US trade (export - import) with Romania in 2018

Published or Updated: Jun 09, 2019

The report on US foreign trade in goods with Romania in 2018: exports, imports, balance, product types and groups, dynamics.

US Trade with Romania

In 2018, US trade with Romania totaled $3,774.5 million, up 16.98% ($548.0 million) from 2017.

US exports to Romania in 2018 totaled $1,100.8 million, up 16.10% ($152.7 million) from 2017.

US imports from Romania in 2018 totaled $2,673.7 million, up 17.35% ($395.3 million) from 2017.

US trade deficit with Romania in 2018 was $1,572.9 million, a 18.24% increase ($242.6 million) over 2017.

Romania was the US 68th largest trading partner in 2018 (up from 71st in 2017), accounting for 0.0882% of US total trade (up from 0.0816% in 2017).

Romania was the US 78th largest export market in 2018 (just as in 2017), accounting for 0.0661% of US total exports (up from 0.0613% in 2017).

Romania was the US 63rd largest supplier in 2018 (up from 65th in 2017), accounting for 0.1022% of US total imports (up from 0.0946% in 2017).

US Exports to Romania

The major share of US exports to Romania in 2018 (and in 2017) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 57.17% of US total exports to Romania (69.04% in 2017);
  • Mineral products (HS codes 25-27) - 16.89% of US total exports to Romania (8.73% in 2017);
  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 9.37% of US total exports to Romania (6.55% in 2017);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 6.53% of US total exports to Romania (7.60% in 2017);
  • Metals and products from them (HS codes 72-83) - 4.38% of US total exports to Romania (5.09% in 2017).

The largest gains in US exports to Romania in 2018 over 2017 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes (HS code 27) - an increase of $103.2 million;
  • Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder (HS code 12) - an increase of $33.4 million;
  • Arms and ammunition; parts and accessories thereof (HS code 93) - an increase of $23.6 million;
  • Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof (HS code 90) - an increase of $15.0 million;
  • Residues and waste from the food industries; prepared animal feed (HS code 23) - an increase of $9.1 million;
  • Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof (HS code 87) - an increase of $4.1 million;
  • Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings (HS code 94) - an increase of $3.3 million.

The largest declines in US exports to Romania in 2018 over 2017 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles (HS code 85) - a decrease of $38.7 million;
  • Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof (HS code 84) - a decrease of $6.4 million;
  • Aluminum and articles thereof (HS code 76) - a decrease of $3.5 million;
  • Explosives; pyrotechnic products; matches; pyrophoric alloys; certain combustible preparations (HS code 36) - a decrease of $3.5 million.
US exports to Romania in 2018 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value
of exports
in 2018
(USD thousand)
Share
in total export
(%)
Value
of exports
in 2017
(USD thousand)
Change
in 2018
over 2017
(%)
01 Live animals 21.0 0.00 17.122.45
02 Meat and edible meat offal 0.0 0.00 3.3-100.00
03 Fish and crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates 1,627.3 0.15 1,931.3-15.74
04 Dairy produce; birds eggs; natural honey; edible products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 10.0 0.00 13.0-22.84
05 Products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 314.3 0.03 297.15.82
07 Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers 80.4 0.01 0.0
08 Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons 2,073.0 0.19 2,207.7-6.10
10 Cereals 349.9 0.03 196.178.38
11 Products of the milling industry; malt; starches; inulin; wheat gluten 19.6 0.00 16.618.16
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 44,954.7 4.08 11,534.6289.74
13 Lac; gums, resins and other vegetable saps and extracts 81.3 0.01 71.314.11
14 Vegetable plaiting materials; vegetable products not elsewhere specified or included 18.9 0.00 0.0
15 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes 4.8 0.00 3.924.10
16 Preparations of meat, of fish or of crustaceans, molluscs or other aquatic invertebrates 11.5 0.00 95.7-87.97
17 Sugars and sugar confectionery 10.1 0.00 34.7-70.84
18 Cocoa and cocoa preparations 4.1 0.00 3.226.80
20 Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants 284.2 0.03 11.42,386.98
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 9,066.9 0.82 7,168.826.48
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 13,162.4 1.20 13,850.0-4.97
23 Residues and waste from the food industries; prepared animal feed 18,042.5 1.64 8,988.4100.73
24 Tobacco and manufactured tobacco substitutes 12,987.1 1.18 15,680.4-17.18
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 347.5 0.03 412.4-15.75
26 Ores, slag and ash 0.0 0.00 5.2-100.00
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 185,630.6 16.86 82,390.1125.31
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 1,106.1 0.10 1,045.05.84
29 Organic chemicals 6,890.7 0.63 5,787.719.06
30 Pharmaceutical products 9,193.7 0.84 8,041.414.33
31 Fertilizers 202.8 0.02 683.4-70.33
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 1,264.4 0.11 364.2247.20
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 6,305.0 0.57 5,832.18.11
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 1,549.3 0.14 1,587.5-2.40
35 Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes 374.9 0.03 238.757.05
36 Explosives; pyrotechnic products; matches; pyrophoric alloys; certain combustible preparations 9,610.9 0.87 13,090.8-26.58
37 Photographic or cinematographic goods 125.4 0.01 167.4-25.07
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 7,386.9 0.67 8,233.8-10.29
39 Plastics and articles thereof 18,331.9 1.67 19,653.5-6.72
40 Rubber and articles thereof 9,547.3 0.87 7,288.630.99
41 Raw hides and skins (other than furskins) and leather 124.0 0.01 88.040.97
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 315.3 0.03 392.8-19.71
43 Furskins and artificial fur; manufactures thereof 6.5 0.00 0.0
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 2,914.4 0.26 2,440.719.41
45 Cork and articles of cork 16.8 0.00 0.0
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 1,659.5 0.15 902.783.84
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 965.9 0.09 488.597.76
50 Silk 3.7 0.00 0.0
52 Cotton 3.0 0.00 4.0-24.60
53 Other vegetable textile fibers; paper yarn and woven fabric of paper yarn 3.1 0.00 0.0
54 Man-made filaments 699.5 0.06 662.15.64
55 Man-made staple fibers 131.5 0.01 346.8-62.09
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 1,689.8 0.15 1,764.7-4.24
57 Carpets and other textile floor coverings 12.1 0.00 20.9-42.19
58 Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery 287.3 0.03 352.9-18.59
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 1,975.2 0.18 1,036.090.66
60 Knitted or crocheted fabrics 21.9 0.00 40.3-45.59
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 49.6 0.00 193.2-74.35
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 810.8 0.07 399.9102.75
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 400.3 0.04 333.919.86
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 26.4 0.00 26.8-1.55
65 Headgear and parts thereof 52.1 0.00 19.9161.59
66 Umbrellas, sun umbrellas, walking sticks, seatsticks, whips, riding-crops and parts thereof 13.5 0.00 0.0
67 Prepared feathers and down and articles made of feathers or of down; artificial flowers; articles of human hair 201.3 0.02 165.221.83
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 454.7 0.04 361.325.84
69 Ceramic products 2,483.5 0.23 322.4670.38
70 Glass and glassware 2,642.8 0.24 1,397.689.10
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 845.2 0.08 559.651.05
72 Iron and steel 8,265.8 0.75 6,711.023.17
73 Articles of iron or steel 19,386.5 1.76 19,321.70.34
74 Copper and articles thereof 353.5 0.03 488.8-27.69
75 Nickel and articles thereof 1,654.9 0.15 3,748.8-55.85
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 6,896.7 0.63 10,433.5-33.90
78 Lead and articles thereof 129.6 0.01 70.085.26
79 Zinc and articles thereof 12.2 0.00 3.0307.57
80 Tin and articles thereof 0.0 0.00 57.9-100.00
81 Other base metals; cermets; articles thereof 2,033.8 0.18 1,266.860.55
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 4,791.1 0.44 4,057.518.08
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 4,689.3 0.43 2,076.3125.85
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 125,214.1 11.37 131,577.6-4.84
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 194,296.2 17.65 233,041.0-16.63
86 Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds 54.3 0.00 34.258.76
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 90,899.3 8.26 86,756.64.78
88 Aircraft, spacecraft, and parts thereof 136,611.9 12.41 136,092.30.38
89 Ships, boats and floating structures 209.9 0.02 67.1212.57
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 82,006.7 7.45 67,028.822.35
91 Clocks and watches and parts thereof 383.3 0.03 213.579.48
92 Musical instruments; parts and accessories of such articles 433.1 0.04 406.36.61
93 Arms and ammunition; parts and accessories thereof 24,336.9 2.21 720.53,277.76
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 5,599.6 0.51 2,266.2147.09
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 1,214.2 0.11 2,302.2-47.26
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 694.2 0.06 858.4-19.12
97 Works of art, collectors’ pieces and antiques 210.0 0.02 324.5-35.30
99 Commodities not specified according to kind 10,619.3 0.96 8,945.818.71

US Imports from Romania

The major share of US imports from Romania in 2018 (and in 2017) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 53.94% of US total imports from Romania (55.00% in 2017);
  • Metals and products from them (HS codes 72-83) - 12.33% of US total imports from Romania (7.18% in 2017);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 10.71% of US total imports from Romania (13.43% in 2017);
  • Textiles, textile products and footwear (HS codes 50-67) - 9.83% of US total imports from Romania (11.49% in 2017);
  • Wood and wood products (HS codes 44-49) - 4.06% of US total imports from Romania (2.48% in 2017);
  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 1.03% of US total imports from Romania (1.29% in 2017).

The largest gains in US imports from Romania in 2018 over 2017 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles (HS code 85) - an increase of $164.3 million;
  • Iron and steel (HS code 72) - an increase of $97.6 million;
  • Articles of iron or steel (HS code 73) - an increase of $54.0 million;
  • Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal (HS code 44) - an increase of $51.2 million;
  • Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof (HS code 84) - an increase of $21.7 million;
  • Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted (HS code 62) - an increase of $16.6 million;
  • Aluminum and articles thereof (HS code 76) - an increase of $16.1 million;
  • Arms and ammunition; parts and accessories thereof (HS code 93) - an increase of $9.6 million.

The largest declines in US imports from Romania in 2018 over the 2017 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles (HS code 64) - a decrease of $20.9 million;
  • Pharmaceutical products (HS code 30) - a decrease of $18.0 million;
  • Rubber and articles thereof (HS code 40) - a decrease of $9.3 million.
US imports from Romania in 2018 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value
of imports
in 2018
(USD thousand)
Share
in total import
(%)
Value
of imports
in 2017
USD thousand)
Change
in 2018
over 2017
(%)
01 Live animals 142.0 0.01 129.59.65
04 Dairy produce; birds eggs; natural honey; edible products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 3,291.2 0.12 2,973.210.70
05 Products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 806.0 0.03 840.8-4.14
07 Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers 0.0 0.00 87.6-100.00
08 Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons 2,404.7 0.09 4,408.8-45.46
09 Coffee, tea, maté and spices 56.0 0.00 46.919.44
10 Cereals 10,841.4 0.41 9,007.620.36
11 Products of the milling industry; malt; starches; inulin; wheat gluten 0.0 0.00 2.7-100.00
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 888.6 0.03 785.913.07
15 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes 61.0 0.00 0.0
16 Preparations of meat, of fish or of crustaceans, molluscs or other aquatic invertebrates 0.0 0.00 230.8-100.00
17 Sugars and sugar confectionery 179.6 0.01 68.3162.99
18 Cocoa and cocoa preparations 581.2 0.02 1,327.2-56.21
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 1,607.2 0.06 2,566.4-37.37
20 Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants 904.0 0.03 334.9169.93
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 117.8 0.00 159.8-26.25
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 3,073.3 0.11 2,541.620.92
23 Residues and waste from the food industries; prepared animal feed 270.2 0.01 2,712.3-90.04
24 Tobacco and manufactured tobacco substitutes 2,208.9 0.08 1,210.982.41
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 20.6 0.00 48.5-57.47
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 38.3 0.00 4,682.8-99.18
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 1,345.3 0.05 1,126.219.46
29 Organic chemicals 11,556.1 0.43 5,880.496.52
30 Pharmaceutical products 27,494.3 1.03 45,495.2-39.57
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 533.3 0.02 731.5-27.09
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 975.3 0.04 701.239.08
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 5,303.5 0.20 6,812.7-22.15
35 Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes 588.4 0.02 776.3-24.20
36 Explosives; pyrotechnic products; matches; pyrophoric alloys; certain combustible preparations 48.3 0.00 56.9-15.09
37 Photographic or cinematographic goods 18.1 0.00 0.0
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 3,137.3 0.12 2,977.65.36
39 Plastics and articles thereof 21,689.7 0.81 18,606.816.57
40 Rubber and articles thereof 213,584.5 7.99 222,906.4-4.18
41 Raw hides and skins (other than furskins) and leather 29.2 0.00 9.0222.63
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 24,838.0 0.93 18,967.730.95
43 Furskins and artificial fur; manufactures thereof 621.1 0.02 508.022.27
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 105,945.5 3.96 54,784.693.39
45 Cork and articles of cork 19.5 0.00 3.9402.68
47 Pulp of wood or of other fibrous cellulosic material; waste and scrap of paper or paperboard 0.0 0.00 2.7-100.00
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 870.6 0.03 583.749.14
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 1,684.4 0.06 1,233.436.56
50 Silk 0.0 0.00 3.6-100.00
51 Wool, fine or coarse animal hair; horsehair yarn and woven fabric 4,875.5 0.18 3,740.730.34
52 Cotton 1,141.7 0.04 309.1269.41
53 Other vegetable textile fibers; paper yarn and woven fabric of paper yarn 896.2 0.03 1,962.7-54.34
54 Man-made filaments 1,900.7 0.07 2,294.7-17.17
55 Man-made staple fibers 3,340.9 0.12 2,670.525.10
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 1,595.4 0.06 2,219.9-28.13
57 Carpets and other textile floor coverings 266.6 0.01 139.391.45
58 Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery 123.7 0.00 70.675.18
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 5,182.0 0.19 4,113.925.96
60 Knitted or crocheted fabrics 0.0 0.00 607.9-100.00
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 27,332.0 1.02 25,275.88.13
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 154,256.1 5.77 137,682.212.04
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 6,604.9 0.25 4,507.846.52
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 55,086.2 2.06 75,975.8-27.50
65 Headgear and parts thereof 292.1 0.01 236.623.45
66 Umbrellas, sun umbrellas, walking sticks, seatsticks, whips, riding-crops and parts thereof 0.6 0.00 0.7-8.94
67 Prepared feathers and down and articles made of feathers or of down; artificial flowers; articles of human hair 40.4 0.00 35.812.72
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 3,037.1 0.11 1,859.663.31
69 Ceramic products 2,322.8 0.09 3,310.6-29.84
70 Glass and glassware 2,041.9 0.08 3,654.5-44.13
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 2,157.3 0.08 1,886.314.37
72 Iron and steel 124,766.5 4.67 27,188.4358.90
73 Articles of iron or steel 164,004.8 6.13 110,049.949.03
74 Copper and articles thereof 268.5 0.01 45.7487.37
75 Nickel and articles thereof 487.3 0.02 194.9150.09
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 30,477.8 1.14 14,388.8111.82
78 Lead and articles thereof 37.3 0.00 0.0
79 Zinc and articles thereof 0.0 0.00 3.6-100.00
81 Other base metals; cermets; articles thereof 1,230.0 0.05 358.0243.57
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 363.5 0.01 450.2-19.25
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 8,149.8 0.30 10,901.9-25.24
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 464,499.2 17.37 442,790.84.90
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 731,893.2 27.37 567,546.728.96
86 Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds 25.9 0.00 2.01,168.70
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 125,324.9 4.69 130,237.9-3.77
88 Aircraft, spacecraft, and parts thereof 16,116.8 0.60 8,705.185.14
89 Ships, boats and floating structures 0.0 0.00 75.0-100.00
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 104,203.7 3.90 103,782.10.41
91 Clocks and watches and parts thereof 665.6 0.02 30.22,101.88
92 Musical instruments; parts and accessories of such articles 2,215.8 0.08 2,102.55.39
93 Arms and ammunition; parts and accessories thereof 16,315.3 0.61 6,726.8142.54
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 74,837.3 2.80 72,740.22.88
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 12,489.5 0.47 8,668.944.07
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 246.0 0.01 357.5-31.21
97 Works of art, collectors’ pieces and antiques 8,565.8 0.32 11,867.7-27.82
99 Commodities not specified according to kind 66,251.7 2.48 70,305.9-5.77
Compiled by «US-EXPORT–IMPORT» based on the statistics of the US Department of Commerce