US trade with Romania in the first half of 2017

Published or Updated: Oct 22, 2017

The report on US foreign trade in goods with Romania in the first half of 2017: exports, imports, balance, product types and groups, dynamics.

US Trade with Romania

In the first half of 2017, US trade with Romania totaled $1,619.4 million, up 18.23% ($249.7 million) from the first half of 2016.

US exports to Romania in the first half of 2017 totaled $517.1 million, up 37.61% ($141.3 million) from the first half of 2016.

US imports from Romania in the first half of 2017 totaled $1,102.3 million, up 10.90% ($108.4 million) from the first half of 2016.

US trade deficit with Romania in the first half of 2017 was $585.3 million, a 5.33% decrease ($33.0 million) over the first half of 2016.

Romania was the US 70th largest trading partner in the first half of 2017 (just as in the first half of 2016), accounting for 0.0841% of US total trade (up from 0.0761% in the first half of 2016).

Romania was the US 77th largest export market in the first half of 2017 (up from 84th in the first half of 2016), accounting for 0.0683% of US total exports (up from 0.0528% in the first half of 2016).

Romania was the US 64th largest supplier in the first half of 2017 (up from 65th in the first half of 2016), accounting for 0.0944% of US total imports (up from 0.0912% in the first half of 2016).

US Exports to Romania

The major share of US exports to Romania in the first half of 2017 (and in the first half of 2016) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 72.58% of US total exports to Romania (71.32% in the first half of 2016);
  • Mineral products (HS codes 25-27) - 7.55% of US total exports to Romania (3.32% in the first half of 2016);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 6.70% of US total exports to Romania (9.20% in the first half of 2016);
  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 6.49% of US total exports to Romania (6.98% in the first half of 2016);
  • Metals and products from them (HS codes 72-83) - 4.11% of US total exports to Romania (5.82% in the first half of 2016).

The largest gains in US exports to Romania in the first half of 2017 over the first half of 2016 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles (HS code 85) - an increase of $77.7 million;
  • Aircraft, spacecraft, and parts thereof (HS code 88) - an increase of $54.7 million;
  • Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes (HS code 27) - an increase of $26.5 million;
  • Residues and waste from the food industries; prepared animal feed (HS code 23) - an increase of $7.8 million;
  • Plastics and articles thereof (HS code 39) - an increase of $3.0 million;
  • Miscellaneous edible preparations (HS code 21) - an increase of $2.0 million;
  • Miscellaneous chemical products (HS code 38) - an increase of $1.8 million.

The largest declines in US exports to Romania in the first half of 2017 over the first half of 2016 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof (HS code 90) - a decrease of $11.4 million;
  • Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof (HS code 84) - a decrease of $8.7 million;
  • Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof (HS code 87) - a decrease of $5.0 million;
  • Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder (HS code 12) - a decrease of $4.4 million;
  • Pharmaceutical products (HS code 30) - a decrease of $3.4 million;
  • Miscellaneous articles of base metal (HS code 83) - a decrease of $1.7 million.
US exports to Romania in the first half of 2017 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value
of exports
in first-half 2017
(USD thousand)
Share
in total export
(%)
Value
of exports
in first-half 2016
(USD thousand)
Change
in first-half 2017
over first-half 2016
(%)
01 Live animals 17.1 0.00 7.5126.92
02 Meat and edible meat offal 0.0 0.00 11.5-100.00
03 Fish and crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates 1,258.4 0.24 546.2130.39
04 Dairy produce; birds eggs; natural honey; edible products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 6.5 0.00 10.8-40.27
05 Products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 138.9 0.03 101.237.25
07 Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers 0.0 0.00 61.9-100.00
08 Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons 1,214.8 0.23 890.936.36
09 Coffee, tea, maté and spices 0.0 0.00 6.8-100.00
10 Cereals 129.0 0.02 186.9-30.97
11 Products of the milling industry; malt; starches; inulin; wheat gluten 11.8 0.00 0.0
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 3,872.9 0.75 8,244.3-53.02
13 Lac; gums, resins and other vegetable saps and extracts 29.5 0.01 38.6-23.49
15 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes 0.0 0.00 20.0-100.00
16 Preparations of meat, of fish or of crustaceans, molluscs or other aquatic invertebrates 95.7 0.02 0.0
17 Sugars and sugar confectionery 12.0 0.00 4.5167.74
18 Cocoa and cocoa preparations 3.2 0.00 0.0
20 Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants 0.0 0.00 329.3-100.00
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 3,794.2 0.73 1,788.8112.11
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 6,294.3 1.22 4,983.926.29
23 Residues and waste from the food industries; prepared animal feed 8,373.6 1.62 533.71,468.87
24 Tobacco and manufactured tobacco substitutes 8,316.3 1.61 8,447.2-1.55
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 229.5 0.04 239.7-4.23
26 Ores, slag and ash 5.2 0.00 0.0
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 38,789.5 7.50 12,247.1216.73
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 606.1 0.12 560.58.14
29 Organic chemicals 2,523.3 0.49 3,519.2-28.30
30 Pharmaceutical products 3,695.1 0.71 7,059.9-47.66
31 Fertilizers 329.4 0.06 263.724.94
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 206.5 0.04 412.1-49.88
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 2,551.1 0.49 3,341.9-23.66
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 775.6 0.15 1,277.1-39.27
35 Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes 113.0 0.02 264.1-57.22
36 Explosives; pyrotechnic products; matches; pyrophoric alloys; certain combustible preparations 6,463.3 1.25 5,594.015.54
37 Photographic or cinematographic goods 92.5 0.02 32.7183.07
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 3,473.3 0.67 1,697.0104.67
39 Plastics and articles thereof 9,190.8 1.78 6,204.248.14
40 Rubber and articles thereof 4,618.4 0.89 4,333.16.58
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 296.3 0.06 54.7441.57
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 532.0 0.10 309.272.05
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 398.8 0.08 503.4-20.79
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 292.8 0.06 311.2-5.91
52 Cotton 4.0 0.00 8.0-50.37
54 Man-made filaments 430.2 0.08 130.8228.82
55 Man-made staple fibers 118.8 0.02 179.6-33.84
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 734.7 0.14 598.422.78
57 Carpets and other textile floor coverings 12.2 0.00 0.0
58 Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery 236.5 0.05 87.7169.55
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 770.1 0.15 161.3377.57
60 Knitted or crocheted fabrics 23.9 0.00 5.4346.51
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 104.2 0.02 39.0167.07
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 148.0 0.03 278.9-46.93
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 238.0 0.05 395.1-39.76
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 12.9 0.00 12.25.36
65 Headgear and parts thereof 6.8 0.00 14.3-52.05
66 Umbrellas, sun umbrellas, walking sticks, seatsticks, whips, riding-crops and parts thereof 0.0 0.00 3.5-100.00
67 Prepared feathers and down and articles made of feathers or of down; artificial flowers; articles of human hair 72.8 0.01 45.161.27
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 232.0 0.04 321.1-27.74
69 Ceramic products 102.7 0.02 83.423.20
70 Glass and glassware 617.5 0.12 762.0-18.96
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 97.4 0.02 268.0-63.68
72 Iron and steel 3,140.7 0.61 3,335.8-5.85
73 Articles of iron or steel 8,172.6 1.58 9,166.9-10.85
74 Copper and articles thereof 342.8 0.07 157.8117.22
75 Nickel and articles thereof 2,696.0 0.52 1,458.284.88
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 4,178.3 0.81 3,631.915.05
78 Lead and articles thereof 14.6 0.00 88.1-83.46
79 Zinc and articles thereof 0.0 0.00 6.4-100.00
80 Tin and articles thereof 3.3 0.00 3.09.79
81 Other base metals; cermets; articles thereof 750.5 0.15 231.6224.07
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 1,285.1 0.25 1,380.6-6.92
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 656.7 0.13 2,390.6-72.53
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 60,263.4 11.66 68,978.5-12.63
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 140,588.1 27.19 62,866.2123.63
86 Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds 14.9 0.00 25.1-40.70
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 41,151.0 7.96 46,144.8-10.82
88 Aircraft, spacecraft, and parts thereof 104,515.1 20.21 49,796.5109.88
89 Ships, boats and floating structures 16.5 0.00 63.3-73.97
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 28,712.0 5.55 40,105.1-28.41
91 Clocks and watches and parts thereof 87.0 0.02 306.0-71.57
92 Musical instruments; parts and accessories of such articles 213.9 0.04 196.19.06
93 Arms and ammunition; parts and accessories thereof 222.1 0.04 136.862.36
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 1,142.3 0.22 2,114.4-45.97
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 978.4 0.19 494.098.06
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 263.0 0.05 403.9-34.88
97 Works of art, collectors’ pieces and antiques 175.9 0.03 260.6-32.50

US Imports from Romania

The major share of US imports from Romania in the first half of 2017 (and in the first half of 2016) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 54.98% of US total imports from Romania (54.87% in the first half of 2016);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 16.00% of US total imports from Romania (12.37% in the first half of 2016);
  • Textiles, textile products and footwear (HS codes 50-67) - 10.39% of US total imports from Romania (11.78% in the first half of 2016);
  • Metals and products from them (HS codes 72-83) - 6.19% of US total imports from Romania (7.91% in the first half of 2016);
  • Wood and wood products (HS codes 44-49) - 2.45% of US total imports from Romania (1.22% in the first half of 2016);
  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 1.60% of US total imports from Romania (3.02% in the first half of 2016).

The largest gains in US imports from Romania in the first half of 2017 over the first half of 2016 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles (HS code 85) - an increase of $67.6 million;
  • Pharmaceutical products (HS code 30) - an increase of $29.2 million;
  • Rubber and articles thereof (HS code 40) - an increase of $23.7 million;
  • Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal (HS code 44) - an increase of $14.7 million;
  • Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof (HS code 84) - an increase of $4.9 million;
  • Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles (HS code 64) - an increase of $4.0 million.

The largest declines in US imports from Romania in the first half of 2017 over the first half of 2016 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof (HS code 87) - a decrease of $11.4 million;
  • Cereals (HS code 10) - a decrease of $9.9 million;
  • Articles of iron or steel (HS code 73) - a decrease of $9.8 million;
  • Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder (HS code 12) - a decrease of $4.4 million;
  • Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted (HS code 62) - a decrease of $3.9 million.
US imports from Romania in the first half of 2017 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value
of imports
in first-half 2017
(USD thousand)
Share
in total import
(%)
Value
of imports
in first-half 2016
(USD thousand)
Change
in first-half 2017
over first-half 2016
(%)
01 Live animals 95.5 0.01 38.6147.24
04 Dairy produce; birds eggs; natural honey; edible products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 1,477.8 0.13 1,351.79.33
05 Products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 274.4 0.02 1,170.6-76.56
07 Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers 45.6 0.00 186.5-75.53
08 Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons 3,077.9 0.28 1,678.683.37
09 Coffee, tea, maté and spices 4.4 0.00 3.429.08
10 Cereals 7,311.5 0.66 17,221.6-57.54
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 463.8 0.04 4,847.2-90.43
14 Vegetable plaiting materials; vegetable products not elsewhere specified or included 0.0 0.00 131.0-100.00
15 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes 0.0 0.00 82.1-100.00
18 Cocoa and cocoa preparations 586.6 0.05 2.622,392.71
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 1,184.4 0.11 1,912.6-38.07
20 Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants 149.7 0.01 97.254.00
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 64.0 0.01 80.8-20.72
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 799.0 0.07 996.4-19.81
23 Residues and waste from the food industries; prepared animal feed 1,805.2 0.16 134.91,238.19
24 Tobacco and manufactured tobacco substitutes 332.3 0.03 66.5399.59
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 2.4 0.00 0.0
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 14.3 0.00 87.9-83.79
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 715.0 0.06 642.311.32
29 Organic chemicals 2,094.2 0.19 1,121.386.77
30 Pharmaceutical products 37,545.5 3.41 8,355.5349.35
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 292.7 0.03 643.4-54.51
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 191.0 0.02 78.0144.89
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 3,086.3 0.28 2,874.27.38
35 Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes 387.1 0.04 274.840.87
36 Explosives; pyrotechnic products; matches; pyrophoric alloys; certain combustible preparations 24.1 0.00 19.523.40
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 1,174.7 0.11 1,171.40.28
39 Plastics and articles thereof 9,039.2 0.82 9,657.9-6.41
40 Rubber and articles thereof 121,829.5 11.05 98,164.124.11
41 Raw hides and skins (other than furskins) and leather 0.0 0.00 18.1-100.00
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 8,521.7 0.77 9,021.1-5.54
43 Furskins and artificial fur; manufactures thereof 194.4 0.02 218.8-11.18
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 26,293.9 2.39 11,554.5127.56
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 256.7 0.02 379.9-32.41
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 490.2 0.04 232.4110.97
51 Wool, fine or coarse animal hair; horsehair yarn and woven fabric 1,692.7 0.15 1,988.0-14.85
52 Cotton 162.6 0.01 190.4-14.58
53 Other vegetable textile fibers; paper yarn and woven fabric of paper yarn 707.0 0.06 570.623.90
54 Man-made filaments 1,329.3 0.12 3,402.1-60.93
55 Man-made staple fibers 1,332.9 0.12 1,890.6-29.50
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 1,149.1 0.10 1,632.2-29.60
57 Carpets and other textile floor coverings 40.1 0.00 56.7-29.28
58 Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery 21.9 0.00 162.0-86.46
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 1,671.0 0.15 1,051.059.00
60 Knitted or crocheted fabrics 595.8 0.05 44.01,253.23
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 10,723.3 0.97 11,172.0-4.02
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 63,503.9 5.76 67,440.2-5.84
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 2,416.1 0.22 2,306.44.76
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 29,003.4 2.63 25,018.615.93
65 Headgear and parts thereof 101.8 0.01 104.7-2.78
66 Umbrellas, sun umbrellas, walking sticks, seatsticks, whips, riding-crops and parts thereof 0.7 0.00 0.0
67 Prepared feathers and down and articles made of feathers or of down; artificial flowers; articles of human hair 35.2 0.00 43.3-18.73
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 722.2 0.07 1,032.4-30.04
69 Ceramic products 1,508.5 0.14 1,748.3-13.72
70 Glass and glassware 1,974.0 0.18 1,473.733.95
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 978.6 0.09 1,137.1-13.94
72 Iron and steel 9,887.9 0.90 7,038.940.47
73 Articles of iron or steel 45,477.4 4.13 55,274.9-17.73
74 Copper and articles thereof 38.1 0.00 14.3166.27
75 Nickel and articles thereof 44.7 0.00 61.3-27.05
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 7,104.1 0.64 9,508.7-25.29
79 Zinc and articles thereof 3.6 0.00 22.4-83.90
80 Tin and articles thereof 0.0 0.00 159.1-100.00
81 Other base metals; cermets; articles thereof 127.4 0.01 480.5-73.48
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 281.6 0.03 286.0-1.53
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 5,237.0 0.48 5,825.8-10.11
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 216,444.4 19.64 211,495.92.34
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 271,296.9 24.61 203,704.733.18
86 Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds 0.0 0.00 25.4-100.00
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 62,766.7 5.69 74,183.8-15.39
88 Aircraft, spacecraft, and parts thereof 4,072.3 0.37 4,403.7-7.53
89 Ships, boats and floating structures 53.4 0.00 0.0
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 51,382.0 4.66 51,573.8-0.37
91 Clocks and watches and parts thereof 21.9 0.00 2.4824.52
92 Musical instruments; parts and accessories of such articles 1,354.2 0.12 1,323.42.33
93 Arms and ammunition; parts and accessories thereof 2,873.9 0.26 2,921.1-1.61
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 35,971.5 3.26 33,921.36.04
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 2,271.6 0.21 1,513.950.05
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 197.9 0.02 27.0633.58
97 Works of art, collectors’ pieces and antiques 2,289.4 0.21 864.7164.76
Compiled by «US-EXPORT–IMPORT» based on the statistics of the US Department of Commerce