US trade (export - import) with Ghana in 2014

Published or Updated: Feb 07, 2017

The report on US foreign trade in goods with Ghana in 2014: exports, imports, balance, product types and groups, dynamics.

US Trade with Ghana

In 2014, US trade with Ghana totaled $1,471.7 million, up 7.93% ($108.1 million) from 2013.

US exports to Ghana in 2014 totaled $1,186.2 million, up 20.75% ($203.9 million) from 2013.

US imports from Ghana in 2014 were $285.5 million, down 25.12% ($95.8 million) from 2013.

US trade surplus with Ghana in 2014 was $900.7 million, a 49.84% increase ($299.6 million) over 2013.

Ghana was the US 90th largest trading partner in 2014 (up from 93rd in 2013), accounting for 0.04% of US total trade (up from 0.03% in 2013).

Ghana was the US 77th largest export market in 2014 (up from 81st in 2013), accounting for 0.07% of US total exports (up from 0.06% in 2013).

Ghana was the US 103rd largest supplier in 2014 (down from 100th in 2013), accounting for 0.01% of US total imports (down from 0.02% in 2013).

US Exports to Ghana

The major share of US exports to Ghana in 2014 (and in 2013) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Mineral products (HS codes 25-27) - 36.19% of US total exports to Ghana (3.32% in 2013);
  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 32.74% of US total exports to Ghana (52.96% in 2013);
  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 10.86% of US total exports to Ghana (18.71% in 2013);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 8.56% of US total exports to Ghana (12.34% in 2013);
  • Metals and products from them (HS codes 72-83) - 2.98% of US total exports to Ghana (3.55% in 2013);
  • Wood and wood products (HS codes 44-49) - 2.38% of US total exports to Ghana (1.67% in 2013);
  • Textiles, textile products and footwear (HS codes 50-67) - 1.49% of US total exports to Ghana (1.87% in 2013).

The largest gains in US exports to Ghana in 2014 over 2013 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes (HS code 27) - an increase of $396.7 million;
  • Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal (HS code 44) - an increase of $16.0 million;
  • Articles of iron or steel (HS code 73) - an increase of $8.9 million;
  • Aircraft, spacecraft, and parts thereof (HS code 88) - an increase of $3.9 million;
  • Residues and waste from the food industries; prepared animal feed (HS code 23) - an increase of $3.7 million.

The largest declines in US exports to Ghana in 2014 over 2013 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof (HS code 87) - a decrease of $105.7 million;
  • Cereals (HS code 10) - a decrease of $45.2 million;
  • Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof (HS code 84) - a decrease of $22.8 million;
  • Rubber and articles thereof (HS code 40) - a decrease of $13.4 million;
  • Plastics and articles thereof (HS code 39) - a decrease of $9.8 million;
  • Iron and steel (HS code 72) - a decrease of $7.9 million;
  • Meat and edible meat offal (HS code 02) - a decrease of $7.4 million;
  • Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof (HS code 90) - a decrease of $5.9 million;
  • Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard (HS code 48) - a decrease of $4.4 million;
  • Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags (HS code 63) - a decrease of $3.8 million.
US exports to Ghana in 2014 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value
of exports
in 2014
(USD thousand)
Share
in total export
(%)
Value
of exports
in 2013
(USD thousand)
Change
in 2014
over 2013
(%)
02 Meat and edible meat offal 68,957.3 5.81 76,388.4-9.73
03 Fish and crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates 733.0 0.06 1,744.9-57.99
04 Dairy produce; birds eggs; natural honey; edible products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 703.5 0.06 1,688.0-58.32
05 Products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 4.0 0.00 105.5-96.21
06 Live trees and other plants; bulbs, roots and the like; cut flowers and ornamental foliage 15.4 0.00 0.0
07 Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers 2.6 0.00 34.9-92.66
08 Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons 0.0 0.00 111.3-100.00
09 Coffee, tea, maté and spices 102.0 0.01 369.6-72.40
10 Cereals 32,989.1 2.78 78,235.0-57.83
11 Products of the milling industry; malt; starches; inulin; wheat gluten 38.6 0.00 241.9-84.04
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 2,607.7 0.22 330.6688.77
15 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes 27.4 0.00 117.2-76.67
16 Preparations of meat, of fish or of crustaceans, molluscs or other aquatic invertebrates 24.1 0.00 0.0
17 Sugars and sugar confectionery 400.6 0.03 84.2375.60
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 491.6 0.04 3,119.0-84.24
20 Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants 7,301.0 0.62 9,602.2-23.97
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 4,766.3 0.40 3,463.537.61
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 1,554.8 0.13 3,737.6-58.40
23 Residues and waste from the food industries; prepared animal feed 8,124.5 0.68 4,457.382.27
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 149.0 0.01 91.462.92
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 429,189.1 36.18 32,500.01,220.58
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 4,548.9 0.38 4,802.6-5.28
29 Organic chemicals 5,224.8 0.44 4,123.526.71
30 Pharmaceutical products 13,359.5 1.13 15,375.3-13.11
31 Fertilizers 2,128.1 0.18 110.71,821.88
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 4,529.2 0.38 4,099.210.49
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 13,182.2 1.11 12,416.76.17
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 1,349.4 0.11 1,140.718.30
35 Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes 1,202.8 0.10 661.981.71
36 Explosives; pyrotechnic products; matches; pyrophoric alloys; certain combustible preparations 220.9 0.02 742.1-70.23
37 Photographic or cinematographic goods 33.3 0.00 44.1-24.56
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 9,605.0 0.81 8,333.115.26
39 Plastics and articles thereof 41,370.7 3.49 51,171.3-19.15
40 Rubber and articles thereof 4,794.2 0.40 18,213.0-73.68
41 Raw hides and skins (other than furskins) and leather 81.6 0.01 2.72,922.11
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 177.1 0.01 468.5-62.20
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 20,624.9 1.74 4,577.7350.55
45 Cork and articles of cork 9.3 0.00 27.4-66.00
46 Manufactures of straw, of esparto or of other plaiting materials; basketware and wickerwork 0.0 0.00 20.1-100.00
47 Pulp of wood or of other fibrous cellulosic material; waste and scrap of paper or paperboard 209.8 0.02 263.1-20.26
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 3,881.3 0.33 8,268.7-53.06
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 3,464.1 0.29 3,278.85.65
50 Silk 0.0 0.00 26.0-100.00
52 Cotton 20.0 0.00 116.5-82.83
54 Man-made filaments 5.9 0.00 59.2-89.99
55 Man-made staple fibers 1,590.5 0.13 1,291.823.12
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 191.2 0.02 142.734.00
57 Carpets and other textile floor coverings 264.1 0.02 162.762.32
58 Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery 17.2 0.00 2.6554.14
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 414.8 0.03 563.9-26.44
60 Knitted or crocheted fabrics 84.6 0.01 55.053.89
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 373.9 0.03 210.577.65
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 1,438.6 0.12 245.8485.36
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 8,708.7 0.73 12,495.4-30.30
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 4,367.5 0.37 2,971.247.00
65 Headgear and parts thereof 72.5 0.01 0.0
66 Umbrellas, sun umbrellas, walking sticks, seatsticks, whips, riding-crops and parts thereof 0.0 0.00 2.6-100.00
67 Prepared feathers and down and articles made of feathers or of down; artificial flowers; articles of human hair 94.2 0.01 30.0213.86
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 814.7 0.07 776.04.98
69 Ceramic products 1,159.2 0.10 339.4241.57
70 Glass and glassware 458.9 0.04 179.8155.26
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 18.4 0.00 96.4-80.89
72 Iron and steel 6,494.5 0.55 14,390.3-54.87
73 Articles of iron or steel 18,214.0 1.54 9,343.094.95
74 Copper and articles thereof 420.8 0.04 450.7-6.63
75 Nickel and articles thereof 154.6 0.01 831.2-81.40
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 1,359.4 0.11 1,068.327.25
78 Lead and articles thereof 6.0 0.00 19.2-68.68
79 Zinc and articles thereof 100.0 0.01 18.3444.86
81 Other base metals; cermets; articles thereof 84.2 0.01 10.5699.40
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 7,381.5 0.62 8,341.7-11.51
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 1,086.9 0.09 450.6141.19
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 176,806.0 14.90 199,593.6-11.42
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 22,301.7 1.88 21,300.34.70
86 Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds 312.0 0.03 154.5101.95
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 159,426.1 13.44 265,114.8-39.87
88 Aircraft, spacecraft, and parts thereof 6,886.5 0.58 3,006.1129.09
89 Ships, boats and floating structures 117.3 0.01 2,765.2-95.76
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 22,522.8 1.90 28,385.2-20.65
91 Clocks and watches and parts thereof 114.4 0.01 79.643.71
92 Musical instruments; parts and accessories of such articles 197.1 0.02 107.683.16
93 Arms and ammunition; parts and accessories thereof 1,123.0 0.09 3,047.0-63.14
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 14,358.9 1.21 11,034.730.12
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 546.2 0.05 1,399.7-60.98
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 906.1 0.08 753.720.22
97 Works of art, collectors’ pieces and antiques 1,175.9 0.10 121.1871.00
99 Commodities not specified according to kind 35,874.4 3.02 36,274.5-1.10

US Imports from Ghana

The major share of US imports from Ghana in 2014 (and in 2013) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 78.35% of US total imports from Ghana (54.90% in 2013);
  • Wood and wood products (HS codes 44-49) - 9.33% of US total imports from Ghana (5.78% in 2013);
  • Precious metals and stones (HS code 71) - 5.03% of US total imports from Ghana (1.00% in 2013);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 1.78% of US total imports from Ghana (2.71% in 2013);
  • Textiles, textile products and footwear (HS codes 50-67) - 1.44% of US total imports from Ghana (0.81% in 2013);
  • Mineral products (HS codes 25-27) - 0.01% of US total imports from Ghana (31.86% in 2013).

The largest gains in US imports from Ghana in 2014 over 2013 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Cocoa and cocoa preparations (HS code 18) - an increase of $11.6 million;
  • Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin (HS code 71) - an increase of $10.6 million;
  • Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal (HS code 44) - an increase of $4.2 million;
  • Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes (HS code 15) - an increase of $1.0 million;
  • Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted (HS code 62) - an increase of $1.0 million.

The largest declines in US imports from Ghana in 2014 over the 2013 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes (HS code 27) - a decrease of $117.1 million;
  • Rubber and articles thereof (HS code 40) - a decrease of $5.6 million;
  • Ores, slag and ash (HS code 26) - a decrease of $4.4 million.
US imports from Ghana in 2014 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value
of imports
in 2014
(USD thousand)
Share
in total import
(%)
Value
of imports
in 2013
USD thousand)
Change
in 2014
over 2013
(%)
01 Live animals 292.5 0.10 420.1-30.37
03 Fish and crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates 203.0 0.07 209.1-2.93
04 Dairy produce; birds eggs; natural honey; edible products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 12.6 0.00 0.0
05 Products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 10.8 0.00 5.885.81
07 Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers 12,775.5 4.47 12,400.33.03
08 Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons 6,842.7 2.40 6,034.413.39
09 Coffee, tea, maté and spices 430.2 0.15 244.575.93
10 Cereals 4.7 0.00 9.1-48.52
11 Products of the milling industry; malt; starches; inulin; wheat gluten 744.6 0.26 602.323.64
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 48.5 0.02 128.1-62.16
13 Lac; gums, resins and other vegetable saps and extracts 20.1 0.01 178.8-88.78
15 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes 2,914.6 1.02 1,915.552.16
16 Preparations of meat, of fish or of crustaceans, molluscs or other aquatic invertebrates 3.9 0.00 0.0
18 Cocoa and cocoa preparations 196,906.1 68.97 185,300.66.26
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 616.3 0.22 394.656.19
20 Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants 1,095.7 0.38 775.841.24
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 631.2 0.22 546.015.61
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 144.8 0.05 132.39.38
23 Residues and waste from the food industries; prepared animal feed 2.5 0.00 0.0
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 15.7 0.01 0.0
26 Ores, slag and ash 0.0 0.00 4,422.4-100.00
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 0.0 0.00 117,058.6-100.00
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 0.0 0.00 103.9-100.00
30 Pharmaceutical products 2.7 0.00 0.0
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 890.5 0.31 568.656.62
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 376.5 0.13 277.235.82
39 Plastics and articles thereof 12.8 0.00 13.8-7.03
40 Rubber and articles thereof 3,796.8 1.33 9,380.7-59.52
41 Raw hides and skins (other than furskins) and leather 1.1 0.00 0.0
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 58.5 0.02 64.5-9.29
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 23,972.5 8.40 19,765.821.28
46 Manufactures of straw, of esparto or of other plaiting materials; basketware and wickerwork 2,654.9 0.93 2,252.217.88
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 9.7 0.00 17.4-44.23
50 Silk 0.0 0.00 0.5-100.00
52 Cotton 20.5 0.01 28.6-28.20
54 Man-made filaments 0.7 0.00 8.7-91.44
55 Man-made staple fibers 0.8 0.00 1.6-50.71
58 Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery 0.0 0.00 0.4-100.00
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 0.0 0.00 38.7-100.00
60 Knitted or crocheted fabrics 0.0 0.00 3.5-100.00
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 106.2 0.04 6.11,636.26
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 3,856.5 1.35 2,900.332.97
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 17.7 0.01 27.1-34.99
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 5.0 0.00 13.3-62.46
65 Headgear and parts thereof 45.7 0.02 27.566.27
66 Umbrellas, sun umbrellas, walking sticks, seatsticks, whips, riding-crops and parts thereof 0.7 0.00 2.1-69.18
67 Prepared feathers and down and articles made of feathers or of down; artificial flowers; articles of human hair 58.9 0.02 26.3124.06
70 Glass and glassware 67.2 0.02 30.7118.72
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 14,371.1 5.03 3,819.9276.22
73 Articles of iron or steel 24.9 0.01 65.2-61.83
78 Lead and articles thereof 632.5 0.22 115.6447.29
81 Other base metals; cermets; articles thereof 0.0 0.00 6.0-100.00
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 0.0 0.00 7.5-100.00
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 9.5 0.00 5.571.30
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 899.0 0.31 309.7190.29
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 485.0 0.17 42.31,046.98
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 32.2 0.01 3.3891.30
88 Aircraft, spacecraft, and parts thereof 0.0 0.00 3.1-100.00
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 89.7 0.03 72.723.24
92 Musical instruments; parts and accessories of such articles 219.2 0.08 132.865.10
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 289.7 0.10 85.7238.14
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 11.7 0.00 5.3121.02
97 Works of art, collectors’ pieces and antiques 316.5 0.11 1,070.2-70.43
99 Commodities not specified according to kind 8,444.2 2.96 9,185.6-8.07
Compiled by «US-EXPORT–IMPORT» based on the statistics of the US Department of Commerce