US trade (export - import) with Nigeria in 2018

Published or Updated: Jul 13, 2019

The report on US foreign trade in goods with Nigeria in 2018: exports, imports, balance, product types and groups, dynamics.

US Trade with Nigeria

In 2018, US trade with Nigeria was $8,686.9 million, down 8.31% ($787.2 million) from 2017.

US exports to Nigeria in 2018 totaled $2,645.0 million, up 22.74% ($490.0 million) from 2017.

US imports from Nigeria in 2018 were $6,041.9 million, down 17.45% ($1,277.2 million) from 2017.

US trade deficit with Nigeria in 2018 was $3,396.9 million, a 34.22% decrease ($1,767.2 million) over 2017.

Nigeria was the US 49th largest trading partner in 2018 (down from 48th in 2017), accounting for 0.2029% of US total trade (down from 0.2396% in 2017).

Nigeria was the US 57th largest export market in 2018 (just as in 2017), accounting for 0.1589% of US total exports (up from 0.1394% in 2017).

Nigeria was the US 44th largest supplier in 2018 (down from 40th in 2017), accounting for 0.2309% of US total imports (down from 0.3039% in 2017).

US Exports to Nigeria

The major share of US exports to Nigeria in 2018 (and in 2017) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 58.94% of US total exports to Nigeria (46.16% in 2017);
  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 14.13% of US total exports to Nigeria (25.81% in 2017);
  • Mineral products (HS codes 25-27) - 10.98% of US total exports to Nigeria (10.10% in 2017);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 9.10% of US total exports to Nigeria (11.69% in 2017);
  • Metals and products from them (HS codes 72-83) - 2.43% of US total exports to Nigeria (2.01% in 2017);
  • Wood and wood products (HS codes 44-49) - 1.58% of US total exports to Nigeria (1.38% in 2017);
  • Textiles, textile products and footwear (HS codes 50-67) - 1.02% of US total exports to Nigeria (1.39% in 2017).

The largest gains in US exports to Nigeria in 2018 over 2017 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof (HS code 87) - an increase of $384.3 million;
  • Aircraft, spacecraft, and parts thereof (HS code 88) - an increase of $125.2 million;
  • Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes (HS code 27) - an increase of $72.9 million;
  • Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof (HS code 84) - an increase of $43.5 million;
  • Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles (HS code 85) - an increase of $21.8 million;
  • Articles of iron or steel (HS code 73) - an increase of $18.1 million;
  • Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder (HS code 12) - an increase of $15.5 million;
  • Commodities not specified according to kind (HS code 99) - an increase of $12.0 million;
  • Pulp of wood or of other fibrous cellulosic material; waste and scrap of paper or paperboard (HS code 47) - an increase of $8.1 million.

The largest declines in US exports to Nigeria in 2018 over 2017 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Cereals (HS code 10) - a decrease of $182.8 million;
  • Ships, boats and floating structures (HS code 89) - a decrease of $14.0 million;
  • Plastics and articles thereof (HS code 39) - a decrease of $10.5 million;
  • Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes (HS code 15) - a decrease of $10.0 million.
US exports to Nigeria in 2018 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value
of exports
in 2018
(USD thousand)
Share
in total export
(%)
Value
of exports
in 2017
(USD thousand)
Change
in 2018
over 2017
(%)
01 Live animals 27.6 0.00 67.6-59.15
02 Meat and edible meat offal 313.2 0.01 144.3117.10
03 Fish and crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates 11,725.1 0.44 14,783.4-20.69
04 Dairy produce; birds eggs; natural honey; edible products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 4,206.9 0.16 6,690.4-37.12
05 Products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 88.2 0.00 5.01,664.96
06 Live trees and other plants; bulbs, roots and the like; cut flowers and ornamental foliage 16.8 0.00 0.0
07 Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers 213.5 0.01 26.8695.37
08 Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons 265.4 0.01 204.729.67
09 Coffee, tea, maté and spices 572.2 0.02 461.923.87
10 Cereals 231,623.5 8.76 414,423.4-44.11
11 Products of the milling industry; malt; starches; inulin; wheat gluten 864.0 0.03 915.5-5.62
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 15,612.6 0.59 95.616,233.08
13 Lac; gums, resins and other vegetable saps and extracts 975.3 0.04 1,363.3-28.46
14 Vegetable plaiting materials; vegetable products not elsewhere specified or included 9.8 0.00 14.6-32.77
15 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes 9,886.5 0.37 19,851.4-50.20
16 Preparations of meat, of fish or of crustaceans, molluscs or other aquatic invertebrates 4.8 0.00 2.870.90
17 Sugars and sugar confectionery 88.4 0.00 206.1-57.13
18 Cocoa and cocoa preparations 113.3 0.00 3.53,127.87
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 8,037.1 0.30 893.2799.83
20 Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants 5,171.2 0.20 4,922.85.04
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 30,931.9 1.17 32,808.4-5.72
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 42,993.3 1.63 49,478.7-13.11
23 Residues and waste from the food industries; prepared animal feed 2,273.3 0.09 1,463.455.34
24 Tobacco and manufactured tobacco substitutes 7,799.7 0.29 7,491.64.11
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 551.0 0.02 541.71.71
26 Ores, slag and ash 121.2 0.00 236.8-48.83
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 289,863.5 10.96 216,929.733.62
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 9,540.5 0.36 15,590.1-38.80
29 Organic chemicals 5,548.5 0.21 6,355.5-12.70
30 Pharmaceutical products 2,991.9 0.11 1,653.380.96
31 Fertilizers 95.7 0.00 173.4-44.83
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 9,680.7 0.37 6,499.848.94
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 16,904.7 0.64 20,145.6-16.09
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 4,701.5 0.18 3,576.431.46
35 Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes 7,199.8 0.27 3,409.1111.19
36 Explosives; pyrotechnic products; matches; pyrophoric alloys; certain combustible preparations 1,325.4 0.05 1,652.8-19.81
37 Photographic or cinematographic goods 826.0 0.03 614.134.50
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 46,360.0 1.75 44,825.33.42
39 Plastics and articles thereof 130,892.9 4.95 141,401.3-7.43
40 Rubber and articles thereof 4,597.6 0.17 6,049.4-24.00
41 Raw hides and skins (other than furskins) and leather 321.4 0.01 231.838.64
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 802.1 0.03 719.911.42
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 258.6 0.01 184.640.10
46 Manufactures of straw, of esparto or of other plaiting materials; basketware and wickerwork 0.0 0.00 2.8-100.00
47 Pulp of wood or of other fibrous cellulosic material; waste and scrap of paper or paperboard 16,516.8 0.62 8,434.695.82
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 17,557.1 0.66 15,549.812.91
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 7,414.3 0.28 5,490.835.03
50 Silk 0.0 0.00 8.4-100.00
51 Wool, fine or coarse animal hair; horsehair yarn and woven fabric 81.1 0.00 58.039.97
52 Cotton 3.6 0.00 13.3-72.85
53 Other vegetable textile fibers; paper yarn and woven fabric of paper yarn 606.8 0.02 56.3976.96
54 Man-made filaments 43.0 0.00 0.0
55 Man-made staple fibers 12,875.9 0.49 12,993.6-0.91
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 443.5 0.02 774.8-42.76
57 Carpets and other textile floor coverings 110.3 0.00 62.476.78
58 Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery 54.8 0.00 13.5305.94
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 2,184.3 0.08 3,965.1-44.91
60 Knitted or crocheted fabrics 13.9 0.00 3.0364.00
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 724.2 0.03 921.9-21.45
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 2,444.8 0.09 3,419.7-28.51
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 4,832.5 0.18 4,480.87.85
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 2,095.5 0.08 2,862.8-26.80
65 Headgear and parts thereof 91.1 0.00 157.9-42.30
66 Umbrellas, sun umbrellas, walking sticks, seatsticks, whips, riding-crops and parts thereof 2.9 0.00 0.0
67 Prepared feathers and down and articles made of feathers or of down; artificial flowers; articles of human hair 373.4 0.01 141.7163.47
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 1,661.3 0.06 524.3216.85
69 Ceramic products 1,847.4 0.07 635.3190.79
70 Glass and glassware 714.0 0.03 1,049.1-31.94
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 81.4 0.00 497.3-83.63
72 Iron and steel 1,599.1 0.06 1,089.046.84
73 Articles of iron or steel 50,807.4 1.92 32,672.955.50
74 Copper and articles thereof 450.7 0.02 723.1-37.66
75 Nickel and articles thereof 327.8 0.01 2,050.3-84.01
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 2,240.6 0.08 1,308.771.21
78 Lead and articles thereof 127.5 0.00 30.0324.38
79 Zinc and articles thereof 510.4 0.02 528.4-3.41
80 Tin and articles thereof 0.0 0.00 66.2-100.00
81 Other base metals; cermets; articles thereof 971.1 0.04 851.114.10
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 5,321.0 0.20 2,602.5104.45
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 2,029.7 0.08 1,477.137.41
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 373,995.7 14.14 330,539.413.15
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 82,519.7 3.12 60,713.935.92
86 Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds 2,855.9 0.11 852.6234.98
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 853,187.7 32.26 468,880.781.96
88 Aircraft, spacecraft, and parts thereof 185,250.0 7.00 60,052.0208.48
89 Ships, boats and floating structures 14,375.4 0.54 28,412.1-49.40
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 46,677.5 1.76 45,273.53.10
91 Clocks and watches and parts thereof 411.0 0.02 375.59.46
92 Musical instruments; parts and accessories of such articles 275.7 0.01 221.124.70
93 Arms and ammunition; parts and accessories thereof 385.0 0.01 136.5182.10
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 7,751.6 0.29 5,537.339.99
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 1,744.2 0.07 1,582.110.24
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 706.6 0.03 501.940.79
97 Works of art, collectors’ pieces and antiques 56.0 0.00 130.7-57.15
99 Commodities not specified according to kind 31,288.5 1.18 19,240.762.62

US Imports from Nigeria

The major share of US imports from Nigeria in 2018 (and in 2017) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Mineral products (HS codes 25-27) - 96.72% of US total imports from Nigeria (97.90% in 2017).

The largest gains in US imports from Nigeria in 2018 over 2017 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Fertilizers (HS code 31) - an increase of $29.1 million.

The largest declines in US imports from Nigeria in 2018 over the 2017 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes (HS code 27) - a decrease of $1,322.4 million.
US imports from Nigeria in 2018 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value
of imports
in 2018
(USD thousand)
Share
in total import
(%)
Value
of imports
in 2017
USD thousand)
Change
in 2018
over 2017
(%)
03 Fish and crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates 6,391.5 0.11 4,216.451.59
05 Products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 56.2 0.00 241.3-76.72
06 Live trees and other plants; bulbs, roots and the like; cut flowers and ornamental foliage 950.4 0.02 0.0
07 Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers 1,672.4 0.03 1,447.515.53
08 Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons 6,336.6 0.10 9,436.7-32.85
09 Coffee, tea, maté and spices 2,730.0 0.05 2,835.9-3.73
10 Cereals 15.2 0.00 2.3551.83
11 Products of the milling industry; malt; starches; inulin; wheat gluten 2,116.0 0.04 1,644.128.70
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 11,897.6 0.20 5,451.6118.24
13 Lac; gums, resins and other vegetable saps and extracts 3.1 0.00 0.0
14 Vegetable plaiting materials; vegetable products not elsewhere specified or included 0.0 0.00 9.0-100.00
15 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes 754.4 0.01 500.050.88
16 Preparations of meat, of fish or of crustaceans, molluscs or other aquatic invertebrates 197.1 0.00 154.327.69
18 Cocoa and cocoa preparations 16,454.4 0.27 30,834.7-46.64
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 758.8 0.01 644.617.72
20 Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants 717.5 0.01 550.330.39
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 734.5 0.01 903.6-18.71
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 528.1 0.01 444.918.69
23 Residues and waste from the food industries; prepared animal feed 6,141.2 0.10 9,087.7-32.42
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 2.5 0.00 0.0
26 Ores, slag and ash 533.5 0.01 0.0
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 5,843,083.2 96.71 7,165,489.0-18.46
30 Pharmaceutical products 0.0 0.00 15.0-100.00
31 Fertilizers 47,403.3 0.78 18,300.4159.03
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 82.9 0.00 93.7-11.54
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 409.2 0.01 251.362.85
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 11.6 0.00 0.0
39 Plastics and articles thereof 7,005.3 0.12 6,559.36.80
40 Rubber and articles thereof 1.2 0.00 4.1-70.45
41 Raw hides and skins (other than furskins) and leather 1,360.8 0.02 1,178.715.44
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 21.6 0.00 23.5-8.20
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 240.5 0.00 267.9-10.22
46 Manufactures of straw, of esparto or of other plaiting materials; basketware and wickerwork 3.3 0.00 20.6-84.04
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 86.5 0.00 147.9-41.53
50 Silk 0.5 0.00 1.2-58.23
52 Cotton 45.6 0.00 28.758.77
54 Man-made filaments 3.4 0.00 1.4142.27
55 Man-made staple fibers 1.2 0.00 0.860.42
58 Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery 15.4 0.00 3.5336.98
60 Knitted or crocheted fabrics 0.0 0.00 0.6-100.00
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 19.4 0.00 59.7-67.44
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 371.3 0.01 347.96.75
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 55.2 0.00 2.71,915.27
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 96.6 0.00 15.0545.22
65 Headgear and parts thereof 24.9 0.00 12.0107.03
66 Umbrellas, sun umbrellas, walking sticks, seatsticks, whips, riding-crops and parts thereof 0.3 0.00 0.0
67 Prepared feathers and down and articles made of feathers or of down; artificial flowers; articles of human hair 12,434.8 0.21 9,509.130.77
69 Ceramic products 16.1 0.00 0.0
70 Glass and glassware 2.1 0.00 4.4-51.48
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 6,572.6 0.11 279.22,254.27
73 Articles of iron or steel 8.2 0.00 22.4-63.32
74 Copper and articles thereof 7.7 0.00 30.8-75.07
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 5,332.6 0.09 658.5709.78
78 Lead and articles thereof 103.9 0.00 3,566.3-97.09
81 Other base metals; cermets; articles thereof 24.7 0.00 0.0
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 75.3 0.00 18.5307.59
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 22.4 0.00 0.0
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 810.3 0.01 1,148.5-29.45
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 309.4 0.01 231.433.73
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 6.3 0.00 173.7-96.38
88 Aircraft, spacecraft, and parts thereof 36.6 0.00 0.0
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 166.0 0.00 288.5-42.44
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 1,326.5 0.02 30.54,245.42
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 33.4 0.00 8.7283.27
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 14.3 0.00 8.273.83
97 Works of art, collectors’ pieces and antiques 8,146.4 0.13 10,837.2-24.83
99 Commodities not specified according to kind 47,112.2 0.78 31,047.851.74
1420/td
Compiled by «US-EXPORT–IMPORT» based on the statistics of the US Department of Commerce