US trade with Ethiopia in the first nine months of 2017

Published or Updated: May 16, 2018

The report on US foreign trade in goods with Ethiopia in the first nine months of 2017: exports, imports, balance, product types and groups, dynamics.

US Trade with Ethiopia

In the first nine months of 2017, US trade with Ethiopia was $713.6 million, down 15.10% ($126.9 million) from the first nine months of 2016.

US exports to Ethiopia in the first nine months of 2017 were $477.8 million, down 25.07% ($159.8 million) from the first nine months of 2016.

US imports from Ethiopia in the first nine months of 2017 totaled $235.8 million, up 16.24% ($32.9 million) from the first nine months of 2016.

US trade surplus with Ethiopia in the first nine months of 2017 was $241.9 million, a 44.34% decrease ($192.8 million) over the first nine months of 2016.

Ethiopia was the US 95th largest trading partner in the first nine months of 2017 (down from 92nd in the first nine months of 2016), accounting for 0.0245% of US total trade (down from 0.0321% in the first nine months of 2016).

Ethiopia was the US 86th largest export market in the first nine months of 2017 (down from 81st in the first nine months of 2016), accounting for 0.0420% of US total exports (down from 0.0603% in the first nine months of 2016).

Ethiopia was the US 100th largest supplier in the first nine months of 2017 (up from 101st in the first nine months of 2016), accounting for 0.0133% of US total imports (up from 0.0130% in the first nine months of 2016).

US Exports to Ethiopia

The major share of US exports to Ethiopia in the first nine months of 2017 (and in the first nine months of 2016) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 82.75% of US total exports to Ethiopia (67.74% in the first nine months of 2016);
  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 9.95% of US total exports to Ethiopia (18.47% in the first nine months of 2016);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 1.53% of US total exports to Ethiopia (0.99% in the first nine months of 2016).

The largest gains in US exports to Ethiopia in the first nine months of 2017 over the first nine months of 2016 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof (HS code 90) - an increase of $2.7 million.

The largest declines in US exports to Ethiopia in the first nine months of 2017 over the first nine months of 2016 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Commodities not specified according to kind (HS code 99) - a decrease of $50.5 million;
  • Cereals (HS code 10) - a decrease of $43.6 million;
  • Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof (HS code 84) - a decrease of $23.9 million;
  • Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers (HS code 07) - a decrease of $17.5 million;
  • Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles (HS code 85) - a decrease of $9.1 million;
  • Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes (HS code 15) - a decrease of $7.6 million;
  • Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof (HS code 87) - a decrease of $3.4 million;
  • Aircraft, spacecraft, and parts thereof (HS code 88) - a decrease of $2.9 million;
  • Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares (HS code 19) - a decrease of $2.6 million;
  • Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags (HS code 63) - a decrease of $1.8 million.
US exports to Ethiopia in the first nine months of 2017 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value
of exports
in first 9 months 2017
(USD thousand)
Share
in total export
(%)
Value
of exports
in first 9 months 2016
(USD thousand)
Change
in first 9 months 2017
over first 9 months 2016
(%)
04 Dairy produce; birds eggs; natural honey; edible products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 4.7 0.00 0.0
05 Products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 22.2 0.00 17.725.50
06 Live trees and other plants; bulbs, roots and the like; cut flowers and ornamental foliage 57.6 0.01 202.2-71.50
07 Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers 11,613.4 2.43 29,100.4-60.09
08 Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons 174.0 0.04 15.61,015.51
09 Coffee, tea, maté and spices 6.7 0.00 0.0
10 Cereals 30,661.4 6.42 74,247.4-58.70
11 Products of the milling industry; malt; starches; inulin; wheat gluten 4.1 0.00 0.0
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 59.0 0.01 15.5281.27
15 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes 2,650.7 0.55 10,266.1-74.18
17 Sugars and sugar confectionery 5.8 0.00 0.0
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 183.9 0.04 2,742.5-93.29
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 2,022.9 0.42 1,122.380.25
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 72.7 0.02 49.347.69
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 8.3 0.00 39.7-79.06
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 11.4 0.00 49.5-76.91
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 489.5 0.10 0.0
29 Organic chemicals 49.9 0.01 90.3-44.69
30 Pharmaceutical products 77.3 0.02 221.3-65.04
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 357.5 0.07 258.338.41
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 455.8 0.10 180.1153.10
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 115.7 0.02 399.2-71.02
35 Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes 317.3 0.07 101.3213.09
36 Explosives; pyrotechnic products; matches; pyrophoric alloys; certain combustible preparations 17.7 0.00 109.5-83.84
37 Photographic or cinematographic goods 26.7 0.01 0.0
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 3,568.9 0.75 2,404.648.42
39 Plastics and articles thereof 1,405.3 0.29 2,049.3-31.42
40 Rubber and articles thereof 425.4 0.09 478.1-11.03
41 Raw hides and skins (other than furskins) and leather 145.1 0.03 395.1-63.27
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 72.1 0.02 137.7-47.64
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 0.0 0.00 237.1-100.00
45 Cork and articles of cork 5.8 0.00 0.0
47 Pulp of wood or of other fibrous cellulosic material; waste and scrap of paper or paperboard 56.8 0.01 317.4-82.09
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 1,021.8 0.21 1,043.1-2.04
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 725.3 0.15 577.125.69
52 Cotton 0.0 0.00 14.7-100.00
55 Man-made staple fibers 0.0 0.00 315.8-100.00
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 2.6 0.00 55.4-95.34
57 Carpets and other textile floor coverings 5.7 0.00 91.2-93.71
58 Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery 0.0 0.00 27.3-100.00
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 34.2 0.01 85.0-59.74
60 Knitted or crocheted fabrics 17.0 0.00 0.0
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 53.6 0.01 10.5410.92
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 215.2 0.05 466.9-53.90
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 1,329.4 0.28 3,146.3-57.75
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 133.7 0.03 134.2-0.38
65 Headgear and parts thereof 36.0 0.01 14.7144.49
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 1,814.4 0.38 1,702.56.58
69 Ceramic products 6.4 0.00 19.8-67.78
70 Glass and glassware 516.9 0.11 108.2377.90
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 32.6 0.01 43.7-25.44
72 Iron and steel 3.1 0.00 15.4-80.00
73 Articles of iron or steel 767.1 0.16 892.6-14.07
74 Copper and articles thereof 3.2 0.00 0.0
75 Nickel and articles thereof 100.6 0.02 271.0-62.88
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 321.1 0.07 257.424.76
81 Other base metals; cermets; articles thereof 84.9 0.02 45.088.56
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 1,078.8 0.23 482.3123.68
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 465.9 0.10 394.518.07
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 19,410.7 4.06 43,333.7-55.21
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 14,559.2 3.05 23,653.0-38.45
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 1,852.3 0.39 5,281.8-64.93
88 Aircraft, spacecraft, and parts thereof 347,675.4 72.77 350,527.5-0.81
89 Ships, boats and floating structures 54.2 0.01 13.5301.42
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 11,792.9 2.47 9,112.029.42
91 Clocks and watches and parts thereof 11.0 0.00 0.0
92 Musical instruments; parts and accessories of such articles 24.2 0.01 2.5858.14
93 Arms and ammunition; parts and accessories thereof 2.6 0.00 3.9-33.68
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 3,633.4 0.76 4,586.0-20.77
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 458.4 0.10 680.0-32.59
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 61.0 0.01 16.3274.51
97 Works of art, collectors’ pieces and antiques 0.0 0.00 136.9-100.00
99 Commodities not specified according to kind 14,323.8 3.00 64,789.2-77.89

US Imports from Ethiopia

The major share of US imports from Ethiopia in the first nine months of 2017 (and in the first nine months of 2016) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 62.37% of US total imports from Ethiopia (62.25% in the first nine months of 2016);
  • Textiles, textile products and footwear (HS codes 50-67) - 26.33% of US total imports from Ethiopia (21.86% in the first nine months of 2016);
  • Precious metals and stones (HS code 71) - 1.10% of US total imports from Ethiopia (1.55% in the first nine months of 2016).

The largest gains in US imports from Ethiopia in the first nine months of 2017 over the first nine months of 2016 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Coffee, tea, maté and spices (HS code 09) - an increase of $34.8 million;
  • Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted (HS code 62) - an increase of $7.9 million;
  • Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted (HS code 61) - an increase of $5.9 million;
  • Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles (HS code 64) - an increase of $3.7 million.

The largest declines in US imports from Ethiopia in the first nine months of 2017 over the first nine months of 2016 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder (HS code 12) - a decrease of $12.8 million;
  • Commodities not specified according to kind (HS code 99) - a decrease of $3.6 million;
  • Live trees and other plants; bulbs, roots and the like; cut flowers and ornamental foliage (HS code 06) - a decrease of $1.4 million;
  • Works of art, collectors’ pieces and antiques (HS code 97) - a decrease of $0.8 million.
US imports from Ethiopia in the first nine months of 2017 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value
of imports
in first 9 months 2017
(USD thousand)
Share
in total import
(%)
Value
of imports
in first 9 months 2016
(USD thousand)
Change
in first 9 months 2017
over first 9 months 2016
(%)
03 Fish and crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates 0.0 0.00 6.5-100.00
04 Dairy produce; birds eggs; natural honey; edible products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 4.3 0.00 6.5-34.33
06 Live trees and other plants; bulbs, roots and the like; cut flowers and ornamental foliage 6,180.3 2.62 7,598.2-18.66
07 Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers 627.9 0.27 854.1-26.49
09 Coffee, tea, maté and spices 122,682.1 52.02 87,852.639.65
10 Cereals 114.0 0.05 45.8148.84
11 Products of the milling industry; malt; starches; inulin; wheat gluten 342.0 0.15 163.2109.57
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 15,180.2 6.44 28,004.2-45.79
13 Lac; gums, resins and other vegetable saps and extracts 215.0 0.09 244.0-11.91
15 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes 999.2 0.42 851.717.32
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 259.2 0.11 271.5-4.52
20 Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants 75.9 0.03 104.5-27.36
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 50.7 0.02 4.7975.33
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 362.3 0.15 282.528.22
30 Pharmaceutical products 0.0 0.00 2.5-100.00
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 14.6 0.01 44.6-67.20
39 Plastics and articles thereof 24.8 0.01 30.3-18.05
40 Rubber and articles thereof 0.0 0.00 0.4-100.00
41 Raw hides and skins (other than furskins) and leather 78.2 0.03 43.778.77
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 3,695.5 1.57 4,118.9-10.28
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 24.3 0.01 6.4277.32
46 Manufactures of straw, of esparto or of other plaiting materials; basketware and wickerwork 30.3 0.01 31.8-4.58
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 0.0 0.00 10.6-100.00
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 4.8 0.00 3.155.24
52 Cotton 0.0 0.00 41.5-100.00
54 Man-made filaments 0.0 0.00 0.8-100.00
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 0.9 0.00 0.0
57 Carpets and other textile floor coverings 48.1 0.02 3.81,152.51
58 Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery 0.0 0.00 5.3-100.00
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 26,754.6 11.34 20,811.528.56
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 11,916.5 5.05 4,060.7193.46
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 612.3 0.26 330.285.45
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 22,761.4 9.65 19,104.219.14
65 Headgear and parts thereof 0.0 0.00 0.4-100.00
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 7.4 0.00 12.5-40.75
69 Ceramic products 44.3 0.02 59.6-25.76
70 Glass and glassware 17.0 0.01 11.251.39
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 2,583.1 1.10 3,135.4-17.62
72 Iron and steel 0.0 0.00 5.9-100.00
73 Articles of iron or steel 5.1 0.00 11.4-55.54
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 0.0 0.00 10.4-100.00
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 122.8 0.05 133.8-8.22
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 487.1 0.21 676.5-28.00
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 27.3 0.01 53.1-48.63
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 25.0 0.01 25.1-0.39
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 22.4 0.01 18.024.78
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 34.8 0.01 0.0
97 Works of art, collectors’ pieces and antiques 303.5 0.13 1,076.8-71.81
99 Commodities not specified according to kind 19,090.6 8.10 22,713.5-15.95
Compiled by «US-EXPORT–IMPORT» based on the statistics of the US Department of Commerce