US trade with Romania in the 1st quarter of 2017

Published or Updated: Jul 27, 2017

The report on US foreign trade in goods with Romania in the 1st quarter of 2017: exports, imports, balance, product types and groups, dynamics.

US Trade with Romania

In the 1st quarter of 2017, US trade with Romania totaled $752.3 million, up 11.56% ($77.9 million) from the 1st quarter of 2016.

US exports to Romania in the 1st quarter of 2017 totaled $237.4 million, up 45.33% ($74.0 million) from the 1st quarter of 2016.

US imports from Romania in the 1st quarter of 2017 totaled $514.9 million, up 0.76% ($3.9 million) from the 1st quarter of 2016.

US trade deficit with Romania in the 1st quarter of 2017 was $277.5 million, a 20.18% decrease ($70.2 million) over the 1st quarter of 2016.

Romania was the US 70th largest trading partner in the 1st quarter of 2017 (down from 69th in the 1st quarter of 2016), accounting for 0.0802% of US total trade (up from 0.0771% in the 1st quarter of 2016).

Romania was the US 81st largest export market in the 1st quarter of 2017 (up from 85th in the 1st quarter of 2016), accounting for 0.0637% of US total exports (up from 0.0470% in the 1st quarter of 2016).

Romania was the US 65th largest supplier in the 1st quarter of 2017 (up from 66th in the 1st quarter of 2016), accounting for 0.0910% of US total imports (down from 0.0969% in the 1st quarter of 2016).

US Exports to Romania

The major share of US exports to Romania in the 1st quarter of 2017 (and in the 1st quarter of 2016) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 62.95% of US total exports to Romania (65.16% in the 1st quarter of 2016);
  • Mineral products (HS codes 25-27) - 12.40% of US total exports to Romania (1.77% in the 1st quarter of 2016);
  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 10.17% of US total exports to Romania (12.29% in the 1st quarter of 2016);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 7.19% of US total exports to Romania (9.66% in the 1st quarter of 2016);
  • Metals and products from them (HS codes 72-83) - 4.59% of US total exports to Romania (6.73% in the 1st quarter of 2016).

The largest gains in US exports to Romania in the 1st quarter of 2017 over the 1st quarter of 2016 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles (HS code 85) - an increase of $50.7 million;
  • Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes (HS code 27) - an increase of $26.5 million;
  • Residues and waste from the food industries; prepared animal feed (HS code 23) - an increase of $8.1 million;
  • Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof (HS code 87) - an increase of $5.7 million;
  • Nickel and articles thereof (HS code 75) - an increase of $1.4 million;
  • Plastics and articles thereof (HS code 39) - an increase of $0.8 million;
  • Miscellaneous edible preparations (HS code 21) - an increase of $0.7 million.

The largest declines in US exports to Romania in the 1st quarter of 2017 over the 1st quarter of 2016 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof (HS code 84) - a decrease of $9.3 million;
  • Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder (HS code 12) - a decrease of $4.4 million;
  • Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof (HS code 90) - a decrease of $2.8 million;
  • Tobacco and manufactured tobacco substitutes (HS code 24) - a decrease of $1.5 million;
  • Aircraft, spacecraft, and parts thereof (HS code 88) - a decrease of $1.2 million;
  • Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings (HS code 94) - a decrease of $1.1 million;
  • Miscellaneous articles of base metal (HS code 83) - a decrease of $1.1 million;
  • Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations (HS code 33) - a decrease of $0.8 million;
  • Aluminum and articles thereof (HS code 76) - a decrease of $0.8 million.
US exports to Romania in the 1st quarter of 2017 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value
of exports
in Q1 2017
(USD thousand)
Share
in total export
(%)
Value
of exports
in Q1 2016
(USD thousand)
Change
in Q1 2017
over Q1 2016
(%)
01 Live animals 11.1 0.00 3.4222.67
02 Meat and edible meat offal 0.0 0.00 11.5-100.00
03 Fish and crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates 684.0 0.29 197.8245.74
04 Dairy produce; birds eggs; natural honey; edible products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 6.5 0.00 0.0
05 Products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 76.6 0.03 52.246.65
07 Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers 0.0 0.00 61.9-100.00
08 Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons 759.9 0.32 561.335.38
10 Cereals 108.6 0.05 82.132.31
11 Products of the milling industry; malt; starches; inulin; wheat gluten 3.4 0.00 0.0
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 3,491.4 1.47 7,862.9-55.60
13 Lac; gums, resins and other vegetable saps and extracts 16.1 0.01 24.4-34.12
15 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes 0.0 0.00 20.0-100.00
16 Preparations of meat, of fish or of crustaceans, molluscs or other aquatic invertebrates 4.2 0.00 0.0
17 Sugars and sugar confectionery 0.0 0.00 4.5-100.00
20 Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants 0.0 0.00 197.2-100.00
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 1,562.8 0.66 838.186.47
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 3,583.9 1.51 2,901.323.53
23 Residues and waste from the food industries; prepared animal feed 8,246.4 3.47 151.05,359.88
24 Tobacco and manufactured tobacco substitutes 5,573.2 2.35 7,103.6-21.54
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 146.3 0.06 134.68.74
26 Ores, slag and ash 5.2 0.00 0.0
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 29,276.6 12.33 2,757.1961.87
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 395.1 0.17 280.640.80
29 Organic chemicals 1,040.9 0.44 1,132.2-8.07
30 Pharmaceutical products 1,853.8 0.78 1,348.237.51
31 Fertilizers 329.4 0.14 233.441.12
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 79.7 0.03 186.5-57.29
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 1,498.8 0.63 2,339.9-35.95
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 572.6 0.24 237.1141.50
35 Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes 67.8 0.03 138.4-51.03
36 Explosives; pyrotechnic products; matches; pyrophoric alloys; certain combustible preparations 3,090.6 1.30 2,999.43.04
37 Photographic or cinematographic goods 37.1 0.02 15.0146.48
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 1,225.2 0.52 931.431.55
39 Plastics and articles thereof 4,608.3 1.94 3,767.422.32
40 Rubber and articles thereof 2,271.2 0.96 2,163.64.97
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 169.6 0.07 10.61,495.01
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 186.6 0.08 134.438.85
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 216.3 0.09 332.1-34.87
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 153.0 0.06 211.7-27.76
52 Cotton 4.0 0.00 2.556.12
54 Man-made filaments 149.9 0.06 84.677.26
55 Man-made staple fibers 39.2 0.02 43.8-10.46
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 384.8 0.16 249.154.47
57 Carpets and other textile floor coverings 12.2 0.01 0.0
58 Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery 165.4 0.07 33.5394.29
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 420.8 0.18 103.5306.57
60 Knitted or crocheted fabrics 15.7 0.01 0.0
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 32.5 0.01 28.215.14
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 104.3 0.04 101.72.55
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 173.3 0.07 89.094.75
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 2.8 0.00 7.5-62.30
65 Headgear and parts thereof 0.0 0.00 8.6-100.00
67 Prepared feathers and down and articles made of feathers or of down; artificial flowers; articles of human hair 17.3 0.01 9.975.78
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 93.0 0.04 48.790.88
69 Ceramic products 31.0 0.01 66.0-53.05
70 Glass and glassware 266.9 0.11 632.0-57.77
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 36.2 0.02 174.1-79.18
72 Iron and steel 1,441.1 0.61 2,063.8-30.18
73 Articles of iron or steel 4,494.3 1.89 3,889.515.55
74 Copper and articles thereof 101.8 0.04 86.917.22
75 Nickel and articles thereof 1,920.2 0.81 501.9282.60
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 1,455.2 0.61 2,223.7-34.56
78 Lead and articles thereof 7.9 0.00 41.7-81.16
79 Zinc and articles thereof 0.0 0.00 3.1-100.00
81 Other base metals; cermets; articles thereof 501.0 0.21 86.1481.96
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 616.3 0.26 671.4-8.21
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 368.2 0.16 1,421.3-74.10
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 29,219.9 12.31 38,539.8-24.18
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 75,672.9 31.88 24,979.7202.94
86 Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds 4.9 0.00 25.1-80.50
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 19,912.7 8.39 14,256.139.68
88 Aircraft, spacecraft, and parts thereof 9,451.3 3.98 10,671.9-11.44
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 15,164.8 6.39 17,948.2-15.51
91 Clocks and watches and parts thereof 56.8 0.02 264.2-78.51
92 Musical instruments; parts and accessories of such articles 140.1 0.06 137.41.92
93 Arms and ammunition; parts and accessories thereof 218.4 0.09 15.91,273.43
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 270.4 0.11 1,367.3-80.22
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 362.0 0.15 304.218.98
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 182.7 0.08 367.7-50.32
97 Works of art, collectors’ pieces and antiques 40.8 0.02 51.4-20.52

US Imports from Romania

The major share of US imports from Romania in the 1st quarter of 2017 (and in the 1st quarter of 2016) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 54.22% of US total imports from Romania (54.91% in the 1st quarter of 2016);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 16.77% of US total imports from Romania (12.73% in the 1st quarter of 2016);
  • Textiles, textile products and footwear (HS codes 50-67) - 10.32% of US total imports from Romania (10.74% in the 1st quarter of 2016);
  • Metals and products from them (HS codes 72-83) - 6.18% of US total imports from Romania (9.62% in the 1st quarter of 2016);
  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 2.30% of US total imports from Romania (1.95% in the 1st quarter of 2016);
  • Wood and wood products (HS codes 44-49) - 1.82% of US total imports from Romania (1.26% in the 1st quarter of 2016).

The largest gains in US imports from Romania in the 1st quarter of 2017 over the 1st quarter of 2016 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Pharmaceutical products (HS code 30) - an increase of $21.6 million;
  • Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles (HS code 85) - an increase of $19.1 million;
  • Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal (HS code 44) - an increase of $3.1 million;
  • Cereals (HS code 10) - an increase of $2.2 million.

The largest declines in US imports from Romania in the 1st quarter of 2017 over the 1st quarter of 2016 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Articles of iron or steel (HS code 73) - a decrease of $14.9 million;
  • Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof (HS code 84) - a decrease of $14.1 million;
  • Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof (HS code 87) - a decrease of $6.0 million;
  • Aluminum and articles thereof (HS code 76) - a decrease of $2.7 million;
  • Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted (HS code 62) - a decrease of $2.6 million.
US imports from Romania in the 1st quarter of 2017 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value
of imports
in Q1 2017
(USD thousand)
Share
in total import
(%)
Value
of imports
in Q1 2016
(USD thousand)
Change
in Q1 2017
over Q1 2016
(%)
01 Live animals 16.7 0.00 4.5270.88
04 Dairy produce; birds eggs; natural honey; edible products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 910.8 0.18 887.62.61
05 Products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 165.4 0.03 550.3-69.94
07 Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers 5.1 0.00 127.0-95.97
08 Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons 842.1 0.16 815.33.28
09 Coffee, tea, maté and spices 0.0 0.00 3.4-100.00
10 Cereals 7,153.0 1.39 4,935.344.94
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 291.7 0.06 1,082.8-73.06
14 Vegetable plaiting materials; vegetable products not elsewhere specified or included 0.0 0.00 131.0-100.00
18 Cocoa and cocoa preparations 274.7 0.05 0.0
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 507.2 0.10 948.0-46.49
20 Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants 53.3 0.01 28.289.04
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 29.5 0.01 46.8-37.03
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 359.3 0.07 389.6-7.77
23 Residues and waste from the food industries; prepared animal feed 1,082.6 0.21 0.0
24 Tobacco and manufactured tobacco substitutes 142.8 0.03 25.7455.53
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 0.0 0.00 87.9-100.00
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 472.4 0.09 494.7-4.51
29 Organic chemicals 652.7 0.13 397.264.34
30 Pharmaceutical products 26,424.1 5.13 4,839.7445.99
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 125.6 0.02 292.6-57.06
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 83.1 0.02 5.81,322.07
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 1,294.7 0.25 1,042.924.14
35 Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes 204.5 0.04 158.429.06
36 Explosives; pyrotechnic products; matches; pyrophoric alloys; certain combustible preparations 11.9 0.00 8.246.21
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 522.8 0.10 578.2-9.57
39 Plastics and articles thereof 4,575.8 0.89 4,783.6-4.34
40 Rubber and articles thereof 51,976.6 10.09 52,450.4-0.90
41 Raw hides and skins (other than furskins) and leather 0.0 0.00 18.1-100.00
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 3,508.0 0.68 4,512.8-22.27
43 Furskins and artificial fur; manufactures thereof 24.8 0.00 26.0-4.61
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 9,147.3 1.78 6,072.150.65
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 124.0 0.02 280.2-55.74
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 123.9 0.02 73.967.71
51 Wool, fine or coarse animal hair; horsehair yarn and woven fabric 979.5 0.19 604.362.11
52 Cotton 47.2 0.01 52.1-9.33
53 Other vegetable textile fibers; paper yarn and woven fabric of paper yarn 210.7 0.04 250.5-15.90
54 Man-made filaments 947.9 0.18 998.4-5.05
55 Man-made staple fibers 404.1 0.08 877.9-53.98
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 639.5 0.12 676.3-5.45
57 Carpets and other textile floor coverings 17.2 0.00 4.8256.44
58 Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery 15.8 0.00 115.3-86.26
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 856.1 0.17 507.668.65
60 Knitted or crocheted fabrics 375.3 0.07 3.112,096.49
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 4,432.6 0.86 4,651.3-4.70
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 30,195.5 5.86 32,760.8-7.83
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 1,176.5 0.23 1,090.87.85
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 12,829.5 2.49 12,185.55.28
65 Headgear and parts thereof 32.8 0.01 43.8-25.30
67 Prepared feathers and down and articles made of feathers or of down; artificial flowers; articles of human hair 0.0 0.00 43.3-100.00
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 291.4 0.06 265.09.97
69 Ceramic products 790.8 0.15 892.0-11.35
70 Glass and glassware 741.8 0.14 773.1-4.04
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 482.7 0.09 539.3-10.50
72 Iron and steel 4,585.0 0.89 3,364.836.27
73 Articles of iron or steel 21,412.8 4.16 36,329.5-41.06
74 Copper and articles thereof 0.0 0.00 14.3-100.00
75 Nickel and articles thereof 14.1 0.00 61.3-76.98
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 2,896.2 0.56 5,561.0-47.92
79 Zinc and articles thereof 3.6 0.00 0.0
80 Tin and articles thereof 0.0 0.00 92.9-100.00
81 Other base metals; cermets; articles thereof 30.0 0.01 336.6-91.10
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 192.1 0.04 146.730.97
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 2,711.4 0.53 3,239.3-16.29
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 95,178.7 18.48 109,327.4-12.94
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 123,661.3 24.02 104,527.118.31
86 Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds 0.0 0.00 21.0-100.00
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 32,124.3 6.24 38,157.6-15.81
88 Aircraft, spacecraft, and parts thereof 2,375.3 0.46 1,960.721.14
89 Ships, boats and floating structures 44.9 0.01 0.0
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 25,815.0 5.01 26,625.0-3.04
91 Clocks and watches and parts thereof 0.0 0.00 2.4-100.00
92 Musical instruments; parts and accessories of such articles 398.3 0.08 605.0-34.17
93 Arms and ammunition; parts and accessories thereof 988.9 0.19 1,004.1-1.51
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 15,411.0 2.99 15,764.8-2.24
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 787.4 0.15 439.679.12
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 142.7 0.03 7.91,711.27
97 Works of art, collectors’ pieces and antiques 1,635.8 0.32 282.7478.72
Compiled by «US-EXPORT–IMPORT» based on the statistics of the US Department of Commerce