US trade (export - import) with Saudi Arabia in 2018

Published or Updated: May 31, 2019

The report on US foreign trade in goods with Saudi Arabia in 2018: exports, imports, balance, product types and groups, dynamics.

US Trade with Saudi Arabia

In 2018, US trade with Saudi Arabia totaled $38.5 billion, up 7.30% ($2.6 billion) from 2017.

US exports to Saudi Arabia in 2018 were $13.7 billion, down 16.01% ($2.6 billion) from 2017.

US imports from Saudi Arabia in 2018 totaled $24.8 billion, up 26.63% ($5.2 billion) from 2017.

US trade deficit with Saudi Arabia in 2018 was $11.2 billion, a 233.55% increase ($7.8 billion) over 2017.

Saudi Arabia was the US 22nd largest trading partner in 2018 (just as in 2017), accounting for 0.8992% of US total trade (down from 0.9071% in 2017).

Saudi Arabia was the US 23rd largest export market in 2018 (down from 20th in 2017), accounting for 0.8205% of US total exports (down from 1.0517% in 2017).

Saudi Arabia was the US 20th largest supplier in 2018 (up from 21st in 2017), accounting for 0.9493% of US total imports (up from 0.8143% in 2017).

US Exports to Saudi Arabia

The major share of US exports to Saudi Arabia in 2018 (and in 2017) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 55.35% of US total exports to Saudi Arabia (65.17% in 2017);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 11.25% of US total exports to Saudi Arabia (8.34% in 2017);
  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 10.70% of US total exports to Saudi Arabia (8.98% in 2017);
  • Metals and products from them (HS codes 72-83) - 3.31% of US total exports to Saudi Arabia (2.48% in 2017);
  • Wood and wood products (HS codes 44-49) - 1.40% of US total exports to Saudi Arabia (1.13% in 2017);
  • Mineral products (HS codes 25-27) - 1.17% of US total exports to Saudi Arabia (0.63% in 2017).

The largest gains in US exports to Saudi Arabia in 2018 over 2017 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Arms and ammunition; parts and accessories thereof (HS code 93) - an increase of $107.7 million;
  • Pharmaceutical products (HS code 30) - an increase of $90.7 million;
  • Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder (HS code 12) - an increase of $69.0 million;
  • Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof (HS code 90) - an increase of $59.6 million;
  • Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes (HS code 27) - an increase of $52.8 million;
  • Organic chemicals (HS code 29) - an increase of $41.3 million.

The largest declines in US exports to Saudi Arabia in 2018 over 2017 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Aircraft, spacecraft, and parts thereof (HS code 88) - a decrease of $1,798.4 million;
  • Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof (HS code 87) - a decrease of $453.4 million;
  • Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles (HS code 85) - a decrease of $450.4 million;
  • Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof (HS code 84) - a decrease of $358.9 million;
  • Residues and waste from the food industries; prepared animal feed (HS code 23) - a decrease of $56.0 million.
US exports to Saudi Arabia in 2018 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value
of exports
in 2018
(USD thousand)
Share
in total export
(%)
Value
of exports
in 2017
(USD thousand)
Change
in 2018
over 2017
(%)
01 Live animals 2,757.9 0.02 1,716.360.69
02 Meat and edible meat offal 17,290.7 0.13 9,960.073.60
03 Fish and crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates 1,898.9 0.01 1,646.015.36
04 Dairy produce; birds eggs; natural honey; edible products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 51,009.0 0.37 47,471.27.45
05 Products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 9,886.2 0.07 6,166.460.32
06 Live trees and other plants; bulbs, roots and the like; cut flowers and ornamental foliage 636.9 0.00 683.4-6.80
07 Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers 6,916.7 0.05 6,660.63.85
08 Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons 173,017.8 1.27 167,798.43.11
09 Coffee, tea, maté and spices 14,016.8 0.10 14,036.0-0.14
10 Cereals 393,609.7 2.88 395,719.5-0.53
11 Products of the milling industry; malt; starches; inulin; wheat gluten 759.5 0.01 492.654.16
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 331,751.5 2.43 262,789.326.24
13 Lac; gums, resins and other vegetable saps and extracts 5,630.2 0.04 4,191.634.32
14 Vegetable plaiting materials; vegetable products not elsewhere specified or included 3,001.1 0.02 4,237.0-29.17
15 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes 71,829.3 0.53 100,092.0-28.24
16 Preparations of meat, of fish or of crustaceans, molluscs or other aquatic invertebrates 172.5 0.00 1,928.0-91.05
17 Sugars and sugar confectionery 9,414.2 0.07 12,640.9-25.53
18 Cocoa and cocoa preparations 22,546.1 0.17 20,540.09.77
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 46,209.3 0.34 45,872.50.73
20 Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants 81,309.5 0.60 82,232.2-1.12
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 114,938.4 0.84 133,754.6-14.07
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 37,189.0 0.27 18,148.8104.91
23 Residues and waste from the food industries; prepared animal feed 65,057.0 0.48 121,105.1-46.28
24 Tobacco and manufactured tobacco substitutes 10.7 0.00 162.6-93.44
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 28,861.7 0.21 25,420.713.54
26 Ores, slag and ash 627.3 0.00 135.0364.54
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 129,771.0 0.95 76,986.868.56
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 57,114.3 0.42 57,628.1-0.89
29 Organic chemicals 147,555.4 1.08 106,262.238.86
30 Pharmaceutical products 308,082.2 2.26 217,381.541.72
31 Fertilizers 451.4 0.00 461.0-2.08
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 14,047.5 0.10 14,427.7-2.63
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 57,559.4 0.42 56,393.02.07
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 69,444.1 0.51 65,660.25.76
35 Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes 22,161.4 0.16 34,355.0-35.49
36 Explosives; pyrotechnic products; matches; pyrophoric alloys; certain combustible preparations 7,541.1 0.06 5,643.133.63
37 Photographic or cinematographic goods 1,317.7 0.01 2,719.8-51.55
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 457,978.1 3.35 441,091.53.83
39 Plastics and articles thereof 303,798.7 2.22 271,117.512.05
40 Rubber and articles thereof 89,333.9 0.65 82,410.38.40
41 Raw hides and skins (other than furskins) and leather 1,692.4 0.01 1,018.366.20
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 8,025.5 0.06 10,069.1-20.30
43 Furskins and artificial fur; manufactures thereof 134.0 0.00 107.224.97
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 16,905.9 0.12 20,053.5-15.70
45 Cork and articles of cork 3.8 0.00 51.3-92.65
46 Manufactures of straw, of esparto or of other plaiting materials; basketware and wickerwork 39.0 0.00 43.9-11.33
47 Pulp of wood or of other fibrous cellulosic material; waste and scrap of paper or paperboard 72,977.3 0.53 64,296.013.50
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 72,477.6 0.53 66,726.08.62
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 28,251.2 0.21 32,393.4-12.79
50 Silk 183.2 0.00 377.7-51.50
51 Wool, fine or coarse animal hair; horsehair yarn and woven fabric 9.8 0.00 21.2-53.64
52 Cotton 105.6 0.00 116.1-9.05
53 Other vegetable textile fibers; paper yarn and woven fabric of paper yarn 24.0 0.00 108.0-77.78
54 Man-made filaments 577.0 0.00 1,903.7-69.69
55 Man-made staple fibers 348.0 0.00 1,466.7-76.27
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 8,721.6 0.06 7,455.416.98
57 Carpets and other textile floor coverings 7,019.5 0.05 6,992.60.38
58 Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery 605.1 0.00 739.5-18.18
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 11,906.1 0.09 10,854.29.69
60 Knitted or crocheted fabrics 5,315.4 0.04 5,591.8-4.94
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 8,453.8 0.06 7,437.113.67
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 20,971.1 0.15 17,862.117.41
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 9,030.7 0.07 13,665.9-33.92
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 3,004.5 0.02 3,330.3-9.78
65 Headgear and parts thereof 5,971.9 0.04 3,199.186.68
66 Umbrellas, sun umbrellas, walking sticks, seatsticks, whips, riding-crops and parts thereof 233.6 0.00 161.444.74
67 Prepared feathers and down and articles made of feathers or of down; artificial flowers; articles of human hair 324.0 0.00 665.3-51.29
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 10,413.9 0.08 6,854.651.93
69 Ceramic products 10,032.9 0.07 6,627.451.38
70 Glass and glassware 14,240.0 0.10 13,498.95.49
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 13,791.2 0.10 16,095.9-14.32
72 Iron and steel 26,205.6 0.19 21,474.322.03
73 Articles of iron or steel 207,666.9 1.52 171,329.921.21
74 Copper and articles thereof 59,511.8 0.44 60,312.1-1.33
75 Nickel and articles thereof 11,694.6 0.09 8,402.639.18
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 34,641.1 0.25 28,193.322.87
78 Lead and articles thereof 489.4 0.00 207.7135.62
79 Zinc and articles thereof 779.0 0.01 1,134.5-31.34
80 Tin and articles thereof 110.9 0.00 232.1-52.22
81 Other base metals; cermets; articles thereof 5,527.9 0.04 6,624.0-16.55
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 74,562.6 0.55 74,718.4-0.21
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 31,012.2 0.23 31,074.1-0.20
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 1,890,689.0 13.84 2,249,555.0-15.95
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 1,145,604.7 8.39 1,596,023.4-28.22
86 Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds 9,531.3 0.07 46,363.0-79.44
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 2,118,759.7 15.51 2,572,176.3-17.63
88 Aircraft, spacecraft, and parts thereof 1,708,590.2 12.51 3,506,957.0-51.28
89 Ships, boats and floating structures 3,660.4 0.03 2,850.228.43
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 682,192.9 4.99 622,641.99.56
91 Clocks and watches and parts thereof 4,789.0 0.04 6,496.5-26.28
92 Musical instruments; parts and accessories of such articles 814.7 0.01 185.0340.36
93 Arms and ammunition; parts and accessories thereof 1,486,356.8 10.88 1,378,676.17.81
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 137,268.5 1.01 126,572.18.45
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 41,881.5 0.31 47,342.8-11.54
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 6,734.3 0.05 9,552.8-29.50
97 Works of art, collectors’ pieces and antiques 31,285.9 0.23 2,982.7948.91
99 Commodities not specified according to kind 449,037.5 3.29 450,496.2-0.32

US Imports from Saudi Arabia

The major share of US imports from Saudi Arabia in 2018 (and in 2017) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Mineral products (HS codes 25-27) - 93.74% of US total imports from Saudi Arabia (93.41% in 2017);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 2.75% of US total imports from Saudi Arabia (2.73% in 2017);
  • Metals and products from them (HS codes 72-83) - 1.52% of US total imports from Saudi Arabia (1.46% in 2017).

The largest gains in US imports from Saudi Arabia in 2018 over 2017 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes (HS code 27) - an increase of $4,952.4 million.

The largest declines in US imports from Saudi Arabia in 2018 over the 2017 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • No product groups with a substantial decrease.
US imports from Saudi Arabia in 2018 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value
of imports
in 2018
(USD thousand)
Share
in total import
(%)
Value
of imports
in 2017
USD thousand)
Change
in 2018
over 2017
(%)
03 Fish and crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates 2,343.1 0.01 2,612.6-10.32
04 Dairy produce; birds eggs; natural honey; edible products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 203.7 0.00 747.1-72.74
05 Products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 0.0 0.00 4.1-100.00
07 Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers 2.2 0.00 24.2-90.73
08 Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons 3,752.2 0.02 2,638.742.20
09 Coffee, tea, maté and spices 251.1 0.00 109.9128.40
11 Products of the milling industry; malt; starches; inulin; wheat gluten 21.0 0.00 0.0
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 73.4 0.00 8.1807.92
15 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes 4.9 0.00 0.0
16 Preparations of meat, of fish or of crustaceans, molluscs or other aquatic invertebrates 5.4 0.00 0.0
17 Sugars and sugar confectionery 72.4 0.00 133.0-45.54
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 882.4 0.00 938.2-5.95
20 Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants 115.8 0.00 80.044.72
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 4.5 0.00 4.35.04
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 1,605.5 0.01 1,115.843.89
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 8,643.5 0.03 0.0
26 Ores, slag and ash 778.5 0.00 482.261.44
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 23,270,574.4 93.70 18,318,139.827.04
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 589.5 0.00 8,955.9-93.42
29 Organic chemicals 382,093.9 1.54 309,288.623.54
30 Pharmaceutical products 740.1 0.00 850.0-12.94
31 Fertilizers 179,740.8 0.72 149,669.920.09
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 3,905.4 0.02 101.53,747.47
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 2,189.6 0.01 1,791.522.22
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 319.8 0.00 0.0
35 Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes 54.5 0.00 0.0
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 8,090.2 0.03 2,426.3233.44
39 Plastics and articles thereof 102,383.6 0.41 59,411.472.33
40 Rubber and articles thereof 2,446.2 0.01 2,073.717.96
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 13.6 0.00 10.825.34
46 Manufactures of straw, of esparto or of other plaiting materials; basketware and wickerwork 0.0 0.00 7.7-100.00
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 438.8 0.00 95.6359.20
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 546.0 0.00 785.7-30.51
52 Cotton 0.8 0.00 1.2-37.63
54 Man-made filaments 36,631.3 0.15 34,624.35.80
55 Man-made staple fibers 8,701.3 0.04 11,826.6-26.43
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 8,244.0 0.03 4,218.895.41
57 Carpets and other textile floor coverings 2,031.1 0.01 1,580.728.49
58 Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery 3.3 0.00 0.0
60 Knitted or crocheted fabrics 3.1 0.00 0.0
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 27.9 0.00 35.1-20.45
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 390.9 0.00 598.3-34.67
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 2,478.1 0.01 82.82,892.61
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 13.5 0.00 5.3152.56
65 Headgear and parts thereof 27.6 0.00 4.4521.91
67 Prepared feathers and down and articles made of feathers or of down; artificial flowers; articles of human hair 1.2 0.00 0.0
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 747.3 0.00 1,390.1-46.24
69 Ceramic products 323.1 0.00 145.8121.64
70 Glass and glassware 8,741.3 0.04 3,383.0158.39
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 32,428.0 0.13 57,361.3-43.47
72 Iron and steel 17,916.8 0.07 28,935.3-38.08
73 Articles of iron or steel 104,813.5 0.42 82,618.726.86
74 Copper and articles thereof 783.0 0.00 846.8-7.53
75 Nickel and articles thereof 6,861.4 0.03 342.61,902.91
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 240,732.1 0.97 168,860.242.56
78 Lead and articles thereof 0.0 0.00 2,282.7-100.00
81 Other base metals; cermets; articles thereof 8.9 0.00 72.6-87.74
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 5,413.6 0.02 1,535.1252.66
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 88.0 0.00 210.2-58.14
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 25,128.1 0.10 23,606.56.45
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 21,553.2 0.09 66,836.5-67.75
86 Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds 103.4 0.00 5.01,960.31
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 126.5 0.00 266.6-52.57
88 Aircraft, spacecraft, and parts thereof 908.0 0.00 3,629.2-74.98
89 Ships, boats and floating structures 66,756.9 0.27 109.660,795.73
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 2,045.7 0.01 1,512.635.24
91 Clocks and watches and parts thereof 3.0 0.00 0.0
93 Arms and ammunition; parts and accessories thereof 1,016.9 0.00 12,098.6-91.59
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 443.5 0.00 724.2-38.76
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 213.9 0.00 33.7534.58
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 7.2 0.00 4.753.05
97 Works of art, collectors’ pieces and antiques 1,543.7 0.01 2,334.7-33.88
99 Commodities not specified according to kind 264,368.9 1.06 236,708.111.69
/tdtr
Compiled by «US-EXPORT–IMPORT» based on the statistics of the US Department of Commerce