US trade (export - import) with Tonga in 2018

Published or Updated: Jun 18, 2019

The report on US foreign trade in goods with Tonga in 2018: exports, imports, balance, product types and groups, dynamics.

US Trade with Tonga

In 2018, US trade with Tonga totaled $28.1 million, up 31.94% ($6.8 million) from 2017.

US exports to Tonga in 2018 totaled $24.2 million, up 45.61% ($7.6 million) from 2017.

US imports from Tonga in 2018 were $4.0 million, down 16.19% ($0.8 million) from 2017.

US trade surplus with Tonga in 2018 was $20.2 million, a 70.15% increase ($8.3 million) over 2017.

Tonga was the US 185th largest trading partner in 2018 (down from 184th in 2017), accounting for 0.0007% of US total trade (up from 0.0005% in 2017).

Tonga was the US 179th largest export market in 2018 (up from 182nd in 2017), accounting for 0.0015% of US total exports (up from 0.0011% in 2017).

Tonga was the US 189th largest supplier in 2018 (down from 187th in 2017), accounting for 0.0002% of US total imports (just as in 2017).

US Exports to Tonga

The major share of US exports to Tonga in 2018 (and in 2017) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 58.16% of US total exports to Tonga (63.44% in 2017);
  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 16.06% of US total exports to Tonga (11.04% in 2017);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 2.93% of US total exports to Tonga (3.55% in 2017);
  • Metals and products from them (HS codes 72-83) - 2.69% of US total exports to Tonga (0.33% in 2017);
  • Textiles, textile products and footwear (HS codes 50-67) - 0.39% of US total exports to Tonga (1.67% in 2017).

The largest gains in US exports to Tonga in 2018 over 2017 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Meat and edible meat offal (HS code 02) - an increase of $2,456.2 thousand;
  • Commodities not specified according to kind (HS code 99) - an increase of $1,364.4 thousand;
  • Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles (HS code 85) - an increase of $993.1 thousand;
  • Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof (HS code 90) - an increase of $688.5 thousand;
  • Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal (HS code 82) - an increase of $571.5 thousand;
  • Miscellaneous edible preparations (HS code 21) - an increase of $522.4 thousand;
  • Aircraft, spacecraft, and parts thereof (HS code 88) - an increase of $360.0 thousand;
  • Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster (HS code 34) - an increase of $154.1 thousand;
  • Dairy produce; birds eggs; natural honey; edible products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included (HS code 04) - an increase of $150.0 thousand;
  • Preparations of meat, of fish or of crustaceans, molluscs or other aquatic invertebrates (HS code 16) - an increase of $98.5 thousand;
  • Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons (HS code 08) - an increase of $87.8 thousand;
  • Plastics and articles thereof (HS code 39) - an increase of $77.4 thousand.

The largest declines in US exports to Tonga in 2018 over 2017 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags (HS code 63) - a decrease of $127.7 thousand;
  • Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof (HS code 84) - a decrease of $104.9 thousand.
US exports to Tonga in 2018 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value
of exports
in 2018
(USD thousand)
Share
in total export
(%)
Value
of exports
in 2017
(USD thousand)
Change
in 2018
over 2017
(%)
02 Meat and edible meat offal 10,209.0 42.21 7,752.931.68
03 Fish and crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates 69.1 0.29 60.214.74
04 Dairy produce; birds eggs; natural honey; edible products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 380.7 1.57 230.865.00
07 Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers 0.0 0.00 5.3-100.00
08 Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons 101.7 0.42 14.0629.05
09 Coffee, tea, maté and spices 0.0 0.00 7.2-100.00
10 Cereals 20.8 0.09 0.0
11 Products of the milling industry; malt; starches; inulin; wheat gluten 8.7 0.04 0.0
15 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes 43.8 0.18 11.5282.27
16 Preparations of meat, of fish or of crustaceans, molluscs or other aquatic invertebrates 189.5 0.78 91.0108.28
17 Sugars and sugar confectionery 118.1 0.49 72.363.31
18 Cocoa and cocoa preparations 102.3 0.42 75.635.23
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 578.9 2.39 519.011.55
20 Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants 126.2 0.52 94.234.06
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 1,935.0 8.00 1,412.636.98
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 140.4 0.58 174.6-19.62
23 Residues and waste from the food industries; prepared animal feed 42.6 0.18 16.4159.84
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 51.0 0.21 29.373.89
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 7.0 0.03 0.0
30 Pharmaceutical products 4.4 0.02 3.237.12
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 0.0 0.00 14.3-100.00
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 345.3 1.43 385.4-10.41
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 268.6 1.11 114.5134.51
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 0.0 0.00 8.9-100.00
39 Plastics and articles thereof 80.6 0.33 3.22,437.49
40 Rubber and articles thereof 2.9 0.01 59.6-95.12
41 Raw hides and skins (other than furskins) and leather 0.0 0.00 2.8-100.00
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 15.4 0.06 17.9-13.96
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 60.4 0.25 28.0115.85
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 99.3 0.41 67.547.03
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 28.8 0.12 22.030.91
55 Man-made staple fibers 21.9 0.09 0.0
57 Carpets and other textile floor coverings 0.0 0.00 11.5-100.00
58 Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery 0.0 0.00 2.9-100.00
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 10.5 0.04 59.7-82.44
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 19.0 0.08 31.9-40.55
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 8.6 0.04 136.2-93.70
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 31.3 0.13 34.5-9.44
65 Headgear and parts thereof 3.2 0.01 0.0
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 7.1 0.03 0.0
69 Ceramic products 0.0 0.00 3.6-100.00
73 Articles of iron or steel 19.2 0.08 10.583.76
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 30.8 0.13 4.1660.21
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 594.8 2.46 23.32,453.66
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 5.8 0.02 17.8-67.46
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 141.6 0.59 246.5-42.56
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 1,415.7 5.85 422.6234.99
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 154.8 0.64 82.787.18
88 Aircraft, spacecraft, and parts thereof 764.2 3.16 404.389.05
89 Ships, boats and floating structures 68.0 0.28 27.4147.91
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 1,339.7 5.54 651.1105.74
92 Musical instruments; parts and accessories of such articles 4.8 0.02 15.5-69.03
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 25.2 0.10 19.231.18
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 47.6 0.20 41.315.25
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 111.1 0.46 102.38.65
99 Commodities not specified according to kind 4,332.7 17.91 2,968.345.97

US Imports from Tonga

The major share of US imports from Tonga in 2018 (and in 2017) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 87.71% of US total imports from Tonga (78.40% in 2017);
  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 1.38% of US total imports from Tonga (2.80% in 2017);
  • Textiles, textile products and footwear (HS codes 50-67) - 0.28% of US total imports from Tonga (5.67% in 2017);
  • Wood and wood products (HS codes 44-49) - 0.16% of US total imports from Tonga (1.13% in 2017).

The largest gains in US imports from Tonga in 2018 over 2017 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included (HS code 05) - an increase of $534.5 thousand;
  • Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers (HS code 07) - an increase of $218.4 thousand;
  • Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof (HS code 84) - an increase of $12.9 thousand.

The largest declines in US imports from Tonga in 2018 over the 2017 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Fish and crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates (HS code 03) - a decrease of $782.8 thousand;
  • Knitted or crocheted fabrics (HS code 60) - a decrease of $266.9 thousand;
  • Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder (HS code 12) - a decrease of $134.5 thousand;
  • Commodities not specified according to kind (HS code 99) - a decrease of $107.6 thousand;
  • Ships, boats and floating structures (HS code 89) - a decrease of $94.0 thousand;
  • Coffee, tea, maté and spices (HS code 09) - a decrease of $66.2 thousand;
  • Works of art, collectors’ pieces and antiques (HS code 97) - a decrease of $44.7 thousand;
  • Manufactures of straw, of esparto or of other plaiting materials; basketware and wickerwork (HS code 46) - a decrease of $29.3 thousand;
  • Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans (HS code 49) - a decrease of $21.0 thousand.
US imports from Tonga in 2018 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value
of imports
in 2018
(USD thousand)
Share
in total import
(%)
Value
of imports
in 2017
USD thousand)
Change
in 2018
over 2017
(%)
03 Fish and crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates 1,859.5 47.00 2,642.3-29.63
05 Products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 861.3 21.77 326.8163.56
07 Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers 456.3 11.53 237.991.82
09 Coffee, tea, maté and spices 126.6 3.20 192.8-34.32
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 166.5 4.21 301.0-44.68
40 Rubber and articles thereof 0.3 0.01 0.0
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 0.4 0.01 0.0
46 Manufactures of straw, of esparto or of other plaiting materials; basketware and wickerwork 0.0 0.00 29.3-100.00
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 6.1 0.16 3.0102.41
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 0.0 0.00 21.0-100.00
53 Other vegetable textile fibers; paper yarn and woven fabric of paper yarn 2.5 0.06 0.0
60 Knitted or crocheted fabrics 0.0 0.00 266.9-100.00
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 2.1 0.05 0.3571.75
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 6.6 0.17 0.31,839.53
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 41.8 1.06 29.044.40
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 12.8 0.32 9.337.45
89 Ships, boats and floating structures 0.0 0.00 94.0-100.00
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 0.0 0.00 0.7-100.00
97 Works of art, collectors’ pieces and antiques 3.7 0.09 48.5-92.27
99 Commodities not specified according to kind 409.7 10.36 517.3-20.80
/td
Compiled by «US-EXPORT–IMPORT» based on the statistics of the US Department of Commerce