US trade (export - import) with Romania in 2017

Published or Updated: May 27, 2018

The report on US foreign trade in goods with Romania in 2017: exports, imports, balance, product types and groups, dynamics.

US Trade with Romania

In 2017, US trade with Romania totaled $3,226.5 million, up 17.25% ($474.6 million) from 2016.

US exports to Romania in 2017 totaled $948.1 million, up 32.78% ($234.1 million) from 2016.

US imports from Romania in 2017 totaled $2,278.4 million, up 11.80% ($240.5 million) from 2016.

US trade deficit with Romania in 2017 was $1,330.3 million, a 0.49% increase ($6.4 million) over 2016.

Romania was the US 71st largest trading partner in 2017 (just as in 2016), accounting for 0.0816% of US total trade (up from 0.0743% in 2016).

Romania was the US 78th largest export market in 2017 (up from 86th in 2016), accounting for 0.0613% of US total exports (up from 0.0491% in 2016).

Romania was the US 65th largest supplier in 2017 (just as in 2016), accounting for 0.0946% of US total imports (up from 0.0906% in 2016).

US Exports to Romania

The major share of US exports to Romania in 2017 (and in 2016) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 69.04% of US total exports to Romania (61.99% in 2016);
  • Mineral products (HS codes 25-27) - 8.73% of US total exports to Romania (11.58% in 2016);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 7.60% of US total exports to Romania (9.16% in 2016);
  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 6.55% of US total exports to Romania (8.34% in 2016);
  • Metals and products from them (HS codes 72-83) - 5.09% of US total exports to Romania (5.42% in 2016).

The largest gains in US exports to Romania in 2017 over 2016 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles (HS code 85) - an increase of $121.0 million;
  • Aircraft, spacecraft, and parts thereof (HS code 88) - an increase of $69.6 million;
  • Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof (HS code 84) - an increase of $18.4 million;
  • Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof (HS code 87) - an increase of $12.6 million;
  • Residues and waste from the food industries; prepared animal feed (HS code 23) - an increase of $8.1 million;
  • Plastics and articles thereof (HS code 39) - an increase of $7.3 million;
  • Aluminum and articles thereof (HS code 76) - an increase of $4.7 million.

The largest declines in US exports to Romania in 2017 over 2016 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof (HS code 90) - a decrease of $9.7 million;
  • Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder (HS code 12) - a decrease of $9.2 million.
US exports to Romania in 2017 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value
of exports
in 2017
(USD thousand)
Share
in total export
(%)
Value
of exports
in 2016
(USD thousand)
Change
in 2017
over 2016
(%)
01 Live animals 17.1 0.00 7.5126.92
02 Meat and edible meat offal 3.3 0.00 11.5-71.12
03 Fish and crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates 1,931.3 0.20 1,164.665.83
04 Dairy produce; birds eggs; natural honey; edible products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 13.0 0.00 10.819.47
05 Products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 297.1 0.03 279.06.46
07 Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers 0.0 0.00 61.9-100.00
08 Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons 2,207.7 0.23 2,959.2-25.40
09 Coffee, tea, maté and spices 0.0 0.00 17.6-100.00
10 Cereals 196.1 0.02 430.0-54.39
11 Products of the milling industry; malt; starches; inulin; wheat gluten 16.6 0.00 0.0
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 11,534.6 1.22 20,765.8-44.45
13 Lac; gums, resins and other vegetable saps and extracts 71.3 0.01 82.5-13.55
15 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes 3.9 0.00 20.0-80.66
16 Preparations of meat, of fish or of crustaceans, molluscs or other aquatic invertebrates 95.7 0.01 0.0
17 Sugars and sugar confectionery 34.7 0.00 11.7197.19
18 Cocoa and cocoa preparations 3.2 0.00 3.5-6.72
20 Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants 11.4 0.00 343.6-96.68
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 7,168.8 0.76 4,862.647.43
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 13,850.0 1.46 11,839.616.98
23 Residues and waste from the food industries; prepared animal feed 8,988.4 0.95 882.9918.03
24 Tobacco and manufactured tobacco substitutes 15,680.4 1.65 15,794.3-0.72
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 412.4 0.04 316.830.18
26 Ores, slag and ash 5.2 0.00 5.04.21
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 82,390.1 8.69 82,375.40.02
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 1,045.0 0.11 956.49.26
29 Organic chemicals 5,787.7 0.61 6,621.5-12.59
30 Pharmaceutical products 8,041.4 0.85 10,839.2-25.81
31 Fertilizers 683.4 0.07 263.7159.20
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 364.2 0.04 568.6-35.95
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 5,832.1 0.62 4,996.816.72
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 1,587.5 0.17 2,452.4-35.27
35 Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes 238.7 0.03 374.0-36.17
36 Explosives; pyrotechnic products; matches; pyrophoric alloys; certain combustible preparations 13,090.8 1.38 10,448.125.29
37 Photographic or cinematographic goods 167.4 0.02 74.2125.57
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 8,233.8 0.87 5,839.541.00
39 Plastics and articles thereof 19,653.5 2.07 12,311.259.64
40 Rubber and articles thereof 7,288.6 0.77 9,668.3-24.61
41 Raw hides and skins (other than furskins) and leather 88.0 0.01 0.0
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 392.8 0.04 219.478.98
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 2,440.7 0.26 869.2180.79
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 902.7 0.10 1,107.2-18.47
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 488.5 0.05 559.7-12.73
50 Silk 0.0 0.00 8.3-100.00
52 Cotton 4.0 0.00 12.7-68.72
54 Man-made filaments 662.1 0.07 390.169.74
55 Man-made staple fibers 346.8 0.04 455.3-23.84
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 1,764.7 0.19 1,018.973.19
57 Carpets and other textile floor coverings 20.9 0.00 28.6-27.09
58 Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery 352.9 0.04 204.372.69
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 1,036.0 0.11 618.367.54
60 Knitted or crocheted fabrics 40.3 0.00 11.8241.02
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 193.2 0.02 63.1206.14
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 399.9 0.04 593.0-32.56
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 333.9 0.04 668.4-50.04
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 26.8 0.00 24.88.39
65 Headgear and parts thereof 19.9 0.00 14.339.59
66 Umbrellas, sun umbrellas, walking sticks, seatsticks, whips, riding-crops and parts thereof 0.0 0.00 3.5-100.00
67 Prepared feathers and down and articles made of feathers or of down; artificial flowers; articles of human hair 165.2 0.02 125.531.69
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 361.3 0.04 559.4-35.41
69 Ceramic products 322.4 0.03 103.3212.22
70 Glass and glassware 1,397.6 0.15 1,664.1-16.02
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 559.6 0.06 841.9-33.53
72 Iron and steel 6,711.0 0.71 5,065.532.49
73 Articles of iron or steel 19,321.7 2.04 17,343.711.40
74 Copper and articles thereof 488.8 0.05 361.635.19
75 Nickel and articles thereof 3,748.8 0.40 3,105.920.70
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 10,433.5 1.10 5,777.380.59
78 Lead and articles thereof 70.0 0.01 126.0-44.49
79 Zinc and articles thereof 3.0 0.00 9.0-66.73
80 Tin and articles thereof 57.9 0.01 6.4806.45
81 Other base metals; cermets; articles thereof 1,266.8 0.13 762.366.18
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 4,057.5 0.43 3,130.229.62
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 2,076.3 0.22 3,048.7-31.89
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 131,577.6 13.88 113,203.016.23
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 233,041.0 24.58 112,010.7108.05
86 Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds 34.2 0.00 30.711.36
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 86,756.6 9.15 74,150.117.00
88 Aircraft, spacecraft, and parts thereof 136,092.3 14.35 66,489.9104.68
89 Ships, boats and floating structures 67.1 0.01 90.5-25.79
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 67,028.8 7.07 76,682.6-12.59
91 Clocks and watches and parts thereof 213.5 0.02 464.6-54.04
92 Musical instruments; parts and accessories of such articles 406.3 0.04 361.512.39
93 Arms and ammunition; parts and accessories thereof 720.5 0.08 401.479.48
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 2,266.2 0.24 3,351.2-32.38
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 2,302.2 0.24 1,164.997.64
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 858.4 0.09 707.821.27
97 Works of art, collectors’ pieces and antiques 324.5 0.03 356.6-9.00
99 Commodities not specified according to kind 8,945.8 0.94 8,037.011.31

US Imports from Romania

The major share of US imports from Romania in 2017 (and in 2016) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 55.00% of US total imports from Romania (56.56% in 2016);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 13.43% of US total imports from Romania (12.25% in 2016);
  • Textiles, textile products and footwear (HS codes 50-67) - 11.49% of US total imports from Romania (13.08% in 2016);
  • Metals and products from them (HS codes 72-83) - 7.18% of US total imports from Romania (6.03% in 2016);
  • Wood and wood products (HS codes 44-49) - 2.48% of US total imports from Romania (1.22% in 2016);
  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 1.29% of US total imports from Romania (2.08% in 2016).

The largest gains in US imports from Romania in 2017 over 2016 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles (HS code 85) - an increase of $65.5 million;
  • Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof (HS code 84) - an increase of $40.3 million;
  • Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal (HS code 44) - an increase of $31.1 million;
  • Articles of iron or steel (HS code 73) - an increase of $27.8 million;
  • Pharmaceutical products (HS code 30) - an increase of $27.5 million;
  • Rubber and articles thereof (HS code 40) - an increase of $25.3 million;
  • Iron and steel (HS code 72) - an increase of $14.1 million;
  • Commodities not specified according to kind (HS code 99) - an increase of $11.2 million;
  • Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles (HS code 64) - an increase of $7.6 million;
  • Works of art, collectors’ pieces and antiques (HS code 97) - an increase of $7.4 million.

The largest declines in US imports from Romania in 2017 over the 2016 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted (HS code 62) - a decrease of $11.4 million;
  • Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof (HS code 87) - a decrease of $8.8 million;
  • Cereals (HS code 10) - a decrease of $8.5 million.
US imports from Romania in 2017 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value
of imports
in 2017
(USD thousand)
Share
in total import
(%)
Value
of imports
in 2016
USD thousand)
Change
in 2017
over 2016
(%)
01 Live animals 129.5 0.01 76.868.57
04 Dairy produce; birds eggs; natural honey; edible products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 2,973.2 0.13 3,079.4-3.45
05 Products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 840.8 0.04 2,424.2-65.32
07 Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers 87.6 0.00 411.0-78.69
08 Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons 4,408.8 0.19 2,913.151.34
09 Coffee, tea, maté and spices 46.9 0.00 116.2-59.64
10 Cereals 9,007.6 0.40 17,508.0-48.55
11 Products of the milling industry; malt; starches; inulin; wheat gluten 2.7 0.00 4.0-32.63
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 785.9 0.03 6,673.5-88.22
14 Vegetable plaiting materials; vegetable products not elsewhere specified or included 0.0 0.00 138.0-100.00
15 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes 0.0 0.00 168.1-100.00
16 Preparations of meat, of fish or of crustaceans, molluscs or other aquatic invertebrates 230.8 0.01 22.8912.25
17 Sugars and sugar confectionery 68.3 0.00 0.0
18 Cocoa and cocoa preparations 1,327.2 0.06 787.968.44
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 2,566.4 0.11 3,123.3-17.83
20 Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants 334.9 0.01 226.348.00
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 159.8 0.01 157.81.22
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 2,541.6 0.11 2,270.911.92
23 Residues and waste from the food industries; prepared animal feed 2,712.3 0.12 1,889.843.52
24 Tobacco and manufactured tobacco substitutes 1,210.9 0.05 331.2265.59
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 48.5 0.00 0.0
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 4,682.8 0.21 87.95,226.80
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 1,126.2 0.05 3,489.1-67.72
29 Organic chemicals 5,880.4 0.26 2,767.0112.52
30 Pharmaceutical products 45,495.2 2.00 17,989.0152.91
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 731.5 0.03 943.9-22.50
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 701.2 0.03 231.9202.36
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 6,812.7 0.30 5,338.627.61
35 Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes 776.3 0.03 588.731.86
36 Explosives; pyrotechnic products; matches; pyrophoric alloys; certain combustible preparations 56.9 0.00 45.325.63
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 2,977.6 0.13 1,912.555.69
39 Plastics and articles thereof 18,606.8 0.82 18,735.0-0.68
40 Rubber and articles thereof 222,906.4 9.78 197,630.812.79
41 Raw hides and skins (other than furskins) and leather 9.0 0.00 23.9-62.12
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 18,967.7 0.83 18,388.43.15
43 Furskins and artificial fur; manufactures thereof 508.0 0.02 409.823.97
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 54,784.6 2.40 23,635.1131.79
45 Cork and articles of cork 3.9 0.00 0.0
47 Pulp of wood or of other fibrous cellulosic material; waste and scrap of paper or paperboard 2.7 0.00 0.0
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 583.7 0.03 536.08.91
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 1,233.4 0.05 783.557.42
50 Silk 3.6 0.00 0.0
51 Wool, fine or coarse animal hair; horsehair yarn and woven fabric 3,740.7 0.16 3,441.78.69
52 Cotton 309.1 0.01 343.3-9.97
53 Other vegetable textile fibers; paper yarn and woven fabric of paper yarn 1,962.7 0.09 1,441.836.13
54 Man-made filaments 2,294.7 0.10 5,772.4-60.25
55 Man-made staple fibers 2,670.5 0.12 3,253.8-17.93
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 2,219.9 0.10 2,590.7-14.31
57 Carpets and other textile floor coverings 139.3 0.01 132.94.76
58 Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery 70.6 0.00 178.2-60.36
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 4,113.9 0.18 2,351.574.95
60 Knitted or crocheted fabrics 607.9 0.03 299.3103.11
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 25,275.8 1.11 24,681.42.41
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 137,682.2 6.04 149,070.4-7.64
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 4,507.8 0.20 4,363.43.31
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 75,975.8 3.33 68,358.411.14
65 Headgear and parts thereof 236.6 0.01 162.046.05
66 Umbrellas, sun umbrellas, walking sticks, seatsticks, whips, riding-crops and parts thereof 0.7 0.00 0.0
67 Prepared feathers and down and articles made of feathers or of down; artificial flowers; articles of human hair 35.8 0.00 67.7-47.08
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 1,859.6 0.08 1,525.921.87
69 Ceramic products 3,310.6 0.15 3,369.1-1.74
70 Glass and glassware 3,654.5 0.16 3,139.316.41
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 1,886.3 0.08 2,147.3-12.15
72 Iron and steel 27,188.4 1.19 13,094.8107.63
73 Articles of iron or steel 110,049.9 4.83 82,260.233.78
74 Copper and articles thereof 45.7 0.00 61.3-25.47
75 Nickel and articles thereof 194.9 0.01 69.6180.10
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 14,388.8 0.63 14,573.6-1.27
79 Zinc and articles thereof 3.6 0.00 22.4-83.90
80 Tin and articles thereof 0.0 0.00 217.1-100.00
81 Other base metals; cermets; articles thereof 358.0 0.02 1,202.3-70.22
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 450.2 0.02 803.4-43.96
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 10,901.9 0.48 10,631.52.54
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 442,790.8 19.43 402,484.310.01
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 567,546.7 24.91 502,019.713.05
86 Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds 2.0 0.00 87.6-97.67
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 130,237.9 5.72 139,044.5-6.33
88 Aircraft, spacecraft, and parts thereof 8,705.1 0.38 8,480.82.64
89 Ships, boats and floating structures 75.0 0.00 0.0
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 103,782.1 4.56 100,530.73.23
91 Clocks and watches and parts thereof 30.2 0.00 5.2485.34
92 Musical instruments; parts and accessories of such articles 2,102.5 0.09 2,726.0-22.87
93 Arms and ammunition; parts and accessories thereof 6,726.8 0.30 7,203.6-6.62
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 72,740.2 3.19 68,611.26.02
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 8,668.9 0.38 7,368.917.64
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 357.5 0.02 267.433.71
97 Works of art, collectors’ pieces and antiques 11,867.7 0.52 4,496.4163.93
99 Commodities not specified according to kind 70,305.9 3.09 59,090.118.98
Compiled by «US-EXPORT–IMPORT» based on the statistics of the US Department of Commerce