US trade (export - import) with Sri Lanka in 2018

Published or Updated: Jun 02, 2019

The report on US foreign trade in goods with Sri Lanka in 2018: exports, imports, balance, product types and groups, dynamics.

US Trade with Sri Lanka

In 2018, US trade with Sri Lanka was $3,174.3 million, down 4.72% ($157.3 million) from 2017.

US exports to Sri Lanka in 2018 totaled $373.7 million, up 11.30% ($38.0 million) from 2017.

US imports from Sri Lanka in 2018 were $2,800.7 million, down 6.52% ($195.3 million) from 2017.

US trade deficit with Sri Lanka in 2018 was $2,427.0 million, a 8.77% decrease ($233.2 million) over 2017.

Sri Lanka was the US 73rd largest trading partner in 2018 (down from 70th in 2017), accounting for 0.0742% of US total trade (down from 0.0843% in 2017).

Sri Lanka was the US 108th largest export market in 2018 (up from 112th in 2017), accounting for 0.0224% of US total exports (up from 0.0217% in 2017).

Sri Lanka was the US 62nd largest supplier in 2018 (just as in 2017), accounting for 0.1071% of US total imports (down from 0.1244% in 2017).

US Exports to Sri Lanka

The major share of US exports to Sri Lanka in 2018 (and in 2017) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 38.67% of US total exports to Sri Lanka (39.08% in 2017);
  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 21.62% of US total exports to Sri Lanka (24.23% in 2017);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 14.26% of US total exports to Sri Lanka (11.96% in 2017);
  • Textiles, textile products and footwear (HS codes 50-67) - 11.24% of US total exports to Sri Lanka (8.97% in 2017);
  • Wood and wood products (HS codes 44-49) - 5.58% of US total exports to Sri Lanka (4.98% in 2017);
  • Metals and products from them (HS codes 72-83) - 2.75% of US total exports to Sri Lanka (1.55% in 2017);
  • Precious metals and stones (HS code 71) - 1.36% of US total exports to Sri Lanka (2.25% in 2017).

The largest gains in US exports to Sri Lanka in 2018 over 2017 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Residues and waste from the food industries; prepared animal feed (HS code 23) - an increase of $16.5 million;
  • Plastics and articles thereof (HS code 39) - an increase of $9.9 million;
  • Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted (HS code 61) - an increase of $6.3 million;
  • Man-made staple fibers (HS code 55) - an increase of $5.1 million;
  • Articles of iron or steel (HS code 73) - an increase of $3.5 million;
  • Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard (HS code 48) - an increase of $3.3 million;
  • Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof (HS code 90) - an increase of $3.1 million;
  • Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery (HS code 58) - an increase of $2.5 million;
  • Pharmaceutical products (HS code 30) - an increase of $1.2 million;
  • Cereals (HS code 10) - an increase of $1.2 million;
  • Miscellaneous chemical products (HS code 38) - an increase of $1.2 million.

The largest declines in US exports to Sri Lanka in 2018 over 2017 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) (HS code 42) - a decrease of $9.2 million;
  • Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers (HS code 07) - a decrease of $3.3 million;
  • Man-made filaments (HS code 54) - a decrease of $2.7 million;
  • Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin (HS code 71) - a decrease of $2.5 million;
  • Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles (HS code 85) - a decrease of $2.2 million;
  • Aircraft, spacecraft, and parts thereof (HS code 88) - a decrease of $1.4 million.
US exports to Sri Lanka in 2018 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value
of exports
in 2018
(USD thousand)
Share
in total export
(%)
Value
of exports
in 2017
(USD thousand)
Change
in 2018
over 2017
(%)
01 Live animals 2,189.9 0.59 2,038.47.43
02 Meat and edible meat offal 178.9 0.05 552.6-67.62
03 Fish and crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates 703.5 0.19 510.537.79
04 Dairy produce; birds eggs; natural honey; edible products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 9,047.2 2.42 10,039.6-9.89
05 Products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 146.1 0.04 141.13.52
06 Live trees and other plants; bulbs, roots and the like; cut flowers and ornamental foliage 29.0 0.01 13.8109.87
07 Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers 2,172.7 0.58 5,432.6-60.01
08 Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons 5,630.7 1.51 5,477.12.80
09 Coffee, tea, maté and spices 277.0 0.07 148.486.63
10 Cereals 28,302.1 7.57 27,113.04.39
11 Products of the milling industry; malt; starches; inulin; wheat gluten 86.0 0.02 17.8383.09
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 10,122.8 2.71 10,408.0-2.74
13 Lac; gums, resins and other vegetable saps and extracts 308.6 0.08 298.93.25
14 Vegetable plaiting materials; vegetable products not elsewhere specified or included 0.0 0.00 34.1-100.00
15 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes 201.2 0.05 244.7-17.77
16 Preparations of meat, of fish or of crustaceans, molluscs or other aquatic invertebrates 369.2 0.10 260.741.66
17 Sugars and sugar confectionery 9.9 0.00 9.53.35
18 Cocoa and cocoa preparations 340.9 0.09 419.0-18.65
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 517.1 0.14 530.0-2.44
20 Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants 1,351.5 0.36 1,824.7-25.93
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 2,247.5 0.60 1,956.914.85
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 300.3 0.08 460.3-34.75
23 Residues and waste from the food industries; prepared animal feed 76,828.0 20.56 60,327.927.35
24 Tobacco and manufactured tobacco substitutes 3,133.8 0.84 2,927.67.05
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 850.4 0.23 698.921.69
26 Ores, slag and ash 825.5 0.22 459.179.83
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 685.9 0.18 756.1-9.29
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 410.7 0.11 615.3-33.25
29 Organic chemicals 1,600.6 0.43 1,100.345.47
30 Pharmaceutical products 5,052.1 1.35 3,828.131.98
31 Fertilizers 304.5 0.08 334.8-9.06
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 5,228.6 1.40 4,251.522.98
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 2,319.0 0.62 2,366.3-2.00
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 1,666.7 0.45 1,542.48.06
35 Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes 1,110.1 0.30 1,309.6-15.23
36 Explosives; pyrotechnic products; matches; pyrophoric alloys; certain combustible preparations 0.0 0.00 188.4-100.00
37 Photographic or cinematographic goods 207.6 0.06 521.3-60.18
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 6,116.7 1.64 4,930.124.07
39 Plastics and articles thereof 25,941.7 6.94 16,009.962.04
40 Rubber and articles thereof 3,339.2 0.89 3,160.55.65
41 Raw hides and skins (other than furskins) and leather 568.2 0.15 478.118.86
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 438.1 0.12 9,592.1-95.43
43 Furskins and artificial fur; manufactures thereof 53.8 0.01 31.769.62
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 309.7 0.08 389.0-20.38
46 Manufactures of straw, of esparto or of other plaiting materials; basketware and wickerwork 24.2 0.01 0.0
47 Pulp of wood or of other fibrous cellulosic material; waste and scrap of paper or paperboard 2,574.4 0.69 1,670.654.11
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 17,847.9 4.78 14,533.122.81
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 105.6 0.03 132.4-20.22
50 Silk 4.2 0.00 0.0
51 Wool, fine or coarse animal hair; horsehair yarn and woven fabric 116.4 0.03 3.03,734.75
52 Cotton 1,616.0 0.43 1,185.636.30
54 Man-made filaments 4,747.7 1.27 7,475.1-36.49
55 Man-made staple fibers 6,939.7 1.86 1,854.7274.17
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 7,487.9 2.00 7,895.4-5.16
57 Carpets and other textile floor coverings 253.1 0.07 636.8-60.26
58 Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery 4,405.2 1.18 1,878.5134.51
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 1,553.6 0.42 1,263.822.93
60 Knitted or crocheted fabrics 3,577.7 0.96 3,150.013.58
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 8,744.2 2.34 2,430.2259.82
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 151.7 0.04 150.50.82
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 1,090.7 0.29 1,136.5-4.03
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 1,193.9 0.32 823.245.04
65 Headgear and parts thereof 2.9 0.00 213.4-98.65
67 Prepared feathers and down and articles made of feathers or of down; artificial flowers; articles of human hair 123.1 0.03 4.72,504.29
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 365.5 0.10 313.416.65
69 Ceramic products 16.0 0.00 40.0-59.94
70 Glass and glassware 1,866.0 0.50 938.198.92
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 5,071.2 1.36 7,567.3-32.99
72 Iron and steel 369.8 0.10 259.142.73
73 Articles of iron or steel 5,407.4 1.45 1,861.7190.45
74 Copper and articles thereof 642.6 0.17 336.890.83
75 Nickel and articles thereof 264.5 0.07 169.056.48
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 250.3 0.07 224.411.57
78 Lead and articles thereof 12.2 0.00 30.3-59.74
79 Zinc and articles thereof 506.5 0.14 875.5-42.15
80 Tin and articles thereof 0.0 0.00 7.4-100.00
81 Other base metals; cermets; articles thereof 8.3 0.00 7.215.71
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 1,823.6 0.49 862.5111.44
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 988.7 0.26 559.376.77
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 25,424.1 6.80 26,231.3-3.08
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 19,215.7 5.14 21,379.2-10.12
86 Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds 518.4 0.14 267.593.77
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 3,275.0 0.88 2,741.019.48
88 Aircraft, spacecraft, and parts thereof 7,080.2 1.89 8,432.8-16.04
89 Ships, boats and floating structures 129.6 0.03 227.0-42.89
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 25,159.3 6.73 22,054.714.08
91 Clocks and watches and parts thereof 94.9 0.03 119.1-20.32
92 Musical instruments; parts and accessories of such articles 114.7 0.03 90.027.53
93 Arms and ammunition; parts and accessories thereof 10.6 0.00 10.32.96
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 1,778.9 0.48 790.4125.06
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 2,400.3 0.64 1,956.522.68
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 88.3 0.02 690.6-87.22
97 Works of art, collectors’ pieces and antiques 19.0 0.01 8.5124.75
99 Commodities not specified according to kind 6,684.0 1.79 6,479.13.16

US Imports from Sri Lanka

The major share of US imports from Sri Lanka in 2018 (and in 2017) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Textiles, textile products and footwear (HS codes 50-67) - 67.10% of US total imports from Sri Lanka (70.29% in 2017);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 12.53% of US total imports from Sri Lanka (11.38% in 2017);
  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 9.01% of US total imports from Sri Lanka (8.04% in 2017);
  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 3.98% of US total imports from Sri Lanka (3.50% in 2017);
  • Precious metals and stones (HS code 71) - 3.49% of US total imports from Sri Lanka (3.71% in 2017).

The largest gains in US imports from Sri Lanka in 2018 over 2017 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof (HS code 84) - an increase of $17.1 million;
  • Articles of iron or steel (HS code 73) - an increase of $11.5 million.

The largest declines in US imports from Sri Lanka in 2018 over the 2017 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted (HS code 61) - a decrease of $155.3 million;
  • Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted (HS code 62) - a decrease of $73.0 million;
  • Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin (HS code 71) - a decrease of $13.4 million;
  • Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof (HS code 90) - a decrease of $9.8 million.
US imports from Sri Lanka in 2018 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value
of imports
in 2018
(USD thousand)
Share
in total import
(%)
Value
of imports
in 2017
USD thousand)
Change
in 2018
over 2017
(%)
03 Fish and crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates 58,331.7 2.08 57,201.11.98
04 Dairy produce; birds eggs; natural honey; edible products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 11.5 0.00 3.3252.92
05 Products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 10.1 0.00 3.8169.37
06 Live trees and other plants; bulbs, roots and the like; cut flowers and ornamental foliage 317.9 0.01 189.168.07
07 Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers 656.6 0.02 1,299.7-49.48
08 Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons 16,306.6 0.58 21,887.6-25.50
09 Coffee, tea, maté and spices 79,898.2 2.85 79,479.00.53
10 Cereals 198.3 0.01 310.1-36.06
11 Products of the milling industry; malt; starches; inulin; wheat gluten 1,264.6 0.05 734.072.28
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 3,767.6 0.13 1,992.289.12
13 Lac; gums, resins and other vegetable saps and extracts 0.0 0.00 50.2-100.00
14 Vegetable plaiting materials; vegetable products not elsewhere specified or included 4,204.7 0.15 5,826.9-27.84
15 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes 22,665.3 0.81 25,272.5-10.32
16 Preparations of meat, of fish or of crustaceans, molluscs or other aquatic invertebrates 20,423.5 0.73 12,431.764.29
17 Sugars and sugar confectionery 520.6 0.02 273.690.30
18 Cocoa and cocoa preparations 29.3 0.00 6.5349.47
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 1,467.9 0.05 1,274.715.16
20 Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants 12,452.7 0.44 7,557.264.78
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 18,419.0 0.66 13,803.633.44
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 9,931.7 0.35 10,655.8-6.80
23 Residues and waste from the food industries; prepared animal feed 423.7 0.02 183.7130.70
24 Tobacco and manufactured tobacco substitutes 1,040.8 0.04 487.5113.51
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 1,366.5 0.05 1,181.015.70
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 41.9 0.00 36.315.55
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 42.8 0.00 48.5-11.65
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 31.8 0.00 0.0
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 18,965.0 0.68 17,683.57.25
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 23.3 0.00 34.5-32.54
35 Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes 42.3 0.00 30.439.04
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 33,686.6 1.20 27,357.523.13
39 Plastics and articles thereof 24,589.2 0.88 22,726.38.20
40 Rubber and articles thereof 273,432.2 9.76 273,022.60.15
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 4,318.8 0.15 4,257.41.44
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 2,860.3 0.10 3,033.7-5.71
46 Manufactures of straw, of esparto or of other plaiting materials; basketware and wickerwork 272.9 0.01 272.50.17
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 3,358.6 0.12 1,866.879.92
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 61.7 0.00 234.6-73.72
50 Silk 0.0 0.00 0.6-100.00
51 Wool, fine or coarse animal hair; horsehair yarn and woven fabric 0.5 0.00 1.1-57.08
52 Cotton 250.2 0.01 384.3-34.90
53 Other vegetable textile fibers; paper yarn and woven fabric of paper yarn 12,243.3 0.44 12,880.9-4.95
54 Man-made filaments 1,297.3 0.05 973.033.33
55 Man-made staple fibers 25.0 0.00 1.31,807.46
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 9,791.6 0.35 8,986.38.96
57 Carpets and other textile floor coverings 602.0 0.02 377.959.29
58 Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery 176.1 0.01 215.4-18.22
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 707.1 0.03 338.1109.12
60 Knitted or crocheted fabrics 182.2 0.01 263.9-30.96
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 976,205.0 34.86 1,131,505.1-13.73
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 842,121.9 30.07 915,075.6-7.97
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 25,604.8 0.91 25,329.31.09
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 1,106.9 0.04 190.8480.24
65 Headgear and parts thereof 8,950.7 0.32 9,213.5-2.85
66 Umbrellas, sun umbrellas, walking sticks, seatsticks, whips, riding-crops and parts thereof 0.4 0.00 0.0
67 Prepared feathers and down and articles made of feathers or of down; artificial flowers; articles of human hair 23.5 0.00 91.9-74.47
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 1,991.2 0.07 1,291.554.17
69 Ceramic products 7,404.4 0.26 6,486.414.15
70 Glass and glassware 5,357.0 0.19 4,330.823.70
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 97,868.3 3.49 111,269.2-12.04
72 Iron and steel 0.0 0.00 7.0-100.00
73 Articles of iron or steel 24,500.8 0.87 12,992.388.58
74 Copper and articles thereof 42.5 0.00 2.41,680.34
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 3.9 0.00 19.2-79.45
78 Lead and articles thereof 1,677.0 0.06 5,837.4-71.27
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 192.7 0.01 334.4-42.36
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 29.7 0.00 41.2-27.95
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 76,433.9 2.73 59,381.528.72
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 20,577.1 0.73 22,297.7-7.72
86 Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds 0.0 0.00 24.4-100.00
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 3,662.7 0.13 2,772.432.12
88 Aircraft, spacecraft, and parts thereof 501.3 0.02 291.472.03
89 Ships, boats and floating structures 0.0 0.00 3.5-100.00
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 10,204.6 0.36 20,006.0-48.99
91 Clocks and watches and parts thereof 19.1 0.00 0.0
92 Musical instruments; parts and accessories of such articles 0.0 0.00 7.6-100.00
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 2,146.9 0.08 1,313.263.48
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 17,234.7 0.62 14,814.016.34
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 14,451.1 0.52 14,980.3-3.53
97 Works of art, collectors’ pieces and antiques 737.9 0.03 604.022.16
99 Commodities not specified according to kind 20,910.1 0.75 18,301.414.25
Compiled by «US-EXPORT–IMPORT» based on the statistics of the US Department of Commerce