US trade with Nigeria in the first half of 2017

Published or Updated: Oct 22, 2017

The report on US foreign trade in goods with Nigeria in the first half of 2017: exports, imports, balance, product types and groups, dynamics.

US Trade with Nigeria

In the first half of 2017, US trade with Nigeria totaled $4,345.9 million, up 42.74% ($1,301.3 million) from the first half of 2016.

US exports to Nigeria in the first half of 2017 totaled $1,026.2 million, up 6.93% ($66.5 million) from the first half of 2016.

US imports from Nigeria in the first half of 2017 totaled $3,319.7 million, up 59.22% ($1,234.8 million) from the first half of 2016.

US trade deficit with Nigeria in the first half of 2017 was $2,293.5 million, a 103.82% increase ($1,168.3 million) over the first half of 2016.

Nigeria was the US 49th largest trading partner in the first half of 2017 (up from 53rd in the first half of 2016), accounting for 0.2258% of US total trade (up from 0.1691% in the first half of 2016).

Nigeria was the US 60th largest export market in the first half of 2017 (down from 57th in the first half of 2016), accounting for 0.1355% of US total exports (up from 0.1350% in the first half of 2016).

Nigeria was the US 41st largest supplier in the first half of 2017 (up from 51st in the first half of 2016), accounting for 0.2844% of US total imports (up from 0.1914% in the first half of 2016).

US Exports to Nigeria

The major share of US exports to Nigeria in the first half of 2017 (and in the first half of 2016) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 40.01% of US total exports to Nigeria (50.09% in the first half of 2016);
  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 33.01% of US total exports to Nigeria (17.82% in the first half of 2016);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 12.77% of US total exports to Nigeria (15.34% in the first half of 2016);
  • Mineral products (HS codes 25-27) - 8.16% of US total exports to Nigeria (8.48% in the first half of 2016);
  • Metals and products from them (HS codes 72-83) - 2.01% of US total exports to Nigeria (4.00% in the first half of 2016);
  • Textiles, textile products and footwear (HS codes 50-67) - 1.31% of US total exports to Nigeria (1.36% in the first half of 2016);
  • Wood and wood products (HS codes 44-49) - 1.29% of US total exports to Nigeria (1.36% in the first half of 2016).

The largest gains in US exports to Nigeria in the first half of 2017 over the first half of 2016 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Cereals (HS code 10) - an increase of $139.2 million;
  • Beverages, spirits and vinegar (HS code 22) - an increase of $15.3 million;
  • Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof (HS code 87) - an increase of $11.0 million;
  • Aircraft, spacecraft, and parts thereof (HS code 88) - an increase of $8.5 million;
  • Miscellaneous edible preparations (HS code 21) - an increase of $6.8 million;
  • Fish and crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates (HS code 03) - an increase of $4.6 million;
  • Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes (HS code 28) - an increase of $4.4 million;
  • Dairy produce; birds eggs; natural honey; edible products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included (HS code 04) - an increase of $4.3 million.

The largest declines in US exports to Nigeria in the first half of 2017 over the first half of 2016 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof (HS code 84) - a decrease of $49.6 million;
  • Ships, boats and floating structures (HS code 89) - a decrease of $26.2 million;
  • Miscellaneous chemical products (HS code 38) - a decrease of $17.0 million;
  • Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles (HS code 85) - a decrease of $11.6 million;
  • Articles of iron or steel (HS code 73) - a decrease of $10.6 million;
  • Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants (HS code 20) - a decrease of $5.5 million;
  • Miscellaneous articles of base metal (HS code 83) - a decrease of $4.5 million;
  • Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations (HS code 33) - a decrease of $3.3 million.
US exports to Nigeria in the first half of 2017 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value
of exports
in first-half 2017
(USD thousand)
Share
in total export
(%)
Value
of exports
in first-half 2016
(USD thousand)
Change
in first-half 2017
over first-half 2016
(%)
01 Live animals 53.1 0.01 0.0
02 Meat and edible meat offal 7.1 0.00 14.2-49.84
03 Fish and crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates 4,658.8 0.45 58.67,850.11
04 Dairy produce; birds eggs; natural honey; edible products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 5,315.5 0.52 1,040.4410.89
07 Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers 12.4 0.00 22.3-44.41
08 Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons 111.6 0.01 254.1-56.07
09 Coffee, tea, maté and spices 272.7 0.03 211.928.70
10 Cereals 267,152.1 26.03 127,974.0108.75
11 Products of the milling industry; malt; starches; inulin; wheat gluten 465.9 0.05 602.0-22.60
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 61.2 0.01 58.05.63
13 Lac; gums, resins and other vegetable saps and extracts 338.5 0.03 0.0
15 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes 6,803.2 0.66 4,070.867.12
16 Preparations of meat, of fish or of crustaceans, molluscs or other aquatic invertebrates 2.8 0.00 144.7-98.05
17 Sugars and sugar confectionery 146.6 0.01 45.0225.45
18 Cocoa and cocoa preparations 3.5 0.00 15.2-76.91
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 565.9 0.06 594.2-4.77
20 Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants 2,609.5 0.25 8,080.3-67.71
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 19,262.6 1.88 12,484.454.29
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 26,805.3 2.61 11,468.7133.73
23 Residues and waste from the food industries; prepared animal feed 787.3 0.08 1,156.3-31.92
24 Tobacco and manufactured tobacco substitutes 3,291.5 0.32 2,698.122.00
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 223.2 0.02 135.265.15
26 Ores, slag and ash 0.0 0.00 34.0-100.00
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 83,495.5 8.14 81,218.52.80
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 8,994.9 0.88 4,631.994.20
29 Organic chemicals 4,079.3 0.40 2,965.037.58
30 Pharmaceutical products 1,013.5 0.10 776.230.58
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 2,914.3 0.28 3,308.7-11.92
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 9,149.8 0.89 12,480.0-26.68
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 1,282.5 0.12 1,996.9-35.78
35 Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes 1,441.7 0.14 3,450.5-58.22
36 Explosives; pyrotechnic products; matches; pyrophoric alloys; certain combustible preparations 363.1 0.04 447.9-18.94
37 Photographic or cinematographic goods 301.2 0.03 253.418.85
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 22,879.1 2.23 39,906.6-42.67
39 Plastics and articles thereof 76,603.3 7.46 74,636.02.64
40 Rubber and articles thereof 1,977.2 0.19 2,351.7-15.92
41 Raw hides and skins (other than furskins) and leather 128.0 0.01 0.0
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 237.3 0.02 429.0-44.69
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 70.5 0.01 80.1-11.94
47 Pulp of wood or of other fibrous cellulosic material; waste and scrap of paper or paperboard 3,705.7 0.36 3,578.33.56
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 6,446.7 0.63 5,371.620.02
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 2,986.8 0.29 4,069.3-26.60
50 Silk 8.4 0.00 0.0
51 Wool, fine or coarse animal hair; horsehair yarn and woven fabric 29.5 0.00 0.0
52 Cotton 4.8 0.00 10.5-54.48
53 Other vegetable textile fibers; paper yarn and woven fabric of paper yarn 56.3 0.01 0.0
54 Man-made filaments 0.0 0.00 31.8-100.00
55 Man-made staple fibers 6,542.3 0.64 7,317.4-10.59
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 293.6 0.03 616.2-52.35
57 Carpets and other textile floor coverings 55.0 0.01 24.1128.00
58 Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery 4.3 0.00 5.8-25.73
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 1,168.0 0.11 294.7296.30
60 Knitted or crocheted fabrics 0.0 0.00 20.0-100.00
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 441.2 0.04 296.548.81
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 1,532.8 0.15 1,244.223.19
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 1,959.3 0.19 1,519.028.99
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 1,184.6 0.12 1,482.4-20.09
65 Headgear and parts thereof 117.8 0.01 130.3-9.60
67 Prepared feathers and down and articles made of feathers or of down; artificial flowers; articles of human hair 54.1 0.01 46.616.20
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 209.4 0.02 490.9-57.34
69 Ceramic products 399.5 0.04 522.9-23.59
70 Glass and glassware 435.1 0.04 1,045.5-58.38
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 203.3 0.02 48.9315.61
72 Iron and steel 335.8 0.03 1,545.7-78.27
73 Articles of iron or steel 15,116.1 1.47 25,745.6-41.29
74 Copper and articles thereof 510.6 0.05 306.866.43
75 Nickel and articles thereof 1,858.5 0.18 1,133.164.02
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 660.4 0.06 1,530.5-56.85
78 Lead and articles thereof 3.3 0.00 10.0-66.75
79 Zinc and articles thereof 407.9 0.04 106.7282.17
80 Tin and articles thereof 49.6 0.00 4.51,010.59
81 Other base metals; cermets; articles thereof 40.4 0.00 26.552.27
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 869.1 0.08 2,672.9-67.48
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 809.5 0.08 5,300.7-84.73
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 142,745.4 13.91 192,387.6-25.80
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 25,864.3 2.52 37,507.5-31.04
86 Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds 30.7 0.00 741.3-95.86
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 165,630.2 16.14 154,651.97.10
88 Aircraft, spacecraft, and parts thereof 31,868.2 3.11 23,397.036.21
89 Ships, boats and floating structures 23,636.4 2.30 49,790.0-52.53
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 20,802.0 2.03 22,202.4-6.31
91 Clocks and watches and parts thereof 220.2 0.02 85.3158.10
92 Musical instruments; parts and accessories of such articles 191.5 0.02 132.644.37
93 Arms and ammunition; parts and accessories thereof 136.5 0.01 9.51,333.56
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 1,985.0 0.19 2,307.7-13.99
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 1,110.1 0.11 548.8102.29
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 171.9 0.02 662.0-74.03
97 Works of art, collectors’ pieces and antiques 35.7 0.00 55.5-35.64

US Imports from Nigeria

The major share of US imports from Nigeria in the first half of 2017 (and in the first half of 2016) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Mineral products (HS codes 25-27) - 96.91% of US total imports from Nigeria (96.93% in the first half of 2016);
  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 1.34% of US total imports from Nigeria (0.80% in the first half of 2016).

The largest gains in US imports from Nigeria in the first half of 2017 over the first half of 2016 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes (HS code 27) - an increase of $1,196.5 million;
  • Cocoa and cocoa preparations (HS code 18) - an increase of $22.2 million;
  • Fertilizers (HS code 31) - an increase of $18.0 million.

The largest declines in US imports from Nigeria in the first half of 2017 over the first half of 2016 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • No product groups with a substantial decrease.
US imports from Nigeria in the first half of 2017 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value
of imports
in first-half 2017
(USD thousand)
Share
in total import
(%)
Value
of imports
in first-half 2016
(USD thousand)
Change
in first-half 2017
over first-half 2016
(%)
03 Fish and crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates 2,096.7 0.06 891.6135.16
05 Products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 129.1 0.00 242.1-46.69
06 Live trees and other plants; bulbs, roots and the like; cut flowers and ornamental foliage 0.0 0.00 68.0-100.00
07 Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers 675.7 0.02 641.65.33
08 Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons 2,727.9 0.08 1,318.5106.90
09 Coffee, tea, maté and spices 1,785.6 0.05 2,253.3-20.75
10 Cereals 0.0 0.00 7.4-100.00
11 Products of the milling industry; malt; starches; inulin; wheat gluten 891.7 0.03 592.550.49
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 2,249.3 0.07 2,466.7-8.81
13 Lac; gums, resins and other vegetable saps and extracts 0.0 0.00 78.9-100.00
14 Vegetable plaiting materials; vegetable products not elsewhere specified or included 9.0 0.00 0.0
15 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes 142.3 0.00 252.8-43.71
16 Preparations of meat, of fish or of crustaceans, molluscs or other aquatic invertebrates 63.9 0.00 29.0120.24
18 Cocoa and cocoa preparations 25,449.8 0.77 3,215.8691.39
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 257.8 0.01 225.814.19
20 Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants 293.3 0.01 276.85.96
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 374.7 0.01 267.640.05
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 215.5 0.01 187.414.98
23 Residues and waste from the food industries; prepared animal feed 7,158.3 0.22 3,681.194.46
26 Ores, slag and ash 0.0 0.00 473.1-100.00
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 3,217,064.0 96.91 2,020,551.259.22
29 Organic chemicals 0.0 0.00 3.1-100.00
30 Pharmaceutical products 12.5 0.00 17.7-29.67
31 Fertilizers 18,011.5 0.54 0.0
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 63.9 0.00 40.458.14
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 140.6 0.00 146.6-4.06
39 Plastics and articles thereof 2,076.8 0.06 1,010.0105.62
40 Rubber and articles thereof 2.9 0.00 0.0
41 Raw hides and skins (other than furskins) and leather 538.3 0.02 253.1112.71
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 12.7 0.00 4.2199.67
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 188.3 0.01 66.9181.59
46 Manufactures of straw, of esparto or of other plaiting materials; basketware and wickerwork 12.7 0.00 3.3279.46
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 105.5 0.00 41.0157.58
52 Cotton 15.6 0.00 6.5140.67
54 Man-made filaments 1.4 0.00 0.5169.90
55 Man-made staple fibers 0.0 0.00 2.4-100.00
58 Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery 3.2 0.00 6.4-50.40
60 Knitted or crocheted fabrics 0.6 0.00 0.8-18.83
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 20.0 0.00 5.4272.93
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 164.4 0.00 52.1215.44
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 0.9 0.00 46.0-97.97
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 12.0 0.00 7.364.27
65 Headgear and parts thereof 8.0 0.00 1.9316.42
67 Prepared feathers and down and articles made of feathers or of down; artificial flowers; articles of human hair 4,119.8 0.12 3,469.518.74
69 Ceramic products 0.0 0.00 2.9-100.00
70 Glass and glassware 4.4 0.00 4.7-6.72
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 204.7 0.01 1,099.4-81.38
73 Articles of iron or steel 3.7 0.00 0.0
74 Copper and articles thereof 7.4 0.00 11.0-32.46
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 253.1 0.01 0.0
78 Lead and articles thereof 2,789.5 0.08 0.0
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 5.0 0.00 0.0
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 0.0 0.00 17.6-100.00
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 329.4 0.01 552.5-40.38
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 82.5 0.00 98.5-16.24
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 152.1 0.00 141.57.47
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 101.3 0.00 365.4-72.27
91 Clocks and watches and parts thereof 0.0 0.00 2.5-100.00
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 21.6 0.00 18.516.74
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 8.7 0.00 2.5249.36
97 Works of art, collectors’ pieces and antiques 8,004.2 0.24 1,594.8401.88
Compiled by «US-EXPORT–IMPORT» based on the statistics of the US Department of Commerce