US trade with Ethiopia in the 4th quarter of 2017

Published or Updated: May 17, 2018

The report on US foreign trade in goods with Ethiopia in the 4th quarter of 2017: exports, imports, balance, product types and groups, dynamics.

US Trade with Ethiopia

In the 4th quarter of 2017, US trade with Ethiopia totaled $462.6 million, up 97.83% ($228.8 million) from the 4th quarter of 2016.

US exports to Ethiopia in the 4th quarter of 2017 totaled $395.7 million, up 108.61% ($206.0 million) from the 4th quarter of 2016.

US imports from Ethiopia in the 4th quarter of 2017 totaled $66.9 million, up 51.53% ($22.8 million) from the 4th quarter of 2016.

US trade surplus with Ethiopia in the 4th quarter of 2017 was $328.8 million, a 125.93% increase ($183.3 million) over the 4th quarter of 2016.

Ethiopia was the US 82nd largest trading partner in the 4th quarter of 2017 (up from 97th in the 4th quarter of 2016), accounting for 0.0444% of US total trade (up from 0.0243% in the 4th quarter of 2016).

Ethiopia was the US 65th largest export market in the 4th quarter of 2017 (up from 86th in the 4th quarter of 2016), accounting for 0.0971% of US total exports (up from 0.0501% in the 4th quarter of 2016).

Ethiopia was the US 106th largest supplier in the 4th quarter of 2017 (up from 110th in the 4th quarter of 2016), accounting for 0.0105% of US total imports (up from 0.0076% in the 4th quarter of 2016).

US Exports to Ethiopia

The major share of US exports to Ethiopia in the 4th quarter of 2017 (and in the 4th quarter of 2016) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 82.58% of US total exports to Ethiopia (62.23% in the 4th quarter of 2016);
  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 14.48% of US total exports to Ethiopia (16.92% in the 4th quarter of 2016);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 0.33% of US total exports to Ethiopia (1.73% in the 4th quarter of 2016);
  • Mineral products (HS codes 25-27) - 0.00% of US total exports to Ethiopia (1.52% in the 4th quarter of 2016).

The largest gains in US exports to Ethiopia in the 4th quarter of 2017 over the 4th quarter of 2016 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Aircraft, spacecraft, and parts thereof (HS code 88) - an increase of $207.3 million;
  • Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes (HS code 15) - an increase of $16.0 million;
  • Cereals (HS code 10) - an increase of $11.2 million;
  • Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds (HS code 86) - an increase of $1.6 million.

The largest declines in US exports to Ethiopia in the 4th quarter of 2017 over the 4th quarter of 2016 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Commodities not specified according to kind (HS code 99) - a decrease of $22.6 million;
  • Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes (HS code 27) - a decrease of $2.8 million;
  • Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers (HS code 07) - a decrease of $2.1 million;
  • Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster (HS code 34) - a decrease of $1.6 million;
  • Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles (HS code 85) - a decrease of $1.5 million.
US exports to Ethiopia in the 4th quarter of 2017 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value
of exports
in Q4 2017
(USD thousand)
Share
in total export
(%)
Value
of exports
in Q4 2016
(USD thousand)
Change
in Q4 2017
over Q4 2016
(%)
06 Live trees and other plants; bulbs, roots and the like; cut flowers and ornamental foliage 150.0 0.04 0.0
07 Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers 6,858.6 1.73 8,921.2-23.12
08 Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons 43.3 0.01 63.0-31.23
10 Cereals 34,129.6 8.62 22,941.448.77
15 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes 16,006.2 4.04 0.0
17 Sugars and sugar confectionery 5.3 0.00 0.0
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 37.2 0.01 123.0-69.73
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 2.6 0.00 39.0-93.28
23 Residues and waste from the food industries; prepared animal feed 64.2 0.02 0.0
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 15.3 0.00 43.3-64.68
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 3.4 0.00 2,833.2-99.88
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 0.0 0.00 33.8-100.00
29 Organic chemicals 141.0 0.04 18.9646.59
30 Pharmaceutical products 32.1 0.01 34.6-7.36
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 88.6 0.02 507.1-82.53
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 90.2 0.02 28.2219.91
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 32.2 0.01 1,595.2-97.98
35 Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes 9.5 0.00 2.8235.15
36 Explosives; pyrotechnic products; matches; pyrophoric alloys; certain combustible preparations 43.6 0.01 133.3-67.27
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 224.5 0.06 340.7-34.10
39 Plastics and articles thereof 458.7 0.12 460.2-0.33
40 Rubber and articles thereof 168.4 0.04 121.838.30
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 0.0 0.00 106.5-100.00
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 25.6 0.01 25.40.91
47 Pulp of wood or of other fibrous cellulosic material; waste and scrap of paper or paperboard 535.3 0.14 0.0
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 379.6 0.10 214.776.81
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 222.7 0.06 84.0165.23
52 Cotton 0.0 0.00 14.9-100.00
55 Man-made staple fibers 45.1 0.01 0.0
58 Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery 6.6 0.00 96.1-93.11
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 26.2 0.01 4.8445.38
60 Knitted or crocheted fabrics 7.5 0.00 0.0
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 0.0 0.00 9.8-100.00
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 16.2 0.00 40.2-59.66
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 442.1 0.11 356.424.05
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 15.7 0.00 8.095.47
65 Headgear and parts thereof 2.6 0.00 0.0
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 423.7 0.11 814.7-47.99
69 Ceramic products 0.0 0.00 3.7-100.00
70 Glass and glassware 24.1 0.01 130.9-81.61
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 3.2 0.00 7.9-59.65
72 Iron and steel 36.5 0.01 0.0
73 Articles of iron or steel 156.5 0.04 349.5-55.20
74 Copper and articles thereof 0.0 0.00 47.1-100.00
75 Nickel and articles thereof 52.6 0.01 46.113.98
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 189.6 0.05 166.913.56
81 Other base metals; cermets; articles thereof 210.5 0.05 22.6830.95
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 131.4 0.03 236.9-44.51
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 177.4 0.04 230.2-22.94
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 6,820.8 1.72 6,367.77.11
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 7,589.0 1.92 9,124.6-16.83
86 Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds 1,600.0 0.40 0.0
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 1,570.7 0.40 1,314.319.51
88 Aircraft, spacecraft, and parts thereof 306,318.9 77.41 99,068.5209.20
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 2,879.2 0.73 2,175.032.38
92 Musical instruments; parts and accessories of such articles 22.8 0.01 21.94.40
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 771.5 0.19 1,129.6-31.70
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 5.5 0.00 118.4-95.35
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 12.8 0.00 107.8-88.11
99 Commodities not specified according to kind 6,396.8 1.62 29,007.3-77.95

US Imports from Ethiopia

The major share of US imports from Ethiopia in the 4th quarter of 2017 (and in the 4th quarter of 2016) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 52.41% of US total imports from Ethiopia (48.51% in the 4th quarter of 2016);
  • Textiles, textile products and footwear (HS codes 50-67) - 35.40% of US total imports from Ethiopia (33.43% in the 4th quarter of 2016);
  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 0.20% of US total imports from Ethiopia (1.70% in the 4th quarter of 2016);
  • Precious metals and stones (HS code 71) - 0.15% of US total imports from Ethiopia (2.67% in the 4th quarter of 2016).

The largest gains in US imports from Ethiopia in the 4th quarter of 2017 over the 4th quarter of 2016 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Coffee, tea, maté and spices (HS code 09) - an increase of $14.5 million;
  • Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted (HS code 62) - an increase of $4.5 million;
  • Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted (HS code 61) - an increase of $2.9 million;
  • Commodities not specified according to kind (HS code 99) - an increase of $1.9 million;
  • Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles (HS code 64) - an increase of $1.6 million;
  • Live trees and other plants; bulbs, roots and the like; cut flowers and ornamental foliage (HS code 06) - an increase of $0.3 million.

The largest declines in US imports from Ethiopia in the 4th quarter of 2017 over the 4th quarter of 2016 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin (HS code 71) - a decrease of $1.1 million;
  • Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder (HS code 12) - a decrease of $0.8 million;
  • Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof (HS code 84) - a decrease of $0.6 million.
US imports from Ethiopia in the 4th quarter of 2017 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value
of imports
in Q4 2017
(USD thousand)
Share
in total import
(%)
Value
of imports
in Q4 2016
(USD thousand)
Change
in Q4 2017
over Q4 2016
(%)
06 Live trees and other plants; bulbs, roots and the like; cut flowers and ornamental foliage 1,908.6 2.85 1,634.916.74
07 Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers 135.8 0.20 216.4-37.23
09 Coffee, tea, maté and spices 27,442.1 41.01 12,988.4111.28
11 Products of the milling industry; malt; starches; inulin; wheat gluten 51.7 0.08 83.8-38.27
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 5,081.1 7.59 5,856.6-13.24
13 Lac; gums, resins and other vegetable saps and extracts 107.2 0.16 110.9-3.31
15 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes 156.6 0.23 162.0-3.32
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 95.7 0.14 65.246.69
20 Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants 2.5 0.00 0.0
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 2.4 0.00 40.1-94.07
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 86.0 0.13 263.7-67.38
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 16.7 0.02 43.1-61.21
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 0.0 0.00 19.3-100.00
39 Plastics and articles thereof 8.2 0.01 9.6-13.91
41 Raw hides and skins (other than furskins) and leather 0.0 0.00 39.6-100.00
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 1,324.1 1.98 1,200.710.28
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 6.8 0.01 9.6-29.55
46 Manufactures of straw, of esparto or of other plaiting materials; basketware and wickerwork 12.9 0.02 6.598.65
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 0.0 0.00 3.2-100.00
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 0.0 0.00 7.9-100.00
54 Man-made filaments 0.0 0.00 5.4-100.00
57 Carpets and other textile floor coverings 0.0 0.00 4.6-100.00
58 Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery 2.9 0.00 0.0
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 10,894.2 16.28 8,039.735.51
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 5,500.8 8.22 1,045.2426.30
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 87.0 0.13 111.8-22.16
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 7,205.7 10.77 5,556.829.67
69 Ceramic products 23.8 0.04 14.761.66
70 Glass and glassware 0.0 0.00 5.0-100.00
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 102.8 0.15 1,180.1-91.29
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 6.5 0.01 0.0
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 3.5 0.01 596.2-99.41
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 116.3 0.17 139.9-16.89
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 13.4 0.02 15.8-15.13
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 9.4 0.01 6.642.95
97 Works of art, collectors’ pieces and antiques 271.6 0.41 317.3-14.41
99 Commodities not specified according to kind 6,237.5 9.32 4,357.843.13
Compiled by «US-EXPORT–IMPORT» based on the statistics of the US Department of Commerce