US trade (export - import) with Estonia in 2017

Published or Updated: May 22, 2018

The report on US foreign trade in goods with Estonia in 2017: exports, imports, balance, product types and groups, dynamics.

US Trade with Estonia

In 2017, US trade with Estonia was $868.9 million, down 30.52% ($381.7 million) from 2016.

US exports to Estonia in 2017 totaled $247.0 million, up 6.00% ($14.0 million) from 2016.

US imports from Estonia in 2017 were $621.9 million, down 38.88% ($395.7 million) from 2016.

US trade deficit with Estonia in 2017 was $374.9 million, a 52.22% decrease ($409.6 million) over 2016.

Estonia was the US 100th largest trading partner in 2017 (down from 87th in 2016), accounting for 0.0220% of US total trade (down from 0.0338% in 2016).

Estonia was the US 119th largest export market in 2017 (up from 120th in 2016), accounting for 0.0160% of US total exports (just as in 2016).

Estonia was the US 84th largest supplier in 2017 (down from 75th in 2016), accounting for 0.0258% of US total imports (down from 0.0452% in 2016).

US Exports to Estonia

The major share of US exports to Estonia in 2017 (and in 2016) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 54.37% of US total exports to Estonia (66.79% in 2016);
  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 17.72% of US total exports to Estonia (11.97% in 2016);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 12.47% of US total exports to Estonia (8.61% in 2016);
  • Wood and wood products (HS codes 44-49) - 4.36% of US total exports to Estonia (4.31% in 2016);
  • Metals and products from them (HS codes 72-83) - 2.57% of US total exports to Estonia (1.97% in 2016);
  • Textiles, textile products and footwear (HS codes 50-67) - 0.97% of US total exports to Estonia (1.48% in 2016).

The largest gains in US exports to Estonia in 2017 over 2016 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons (HS code 08) - an increase of $18.6 million;
  • Miscellaneous chemical products (HS code 38) - an increase of $10.6 million;
  • Arms and ammunition; parts and accessories thereof (HS code 93) - an increase of $7.8 million;
  • Other base metals; cermets; articles thereof (HS code 81) - an increase of $3.0 million;
  • Plastics and articles thereof (HS code 39) - an increase of $2.4 million;
  • Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal (HS code 44) - an increase of $1.6 million;
  • Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings (HS code 94) - an increase of $1.1 million;
  • Cocoa and cocoa preparations (HS code 18) - an increase of $1.0 million;
  • Aircraft, spacecraft, and parts thereof (HS code 88) - an increase of $0.8 million.

The largest declines in US exports to Estonia in 2017 over 2016 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof (HS code 87) - a decrease of $9.1 million;
  • Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles (HS code 85) - a decrease of $6.4 million;
  • Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof (HS code 84) - a decrease of $5.2 million;
  • Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin (HS code 71) - a decrease of $1.2 million;
  • Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof (HS code 90) - a decrease of $1.1 million;
  • Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants (HS code 20) - a decrease of $1.0 million;
  • Miscellaneous edible preparations (HS code 21) - a decrease of $0.9 million;
  • Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard (HS code 48) - a decrease of $0.9 million;
  • Beverages, spirits and vinegar (HS code 22) - a decrease of $0.8 million;
  • Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof (HS code 95) - a decrease of $0.8 million;
  • Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations (HS code 33) - a decrease of $0.8 million.
US exports to Estonia in 2017 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value
of exports
in 2017
(USD thousand)
Share
in total export
(%)
Value
of exports
in 2016
(USD thousand)
Change
in 2017
over 2016
(%)
01 Live animals 0.0 0.00 66.2-100.00
03 Fish and crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates 795.8 0.32 1,176.1-32.34
04 Dairy produce; birds eggs; natural honey; edible products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 149.0 0.06 0.0
05 Products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 102.1 0.04 46.5119.55
07 Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers 0.0 0.00 56.4-100.00
08 Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons 29,853.0 12.09 11,281.7164.62
09 Coffee, tea, maté and spices 285.8 0.12 294.8-3.03
10 Cereals 93.3 0.04 53.175.75
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 254.6 0.10 982.4-74.09
15 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes 938.9 0.38 589.759.22
16 Preparations of meat, of fish or of crustaceans, molluscs or other aquatic invertebrates 884.2 0.36 1,270.5-30.41
17 Sugars and sugar confectionery 195.1 0.08 282.2-30.87
18 Cocoa and cocoa preparations 4,932.8 2.00 3,926.125.64
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 347.8 0.14 168.0107.07
20 Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants 277.0 0.11 1,228.6-77.45
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 2,832.9 1.15 3,763.5-24.73
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 1,822.7 0.74 2,660.5-31.49
23 Residues and waste from the food industries; prepared animal feed 0.0 0.00 11.6-100.00
24 Tobacco and manufactured tobacco substitutes 0.0 0.00 25.7-100.00
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 24.2 0.01 19.921.40
26 Ores, slag and ash 232.9 0.09 0.0
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 684.6 0.28 45.31,412.22
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 1,323.2 0.54 2,022.7-34.58
29 Organic chemicals 1,482.4 0.60 1,699.2-12.76
30 Pharmaceutical products 548.0 0.22 614.6-10.84
31 Fertilizers 3.5 0.00 0.0
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 339.0 0.14 631.5-46.32
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 6,628.5 2.68 7,415.7-10.62
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 202.4 0.08 462.0-56.19
35 Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes 156.7 0.06 49.5216.37
36 Explosives; pyrotechnic products; matches; pyrophoric alloys; certain combustible preparations 17.9 0.01 25.1-28.54
37 Photographic or cinematographic goods 656.2 0.27 364.480.05
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 11,907.4 4.82 1,264.2841.88
39 Plastics and articles thereof 7,026.4 2.84 4,672.450.38
40 Rubber and articles thereof 510.6 0.21 839.2-39.15
41 Raw hides and skins (other than furskins) and leather 14.1 0.01 0.0
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 204.9 0.08 236.1-13.19
43 Furskins and artificial fur; manufactures thereof 49.6 0.02 3.51,336.90
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 9,990.3 4.04 8,392.319.04
47 Pulp of wood or of other fibrous cellulosic material; waste and scrap of paper or paperboard 70.5 0.03 0.0
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 355.9 0.14 1,235.0-71.19
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 340.9 0.14 415.9-18.04
52 Cotton 8.9 0.00 0.0
53 Other vegetable textile fibers; paper yarn and woven fabric of paper yarn 3.6 0.00 2.640.73
54 Man-made filaments 847.8 0.34 1,322.0-35.87
55 Man-made staple fibers 139.8 0.06 30.2362.40
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 164.9 0.07 70.2134.83
57 Carpets and other textile floor coverings 86.5 0.04 46.386.56
58 Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery 15.8 0.01 7.9100.30
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 285.9 0.12 503.4-43.22
60 Knitted or crocheted fabrics 14.6 0.01 57.5-74.56
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 82.6 0.03 49.965.36
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 112.0 0.05 100.411.63
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 230.2 0.09 143.160.92
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 37.1 0.02 668.9-94.45
65 Headgear and parts thereof 319.0 0.13 429.7-25.77
66 Umbrellas, sun umbrellas, walking sticks, seatsticks, whips, riding-crops and parts thereof 10.2 0.00 0.0
67 Prepared feathers and down and articles made of feathers or of down; artificial flowers; articles of human hair 29.9 0.01 17.868.22
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 390.4 0.16 342.813.87
69 Ceramic products 12.6 0.01 48.2-73.93
70 Glass and glassware 509.9 0.21 646.0-21.06
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 893.3 0.36 2,048.0-56.38
72 Iron and steel 56.7 0.02 40.739.47
73 Articles of iron or steel 679.4 0.28 1,148.7-40.86
74 Copper and articles thereof 62.8 0.03 90.4-30.54
75 Nickel and articles thereof 96.0 0.04 19.8385.81
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 394.2 0.16 861.5-54.24
78 Lead and articles thereof 0.0 0.00 57.8-100.00
81 Other base metals; cermets; articles thereof 3,443.3 1.39 444.1675.27
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 1,247.8 0.51 1,606.7-22.34
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 372.5 0.15 327.813.62
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 37,489.4 15.18 42,738.7-12.28
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 29,607.3 11.99 35,981.6-17.72
86 Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds 15.1 0.01 127.4-88.19
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 22,941.9 9.29 32,067.3-28.46
88 Aircraft, spacecraft, and parts thereof 12,057.6 4.88 11,215.87.51
89 Ships, boats and floating structures 133.8 0.05 341.2-60.79
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 32,055.6 12.98 33,183.1-3.40
91 Clocks and watches and parts thereof 84.6 0.03 136.0-37.77
92 Musical instruments; parts and accessories of such articles 263.8 0.11 514.8-48.76
93 Arms and ammunition; parts and accessories thereof 8,160.6 3.30 377.42,062.20
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 2,967.2 1.20 1,854.959.97
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 1,279.5 0.52 2,093.6-38.89
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 129.2 0.05 135.2-4.41
97 Works of art, collectors’ pieces and antiques 329.9 0.13 102.2222.83
99 Commodities not specified according to kind 2,415.5 0.98 2,744.5-11.99

US Imports from Estonia

The major share of US imports from Estonia in 2017 (and in 2016) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 67.68% of US total imports from Estonia (85.61% in 2016);
  • Mineral products (HS codes 25-27) - 6.65% of US total imports from Estonia (0.21% in 2016);
  • Wood and wood products (HS codes 44-49) - 5.09% of US total imports from Estonia (2.40% in 2016);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 4.95% of US total imports from Estonia (2.80% in 2016);
  • Metals and products from them (HS codes 72-83) - 2.99% of US total imports from Estonia (1.84% in 2016);
  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 1.91% of US total imports from Estonia (1.05% in 2016).

The largest gains in US imports from Estonia in 2017 over 2016 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes (HS code 27) - an increase of $39.2 million;
  • Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof (HS code 84) - an increase of $8.0 million;
  • Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings (HS code 94) - an increase of $7.4 million;
  • Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal (HS code 44) - an increase of $6.9 million;
  • Ships, boats and floating structures (HS code 89) - an increase of $3.8 million;
  • Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes (HS code 28) - an increase of $3.2 million;
  • Other base metals; cermets; articles thereof (HS code 81) - an increase of $3.0 million;
  • Plastics and articles thereof (HS code 39) - an increase of $1.9 million.

The largest declines in US imports from Estonia in 2017 over the 2016 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles (HS code 85) - a decrease of $458.7 million;
  • Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof (HS code 90) - a decrease of $2.9 million;
  • Articles of iron or steel (HS code 73) - a decrease of $2.5 million.
US imports from Estonia in 2017 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value
of imports
in 2017
(USD thousand)
Share
in total import
(%)
Value
of imports
in 2016
USD thousand)
Change
in 2017
over 2016
(%)
01 Live animals 138.5 0.02 40.4242.74
03 Fish and crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates 921.8 0.15 726.826.82
04 Dairy produce; birds eggs; natural honey; edible products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 1,513.7 0.24 794.690.50
05 Products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 94.3 0.02 0.0
08 Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons 32.9 0.01 85.1-61.38
09 Coffee, tea, maté and spices 0.0 0.00 7.6-100.00
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 257.5 0.04 228.112.90
13 Lac; gums, resins and other vegetable saps and extracts 25.0 0.00 0.0
15 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes 0.0 0.00 253.6-100.00
16 Preparations of meat, of fish or of crustaceans, molluscs or other aquatic invertebrates 14.7 0.00 23.1-36.48
18 Cocoa and cocoa preparations 10.3 0.00 0.0
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 27.8 0.00 34.2-18.72
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 8,126.5 1.31 8,120.60.07
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 732.5 0.12 405.780.55
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 0.0 0.00 5.3-100.00
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 41,351.2 6.65 2,130.51,840.94
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 9,106.6 1.46 5,953.752.96
29 Organic chemicals 8,679.6 1.40 9,805.0-11.48
30 Pharmaceutical products 233.2 0.04 54.4328.25
31 Fertilizers 28.9 0.00 0.0
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 6,597.5 1.06 6,700.7-1.54
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 297.1 0.05 55.5435.74
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 30.4 0.00 12.8137.76
35 Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes 23.2 0.00 1,606.4-98.56
36 Explosives; pyrotechnic products; matches; pyrophoric alloys; certain combustible preparations 0.0 0.00 4.0-100.00
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 561.7 0.09 739.6-24.06
39 Plastics and articles thereof 3,848.1 0.62 1,959.196.42
40 Rubber and articles thereof 1,381.0 0.22 1,555.7-11.23
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 111.6 0.02 253.8-56.04
43 Furskins and artificial fur; manufactures thereof 4.7 0.00 22.2-79.06
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 30,634.7 4.93 23,773.528.86
47 Pulp of wood or of other fibrous cellulosic material; waste and scrap of paper or paperboard 11.9 0.00 0.0
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 870.5 0.14 610.242.65
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 160.3 0.03 75.5112.23
52 Cotton 12.2 0.00 3.0302.75
53 Other vegetable textile fibers; paper yarn and woven fabric of paper yarn 6.8 0.00 0.0
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 714.2 0.11 1,865.0-61.70
57 Carpets and other textile floor coverings 15.3 0.00 41.1-62.72
58 Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery 3.0 0.00 14.1-78.69
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 38.0 0.01 5.1643.93
60 Knitted or crocheted fabrics 13.8 0.00 1.21,047.22
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 198.0 0.03 239.6-17.38
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 1,430.4 0.23 1,264.913.08
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 1,947.0 0.31 2,049.1-4.98
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 108.5 0.02 129.2-15.98
65 Headgear and parts thereof 180.0 0.03 209.9-14.26
67 Prepared feathers and down and articles made of feathers or of down; artificial flowers; articles of human hair 25.7 0.00 1.21,982.93
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 20.3 0.00 35.8-43.41
69 Ceramic products 100.2 0.02 84.418.68
70 Glass and glassware 1,854.8 0.30 3,051.2-39.21
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 114.8 0.02 95.320.44
72 Iron and steel 223.7 0.04 575.3-61.12
73 Articles of iron or steel 3,206.4 0.52 5,697.7-43.73
74 Copper and articles thereof 0.0 0.00 6.5-100.00
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 69.3 0.01 174.6-60.27
79 Zinc and articles thereof 6.9 0.00 0.0
81 Other base metals; cermets; articles thereof 12,161.8 1.96 9,117.733.39
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 2,424.5 0.39 2,526.1-4.02
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 479.4 0.08 614.0-21.92
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 38,132.1 6.13 30,162.426.42
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 331,224.9 53.26 789,910.0-58.07
86 Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds 19.6 0.00 371.1-94.71
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 2,246.7 0.36 2,304.4-2.50
88 Aircraft, spacecraft, and parts thereof 75.1 0.01 94.1-20.22
89 Ships, boats and floating structures 3,905.0 0.63 98.73,857.60
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 45,285.0 7.28 48,211.7-6.07
92 Musical instruments; parts and accessories of such articles 1,782.5 0.29 2,004.7-11.08
93 Arms and ammunition; parts and accessories thereof 382.7 0.06 63.6501.41
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 23,646.8 3.80 16,237.545.63
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 17,318.4 2.78 17,889.4-3.19
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 212.3 0.03 196.48.10
97 Works of art, collectors’ pieces and antiques 270.8 0.04 222.421.78
99 Commodities not specified according to kind 16,220.9 2.61 15,973.01.55
Compiled by «US-EXPORT–IMPORT» based on the statistics of the US Department of Commerce