US trade (export - import) with Romania in 2013

Published or Updated: Feb 01, 2017

The report on US foreign trade in goods with Romania in 2013: exports, imports, balance, product types and groups, dynamics.

US Trade with Romania

In 2013, US trade with Romania totaled $2,531.0 million, up 0.31% ($7.9 million) from 2012.

US exports to Romania in 2013 were $746.5 million, down 10.35% ($86.2 million) from 2012.

US imports from Romania in 2013 totaled $1,784.4 million, up 5.57% ($94.1 million) from 2012.

US trade deficit with Romania in 2013 was $1,037.9 million, a 21.03% increase ($180.3 million) over 2012.

Romania was the US 76th largest trading partner in 2013 (just as in 2012), accounting for 0.0648% of US total trade (down from 0.0650% in 2012).

Romania was the US 88th largest export market in 2013 (down from 81st in 2012), accounting for 0.0473% of US total exports (down from 0.0539% in 2012).

Romania was the US 67th largest supplier in 2013 (up from 71st in 2012), accounting for 0.0767% of US total imports (up from 0.0724% in 2012).

US Exports to Romania

The major share of US exports to Romania in 2013 (and in 2012) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 58.38% of US total exports to Romania (46.21% in 2012);
  • Mineral products (HS codes 25-27) - 16.99% of US total exports to Romania (29.70% in 2012);
  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 7.35% of US total exports to Romania (10.59% in 2012);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 6.82% of US total exports to Romania (5.56% in 2012);
  • Metals and products from them (HS codes 72-83) - 6.53% of US total exports to Romania (4.16% in 2012).

The largest gains in US exports to Romania in 2013 over 2012 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof (HS code 87) - an increase of $21.7 million;
  • Aircraft, spacecraft, and parts thereof (HS code 88) - an increase of $15.8 million;
  • Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof (HS code 84) - an increase of $14.4 million;
  • Articles of iron or steel (HS code 73) - an increase of $11.3 million;
  • Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles (HS code 85) - an increase of $6.2 million;
  • Plastics and articles thereof (HS code 39) - an increase of $3.7 million.

The largest declines in US exports to Romania in 2013 over 2012 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes (HS code 27) - a decrease of $120.5 million;
  • Residues and waste from the food industries; prepared animal feed (HS code 23) - a decrease of $17.7 million;
  • Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder (HS code 12) - a decrease of $14.8 million;
  • Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof (HS code 90) - a decrease of $6.9 million;
  • Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin (HS code 71) - a decrease of $2.9 million;
  • Cereals (HS code 10) - a decrease of $2.4 million.
US exports to Romania in 2013 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value
of exports
in 2013
(USD thousand)
Share
in total export
(%)
Value
of exports
in 2012
(USD thousand)
Change
in 2013
over 2012
(%)
01 Live animals 20.7 0.00 3.0578.15
02 Meat and edible meat offal 80.5 0.01 76.35.53
03 Fish and crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates 568.7 0.08 524.68.40
04 Dairy produce; birds eggs; natural honey; edible products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 161.0 0.02 245.8-34.52
05 Products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 296.5 0.04 96.0208.85
07 Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers 92.3 0.01 19.0386.36
08 Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons 1,852.7 0.25 1,201.654.19
10 Cereals 1,527.9 0.20 3,958.1-61.40
11 Products of the milling industry; malt; starches; inulin; wheat gluten 3.7 0.00 4.0-7.77
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 16,123.5 2.16 30,953.6-47.91
13 Lac; gums, resins and other vegetable saps and extracts 31.7 0.00 36.2-12.33
15 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes 18.5 0.00 25.3-26.87
17 Sugars and sugar confectionery 36.1 0.00 24.547.49
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 13.0 0.00 0.0
20 Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants 405.4 0.05 403.80.40
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 3,970.8 0.53 3,923.31.21
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 8,699.5 1.17 9,360.5-7.06
23 Residues and waste from the food industries; prepared animal feed 6,907.6 0.93 24,637.8-71.96
24 Tobacco and manufactured tobacco substitutes 14,050.9 1.88 12,674.010.86
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 329.7 0.04 340.4-3.15
26 Ores, slag and ash 0.0 0.00 15.9-100.00
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 126,477.4 16.94 246,979.1-48.79
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 629.4 0.08 522.520.46
29 Organic chemicals 4,174.8 0.56 4,433.3-5.83
30 Pharmaceutical products 4,445.4 0.60 3,834.115.94
31 Fertilizers 277.5 0.04 147.088.74
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 782.7 0.10 367.0113.26
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 4,858.1 0.65 4,261.314.01
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 1,372.7 0.18 1,821.5-24.64
35 Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes 1,383.6 0.19 185.0647.88
36 Explosives; pyrotechnic products; matches; pyrophoric alloys; certain combustible preparations 8,841.7 1.18 9,768.6-9.49
37 Photographic or cinematographic goods 156.1 0.02 126.323.64
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 3,318.6 0.44 3,066.58.22
39 Plastics and articles thereof 13,978.7 1.87 10,309.335.59
40 Rubber and articles thereof 6,703.1 0.90 7,429.2-9.77
41 Raw hides and skins (other than furskins) and leather 3.4 0.00 13.2-73.90
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 103.9 0.01 134.4-22.67
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 2,781.0 0.37 905.3207.19
47 Pulp of wood or of other fibrous cellulosic material; waste and scrap of paper or paperboard 27.4 0.00 0.0
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 3,702.9 0.50 5,718.4-35.25
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 541.2 0.07 530.12.09
51 Wool, fine or coarse animal hair; horsehair yarn and woven fabric 6.3 0.00 76.4-91.74
52 Cotton 5.9 0.00 37.2-84.18
53 Other vegetable textile fibers; paper yarn and woven fabric of paper yarn 0.0 0.00 16.9-100.00
54 Man-made filaments 242.4 0.03 272.8-11.15
55 Man-made staple fibers 322.1 0.04 300.27.28
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 1,055.9 0.14 1,179.0-10.45
57 Carpets and other textile floor coverings 79.0 0.01 65.620.52
58 Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery 165.3 0.02 71.1132.37
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 318.9 0.04 181.475.80
60 Knitted or crocheted fabrics 69.1 0.01 95.0-27.25
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 92.7 0.01 267.5-65.36
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 313.4 0.04 425.1-26.28
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 421.7 0.06 223.588.67
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 68.8 0.01 105.6-34.81
65 Headgear and parts thereof 8.1 0.00 30.9-73.66
67 Prepared feathers and down and articles made of feathers or of down; artificial flowers; articles of human hair 21.7 0.00 14.648.28
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 197.8 0.03 365.1-45.83
69 Ceramic products 136.0 0.02 331.9-59.02
70 Glass and glassware 1,191.3 0.16 571.7108.37
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 806.4 0.11 3,724.3-78.35
72 Iron and steel 4,699.4 0.63 3,798.123.73
73 Articles of iron or steel 24,228.7 3.25 12,942.487.20
74 Copper and articles thereof 960.3 0.13 758.526.61
75 Nickel and articles thereof 3,162.1 0.42 3,030.54.34
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 6,847.8 0.92 7,193.2-4.80
78 Lead and articles thereof 68.2 0.01 11.6489.05
79 Zinc and articles thereof 35.2 0.00 0.0
80 Tin and articles thereof 39.3 0.01 3.11,157.96
81 Other base metals; cermets; articles thereof 398.4 0.05 962.3-58.60
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 5,604.2 0.75 5,216.17.44
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 2,702.0 0.36 698.7286.71
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 153,623.1 20.58 139,228.810.34
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 93,880.9 12.58 87,647.47.11
86 Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds 99.7 0.01 17.4472.45
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 72,894.8 9.76 51,165.742.47
88 Aircraft, spacecraft, and parts thereof 45,065.5 6.04 29,306.653.77
89 Ships, boats and floating structures 152.6 0.02 400.5-61.89
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 70,129.1 9.39 77,039.5-8.97
91 Clocks and watches and parts thereof 83.7 0.01 105.0-20.35
92 Musical instruments; parts and accessories of such articles 220.0 0.03 316.2-30.44
93 Arms and ammunition; parts and accessories thereof 143.0 0.02 1,195.2-88.04
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 4,001.1 0.54 2,868.939.46
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 2,291.3 0.31 1,368.967.38
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 286.1 0.04 308.3-7.19
97 Works of art, collectors’ pieces and antiques 433.4 0.06 59.0634.29
99 Commodities not specified according to kind 9,200.1 1.23 9,671.8-4.88

US Imports from Romania

The major share of US imports from Romania in 2013 (and in 2012) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 46.73% of US total imports from Romania (42.64% in 2012);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 14.40% of US total imports from Romania (16.40% in 2012);
  • Textiles, textile products and footwear (HS codes 50-67) - 13.70% of US total imports from Romania (13.12% in 2012);
  • Metals and products from them (HS codes 72-83) - 13.66% of US total imports from Romania (18.70% in 2012);
  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 1.66% of US total imports from Romania (0.73% in 2012);
  • Wood and wood products (HS codes 44-49) - 1.05% of US total imports from Romania (0.42% in 2012);
  • Mineral products (HS codes 25-27) - 0.99% of US total imports from Romania (1.06% in 2012).

The largest gains in US imports from Romania in 2013 over 2012 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles (HS code 85) - an increase of $78.8 million;
  • Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof (HS code 84) - an increase of $24.3 million;
  • Rubber and articles thereof (HS code 40) - an increase of $15.5 million;
  • Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted (HS code 62) - an increase of $13.9 million;
  • Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal (HS code 44) - an increase of $11.9 million;
  • Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles (HS code 64) - an increase of $10.4 million;
  • Cereals (HS code 10) - an increase of $9.5 million;
  • Organic chemicals (HS code 29) - an increase of $9.5 million;
  • Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof (HS code 87) - an increase of $8.0 million;
  • Arms and ammunition; parts and accessories thereof (HS code 93) - an increase of $7.7 million.

The largest declines in US imports from Romania in 2013 over the 2012 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Articles of iron or steel (HS code 73) - a decrease of $52.9 million;
  • Fertilizers (HS code 31) - a decrease of $42.3 million;
  • Aluminum and articles thereof (HS code 76) - a decrease of $16.3 million.
US imports from Romania in 2013 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value
of imports
in 2013
(USD thousand)
Share
in total import
(%)
Value
of imports
in 2012
USD thousand)
Change
in 2013
over 2012
(%)
01 Live animals 28.3 0.00 28.6-1.19
04 Dairy produce; birds eggs; natural honey; edible products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 2,561.9 0.14 1,109.2130.96
05 Products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 14.2 0.00 52.0-72.64
07 Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers 411.6 0.02 416.7-1.24
08 Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons 998.7 0.06 1,431.7-30.24
09 Coffee, tea, maté and spices 182.7 0.01 35.2418.59
10 Cereals 12,988.3 0.73 3,442.4277.31
11 Products of the milling industry; malt; starches; inulin; wheat gluten 321.0 0.02 62.3415.04
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 4,058.0 0.23 248.61,532.36
13 Lac; gums, resins and other vegetable saps and extracts 4.6 0.00 32.0-85.54
15 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes 39.5 0.00 43.3-8.75
17 Sugars and sugar confectionery 48.4 0.00 13.8251.43
18 Cocoa and cocoa preparations 273.3 0.02 615.0-55.57
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 5,538.6 0.31 2,591.4113.73
20 Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants 143.6 0.01 50.0187.47
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 38.5 0.00 110.2-65.04
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 1,958.3 0.11 1,924.71.74
24 Tobacco and manufactured tobacco substitutes 45.0 0.00 53.2-15.49
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 9.8 0.00 127.7-92.33
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 17,598.9 0.99 17,766.4-0.94
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 4,672.7 0.26 2,240.6108.55
29 Organic chemicals 11,507.5 0.64 1,976.9482.11
30 Pharmaceutical products 10,922.0 0.61 13,643.1-19.94
31 Fertilizers 93,429.2 5.24 135,742.1-31.17
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 771.9 0.04 700.310.22
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 598.0 0.03 670.3-10.79
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 5.5 0.00 4.038.24
35 Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes 6.9 0.00 0.0
36 Explosives; pyrotechnic products; matches; pyrophoric alloys; certain combustible preparations 675.5 0.04 355.190.23
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 869.3 0.05 1,520.1-42.82
39 Plastics and articles thereof 13,373.5 0.75 15,721.1-14.93
40 Rubber and articles thereof 120,038.9 6.73 104,577.914.78
41 Raw hides and skins (other than furskins) and leather 6.9 0.00 0.0
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 17,357.7 0.97 12,712.136.54
43 Furskins and artificial fur; manufactures thereof 493.0 0.03 354.639.01
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 18,077.0 1.01 6,164.2193.26
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 278.5 0.02 339.5-17.97
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 449.1 0.03 526.7-14.73
50 Silk 51.0 0.00 52.3-2.55
51 Wool, fine or coarse animal hair; horsehair yarn and woven fabric 1,805.2 0.10 2,726.6-33.80
52 Cotton 628.4 0.04 319.196.90
53 Other vegetable textile fibers; paper yarn and woven fabric of paper yarn 292.8 0.02 314.6-6.92
54 Man-made filaments 4,005.9 0.22 2,503.160.04
55 Man-made staple fibers 1,275.3 0.07 1,342.2-4.98
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 3,067.2 0.17 3,262.2-5.98
57 Carpets and other textile floor coverings 52.1 0.00 285.4-81.76
58 Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery 18.7 0.00 42.5-55.92
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 54.3 0.00 62.4-13.06
60 Knitted or crocheted fabrics 90.8 0.01 66.237.07
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 23,595.6 1.32 26,318.6-10.35
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 137,291.8 7.69 123,407.611.25
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 1,830.5 0.10 1,063.572.11
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 70,064.3 3.93 59,633.017.49
65 Headgear and parts thereof 272.2 0.02 248.59.53
66 Umbrellas, sun umbrellas, walking sticks, seatsticks, whips, riding-crops and parts thereof 5.6 0.00 1.1400.81
67 Prepared feathers and down and articles made of feathers or of down; artificial flowers; articles of human hair 22.0 0.00 45.9-52.09
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 1,778.1 0.10 1,180.450.64
69 Ceramic products 3,131.9 0.18 988.3216.91
70 Glass and glassware 3,313.3 0.19 2,629.825.99
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 2,178.3 0.12 2,212.3-1.54
72 Iron and steel 10,546.0 0.59 15,232.1-30.76
73 Articles of iron or steel 195,812.4 10.97 248,724.6-21.27
74 Copper and articles thereof 66.7 0.00 18.2265.37
75 Nickel and articles thereof 29.5 0.00 80.7-63.43
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 28,046.9 1.57 44,349.0-36.76
81 Other base metals; cermets; articles thereof 33.6 0.00 149.0-77.42
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 833.0 0.05 817.21.93
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 8,460.9 0.47 6,650.827.22
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 385,695.6 21.61 361,420.86.72
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 307,115.2 17.21 228,325.434.51
86 Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds 1,473.2 0.08 785.087.67
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 74,650.6 4.18 66,657.111.99
88 Aircraft, spacecraft, and parts thereof 6,746.6 0.38 4,150.862.54
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 58,226.7 3.26 59,445.5-2.05
91 Clocks and watches and parts thereof 3.9 0.00 4.2-8.15
92 Musical instruments; parts and accessories of such articles 2,318.3 0.13 2,356.9-1.64
93 Arms and ammunition; parts and accessories thereof 19,777.0 1.11 12,068.863.87
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 46,234.9 2.59 44,366.54.21
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 7,761.3 0.43 4,444.974.61
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 414.9 0.02 367.812.81
97 Works of art, collectors’ pieces and antiques 1,548.3 0.09 4,715.0-67.16
99 Commodities not specified according to kind 33,023.8 1.85 29,105.513.46
Compiled by «US-EXPORT–IMPORT» based on the statistics of the US Department of Commerce