US trade with Romania in the 2nd quarter of 2017

Published or Updated: Sep 10, 2017

The report on US foreign trade in goods with Romania in the 2nd quarter of 2017: exports, imports, balance, product types and groups, dynamics.

US Trade with Romania

In the 2nd quarter of 2017, US trade with Romania totaled $867.1 million, up 24.70% ($171.8 million) from the 2nd quarter of 2016.

US exports to Romania in the 2nd quarter of 2017 totaled $279.7 million, up 31.67% ($67.3 million) from the 2nd quarter of 2016.

US imports from Romania in the 2nd quarter of 2017 totaled $587.4 million, up 21.63% ($104.5 million) from the 2nd quarter of 2016.

US trade deficit with Romania in the 2nd quarter of 2017 was $307.7 million, a 13.75% increase ($37.2 million) over the 2nd quarter of 2016.

Romania was the US 68th largest trading partner in the 2nd quarter of 2017 (up from 69th in the 2nd quarter of 2016), accounting for 0.0879% of US total trade (up from 0.0751% in the 2nd quarter of 2016).

Romania was the US 75th largest export market in the 2nd quarter of 2017 (up from 83rd in the 2nd quarter of 2016), accounting for 0.0727% of US total exports (up from 0.0584% in the 2nd quarter of 2016).

Romania was the US 65th largest supplier in the 2nd quarter of 2017 (just as in the 2nd quarter of 2016), accounting for 0.0976% of US total imports (up from 0.0859% in the 2nd quarter of 2016).

US Exports to Romania

The major share of US exports to Romania in the 2nd quarter of 2017 (and in the 2nd quarter of 2016) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 80.74% of US total exports to Romania (76.06% in the 2nd quarter of 2016);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 6.28% of US total exports to Romania (8.84% in the 2nd quarter of 2016);
  • Metals and products from them (HS codes 72-83) - 3.69% of US total exports to Romania (5.11% in the 2nd quarter of 2016);
  • Mineral products (HS codes 25-27) - 3.43% of US total exports to Romania (4.52% in the 2nd quarter of 2016);
  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 3.38% of US total exports to Romania (2.89% in the 2nd quarter of 2016).

The largest gains in US exports to Romania in the 2nd quarter of 2017 over the 2nd quarter of 2016 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Aircraft, spacecraft, and parts thereof (HS code 88) - an increase of $55.9 million;
  • Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles (HS code 85) - an increase of $27.0 million;
  • Plastics and articles thereof (HS code 39) - an increase of $2.1 million;
  • Miscellaneous chemical products (HS code 38) - an increase of $1.5 million;
  • Tobacco and manufactured tobacco substitutes (HS code 24) - an increase of $1.4 million;
  • Aluminum and articles thereof (HS code 76) - an increase of $1.3 million;
  • Miscellaneous edible preparations (HS code 21) - an increase of $1.3 million.

The largest declines in US exports to Romania in the 2nd quarter of 2017 over the 2nd quarter of 2016 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof (HS code 87) - a decrease of $10.7 million;
  • Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof (HS code 90) - a decrease of $8.6 million;
  • Pharmaceutical products (HS code 30) - a decrease of $3.9 million;
  • Articles of iron or steel (HS code 73) - a decrease of $1.6 million;
  • Organic chemicals (HS code 29) - a decrease of $0.9 million.
US exports to Romania in the 2nd quarter of 2017 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value
of exports
in Q2 2017
(USD thousand)
Share
in total export
(%)
Value
of exports
in Q2 2016
(USD thousand)
Change
in Q2 2017
over Q2 2016
(%)
01 Live animals 6.0 0.00 4.146.75
03 Fish and crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates 574.4 0.21 348.464.88
04 Dairy produce; birds eggs; natural honey; edible products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 0.0 0.00 10.8-100.00
05 Products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 62.3 0.02 48.927.22
08 Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons 454.9 0.16 329.638.02
09 Coffee, tea, maté and spices 0.0 0.00 6.8-100.00
10 Cereals 20.4 0.01 104.8-80.54
11 Products of the milling industry; malt; starches; inulin; wheat gluten 8.4 0.00 0.0
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 381.5 0.14 381.50.00
13 Lac; gums, resins and other vegetable saps and extracts 13.4 0.00 14.2-5.16
16 Preparations of meat, of fish or of crustaceans, molluscs or other aquatic invertebrates 91.6 0.03 0.0
17 Sugars and sugar confectionery 12.0 0.00 0.0
18 Cocoa and cocoa preparations 3.2 0.00 0.0
20 Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants 0.0 0.00 132.1-100.00
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 2,231.4 0.80 950.7134.70
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 2,710.4 0.97 2,082.630.15
23 Residues and waste from the food industries; prepared animal feed 127.2 0.05 382.7-66.76
24 Tobacco and manufactured tobacco substitutes 2,743.1 0.98 1,343.6104.17
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 83.2 0.03 105.1-20.84
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 9,512.9 3.40 9,490.00.24
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 211.0 0.08 279.9-24.61
29 Organic chemicals 1,482.3 0.53 2,386.9-37.90
30 Pharmaceutical products 1,841.3 0.66 5,711.7-67.76
31 Fertilizers 0.0 0.00 30.2-100.00
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 126.8 0.05 225.6-43.76
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 1,052.3 0.38 1,001.95.03
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 203.0 0.07 1,040.0-80.48
35 Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes 45.2 0.02 125.7-64.03
36 Explosives; pyrotechnic products; matches; pyrophoric alloys; certain combustible preparations 3,372.7 1.21 2,594.729.99
37 Photographic or cinematographic goods 55.5 0.02 17.7214.21
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 2,248.0 0.80 765.6193.63
39 Plastics and articles thereof 4,582.6 1.64 2,436.788.06
40 Rubber and articles thereof 2,347.2 0.84 2,169.58.19
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 126.7 0.05 44.1187.43
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 345.4 0.12 174.897.57
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 182.5 0.07 171.36.51
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 139.8 0.05 99.540.61
52 Cotton 0.0 0.00 5.5-100.00
54 Man-made filaments 280.2 0.10 46.2506.06
55 Man-made staple fibers 79.6 0.03 135.8-41.39
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 349.8 0.13 349.30.17
58 Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery 71.1 0.03 54.330.94
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 349.3 0.12 57.8504.82
60 Knitted or crocheted fabrics 8.2 0.00 5.453.75
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 71.7 0.03 10.8563.09
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 43.8 0.02 177.3-75.30
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 64.8 0.02 306.2-78.84
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 10.0 0.00 4.7114.76
65 Headgear and parts thereof 6.8 0.00 5.720.85
66 Umbrellas, sun umbrellas, walking sticks, seatsticks, whips, riding-crops and parts thereof 0.0 0.00 3.5-100.00
67 Prepared feathers and down and articles made of feathers or of down; artificial flowers; articles of human hair 55.4 0.02 35.257.21
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 139.0 0.05 272.3-48.95
69 Ceramic products 71.7 0.03 17.3313.67
70 Glass and glassware 350.6 0.13 130.0169.74
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 61.1 0.02 94.0-34.96
72 Iron and steel 1,699.6 0.61 1,271.933.63
73 Articles of iron or steel 3,678.3 1.32 5,277.4-30.30
74 Copper and articles thereof 241.0 0.09 71.0239.59
75 Nickel and articles thereof 775.8 0.28 956.4-18.88
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 2,723.1 0.97 1,408.193.38
78 Lead and articles thereof 6.7 0.00 46.4-85.53
79 Zinc and articles thereof 0.0 0.00 3.3-100.00
80 Tin and articles thereof 3.3 0.00 3.09.79
81 Other base metals; cermets; articles thereof 249.5 0.09 145.571.49
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 668.8 0.24 709.2-5.70
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 288.5 0.10 969.4-70.24
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 31,043.5 11.10 30,438.71.99
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 64,915.1 23.21 37,886.671.34
86 Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds 10.0 0.00 0.0
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 21,238.3 7.59 31,888.7-33.40
88 Aircraft, spacecraft, and parts thereof 95,063.8 33.99 39,124.6142.98
89 Ships, boats and floating structures 16.5 0.01 63.3-73.97
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 13,547.2 4.84 22,156.9-38.86
91 Clocks and watches and parts thereof 30.2 0.01 41.8-27.64
92 Musical instruments; parts and accessories of such articles 73.8 0.03 58.725.75
93 Arms and ammunition; parts and accessories thereof 3.7 0.00 120.9-96.91
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 871.9 0.31 747.116.72
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 616.5 0.22 189.8224.79
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 80.4 0.03 36.2121.82
97 Works of art, collectors’ pieces and antiques 135.1 0.05 209.2-35.44

US Imports from Romania

The major share of US imports from Romania in the 2nd quarter of 2017 (and in the 2nd quarter of 2016) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 55.63% of US total imports from Romania (54.82% in the 2nd quarter of 2016);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 15.33% of US total imports from Romania (12.00% in the 2nd quarter of 2016);
  • Textiles, textile products and footwear (HS codes 50-67) - 10.44% of US total imports from Romania (12.88% in the 2nd quarter of 2016);
  • Metals and products from them (HS codes 72-83) - 6.19% of US total imports from Romania (6.11% in the 2nd quarter of 2016);
  • Wood and wood products (HS codes 44-49) - 3.00% of US total imports from Romania (1.19% in the 2nd quarter of 2016);
  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 0.99% of US total imports from Romania (4.15% in the 2nd quarter of 2016).

The largest gains in US imports from Romania in the 2nd quarter of 2017 over the 2nd quarter of 2016 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles (HS code 85) - an increase of $48.5 million;
  • Rubber and articles thereof (HS code 40) - an increase of $24.1 million;
  • Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof (HS code 84) - an increase of $19.1 million;
  • Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal (HS code 44) - an increase of $11.7 million;
  • Pharmaceutical products (HS code 30) - an increase of $7.6 million;
  • Articles of iron or steel (HS code 73) - an increase of $5.1 million;
  • Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles (HS code 64) - an increase of $3.3 million;
  • Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings (HS code 94) - an increase of $2.4 million.

The largest declines in US imports from Romania in the 2nd quarter of 2017 over the 2nd quarter of 2016 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Cereals (HS code 10) - a decrease of $12.1 million;
  • Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof (HS code 87) - a decrease of $5.4 million;
  • Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder (HS code 12) - a decrease of $3.6 million;
  • Man-made filaments (HS code 54) - a decrease of $2.0 million.
US imports from Romania in the 2nd quarter of 2017 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value
of imports
in Q2 2017
(USD thousand)
Share
in total import
(%)
Value
of imports
in Q2 2016
(USD thousand)
Change
in Q2 2017
over Q2 2016
(%)
01 Live animals 78.8 0.01 34.1130.93
04 Dairy produce; birds eggs; natural honey; edible products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 567.0 0.10 464.122.17
05 Products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 109.0 0.02 620.2-82.43
07 Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers 40.5 0.01 59.5-31.89
08 Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons 2,235.8 0.38 863.2159.01
09 Coffee, tea, maté and spices 4.4 0.00 0.0
10 Cereals 158.5 0.03 12,286.3-98.71
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 172.1 0.03 3,764.4-95.43
15 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes 0.0 0.00 82.1-100.00
18 Cocoa and cocoa preparations 311.9 0.05 2.611,857.98
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 677.2 0.12 964.6-29.80
20 Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants 96.4 0.02 69.039.69
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 34.6 0.01 34.01.77
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 439.7 0.07 606.8-27.54
23 Residues and waste from the food industries; prepared animal feed 722.6 0.12 134.9435.64
24 Tobacco and manufactured tobacco substitutes 189.5 0.03 40.8364.35
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 2.4 0.00 0.0
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 14.3 0.00 0.0
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 242.6 0.04 147.664.35
29 Organic chemicals 1,441.5 0.25 724.199.07
30 Pharmaceutical products 11,121.4 1.89 3,515.8216.33
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 167.0 0.03 350.8-52.39
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 107.9 0.02 72.149.52
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 1,791.6 0.30 1,831.4-2.17
35 Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes 182.7 0.03 116.456.96
36 Explosives; pyrotechnic products; matches; pyrophoric alloys; certain combustible preparations 12.1 0.00 11.37.00
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 651.9 0.11 593.29.89
39 Plastics and articles thereof 4,463.4 0.76 4,874.3-8.43
40 Rubber and articles thereof 69,853.0 11.89 45,713.752.81
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 5,013.7 0.85 4,508.211.21
43 Furskins and artificial fur; manufactures thereof 169.5 0.03 192.8-12.07
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 17,146.5 2.92 5,482.4212.75
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 132.7 0.02 99.733.16
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 366.3 0.06 158.5131.14
51 Wool, fine or coarse animal hair; horsehair yarn and woven fabric 713.2 0.12 1,383.7-48.46
52 Cotton 115.4 0.02 138.3-16.56
53 Other vegetable textile fibers; paper yarn and woven fabric of paper yarn 496.3 0.08 320.155.06
54 Man-made filaments 381.4 0.06 2,403.7-84.14
55 Man-made staple fibers 928.8 0.16 1,012.7-8.28
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 509.6 0.09 955.9-46.69
57 Carpets and other textile floor coverings 22.9 0.00 51.9-55.87
58 Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery 6.1 0.00 46.8-86.94
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 814.9 0.14 543.349.98
60 Knitted or crocheted fabrics 220.5 0.04 41.0438.49
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 6,290.7 1.07 6,520.7-3.53
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 33,308.4 5.67 34,679.4-3.95
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 1,239.7 0.21 1,215.61.98
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 16,173.8 2.75 12,833.126.03
65 Headgear and parts thereof 69.0 0.01 60.913.45
66 Umbrellas, sun umbrellas, walking sticks, seatsticks, whips, riding-crops and parts thereof 0.7 0.00 0.0
67 Prepared feathers and down and articles made of feathers or of down; artificial flowers; articles of human hair 35.2 0.01 0.0
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 430.8 0.07 767.3-43.86
69 Ceramic products 717.7 0.12 856.4-16.19
70 Glass and glassware 1,232.1 0.21 700.675.87
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 495.9 0.08 597.8-17.05
72 Iron and steel 5,302.9 0.90 3,674.144.33
73 Articles of iron or steel 24,064.6 4.10 18,945.527.02
74 Copper and articles thereof 38.1 0.01 0.0
75 Nickel and articles thereof 30.6 0.01 0.0
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 4,207.9 0.72 3,947.76.59
79 Zinc and articles thereof 0.0 0.00 22.4-100.00
80 Tin and articles thereof 0.0 0.00 66.2-100.00
81 Other base metals; cermets; articles thereof 97.4 0.02 143.8-32.24
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 89.5 0.02 139.3-35.74
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 2,525.6 0.43 2,586.5-2.36
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 121,265.7 20.64 102,168.518.69
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 147,635.6 25.13 99,177.548.86
86 Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds 0.0 0.00 4.4-100.00
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 30,642.4 5.22 36,026.2-14.94
88 Aircraft, spacecraft, and parts thereof 1,697.0 0.29 2,443.0-30.54
89 Ships, boats and floating structures 8.5 0.00 0.0
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 25,567.0 4.35 24,948.82.48
91 Clocks and watches and parts thereof 21.9 0.00 0.0
92 Musical instruments; parts and accessories of such articles 955.9 0.16 718.433.06
93 Arms and ammunition; parts and accessories thereof 1,885.1 0.32 1,917.0-1.67
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 20,560.5 3.50 18,156.513.24
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 1,484.2 0.25 1,074.438.15
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 55.1 0.01 19.1188.70
97 Works of art, collectors’ pieces and antiques 653.6 0.11 582.012.30
Compiled by «US-EXPORT–IMPORT» based on the statistics of the US Department of Commerce