
09 Coffee, tea, maté and spices 574.3 0.02 601.1-4.46
10 Cereals 516,313.3 15.14 706,302.6-26.90
11 Products of the milling industry; malt; starches; inulin; wheat gluten 1,139.4 0.03 1,637.5-30.42
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 15,465.6 0.45 352.64,285.76
13 Lac; gums, resins and other vegetable saps and extracts 326.3 0.01 481.9-32.28
14 Vegetable plaiting materials; vegetable products not elsewhere specified or included 49.5 0.00 38.827.39
15 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes 12,741.0 0.37 12,146.34.90
16 Preparations of meat, of fish or of crustaceans, molluscs or other aquatic invertebrates 238.4 0.01 0.0
17 Sugars and sugar confectionery 327.7 0.01 584.7-43.95
18 Cocoa and cocoa preparations 86.8 0.00 299.8-71.04
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 2,042.2 0.06 2,677.4-23.73
20 Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants 23,726.0 0.70 28,914.0-17.94
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 32,372.6 0.95 34,739.6-6.81
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 41,776.8 1.23 61,043.6-31.56
23 Residues and waste from the food industries; prepared animal feed 14,329.1 0.42 11,972.019.69
24 Tobacco and manufactured tobacco substitutes 9,424.2 0.28 12,406.3-24.04
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 1,423.2 0.04 3,906.4-63.57
26 Ores, slag and ash 51.1 0.00 0.0
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 612,901.1 17.97 2,130,103.8-71.23
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 5,970.2 0.18 9,446.1-36.80
29 Organic chemicals 26,602.9 0.78 28,421.0-6.40
30 Pharmaceutical products 3,019.6 0.09 2,303.931.07
31 Fertilizers 4,364.0 0.13 7,547.4-42.18
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 11,345.4 0.33 14,031.6-19.14
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 34,910.1 1.02 45,176.6-22.73
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 5,293.0 0.16 8,767.1-39.63
35 Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes 5,946.2 0.17 10,158.0-41.46
36 Explosives; pyrotechnic products; matches; pyrophoric alloys; certain combustible preparations 1,625.2 0.05 1,711.4-5.03
37 Photographic or cinematographic goods 1,635.1 0.05 723.4126.03
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 86,216.3 2.53 84,774.51.70
39 Plastics and articles thereof 191,971.1 5.63 204,368.4-6.07
40 Rubber and articles thereof 10,771.9 0.32 13,087.8-17.69
41 Raw hides and skins (other than furskins) and leather 25.0 0.00 0.0
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 1,510.1 0.04 1,708.8-11.63
43 Furskins and artificial fur; manufactures thereof 5.4 0.00 0.0
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 1,214.9 0.04 1,101.210.32
45 Cork and articles of cork 0.0 0.00 810.4-100.00
46 Manufactures of straw, of esparto or of other plaiting materials; basketware and wickerwork 0.0 0.00 7.6-100.00
47 Pulp of wood or of other fibrous cellulosic material; waste and scrap of paper or paperboard 4,661.2 0.14 4,780.3-2.49
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 17,975.2 0.53 42,359.3-57.56
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 8,729.8 0.26 11,227.8-22.25
52 Cotton 48.0 0.00 131.1-63.38
53 Other vegetable textile fibers; paper yarn and woven fabric of paper yarn 0.0 0.00 16.5-100.00
54 Man-made filaments 216.2 0.01 535.4-59.62
55 Man-made staple fibers 11,802.9 0.35 6,704.176.05
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 1,304.7 0.04 789.865.18
57 Carpets and other textile floor coverings 264.8 0.01 248.16.73
58 Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery 55.3 0.00 23.4136.23
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 697.7 0.02 782.1-10.79
60 Knitted or crocheted fabrics 0.0 0.00 284.1-100.00
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 531.3 0.02 1,403.5-62.15
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 4,798.7 0.14 8,426.7-43.05
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 4,948.1 0.15 6,646.9-25.56
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 5,368.2 0.16 6,536.2-17.87
65 Headgear and parts thereof 225.8 0.01 170.932.07
66 Umbrellas, sun umbrellas, walking sticks, seatsticks, whips, riding-crops and parts thereof 5.1 0.00 37.9-86.61
67 Prepared feathers and down and articles made of feathers or of down; artificial flowers; articles of human hair 630.6 0.02 1,136.3-44.50
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 1,998.8 0.06 1,152.473.44
69 Ceramic products 3,229.7 0.09 3,771.9-14.37
70 Glass and glassware 1,751.1 0.05 1,357.429.00
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 290.8 0.01 550.4-47.17
72 Iron and steel 1,728.8 0.05 4,691.3-63.15
73 Articles of iron or steel 82,785.3 2.43 114,341.8-27.60
74 Copper and articles thereof 1,361.3 0.04 843.461.41
75 Nickel and articles thereof 4,434.9 0.13 1,482.6199.12
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 5,266.9 0.15 10,440.2-49.55
78 Lead and articles thereof 2.7 0.00 48.4-94.41
79 Zinc and articles thereof 0.0 0.00 215.2-100.00
80 Tin and articles thereof 0.0 0.00 26.7-100.00
81 Other base metals; cermets; articles thereof 55.9 0.00 130.3-57.11
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 8,129.9 0.24 12,908.3-37.02
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 12,807.2 0.38 15,386.5-16.76
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 585,865.9 17.18 704,779.1-16.87
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 88,057.5 2.58 109,259.0-19.40
86 Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds 1,945.7 0.06 719.3170.50
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 480,086.9 14.08 1,046,477.0-54.12
88 Aircraft, spacecraft, and parts thereof 125,438.1 3.68 110,563.913.45
89 Ships, boats and floating structures 96,516.6 2.83 110,721.3-12.83
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 56,729.1 1.66 90,519.8-37.33
91 Clocks and watches and parts thereof 705.8 0.02 705.9-0.02
92 Musical instruments; parts and accessories of such articles 826.3 0.02 1,402.6-41.09
93 Arms and ammunition; parts and accessories thereof 450.8 0.01 801.1-43.72
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 31,220.5 0.92 18,786.466.19
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 4,211.8 0.12 2,888.645.81
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 3,480.0 0.10 6,212.1-43.98
97 Works of art, collectors’ pieces and antiques 715.4 0.02 30.12,279.68
99 Commodities not specified according to kind 49,630.2 1.46 49,094.81.09

US Imports from Nigeria

The major share of US imports from Nigeria in 2015 (and in 2014) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Mineral products (HS codes 25-27) - 95.10% of US total imports from Nigeria (96.77% in 2014);
  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 1.91% of US total imports from Nigeria (2.21% in 2014).

The largest gains in US imports from Nigeria in 2015 over 2014 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Commodities not specified according to kind (HS code 99) - an increase of $18.0 million.

The largest declines in US imports from Nigeria in 2015 over the 2014 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes (HS code 27) - a decrease of $1,903.0 million;
  • Cocoa and cocoa preparations (HS code 18) - a decrease of $51.4 million.
US imports from Nigeria in 2015 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value
of imports
in 2015
(USD thousand)
Share
in total import
(%)
Value
of imports
in 2014
USD thousand)
Change
in 2015
over 2014
(%)
01 Live animals 7.0 0.00 6.49.59
03 Fish and crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates 5,005.7 0.25 5,111.6-2.07
05 Products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 245.2 0.01 189.329.53
06 Live trees and other plants; bulbs, roots and the like; cut flowers and ornamental foliage 24.6 0.00 5.3363.38
07 Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers 957.7 0.05 941.51.72
08 Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons 1,103.8 0.06 1,013.18.95
09 Coffee, tea, maté and spices 5,603.7 0.28 3,976.340.93
10 Cereals 8.5 0.00 0.0
11 Products of the milling industry; malt; starches; inulin; wheat gluten 1,029.0 0.05 786.430.85
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 5,686.5 0.28 4,406.429.05
13 Lac; gums, resins and other vegetable saps and extracts 0.0 0.00 720.1-100.00
15 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes 549.9 0.03 226.7142.58
16 Preparations of meat, of fish or of crustaceans, molluscs or other aquatic invertebrates 22.8 0.00 3.2605.44
18 Cocoa and cocoa preparations 10,319.0 0.51 61,686.6-83.27
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 236.3 0.01 138.570.63
20 Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants 424.1 0.02 448.4-5.43
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 549.5 0.03 336.663.23
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 189.9 0.01 73.5158.28
23 Residues and waste from the food industries; prepared animal feed 6,390.4 0.32 7,036.2-9.18
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 0.0 0.00 7.3-100.00
26 Ores, slag and ash 339.2 0.02 96.6251.12
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 1,905,244.9 95.08 3,808,243.2-49.97
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 0.0 0.00 20.8-100.00
30 Pharmaceutical products 3.1 0.00 19.2-83.74
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 12.3 0.00 0.0
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 96.1 0.00 130.9-26.62
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 250.4 0.01 187.433.63
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 517.0 0.03 7.66,725.10
39 Plastics and articles thereof 1,055.1 0.05 812.929.79
40 Rubber and articles thereof 293.5 0.01 1,689.1-82.62
41 Raw hides and skins (other than furskins) and leather 1,427.5 0.07 1,456.1-1.96
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 18.2 0.00 2.2738.13
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 502.1 0.03 720.2-30.29
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 3.2 0.00 0.0
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 74.4 0.00 62.319.34
50 Silk 0.0 0.00 1.3-100.00
52 Cotton 4.7 0.00 0.5905.97
54 Man-made filaments 0.6 0.00 0.0
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 0.0 0.00 118.0-100.00
57 Carpets and other textile floor coverings 0.0 0.00 0.5-100.00
58 Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery 3.7 0.00 0.6542.58
60 Knitted or crocheted fabrics 1.8 0.00 0.3452.42
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 10.6 0.00 7.247.54
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 49.5 0.00 56.5-12.38
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 510.5 0.03 280.482.05
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 82.9 0.00 23.9247.21
65 Headgear and parts thereof 8.4 0.00 2.4249.92
67 Prepared feathers and down and articles made of feathers or of down; artificial flowers; articles of human hair 5,442.1 0.27 3,471.556.77
70 Glass and glassware 12.7 0.00 12.61.30
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 667.4 0.03 400.466.66
73 Articles of iron or steel 6.5 0.00 129.1-94.93
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 0.0 0.00 5.4-100.00
78 Lead and articles thereof 1,127.4 0.06 0.0
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 29.7 0.00 2.51,074.84
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 2.6 0.00 41.6-93.70
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 1,752.9 0.09 666.3163.10
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 253.9 0.01 276.7-8.24
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 53.8 0.00 6.0798.25
89 Ships, boats and floating structures 3.1 0.00 4.0-21.74
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 177.7 0.01 197.9-10.19
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 11.1 0.00 18.2-39.08
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 19.9 0.00 14.536.83
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 0.0 0.00 4.0-100.00
97 Works of art, collectors’ pieces and antiques 8,709.3 0.43 10,425.1-16.46
99 Commodities not specified according to kind 36,674.1 1.83 18,715.495.96
Compiled by «US-EXPORT–IMPORT» based on the statistics of the US Department of Commerce