US trade (export - import) with Romania in 2016

Published or Updated: May 11, 2017

The report on US foreign trade in goods with Romania in 2016: exports, imports, balance, product types and groups, dynamics.

US Trade with Romania

In 2016, US trade with Romania was $2,752.0 million, down 7.77% ($231.9 million) from 2015.

US exports to Romania in 2016 were $714.1 million, down 5.34% ($40.3 million) from 2015.

US imports from Romania in 2016 were $2,037.9 million, down 8.59% ($191.6 million) from 2015.

US trade deficit with Romania in 2016 was $1,323.8 million, a 10.26% decrease ($151.3 million) over 2015.

Romania was the US 71st largest trading partner in 2016 (down from 68th in 2015), accounting for 0.0743% of US total trade (down from 0.0783% in 2015).

Romania was the US 86th largest export market in 2016 (down from 83rd in 2015), accounting for 0.0491% of US total exports (down from 0.0502% in 2015).

Romania was the US 65th largest supplier in 2016 (down from 64th in 2015), accounting for 0.0906% of US total imports (down from 0.0966% in 2015).

US Exports to Romania

The major share of US exports to Romania in 2016 (and in 2015) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 61.99% of US total exports to Romania (60.08% in 2015);
  • Mineral products (HS codes 25-27) - 11.58% of US total exports to Romania (10.82% in 2015);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 9.16% of US total exports to Romania (7.47% in 2015);
  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 8.34% of US total exports to Romania (10.38% in 2015);
  • Metals and products from them (HS codes 72-83) - 5.42% of US total exports to Romania (6.79% in 2015).

The largest gains in US exports to Romania in 2016 over 2015 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Aircraft, spacecraft, and parts thereof (HS code 88) - an increase of $23,614.9 thousand;
  • Pharmaceutical products (HS code 30) - an increase of $6,116.7 thousand;
  • Rubber and articles thereof (HS code 40) - an increase of $3,910.1 thousand;
  • Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof (HS code 87) - an increase of $3,603.7 thousand;
  • Beverages, spirits and vinegar (HS code 22) - an increase of $3,451.4 thousand;
  • Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes (HS code 27) - an increase of $2,541.1 thousand.

The largest declines in US exports to Romania in 2016 over 2015 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof (HS code 84) - a decrease of $19,955.5 thousand;
  • Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder (HS code 12) - a decrease of $19,601.3 thousand;
  • Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles (HS code 85) - a decrease of $13,290.0 thousand;
  • Articles of iron or steel (HS code 73) - a decrease of $7,151.8 thousand;
  • Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof (HS code 90) - a decrease of $4,121.9 thousand;
  • Tobacco and manufactured tobacco substitutes (HS code 24) - a decrease of $3,635.8 thousand;
  • Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal (HS code 44) - a decrease of $2,255.4 thousand.
US exports to Romania in 2016 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value
of exports
in 2016
(USD thousand)
Share
in total export
(%)
Value
of exports
in 2015
(USD thousand)
Change
in 2016
over 2015
(%)
01 Live animals 7.5 0.00 3.2134.08
02 Meat and edible meat offal 11.5 0.00 0.0
03 Fish and crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates 1,164.6 0.16 1,036.612.35
04 Dairy produce; birds eggs; natural honey; edible products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 10.8 0.00 20.9-48.08
05 Products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 279.0 0.04 239.816.34
07 Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers 61.9 0.01 53.914.80
08 Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons 2,959.2 0.41 2,227.032.87
09 Coffee, tea, maté and spices 17.6 0.00 2.9517.05
10 Cereals 430.0 0.06 310.638.45
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 20,765.8 2.91 40,367.1-48.56
13 Lac; gums, resins and other vegetable saps and extracts 82.5 0.01 243.8-66.19
15 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes 20.0 0.00 0.0
16 Preparations of meat, of fish or of crustaceans, molluscs or other aquatic invertebrates 0.0 0.00 32.0-100.00
17 Sugars and sugar confectionery 11.7 0.00 19.4-39.79
18 Cocoa and cocoa preparations 3.5 0.00 0.0
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 0.0 0.00 3.6-100.00
20 Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants 343.6 0.05 395.1-13.03
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 4,862.6 0.68 4,811.41.06
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 11,839.6 1.66 8,388.241.15
23 Residues and waste from the food industries; prepared animal feed 882.9 0.12 722.622.19
24 Tobacco and manufactured tobacco substitutes 15,794.3 2.21 19,430.1-18.71
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 316.8 0.04 1,753.7-81.94
26 Ores, slag and ash 5.0 0.00 0.0
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 82,375.4 11.54 79,834.33.18
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 956.4 0.13 1,356.5-29.49
29 Organic chemicals 6,621.5 0.93 8,672.0-23.64
30 Pharmaceutical products 10,839.2 1.52 4,722.5129.52
31 Fertilizers 263.7 0.04 324.5-18.75
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 568.6 0.08 698.1-18.56
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 4,996.8 0.70 6,544.5-23.65
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 2,452.4 0.34 1,163.6110.75
35 Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes 374.0 0.05 688.8-45.70
36 Explosives; pyrotechnic products; matches; pyrophoric alloys; certain combustible preparations 10,448.1 1.46 9,003.916.04
37 Photographic or cinematographic goods 74.2 0.01 45.264.09
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 5,839.5 0.82 4,475.630.47
39 Plastics and articles thereof 12,311.2 1.72 12,901.5-4.58
40 Rubber and articles thereof 9,668.3 1.35 5,758.367.90
41 Raw hides and skins (other than furskins) and leather 0.0 0.00 190.6-100.00
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 219.4 0.03 125.375.15
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 869.2 0.12 3,124.6-72.18
47 Pulp of wood or of other fibrous cellulosic material; waste and scrap of paper or paperboard 0.0 0.00 52.0-100.00
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 1,107.2 0.16 2,348.8-52.86
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 559.7 0.08 1,340.1-58.23
50 Silk 8.3 0.00 0.0
52 Cotton 12.7 0.00 0.0
54 Man-made filaments 390.1 0.05 331.117.81
55 Man-made staple fibers 455.3 0.06 997.8-54.37
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 1,018.9 0.14 826.323.31
57 Carpets and other textile floor coverings 28.6 0.00 56.1-48.96
58 Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery 204.3 0.03 201.41.46
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 618.3 0.09 986.4-37.32
60 Knitted or crocheted fabrics 11.8 0.00 56.6-79.10
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 63.1 0.01 81.5-22.53
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 593.0 0.08 417.142.15
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 668.4 0.09 349.091.50
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 24.8 0.00 26.4-6.13
65 Headgear and parts thereof 14.3 0.00 119.7-88.08
66 Umbrellas, sun umbrellas, walking sticks, seatsticks, whips, riding-crops and parts thereof 3.5 0.00 0.0
67 Prepared feathers and down and articles made of feathers or of down; artificial flowers; articles of human hair 125.5 0.02 48.9156.45
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 559.4 0.08 299.786.63
69 Ceramic products 103.3 0.01 2,064.7-95.00
70 Glass and glassware 1,664.1 0.23 1,627.92.23
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 841.9 0.12 1,847.6-54.43
72 Iron and steel 5,065.5 0.71 6,982.0-27.45
73 Articles of iron or steel 17,343.7 2.43 24,495.5-29.20
74 Copper and articles thereof 361.6 0.05 284.627.05
75 Nickel and articles thereof 3,105.9 0.43 2,022.653.56
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 5,777.3 0.81 7,814.8-26.07
78 Lead and articles thereof 126.0 0.02 202.0-37.60
79 Zinc and articles thereof 9.0 0.00 3.1187.04
80 Tin and articles thereof 6.4 0.00 7.8-18.15
81 Other base metals; cermets; articles thereof 762.3 0.11 546.839.40
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 3,130.2 0.44 4,185.2-25.21
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 3,048.7 0.43 4,674.0-34.77
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 113,203.0 15.85 133,158.5-14.99
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 112,010.7 15.69 125,300.7-10.61
86 Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds 30.7 0.00 165.6-81.45
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 74,150.1 10.38 70,546.55.11
88 Aircraft, spacecraft, and parts thereof 66,489.9 9.31 42,874.955.08
89 Ships, boats and floating structures 90.5 0.01 403.6-77.58
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 76,682.6 10.74 80,804.5-5.10
91 Clocks and watches and parts thereof 464.6 0.07 198.2134.46
92 Musical instruments; parts and accessories of such articles 361.5 0.05 301.419.96
93 Arms and ammunition; parts and accessories thereof 401.4 0.06 272.147.51
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 3,351.2 0.47 3,682.1-8.99
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 1,164.9 0.16 1,664.8-30.03
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 707.8 0.10 311.8127.00
97 Works of art, collectors’ pieces and antiques 356.6 0.05 216.364.82
99 Commodities not specified according to kind 8,037.0 1.13 9,469.5-15.13

US Imports from Romania

The major share of US imports from Romania in 2016 (and in 2015) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 56.56% of US total imports from Romania (51.29% in 2015);
  • Textiles, textile products and footwear (HS codes 50-67) - 13.08% of US total imports from Romania (12.25% in 2015);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 12.25% of US total imports from Romania (9.96% in 2015);
  • Metals and products from them (HS codes 72-83) - 6.03% of US total imports from Romania (10.27% in 2015);
  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 2.08% of US total imports from Romania (6.66% in 2015);
  • Wood and wood products (HS codes 44-49) - 1.22% of US total imports from Romania (1.79% in 2015).

The largest gains in US imports from Romania in 2016 over 2015 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles (HS code 85) - an increase of $79,307.4 thousand;
  • Rubber and articles thereof (HS code 40) - an increase of $37,289.2 thousand;
  • Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings (HS code 94) - an increase of $16,383.1 thousand;
  • Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof (HS code 90) - an increase of $6,661.1 thousand.

The largest declines in US imports from Romania in 2016 over the 2015 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Cereals (HS code 10) - a decrease of $104,551.1 thousand;
  • Articles of iron or steel (HS code 73) - a decrease of $98,248.9 thousand;
  • Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof (HS code 84) - a decrease of $71,485.9 thousand;
  • Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal (HS code 44) - a decrease of $14,633.2 thousand;
  • Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles (HS code 64) - a decrease of $11,493.1 thousand;
  • Fertilizers (HS code 31) - a decrease of $11,318.6 thousand;
  • Aluminum and articles thereof (HS code 76) - a decrease of $7,954.5 thousand;
  • Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof (HS code 87) - a decrease of $6,287.3 thousand.
US imports from Romania in 2016 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value
of imports
in 2016
(USD thousand)
Share
in total import
(%)
Value
of imports
in 2015
USD thousand)
Change
in 2016
over 2015
(%)
01 Live animals 76.8 0.00 15.3400.88
04 Dairy produce; birds eggs; natural honey; edible products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 3,079.4 0.15 4,924.3-37.46
05 Products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 2,424.2 0.12 810.0199.29
07 Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers 411.0 0.02 527.4-22.07
08 Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons 2,913.1 0.14 2,608.511.68
09 Coffee, tea, maté and spices 116.2 0.01 103.112.69
10 Cereals 17,508.0 0.86 122,059.1-85.66
11 Products of the milling industry; malt; starches; inulin; wheat gluten 4.0 0.00 37.1-89.10
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 6,673.5 0.33 7,236.1-7.77
14 Vegetable plaiting materials; vegetable products not elsewhere specified or included 138.0 0.01 0.0
15 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes 168.1 0.01 2,353.8-92.86
16 Preparations of meat, of fish or of crustaceans, molluscs or other aquatic invertebrates 22.8 0.00 0.0
17 Sugars and sugar confectionery 0.0 0.00 91.4-100.00
18 Cocoa and cocoa preparations 787.9 0.04 566.039.21
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 3,123.3 0.15 4,275.6-26.95
20 Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants 226.3 0.01 176.728.04
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 157.8 0.01 221.6-28.77
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 2,270.9 0.11 2,416.7-6.04
23 Residues and waste from the food industries; prepared animal feed 1,889.8 0.09 0.0
24 Tobacco and manufactured tobacco substitutes 331.2 0.02 23.01,340.13
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 87.9 0.00 2,491.9-96.47
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 3,489.1 0.17 598.7482.78
29 Organic chemicals 2,767.0 0.14 3,625.3-23.68
30 Pharmaceutical products 17,989.0 0.88 20,346.5-11.59
31 Fertilizers 0.0 0.00 11,318.6-100.00
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 943.9 0.05 635.748.49
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 231.9 0.01 97.7137.28
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 5,338.6 0.26 2,707.097.21
35 Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes 588.7 0.03 716.8-17.87
36 Explosives; pyrotechnic products; matches; pyrophoric alloys; certain combustible preparations 45.3 0.00 0.0
37 Photographic or cinematographic goods 0.0 0.00 261.0-100.00
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 1,912.5 0.09 2,245.8-14.84
39 Plastics and articles thereof 18,735.0 0.92 19,162.3-2.23
40 Rubber and articles thereof 197,630.8 9.70 160,341.623.26
41 Raw hides and skins (other than furskins) and leather 23.9 0.00 15.652.87
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 18,388.4 0.90 22,311.2-17.58
43 Furskins and artificial fur; manufactures thereof 409.8 0.02 563.5-27.28
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 23,635.1 1.16 38,268.3-38.24
46 Manufactures of straw, of esparto or of other plaiting materials; basketware and wickerwork 0.0 0.00 3.1-100.00
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 536.0 0.03 326.464.20
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 783.5 0.04 1,241.7-36.90
50 Silk 0.0 0.00 0.6-100.00
51 Wool, fine or coarse animal hair; horsehair yarn and woven fabric 3,441.7 0.17 3,890.2-11.53
52 Cotton 343.3 0.02 248.438.21
53 Other vegetable textile fibers; paper yarn and woven fabric of paper yarn 1,441.8 0.07 1,273.813.19
54 Man-made filaments 5,772.4 0.28 1,517.9280.28
55 Man-made staple fibers 3,253.8 0.16 3,553.9-8.45
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 2,590.7 0.13 2,681.5-3.39
57 Carpets and other textile floor coverings 132.9 0.01 62.1114.01
58 Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery 178.2 0.01 126.041.38
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 2,351.5 0.12 1,425.165.00
60 Knitted or crocheted fabrics 299.3 0.01 135.4121.03
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 24,681.4 1.21 25,527.5-3.31
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 149,070.4 7.31 146,915.31.47
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 4,363.4 0.21 5,658.5-22.89
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 68,358.4 3.35 79,851.5-14.39
65 Headgear and parts thereof 162.0 0.01 275.4-41.18
67 Prepared feathers and down and articles made of feathers or of down; artificial flowers; articles of human hair 67.7 0.00 72.6-6.80
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 1,525.9 0.07 1,618.9-5.75
69 Ceramic products 3,369.1 0.17 4,365.8-22.83
70 Glass and glassware 3,139.3 0.15 2,636.719.06
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 2,147.3 0.11 2,405.8-10.75
72 Iron and steel 13,094.8 0.64 15,594.5-16.03
73 Articles of iron or steel 82,260.2 4.04 180,509.1-54.43
74 Copper and articles thereof 61.3 0.00 32.389.62
75 Nickel and articles thereof 69.6 0.00 166.0-58.08
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 14,573.6 0.72 22,528.2-35.31
78 Lead and articles thereof 0.0 0.00 2.9-100.00
79 Zinc and articles thereof 22.4 0.00 0.0
80 Tin and articles thereof 217.1 0.01 476.5-54.43
81 Other base metals; cermets; articles thereof 1,202.3 0.06 443.1171.33
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 803.4 0.04 623.228.92
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 10,631.5 0.52 8,628.823.21
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 402,484.3 19.75 473,970.2-15.08
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 502,019.7 24.63 422,712.318.76
86 Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds 87.6 0.00 451.2-80.58
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 139,044.5 6.82 145,331.8-4.33
88 Aircraft, spacecraft, and parts thereof 8,480.8 0.42 7,056.420.19
89 Ships, boats and floating structures 0.0 0.00 4.7-100.00
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 100,530.7 4.93 93,869.67.10
91 Clocks and watches and parts thereof 5.2 0.00 0.0
92 Musical instruments; parts and accessories of such articles 2,726.0 0.13 2,333.116.84
93 Arms and ammunition; parts and accessories thereof 7,203.6 0.35 8,800.8-18.15
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 68,611.2 3.37 52,228.131.37
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 7,368.9 0.36 8,918.9-17.38
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 267.4 0.01 73.4264.26
97 Works of art, collectors’ pieces and antiques 4,496.4 0.22 3,035.448.13
99 Commodities not specified according to kind 59,090.1 2.90 61,733.5-4.28
Compiled by «US-EXPORT–IMPORT» based on the statistics of the US Department of Commerce