Dynamics of US trade with Romania from 2012 to 2017

Published or Updated: Aug 03, 2018

The dynamics of US trade in goods with Romania from 2012 to 2017: turnover, exports, imports, balance, rank, share, products.

Dynamics of US foreign trade with Romania from 2012 to 2017 (in million US dollars)
2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Turnover 2,523 2,531 3,167 2,984 2,752 3,227
Exports 833 747 977 754 714 948
Imports 1,690 1,784 2,189 2,229 2,038 2,278
Balance -858 -1,038 -1,212 -1,475 -1,324 -1,330
Dynamics of the rank and share of Romania in US foreign trade from 2012 to 2017
2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Rank in US trade 76 76 68 68 71 71
Share in US trade, % 0.065 0.065 0.079 0.078 0.074 0.082
Rank in US exports 81 88 85 83 86 78
Share in US exports, % 0.054 0.047 0.060 0.050 0.049 0.061
Rank in US import 71 67 65 64 65 65
Share in US imports, % 0.072 0.077 0.091 0.097 0.091 0.095
Dynamics of the structure of US exports to Romania by product types from 2012 to 2017 (percent of total exports)
Рroduct type 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) 10.6 7.3 4.9 10.4 8.3 6.6
Mineral products (HS codes 25-27) 29.7 17.0 20.9 10.8 11.6 8.7
Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) 5.6 6.8 6.3 7.5 9.2 7.6
Wood and wood products (HS codes 44-49) 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.4 0.4
Textiles, textile products and footwear (HS codes 50-67) 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.6 0.6 0.6
Precious metals and stones (HS code 71) 0.4 0.1 0.0 0.2 0.1 0.1
Metals and products from them (HS codes 72-83) 4.2 6.5 7.4 6.8 5.4 5.1
Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) 46.2 58.4 57.2 60.1 62.0 69.0
Dynamics of the structure of US imports from Romania by product types from 2012 to 2017 (percent of total imports)
Рroduct type 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) 0.7 1.7 2.4 6.7 2.1 1.3
Mineral products (HS codes 25-27) 1.1 1.0 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.2
Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) 16.4 14.4 11.1 10.0 12.3 13.4
Wood and wood products (HS codes 44-49) 0.4 1.1 1.1 1.8 1.2 2.5
Textiles, textile products and footwear (HS codes 50-67) 13.1 13.7 12.7 12.3 13.1 11.5
Precious metals and stones (HS code 71) 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Metals and products from them (HS codes 72-83) 18.7 13.7 12.9 10.3 6.0 7.2
Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) 42.6 46.7 51.8 51.3 56.6 55.0
Dynamics of US exports to Romania from 2012 to 2017 by product groups (in million US dollars)
HS
code
Name of product group 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
02 Meat and edible meat offal 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.0
03 Fish and crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates​ 0.5 0.6 1.6 1.0 1.2 1.9
04 Dairy produce; birds eggs; natural honey; edible products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 0.2 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
05 Products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 0.1 0.3 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.3
07 Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.0
08 Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons 1.2 1.9 1.9 2.2 3.0 2.2
10 Cereals 4.0 1.5 0.6 0.3 0.4 0.2
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 31.0 16.1 13.4 40.4 20.8 11.5
13 Lac; gums, resins and other vegetable saps and extracts 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.1
14 Vegetable plaiting materials; vegetable products not elsewhere specified or included 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0
15 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0
16 Preparations of meat, of fish or of crustaceans, molluscs or other aquatic invertebrates 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1
20 Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants 0.4 0.4 0.2 0.4 0.3 0.0
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 3.9 4.0 4.3 4.8 4.9 7.2
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 9.4 8.7 7.7 8.4 11.8 13.9
23 Residues and waste from the food industries; prepared animal feed 24.6 6.9 0.9 0.7 0.9 9.0
24 Tobacco and manufactured tobacco substitutes 12.7 14.1 16.3 19.4 15.8 15.7
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 0.3 0.3 0.3 1.8 0.3 0.4
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 247.0 126.5 204.2 79.8 82.4 82.4
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 0.5 0.6 1.8 1.4 1.0 1.0
29 Organic chemicals 4.4 4.2 5.3 8.7 6.6 5.8
30 Pharmaceutical products 3.8 4.4 4.2 4.7 10.8 8.0
31 Fertilizers 0.1 0.3 0.0 0.3 0.3 0.7
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 0.4 0.8 0.5 0.7 0.6 0.4
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 4.3 4.9 7.5 6.5 5.0 5.8
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 1.8 1.4 1.0 1.2 2.5 1.6
35 Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes 0.2 1.4 0.8 0.7 0.4 0.2
36 Explosives; pyrotechnic products; matches; pyrophoric alloys; certain combustible preparations 9.8 8.8 13.4 9.0 10.4 13.1
37 Photographic or cinematographic goods 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.0 0.1 0.2
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 3.1 3.3 4.9 4.5 5.8 8.2
39 Plastics and articles thereof 10.3 14.0 11.3 12.9 12.3 19.7
40 Rubber and articles thereof 7.4 6.7 10.1 5.8 9.7 7.3
41 Raw hides and skins (other than furskins) and leather 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.2 0.0 0.1
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.4
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal​ 0.9 2.8 2.9 3.1 0.9 2.4
47 Pulp of wood or of other fibrous cellulosic material; waste and scrap of paper or paperboard 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard​ 5.7 3.7 4.7 2.3 1.1 0.9
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 0.5 0.5 1.3 1.3 0.6 0.5
51 Wool, fine or coarse animal hair; horsehair yarn and woven fabric 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
52 Cotton 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0
54 Man-made filaments 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.7
55 Man-made staple fibers 0.3 0.3 0.3 1.0 0.5 0.3
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 1.2 1.1 0.2 0.8 1.0 1.8
57 Carpets and other textile floor coverings 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.0
58 Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.4
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 0.2 0.3 1.0 1.0 0.6 1.0
60 Knitted or crocheted fabrics 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted​​ 0.3 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.6 0.4
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 0.2 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.7 0.3
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
65 Headgear and parts thereof 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0
67 Prepared feathers and down and articles made of feathers or of down; artificial flowers; articles of human hair 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.2
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 0.4 0.2 0.6 0.3 0.6 0.4
69 Ceramic products 0.3 0.1 0.0 2.1 0.1 0.3
70 Glass and glassware​ 0.6 1.2 1.0 1.6 1.7 1.4
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 3.7 0.8 0.3 1.8 0.8 0.6
72 Iron and steel 3.8 4.7 7.5 7.0 5.1 6.7
73 Articles of iron or steel 12.9 24.2 39.8 24.5 17.3 19.3
74 Copper and articles thereof 0.8 1.0 0.8 0.3 0.4 0.5
75 Nickel and articles thereof 3.0 3.2 7.1 2.0 3.1 3.7
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 7.2 6.8 6.1 7.8 5.8 10.4
78 Lead and articles thereof 0.0 0.1 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.1
80 Tin and articles thereof 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1
81 Other base metals; cermets; articles thereof 1.0 0.4 0.6 0.5 0.8 1.3
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 5.2 5.6 8.3 4.2 3.1 4.1
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 0.7 2.7 1.5 4.7 3.0 2.1
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof​ 139.2 153.6 197.8 133.2 113.2 131.6
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 87.6 93.9 126.7 125.3 112.0 233.0
86 Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.0 0.0
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 51.2 72.9 109.6 70.5 74.2 86.8
88 Aircraft, spacecraft and parts thereof​ 29.3 45.1 31.5 42.9 66.5 136.1
89 Ships, boats and floating structures 0.4 0.2 1.3 0.4 0.1 0.1
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 77.0 70.1 92.0 80.8 76.7 67.0
91 Clocks and watches and parts thereof​ 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.5 0.2
92 Musical instruments; parts and accessories of such articles 0.3 0.2 0.4 0.3 0.4 0.4
93 Arms and ammunition; parts and accessories thereof 1.2 0.1 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.7
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 2.9 4.0 5.8 3.7 3.4 2.3
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 1.4 2.3 1.9 1.7 1.2 2.3
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.7 0.9
97 Works of art, collectors’ pieces and antiques 0.1 0.4 0.7 0.2 0.4 0.3
99 Commodities not specified according to kind 9.7 9.2 9.2 9.5 8.0 8.9
Dynamics of US imports from Romania from 2012 to 2017 by product groups (in million US dollars)
HS
code
Name of product group 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
01 Live animals 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.1
04 Dairy produce; birds eggs; natural honey; edible products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 1.1 2.6 2.6 4.9 3.1 3.0
05 Products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.8 2.4 0.8
07 Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.5 0.4 0.1
08 Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons 1.4 1.0 2.5 2.6 2.9 4.4
09 Coffee, tea, maté and spices 0.0 0.2 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.0
10 Cereals 3.4 13.0 29.8 122.1 17.5 9.0
11 Products of the milling industry; malt; starches; inulin; wheat gluten 0.1 0.3 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 0.2 4.1 2.3 7.2 6.7 0.8
14 Vegetable plaiting materials; vegetable products not elsewhere specified or included 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.0
15 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes 0.0 0.0 5.6 2.4 0.2 0.0
16 Preparations of meat, of fish or of crustaceans, molluscs or other aquatic invertebrates 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.2
17 Sugars and sugar confectionery 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.1
18 Cocoa and cocoa preparations 0.6 0.3 0.1 0.6 0.8 1.3
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 2.6 5.5 4.5 4.3 3.1 2.6
20 Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.3
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.2
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 1.9 2.0 3.4 2.4 2.3 2.5
23 Residues and waste from the food industries; prepared animal feed 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.9 2.7
24 Tobacco and manufactured tobacco substitutes 0.1 0.0 0.4 0.0 0.3 1.2
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 17.8 17.6 0.2 2.5 0.1 4.7
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 2.2 4.7 3.4 0.6 3.5 1.1
29 Organic chemicals 2.0 11.5 1.4 3.6 2.8 5.9
30 Pharmaceutical products 13.6 10.9 15.5 20.3 18.0 45.5
31 Fertilizers 135.7 93.4 71.3 11.3 0.0 0.0
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 0.7 0.8 0.5 0.6 0.9 0.7
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 0.7 0.6 0.3 0.1 0.2 0.7
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 0.0 0.0 0.5 2.7 5.3 6.8
35 Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.7 0.6 0.8
36 Explosives; pyrotechnic products; matches; pyrophoric alloys; certain combustible preparations 0.4 0.7 0.3 0.0 0.0 0.1
37 Photographic or cinematographic goods 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.3 0.0 0.0
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 1.5 0.9 1.1 2.2 1.9 3.0
39 Plastics and articles thereof 15.7 13.4 16.2 19.2 18.7 18.6
40 Rubber and articles thereof 104.6 120.0 131.8 160.3 197.6 222.9
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 12.7 17.4 25.0 22.3 18.4 19.0
43 Furskins and artificial fur; manufactures thereof 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.4 0.5
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal​ 6.2 18.1 23.2 38.3 23.6 54.8
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard​ 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.5 0.6
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 0.5 0.4 1.3 1.2 0.8 1.2
50 Silk 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
51 Wool, fine or coarse animal hair; horsehair yarn and woven fabric 2.7 1.8 3.1 3.9 3.4 3.7
52 Cotton 0.3 0.6 0.4 0.2 0.3 0.3
53 Other vegetable textile fibers; paper yarn and woven fabric of paper yarn 0.3 0.3 0.8 1.3 1.4 2.0
54 Man-made filaments 2.5 4.0 1.9 1.5 5.8 2.3
55 Man-made staple fibers 1.3 1.3 1.1 3.6 3.3 2.7
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 3.3 3.1 3.1 2.7 2.6 2.2
57 Carpets and other textile floor coverings 0.3 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.1
58 Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.2 0.1
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 0.1 0.1 1.1 1.4 2.4 4.1
60 Knitted or crocheted fabrics 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.3 0.6
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted​​ 26.3 23.6 26.7 25.5 24.7 25.3
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 123.4 137.3 158.0 146.9 149.1 137.7
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 1.1 1.8 3.0 5.7 4.4 4.5
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 59.6 70.1 77.4 79.9 68.4 76.0
65 Headgear and parts thereof 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.2
67 Prepared feathers and down and articles made of feathers or of down; artificial flowers; articles of human hair 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.0
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 1.2 1.8 2.2 1.6 1.5 1.9
69 Ceramic products 1.0 3.1 4.6 4.4 3.4 3.3
70 Glass and glassware​ 2.6 3.3 2.9 2.6 3.1 3.7
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 2.2 2.2 3.1 2.4 2.1 1.9
72 Iron and steel 15.2 10.5 15.8 15.6 13.1 27.2
73 Articles of iron or steel 248.7 195.8 234.1 180.5 82.3 110.0
74 Copper and articles thereof 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.0
75 Nickel and articles thereof 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.2 0.1 0.2
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 44.3 28.0 22.4 22.5 14.6 14.4
78 Lead and articles thereof 0.0 0.0 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.0
80 Tin and articles thereof 0.0 0.0 0.2 0.5 0.2 0.0
81 Other base metals; cermets; articles thereof 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.4 1.2 0.4
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 0.8 0.8 0.5 0.6 0.8 0.5
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 6.7 8.5 8.5 8.6 10.6 10.9
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof​ 361.4 385.7 466.3 474.0 402.5 442.8
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 228.3 307.1 460.2 422.7 502.0 567.5
86 Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds 0.8 1.5 1.7 0.5 0.1 0.0
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 66.7 74.7 119.6 145.3 139.0 130.2
88 Aircraft, spacecraft and parts thereof​ 4.2 6.7 7.0 7.1 8.5 8.7
89 Ships, boats and floating structures 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 59.4 58.2 79.7 93.9 100.5 103.8
92 Musical instruments; parts and accessories of such articles 2.4 2.3 2.7 2.3 2.7 2.1
93 Arms and ammunition; parts and accessories thereof 12.1 19.8 10.4 8.8 7.2 6.7
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 44.4 46.2 63.4 52.2 68.6 72.7
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 4.4 7.8 10.5 8.9 7.4 8.7
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 0.4 0.4 0.1 0.1 0.3 0.4
97 Works of art, collectors’ pieces and antiques 4.7 1.5 16.8 3.0 4.5 11.9
99 Commodities not specified according to kind 29.1 33.0 34.1 61.7 59.1 70.3
Compiled by «US-EXPORT–IMPORT» based on the statistics of the US Department of Commerce