US trade (export - import) with Afghanistan in 2017

Published or Updated: Apr 27, 2018

The report on US foreign trade in goods with Afghanistan in 2017: exports, imports, balance, product types and groups, dynamics.

US Trade with Afghanistan

In 2017, US trade with Afghanistan totaled $952.1 million, up 0.46% ($4.3 million) from 2016.

US exports to Afghanistan in 2017 totaled $937.3 million, up 2.61% ($23.9 million) from 2016.

US imports from Afghanistan in 2017 were $14.8 million, down 56.96% ($19.5 million) from 2016.

US trade surplus with Afghanistan in 2017 was $922.6 million, a 4.93% increase ($43.4 million) over 2016.

Afghanistan was the US 95th largest trading partner in 2017 (just as in 2016), accounting for 0.0241% of US total trade (down from 0.0256% in 2016).

Afghanistan was the US 79th largest export market in 2017 (down from 77th in 2016), accounting for 0.0606% of US total exports (down from 0.0629% in 2016).

Afghanistan was the US 159th largest supplier in 2017 (down from 146th in 2016), accounting for 0.0006% of US total imports (down from 0.0015% in 2016).

US Exports to Afghanistan

The major share of US exports to Afghanistan in 2017 (and in 2016) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 87.24% of US total exports to Afghanistan (87.92% in 2016);
  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 3.15% of US total exports to Afghanistan (2.94% in 2016);
  • Metals and products from them (HS codes 72-83) - 1.78% of US total exports to Afghanistan (3.17% in 2016);
  • Textiles, textile products and footwear (HS codes 50-67) - 1.11% of US total exports to Afghanistan (0.61% in 2016);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 1.10% of US total exports to Afghanistan (1.56% in 2016).

The largest gains in US exports to Afghanistan in 2017 over 2016 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof (HS code 87) - an increase of $82.1 million;
  • Arms and ammunition; parts and accessories thereof (HS code 93) - an increase of $15.3 million;
  • Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles (HS code 85) - an increase of $14.5 million;
  • Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof (HS code 84) - an increase of $5.8 million;
  • Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal (HS code 82) - an increase of $2.9 million;
  • Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted (HS code 62) - an increase of $2.9 million.

The largest declines in US exports to Afghanistan in 2017 over 2016 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Aircraft, spacecraft, and parts thereof (HS code 88) - a decrease of $75.4 million;
  • Articles of iron or steel (HS code 73) - a decrease of $13.4 million;
  • Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof (HS code 90) - a decrease of $12.4 million;
  • Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes (HS code 15) - a decrease of $4.6 million.
US exports to Afghanistan in 2017 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value
of exports
in 2017
(USD thousand)
Share
in total export
(%)
Value
of exports
in 2016
(USD thousand)
Change
in 2017
over 2016
(%)
01 Live animals 36.4 0.00 129.0-71.80
02 Meat and edible meat offal 23,043.8 2.46 20,279.413.63
03 Fish and crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates 0.0 0.00 29.4-100.00
04 Dairy produce; birds eggs; natural honey; edible products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 3,301.3 0.35 748.4341.12
06 Live trees and other plants; bulbs, roots and the like; cut flowers and ornamental foliage 16.0 0.00 0.0
07 Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers 7.6 0.00 0.0
08 Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons 566.4 0.06 0.0
09 Coffee, tea, maté and spices 18.9 0.00 181.4-89.60
10 Cereals 12.0 0.00 5.0142.00
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 0.0 0.00 274.7-100.00
13 Lac; gums, resins and other vegetable saps and extracts 100.0 0.01 0.0
15 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes 0.0 0.00 4,597.8-100.00
16 Preparations of meat, of fish or of crustaceans, molluscs or other aquatic invertebrates 12.4 0.00 0.0
17 Sugars and sugar confectionery 0.0 0.00 78.4-100.00
18 Cocoa and cocoa preparations 0.0 0.00 219.0-100.00
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 10.8 0.00 47.8-77.46
20 Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants 20.9 0.00 74.6-71.98
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 2,315.7 0.25 137.71,581.93
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 28.9 0.00 0.0
23 Residues and waste from the food industries; prepared animal feed 23.0 0.00 23.0-0.18
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 88.0 0.01 10.8716.02
26 Ores, slag and ash 0.0 0.00 12.5-100.00
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 460.8 0.05 402.214.58
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 242.9 0.03 141.871.36
29 Organic chemicals 783.8 0.08 283.1176.87
30 Pharmaceutical products 817.1 0.09 1,131.3-27.77
31 Fertilizers 0.0 0.00 13.7-100.00
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 382.5 0.04 854.6-55.24
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 81.1 0.01 299.0-72.87
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 529.2 0.06 114.0364.21
35 Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes 94.1 0.01 79.418.47
36 Explosives; pyrotechnic products; matches; pyrophoric alloys; certain combustible preparations 266.4 0.03 69.0286.22
37 Photographic or cinematographic goods 165.7 0.02 77.5113.73
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 1,255.2 0.13 3,284.2-61.78
39 Plastics and articles thereof 2,776.5 0.30 4,313.0-35.62
40 Rubber and articles thereof 2,913.2 0.31 3,597.2-19.02
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 867.2 0.09 411.9110.51
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 488.8 0.05 1,902.5-74.31
47 Pulp of wood or of other fibrous cellulosic material; waste and scrap of paper or paperboard 0.0 0.00 65.3-100.00
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 609.2 0.06 2,270.4-73.17
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 310.6 0.03 298.73.99
52 Cotton 0.0 0.00 5.4-100.00
54 Man-made filaments 0.0 0.00 43.4-100.00
55 Man-made staple fibers 0.0 0.00 20.5-100.00
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 148.2 0.02 175.8-15.72
57 Carpets and other textile floor coverings 117.0 0.01 269.2-56.53
58 Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery 23.9 0.00 39.7-39.92
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 36.1 0.00 75.4-52.12
60 Knitted or crocheted fabrics 5.3 0.00 4.517.19
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 874.1 0.09 572.752.64
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 5,180.0 0.55 2,289.9126.20
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 2,101.4 0.22 308.1582.12
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 1,460.7 0.16 1,223.619.38
65 Headgear and parts thereof 441.3 0.05 527.3-16.31
66 Umbrellas, sun umbrellas, walking sticks, seatsticks, whips, riding-crops and parts thereof 13.6 0.00 0.0
67 Prepared feathers and down and articles made of feathers or of down; artificial flowers; articles of human hair 9.5 0.00 10.3-8.12
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 304.2 0.03 527.0-42.28
69 Ceramic products 3,478.8 0.37 719.4383.55
70 Glass and glassware 1,385.6 0.15 1,115.724.20
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 460.7 0.05 55.7727.18
72 Iron and steel 76.5 0.01 628.6-87.83
73 Articles of iron or steel 8,695.4 0.93 22,077.6-60.61
74 Copper and articles thereof 168.4 0.02 1,668.1-89.90
75 Nickel and articles thereof 6.7 0.00 551.9-98.78
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 1,559.0 0.17 1,265.123.23
78 Lead and articles thereof 21.2 0.00 42.7-50.38
79 Zinc and articles thereof 55.5 0.01 54.71.34
81 Other base metals; cermets; articles thereof 89.4 0.01 89.00.43
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 4,536.3 0.48 1,617.2180.51
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 1,489.0 0.16 949.056.91
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 74,175.5 7.91 68,377.78.48
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 78,372.6 8.36 63,890.722.67
86 Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds 91.3 0.01 0.0
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 573,635.6 61.20 491,545.116.70
88 Aircraft, spacecraft, and parts thereof 75,716.3 8.08 151,116.9-49.90
89 Ships, boats and floating structures 0.0 0.00 20.1-100.00
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 15,718.7 1.68 28,157.5-44.18
91 Clocks and watches and parts thereof 87.5 0.01 12.6595.55
92 Musical instruments; parts and accessories of such articles 0.0 0.00 29.6-100.00
93 Arms and ammunition; parts and accessories thereof 21,443.0 2.29 6,139.3249.28
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 2,898.3 0.31 2,594.911.69
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 979.8 0.10 317.8208.34
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 137.2 0.01 127.47.75
97 Works of art, collectors’ pieces and antiques 21.0 0.00 0.0
99 Commodities not specified according to kind 18,659.1 1.99 17,748.75.13

US Imports from Afghanistan

The major share of US imports from Afghanistan in 2017 (and in 2016) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Textiles, textile products and footwear (HS codes 50-67) - 29.41% of US total imports from Afghanistan (14.90% in 2016);
  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 15.67% of US total imports from Afghanistan (6.52% in 2016);
  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 14.02% of US total imports from Afghanistan (4.72% in 2016);
  • Precious metals and stones (HS code 71) - 11.34% of US total imports from Afghanistan (22.18% in 2016).

The largest gains in US imports from Afghanistan in 2017 over 2016 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof (HS code 84) - an increase of $0.8 million;
  • Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons (HS code 08) - an increase of $0.4 million;
  • Coffee, tea, maté and spices (HS code 09) - an increase of $0.2 million;
  • Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof (HS code 90) - an increase of $0.1 million;
  • Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal (HS code 82) - an increase of $0.1 million.

The largest declines in US imports from Afghanistan in 2017 over the 2016 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Commodities not specified according to kind (HS code 99) - a decrease of $13.1 million;
  • Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin (HS code 71) - a decrease of $5.9 million;
  • Carpets and other textile floor coverings (HS code 57) - a decrease of $0.7 million;
  • Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles (HS code 85) - a decrease of $0.5 million;
  • Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans (HS code 49) - a decrease of $0.3 million;
  • Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder (HS code 12) - a decrease of $0.3 million;
  • Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants (HS code 20) - a decrease of $0.1 million;
  • Miscellaneous articles of base metal (HS code 83) - a decrease of $0.0 million;
  • Works of art, collectors’ pieces and antiques (HS code 97) - a decrease of $0.0 million.
US imports from Afghanistan in 2017 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value
of imports
in 2017
(USD thousand)
Share
in total import
(%)
Value
of imports
in 2016
USD thousand)
Change
in 2017
over 2016
(%)
01 Live animals 0.0 0.00 3.9-100.00
07 Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers 0.0 0.00 22.6-100.00
08 Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons 1,754.9 11.90 1,401.025.26
09 Coffee, tea, maté and spices 414.3 2.81 259.059.97
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 100.3 0.68 356.1-71.84
17 Sugars and sugar confectionery 2.5 0.02 36.6-93.24
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 0.0 0.00 7.1-100.00
20 Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants 16.7 0.11 103.1-83.80
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 22.9 0.16 45.6-49.83
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 0.0 0.00 2.8-100.00
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 0.0 0.00 3.1-100.00
39 Plastics and articles thereof 3.0 0.02 0.0
40 Rubber and articles thereof 3.2 0.02 6.4-50.17
41 Raw hides and skins (other than furskins) and leather 2.8 0.02 1.497.55
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 12.3 0.08 9.332.40
43 Furskins and artificial fur; manufactures thereof 2.4 0.02 19.5-87.66
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 27.1 0.18 3.4707.92
46 Manufactures of straw, of esparto or of other plaiting materials; basketware and wickerwork 6.1 0.04 0.0
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 6.9 0.05 337.3-97.97
51 Wool, fine or coarse animal hair; horsehair yarn and woven fabric 0.0 0.00 2.7-100.00
52 Cotton 0.0 0.00 1.1-100.00
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 8.1 0.05 0.0
57 Carpets and other textile floor coverings 4,259.1 28.87 4,969.1-14.29
58 Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery 5.1 0.03 0.0
60 Knitted or crocheted fabrics 0.3 0.00 0.0
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 29.1 0.20 72.4-59.89
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 36.2 0.25 52.7-31.36
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 0.7 0.00 5.4-86.73
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 0.0 0.00 1.0-100.00
65 Headgear and parts thereof 0.5 0.00 2.5-79.46
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 0.0 0.00 4.3-100.00
69 Ceramic products 5.4 0.04 10.4-48.32
70 Glass and glassware 18.4 0.12 0.0
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 1,673.1 11.34 7,602.8-77.99
73 Articles of iron or steel 2.4 0.02 6.3-61.78
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 114.1 0.77 22.0417.86
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 0.0 0.00 48.4-100.00
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 757.1 5.13 0.0
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 850.5 5.76 1,309.1-35.03
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 31.2 0.21 0.0
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 429.9 2.91 308.039.57
91 Clocks and watches and parts thereof 0.0 0.00 3.7-100.00
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 13.0 0.09 0.0
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 5.9 0.04 0.0
97 Works of art, collectors’ pieces and antiques 393.0 2.66 439.4-10.56
99 Commodities not specified according to kind 3,744.9 25.38 16,799.6-77.71
Compiled by «US-EXPORT–IMPORT» based on the statistics of the US Department of Commerce