US trade (export - import) with Nigeria in 2016

Published or Updated: Apr 23, 2017

The report on US foreign trade in goods with Nigeria in 2016: exports, imports, balance, product types and groups, dynamics.

US Trade with Nigeria

In 2016, US trade with Nigeria totaled $6,252.0 million, up 15.47% ($837.8 million) from 2015.

US exports to Nigeria in 2016 were $1,875.4 million, down 45.01% ($1,535.0 million) from 2015.

US imports from Nigeria in 2016 totaled $4,376.6 million, up 118.41% ($2,372.8 million) from 2015.

US trade balance with Nigeria went from a surplus of $1,406.5 million in 2015, to a deficit of $2,501.2 million in 2016.

Nigeria was the US 55th largest trading partner in 2016 (up from 60th in 2015), accounting for 0.1688% of US total trade (up from 0.1421% in 2015).

Nigeria was the US 59th largest export market in 2016 (down from 50th in 2015), accounting for 0.1291% of US total exports (down from 0.2268% in 2015).

Nigeria was the US 50th largest supplier in 2016 (up from 65th in 2015), accounting for 0.1945% of US total imports (up from 0.0869% in 2015).

US Exports to Nigeria

The major share of US exports to Nigeria in 2016 (and in 2015) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 49.66% of US total exports to Nigeria (42.07% in 2015);
  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 21.48% of US total exports to Nigeria (20.28% in 2015);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 13.49% of US total exports to Nigeria (11.43% in 2015);
  • Mineral products (HS codes 25-27) - 7.14% of US total exports to Nigeria (18.02% in 2015);
  • Metals and products from them (HS codes 72-83) - 3.43% of US total exports to Nigeria (3.42% in 2015);
  • Textiles, textile products and footwear (HS codes 50-67) - 1.46% of US total exports to Nigeria (0.91% in 2015);
  • Wood and wood products (HS codes 44-49) - 1.29% of US total exports to Nigeria (0.96% in 2015).

The largest gains in US exports to Nigeria in 2016 over 2015 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • No product groups with a substantial increase.

The largest declines in US exports to Nigeria in 2016 over 2015 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes (HS code 27) - a decrease of $479,348.7 thousand;
  • Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof (HS code 84) - a decrease of $235,252.9 thousand;
  • Cereals (HS code 10) - a decrease of $223,757.9 thousand;
  • Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof (HS code 87) - a decrease of $180,084.7 thousand;
  • Plastics and articles thereof (HS code 39) - a decrease of $63,031.2 thousand;
  • Ships, boats and floating structures (HS code 89) - a decrease of $46,339.5 thousand;
  • Articles of iron or steel (HS code 73) - a decrease of $42,757.6 thousand;
  • Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings (HS code 94) - a decrease of $25,450.6 thousand;
  • Commodities not specified according to kind (HS code 99) - a decrease of $24,827.4 thousand;
  • Aircraft, spacecraft, and parts thereof (HS code 88) - a decrease of $23,052.1 thousand;
  • Organic chemicals (HS code 29) - a decrease of $21,006.4 thousand;
  • Miscellaneous chemical products (HS code 38) - a decrease of $19,975.9 thousand;
  • Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder (HS code 12) - a decrease of $15,403.0 thousand;
  • Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations (HS code 33) - a decrease of $13,584.3 thousand;
  • Fish and crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates (HS code 03) - a decrease of $12,345.1 thousand;
  • Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles (HS code 85) - a decrease of $11,895.9 thousand;
  • Residues and waste from the food industries; prepared animal feed (HS code 23) - a decrease of $11,654.5 thousand;
  • Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard (HS code 48) - a decrease of $7,699.7 thousand;
  • Rubber and articles thereof (HS code 40) - a decrease of $6,310.7 thousand;
  • Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof (HS code 90) - a decrease of $5,933.9 thousand;
  • Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics (HS code 32) - a decrease of $5,832.5 thousand.
US exports to Nigeria in 2016 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value
of exports
in 2016
(USD thousand)
Share
in total export
(%)
Value
of exports
in 2015
(USD thousand)
Change
in 2016
over 2015
(%)
01 Live animals 26.0 0.00 0.0
02 Meat and edible meat offal 299.3 0.02 596.6-49.82
03 Fish and crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates 58.6 0.00 12,403.7-99.53
04 Dairy produce; birds eggs; natural honey; edible products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 5,333.7 0.28 7,208.4-26.01
05 Products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 16.3 0.00 144.6-88.72
06 Live trees and other plants; bulbs, roots and the like; cut flowers and ornamental foliage 8.1 0.00 20.1-59.53
07 Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers 45.2 0.00 78.4-42.27
08 Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons 389.2 0.02 160.0143.19
09 Coffee, tea, maté and spices 428.9 0.02 574.3-25.32
10 Cereals 292,555.4 15.60 516,313.3-43.34
11 Products of the milling industry; malt; starches; inulin; wheat gluten 1,180.4 0.06 1,139.43.60
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 62.6 0.00 15,465.6-99.60
13 Lac; gums, resins and other vegetable saps and extracts 141.9 0.01 326.3-56.52
14 Vegetable plaiting materials; vegetable products not elsewhere specified or included 0.0 0.00 49.5-100.00
15 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes 8,227.5 0.44 12,741.0-35.43
16 Preparations of meat, of fish or of crustaceans, molluscs or other aquatic invertebrates 383.6 0.02 238.460.90
17 Sugars and sugar confectionery 66.3 0.00 327.7-79.77
18 Cocoa and cocoa preparations 43.3 0.00 86.8-50.10
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 1,166.2 0.06 2,042.2-42.89
20 Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants 18,884.8 1.01 23,726.0-20.40
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 27,448.5 1.46 32,372.6-15.21
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 39,421.1 2.10 41,776.8-5.64
23 Residues and waste from the food industries; prepared animal feed 2,674.5 0.14 14,329.1-81.33
24 Tobacco and manufactured tobacco substitutes 4,051.5 0.22 9,424.2-57.01
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 269.4 0.01 1,423.2-81.07
26 Ores, slag and ash 34.0 0.00 51.1-33.36
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 133,552.4 7.12 612,901.1-78.21
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 8,573.2 0.46 5,970.243.60
29 Organic chemicals 5,596.5 0.30 26,602.9-78.96
30 Pharmaceutical products 2,094.8 0.11 3,019.6-30.63
31 Fertilizers 31.4 0.00 4,364.0-99.28
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 5,512.9 0.29 11,345.4-51.41
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 21,325.8 1.14 34,910.1-38.91
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 3,833.2 0.20 5,293.0-27.58
35 Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes 5,271.4 0.28 5,946.2-11.35
36 Explosives; pyrotechnic products; matches; pyrophoric alloys; certain combustible preparations 454.6 0.02 1,625.2-72.03
37 Photographic or cinematographic goods 746.6 0.04 1,635.1-54.34
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 66,240.4 3.53 86,216.3-23.17
39 Plastics and articles thereof 128,939.9 6.88 191,971.1-32.83
40 Rubber and articles thereof 4,461.2 0.24 10,771.9-58.58
41 Raw hides and skins (other than furskins) and leather 16.1 0.00 25.0-35.68
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 722.9 0.04 1,510.1-52.13
43 Furskins and artificial fur; manufactures thereof 0.0 0.00 5.4-100.00
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 324.5 0.02 1,214.9-73.29
47 Pulp of wood or of other fibrous cellulosic material; waste and scrap of paper or paperboard 6,751.0 0.36 4,661.244.83
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 10,275.5 0.55 17,975.2-42.84
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 6,833.6 0.36 8,729.8-21.72
52 Cotton 19.2 0.00 48.0-60.00
54 Man-made filaments 58.0 0.00 216.2-73.16
55 Man-made staple fibers 15,777.1 0.84 11,802.933.67
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 810.2 0.04 1,304.7-37.90
57 Carpets and other textile floor coverings 27.3 0.00 264.8-89.69
58 Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery 5.8 0.00 55.3-89.42
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 858.1 0.05 697.723.00
60 Knitted or crocheted fabrics 22.9 0.00 0.0
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 857.9 0.05 531.361.47
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 2,904.4 0.15 4,798.7-39.48
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 2,799.9 0.15 4,948.1-43.41
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 2,810.3 0.15 5,368.2-47.65
65 Headgear and parts thereof 288.5 0.02 225.827.79
66 Umbrellas, sun umbrellas, walking sticks, seatsticks, whips, riding-crops and parts thereof 0.0 0.00 5.1-100.00
67 Prepared feathers and down and articles made of feathers or of down; artificial flowers; articles of human hair 169.8 0.01 630.6-73.08
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 928.1 0.05 1,998.8-53.57
69 Ceramic products 896.5 0.05 3,229.7-72.24
70 Glass and glassware 1,574.3 0.08 1,751.1-10.10
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 69.8 0.00 290.8-75.99
72 Iron and steel 1,870.1 0.10 1,728.88.17
73 Articles of iron or steel 40,027.6 2.13 82,785.3-51.65
74 Copper and articles thereof 723.3 0.04 1,361.3-46.87
75 Nickel and articles thereof 1,437.6 0.08 4,434.9-67.58
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 4,456.6 0.24 5,266.9-15.38
78 Lead and articles thereof 64.9 0.00 2.72,303.85
79 Zinc and articles thereof 1,106.7 0.06 0.0
80 Tin and articles thereof 4.5 0.00 0.0
81 Other base metals; cermets; articles thereof 29.3 0.00 55.9-47.55
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 4,265.0 0.23 8,129.9-47.54
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 10,248.4 0.55 12,807.2-19.98
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 350,613.0 18.70 585,865.9-40.15
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 76,161.6 4.06 88,057.5-13.51
86 Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds 1,086.9 0.06 1,945.7-44.14
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 300,002.2 16.00 480,086.9-37.51
88 Aircraft, spacecraft, and parts thereof 102,386.0 5.46 125,438.1-18.38
89 Ships, boats and floating structures 50,177.1 2.68 96,516.6-48.01
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 50,795.1 2.71 56,729.1-10.46
91 Clocks and watches and parts thereof 298.2 0.02 705.8-57.74
92 Musical instruments; parts and accessories of such articles 320.3 0.02 826.3-61.24
93 Arms and ammunition; parts and accessories thereof 13.6 0.00 450.8-96.99
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 5,769.8 0.31 31,220.5-81.52
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 1,929.3 0.10 4,211.8-54.19
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 1,017.5 0.05 3,480.0-70.76
97 Works of art, collectors’ pieces and antiques 122.0 0.01 715.4-82.94
99 Commodities not specified according to kind 24,802.8 1.32 49,630.2-50.02

US Imports from Nigeria

The major share of US imports from Nigeria in 2016 (and in 2015) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Mineral products (HS codes 25-27) - 96.76% of US total imports from Nigeria (95.10% in 2015);
  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 0.76% of US total imports from Nigeria (1.91% in 2015).

The largest gains in US imports from Nigeria in 2016 over 2015 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes (HS code 27) - an increase of $2,329,021.9 thousand;
  • Commodities not specified according to kind (HS code 99) - an increase of $44,289.9 thousand.

The largest declines in US imports from Nigeria in 2016 over the 2015 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • No product groups with a substantial decrease.
US imports from Nigeria in 2016 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value
of imports
in 2016
(USD thousand)
Share
in total import
(%)
Value
of imports
in 2015
USD thousand)
Change
in 2016
over 2015
(%)
01 Live animals 6.2 0.00 7.0-11.81
03 Fish and crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates 3,396.7 0.08 5,005.7-32.14
05 Products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 502.9 0.01 245.2105.14
06 Live trees and other plants; bulbs, roots and the like; cut flowers and ornamental foliage 68.0 0.00 24.6176.25
07 Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers 1,174.0 0.03 957.722.58
08 Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons 3,263.2 0.07 1,103.8195.63
09 Coffee, tea, maté and spices 4,058.7 0.09 5,603.7-27.57
10 Cereals 14.1 0.00 8.566.17
11 Products of the milling industry; malt; starches; inulin; wheat gluten 1,263.9 0.03 1,029.022.82
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 4,912.5 0.11 5,686.5-13.61
13 Lac; gums, resins and other vegetable saps and extracts 157.8 0.00 0.0
15 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes 467.2 0.01 549.9-15.04
16 Preparations of meat, of fish or of crustaceans, molluscs or other aquatic invertebrates 53.4 0.00 22.8134.06
18 Cocoa and cocoa preparations 5,395.3 0.12 10,319.0-47.71
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 511.9 0.01 236.3116.67
20 Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants 537.5 0.01 424.126.74
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 504.0 0.01 549.5-8.27
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 433.0 0.01 189.9127.95
23 Residues and waste from the food industries; prepared animal feed 6,695.8 0.15 6,390.44.78
26 Ores, slag and ash 654.4 0.01 339.292.92
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 4,234,266.8 96.75 1,905,244.9122.24
29 Organic chemicals 11.1 0.00 0.0
30 Pharmaceutical products 17.7 0.00 3.1465.56
31 Fertilizers 7,165.3 0.16 0.0
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 0.0 0.00 12.3-100.00
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 152.8 0.00 96.159.09
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 216.0 0.00 250.4-13.75
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 0.0 0.00 517.0-100.00
39 Plastics and articles thereof 2,890.1 0.07 1,055.1173.92
40 Rubber and articles thereof 0.0 0.00 293.5-100.00
41 Raw hides and skins (other than furskins) and leather 627.4 0.01 1,427.5-56.05
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 9.2 0.00 18.2-49.27
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 264.6 0.01 502.1-47.29
46 Manufactures of straw, of esparto or of other plaiting materials; basketware and wickerwork 3.3 0.00 0.0
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 0.0 0.00 3.2-100.00
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 41.0 0.00 74.4-44.91
51 Wool, fine or coarse animal hair; horsehair yarn and woven fabric 0.8 0.00 0.0
52 Cotton 18.5 0.00 4.7291.23
54 Man-made filaments 1.3 0.00 0.6129.08
55 Man-made staple fibers 4.4 0.00 0.0
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 2.3 0.00 0.0
57 Carpets and other textile floor coverings 44.0 0.00 0.0
58 Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery 13.3 0.00 3.7261.05
60 Knitted or crocheted fabrics 1.3 0.00 1.8-27.70
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 9.4 0.00 10.6-11.06
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 104.6 0.00 49.5111.50
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 51.7 0.00 510.5-89.87
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 22.2 0.00 82.9-73.24
65 Headgear and parts thereof 4.4 0.00 8.4-47.60
66 Umbrellas, sun umbrellas, walking sticks, seatsticks, whips, riding-crops and parts thereof 0.3 0.00 0.0
67 Prepared feathers and down and articles made of feathers or of down; artificial flowers; articles of human hair 7,024.2 0.16 5,442.129.07
69 Ceramic products 2.9 0.00 0.0
70 Glass and glassware 8.4 0.00 12.7-34.23
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 1,672.6 0.04 667.4150.62
73 Articles of iron or steel 0.0 0.00 6.5-100.00
74 Copper and articles thereof 11.0 0.00 0.0
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 297.6 0.01 0.0
78 Lead and articles thereof 1,959.7 0.04 1,127.473.82
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 15.7 0.00 29.7-47.06
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 31.3 0.00 2.61,095.49
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 977.4 0.02 1,752.9-44.24
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 310.9 0.01 253.922.44
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 156.1 0.00 53.8190.28
89 Ships, boats and floating structures 0.0 0.00 3.1-100.00
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 443.8 0.01 177.7149.69
91 Clocks and watches and parts thereof 2.5 0.00 0.0
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 43.0 0.00 11.1286.93
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 2.5 0.00 19.9-87.46
97 Works of art, collectors’ pieces and antiques 2,630.5 0.06 8,709.3-69.80
99 Commodities not specified according to kind 80,964.0 1.85 36,674.1120.77
Compiled by «US-EXPORT–IMPORT» based on the statistics of the US Department of Commerce