US trade with Romania in the 3rd quarter of 2017

Published or Updated: May 24, 2018

The report on US foreign trade in goods with Romania in the 3rd quarter of 2017: exports, imports, balance, product types and groups, dynamics.

US Trade with Romania

In the 3rd quarter of 2017, US trade with Romania totaled $787.8 million, up 11.92% ($83.9 million) from the 3rd quarter of 2016.

US exports to Romania in the 3rd quarter of 2017 totaled $198.8 million, up 26.48% ($41.6 million) from the 3rd quarter of 2016.

US imports from Romania in the 3rd quarter of 2017 totaled $589.1 million, up 7.74% ($42.3 million) from the 3rd quarter of 2016.

US trade deficit with Romania in the 3rd quarter of 2017 was $390.3 million, a 0.18% increase ($0.7 million) over the 3rd quarter of 2016.

Romania was the US 70th largest trading partner in the 3rd quarter of 2017 (just as in the 3rd quarter of 2016), accounting for 0.0798% of US total trade (down from 0.0858% in the 3rd quarter of 2016).

Romania was the US 79th largest export market in the 3rd quarter of 2017 (up from 85th in the 3rd quarter of 2016), accounting for 0.0521% of US total exports (up from 0.0453% in the 3rd quarter of 2016).

Romania was the US 65th largest supplier in the 3rd quarter of 2017 (just as in the 3rd quarter of 2016), accounting for 0.0973% of US total imports (down from 0.1155% in the 3rd quarter of 2016).

US Exports to Romania

The major share of US exports to Romania in the 3rd quarter of 2017 (and in the 3rd quarter of 2016) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 73.41% of US total exports to Romania (58.52% in the 3rd quarter of 2016);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 8.94% of US total exports to Romania (9.72% in the 3rd quarter of 2016);
  • Metals and products from them (HS codes 72-83) - 8.20% of US total exports to Romania (5.02% in the 3rd quarter of 2016);
  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 4.82% of US total exports to Romania (6.91% in the 3rd quarter of 2016);
  • Mineral products (HS codes 25-27) - 0.98% of US total exports to Romania (16.32% in the 3rd quarter of 2016).

The largest gains in US exports to Romania in the 3rd quarter of 2017 over the 3rd quarter of 2016 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles (HS code 85) - an increase of $26.9 million;
  • Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof (HS code 84) - an increase of $16.8 million;
  • Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof (HS code 87) - an increase of $5.6 million;
  • Aluminum and articles thereof (HS code 76) - an increase of $3.7 million;
  • Aircraft, spacecraft, and parts thereof (HS code 88) - an increase of $3.7 million;
  • Articles of iron or steel (HS code 73) - an increase of $2.6 million;
  • Iron and steel (HS code 72) - an increase of $2.1 million;
  • Plastics and articles thereof (HS code 39) - an increase of $2.0 million;
  • Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder (HS code 12) - an increase of $1.3 million;
  • Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations (HS code 33) - an increase of $1.1 million;
  • Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof (HS code 90) - an increase of $1.0 million;
  • Explosives; pyrotechnic products; matches; pyrophoric alloys; certain combustible preparations (HS code 36) - an increase of $0.8 million;
  • Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof (HS code 95) - an increase of $0.7 million.

The largest declines in US exports to Romania in the 3rd quarter of 2017 over the 3rd quarter of 2016 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes (HS code 27) - a decrease of $23.8 million;
  • Beverages, spirits and vinegar (HS code 22) - a decrease of $1.4 million;
  • Rubber and articles thereof (HS code 40) - a decrease of $1.2 million;
  • Miscellaneous chemical products (HS code 38) - a decrease of $0.8 million;
  • Tobacco and manufactured tobacco substitutes (HS code 24) - a decrease of $0.7 million.
US exports to Romania in the 3rd quarter of 2017 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value
of exports
in Q3 2017
(USD thousand)
Share
in total export
(%)
Value
of exports
in Q3 2016
(USD thousand)
Change
in Q3 2017
over Q3 2016
(%)
02 Meat and edible meat offal 3.3 0.00 0.0
03 Fish and crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates 278.0 0.14 429.2-35.23
05 Products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 36.2 0.02 95.1-61.95
08 Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons 226.8 0.11 432.8-47.60
09 Coffee, tea, maté and spices 0.0 0.00 10.8-100.00
10 Cereals 44.3 0.02 83.7-47.13
11 Products of the milling industry; malt; starches; inulin; wheat gluten 4.8 0.00 0.0
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 2,137.2 1.08 836.5155.48
13 Lac; gums, resins and other vegetable saps and extracts 24.6 0.01 11.8108.61
15 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes 3.9 0.00 0.0
17 Sugars and sugar confectionery 3.2 0.00 0.0
20 Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants 0.0 0.00 14.4-100.00
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 1,331.7 0.67 1,411.4-5.65
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 3,021.6 1.52 4,388.5-31.15
23 Residues and waste from the food industries; prepared animal feed 204.2 0.10 226.9-10.02
24 Tobacco and manufactured tobacco substitutes 2,259.2 1.14 2,913.4-22.45
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 129.9 0.07 70.185.22
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 1,814.9 0.91 25,578.0-92.90
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 285.6 0.14 230.523.89
29 Organic chemicals 1,707.3 0.86 1,358.525.67
30 Pharmaceutical products 1,585.0 0.80 1,640.4-3.38
31 Fertilizers 31.0 0.02 0.0
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 73.1 0.04 98.3-25.71
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 1,970.8 0.99 833.5136.45
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 497.8 0.25 380.530.81
35 Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes 73.8 0.04 58.426.27
36 Explosives; pyrotechnic products; matches; pyrophoric alloys; certain combustible preparations 3,344.1 1.68 2,509.933.24
37 Photographic or cinematographic goods 44.6 0.02 26.766.97
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 1,873.2 0.94 2,642.5-29.11
39 Plastics and articles thereof 5,118.9 2.58 3,077.366.35
40 Rubber and articles thereof 1,173.0 0.59 2,415.2-51.43
41 Raw hides and skins (other than furskins) and leather 3.3 0.00 0.0
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 56.1 0.03 21.1166.62
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 383.0 0.19 148.5158.01
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 322.8 0.16 330.8-2.42
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 112.6 0.06 67.068.13
50 Silk 0.0 0.00 8.3-100.00
54 Man-made filaments 134.5 0.07 110.122.14
55 Man-made staple fibers 154.7 0.08 275.7-43.88
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 675.3 0.34 230.4193.16
57 Carpets and other textile floor coverings 2.9 0.00 8.8-67.16
58 Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery 64.4 0.03 46.239.33
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 184.1 0.09 219.8-16.27
60 Knitted or crocheted fabrics 16.4 0.01 6.5153.66
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 39.0 0.02 8.8342.51
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 181.6 0.09 86.9108.95
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 54.2 0.03 160.6-66.24
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 14.0 0.01 9.351.03
67 Prepared feathers and down and articles made of feathers or of down; artificial flowers; articles of human hair 72.6 0.04 49.048.26
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 71.9 0.04 127.7-43.71
69 Ceramic products 100.7 0.05 3.72,649.56
70 Glass and glassware 262.0 0.13 501.3-47.74
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 24.8 0.01 131.9-81.23
72 Iron and steel 2,446.8 1.23 314.5678.00
73 Articles of iron or steel 6,709.8 3.38 4,104.863.46
74 Copper and articles thereof 94.3 0.05 99.0-4.75
75 Nickel and articles thereof 623.4 0.31 904.2-31.05
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 4,725.2 2.38 1,008.9368.37
78 Lead and articles thereof 34.8 0.02 27.029.10
81 Other base metals; cermets; articles thereof 258.4 0.13 251.82.64
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 805.6 0.41 748.67.61
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 597.7 0.30 422.141.58
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 39,993.1 20.12 23,157.372.70
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 53,855.2 27.10 26,993.699.51
86 Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds 9.3 0.00 5.666.43
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 21,079.5 10.61 15,516.635.85
88 Aircraft, spacecraft, and parts thereof 13,296.0 6.69 9,624.938.14
89 Ships, boats and floating structures 17.6 0.01 0.0
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 17,649.4 8.88 16,662.85.92
91 Clocks and watches and parts thereof 83.8 0.04 72.815.21
92 Musical instruments; parts and accessories of such articles 91.6 0.05 45.7100.47
93 Arms and ammunition; parts and accessories thereof 274.1 0.14 106.7156.79
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 740.2 0.37 396.686.62
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 933.9 0.47 246.9278.20
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 456.1 0.23 55.5722.32
97 Works of art, collectors’ pieces and antiques 45.3 0.02 4.01,031.25
99 Commodities not specified according to kind 1,697.4 0.85 2,038.1-16.72

US Imports from Romania

The major share of US imports from Romania in the 3rd quarter of 2017 (and in the 3rd quarter of 2016) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 53.11% of US total imports from Romania (56.46% in the 3rd quarter of 2016);
  • Textiles, textile products and footwear (HS codes 50-67) - 14.89% of US total imports from Romania (16.29% in the 3rd quarter of 2016);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 12.07% of US total imports from Romania (12.40% in the 3rd quarter of 2016);
  • Metals and products from them (HS codes 72-83) - 6.86% of US total imports from Romania (3.97% in the 3rd quarter of 2016);
  • Wood and wood products (HS codes 44-49) - 2.31% of US total imports from Romania (0.97% in the 3rd quarter of 2016);
  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 0.83% of US total imports from Romania (1.19% in the 3rd quarter of 2016).

The largest gains in US imports from Romania in the 3rd quarter of 2017 over the 3rd quarter of 2016 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof (HS code 84) - an increase of $25.8 million;
  • Articles of iron or steel (HS code 73) - an increase of $16.8 million;
  • Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal (HS code 44) - an increase of $7.9 million;
  • Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof (HS code 90) - an increase of $5.3 million;
  • Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes (HS code 27) - an increase of $4.7 million;
  • Rubber and articles thereof (HS code 40) - an increase of $4.2 million;
  • Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings (HS code 94) - an increase of $3.8 million;
  • Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof (HS code 87) - an increase of $3.1 million;
  • Iron and steel (HS code 72) - an increase of $2.5 million;
  • Works of art, collectors’ pieces and antiques (HS code 97) - an increase of $2.4 million;
  • Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles (HS code 64) - an increase of $2.2 million.

The largest declines in US imports from Romania in the 3rd quarter of 2017 over the 3rd quarter of 2016 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles (HS code 85) - a decrease of $30.1 million;
  • Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted (HS code 62) - a decrease of $5.9 million;
  • Pharmaceutical products (HS code 30) - a decrease of $2.6 million.
US imports from Romania in the 3rd quarter of 2017 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value
of imports
in Q3 2017
(USD thousand)
Share
in total import
(%)
Value
of imports
in Q3 2016
(USD thousand)
Change
in Q3 2017
over Q3 2016
(%)
01 Live animals 18.6 0.00 11.661.34
04 Dairy produce; birds eggs; natural honey; edible products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 763.3 0.13 741.22.98
05 Products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 470.2 0.08 750.5-37.35
07 Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers 18.4 0.00 13.141.24
08 Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons 203.2 0.03 158.528.18
09 Coffee, tea, maté and spices 33.8 0.01 8.3307.48
10 Cereals 594.1 0.10 233.6154.30
11 Products of the milling industry; malt; starches; inulin; wheat gluten 0.0 0.00 4.0-100.00
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 215.7 0.04 1,741.8-87.61
15 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes 0.0 0.00 86.0-100.00
16 Preparations of meat, of fish or of crustaceans, molluscs or other aquatic invertebrates 80.6 0.01 10.5667.58
18 Cocoa and cocoa preparations 227.3 0.04 327.5-30.60
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 427.8 0.07 476.3-10.18
20 Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants 107.6 0.02 30.2256.83
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 14.2 0.00 24.3-41.59
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 838.7 0.14 735.414.05
23 Residues and waste from the food industries; prepared animal feed 518.0 0.09 1,032.4-49.82
24 Tobacco and manufactured tobacco substitutes 357.0 0.06 134.3165.73
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 4,668.5 0.79 0.0
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 217.9 0.04 418.8-47.97
29 Organic chemicals 1,034.3 0.18 494.2109.27
30 Pharmaceutical products 4,537.2 0.77 7,101.5-36.11
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 279.0 0.05 126.4120.80
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 145.7 0.02 72.8100.10
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 1,987.9 0.34 1,243.459.88
35 Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes 152.7 0.03 161.7-5.58
36 Explosives; pyrotechnic products; matches; pyrophoric alloys; certain combustible preparations 12.1 0.00 11.36.96
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 889.5 0.15 341.5160.48
39 Plastics and articles thereof 4,165.3 0.71 4,332.3-3.85
40 Rubber and articles thereof 57,677.8 9.79 53,506.97.79
41 Raw hides and skins (other than furskins) and leather 9.0 0.00 5.757.72
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 4,556.8 0.77 4,480.31.71
43 Furskins and artificial fur; manufactures thereof 288.0 0.05 181.059.13
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 13,040.1 2.21 5,090.8156.15
45 Cork and articles of cork 3.9 0.00 0.0
47 Pulp of wood or of other fibrous cellulosic material; waste and scrap of paper or paperboard 2.7 0.00 0.0
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 195.8 0.03 76.4156.21
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 336.5 0.06 158.5112.40
50 Silk 3.6 0.00 0.0
51 Wool, fine or coarse animal hair; horsehair yarn and woven fabric 1,089.0 0.18 737.047.76
52 Cotton 36.1 0.01 59.8-39.68
53 Other vegetable textile fibers; paper yarn and woven fabric of paper yarn 738.3 0.13 411.479.48
54 Man-made filaments 363.7 0.06 799.8-54.52
55 Man-made staple fibers 678.2 0.12 676.70.22
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 542.8 0.09 489.710.83
57 Carpets and other textile floor coverings 24.5 0.00 57.1-57.05
58 Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery 21.2 0.00 4.4384.51
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 1,615.8 0.27 497.5224.78
60 Knitted or crocheted fabrics 12.1 0.00 59.1-79.54
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 8,553.8 1.45 7,396.615.64
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 39,885.0 6.77 45,758.9-12.84
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 841.0 0.14 1,036.5-18.86
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 33,258.1 5.65 31,016.07.23
65 Headgear and parts thereof 62.0 0.01 40.752.17
67 Prepared feathers and down and articles made of feathers or of down; artificial flowers; articles of human hair 0.0 0.00 6.3-100.00
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 638.9 0.11 217.2194.15
69 Ceramic products 894.2 0.15 825.28.35
70 Glass and glassware 1,080.1 0.18 801.834.71
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 491.0 0.08 611.2-19.67
72 Iron and steel 5,749.0 0.98 3,234.677.74
73 Articles of iron or steel 28,515.3 4.84 11,672.6144.29
74 Copper and articles thereof 3.1 0.00 24.9-87.62
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 3,729.6 0.63 3,339.811.67
80 Tin and articles thereof 0.0 0.00 58.0-100.00
81 Other base metals; cermets; articles thereof 145.2 0.02 620.0-76.59
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 55.8 0.01 316.1-82.35
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 2,227.2 0.38 2,445.2-8.92
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 114,919.0 19.51 89,118.028.95
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 134,137.5 22.77 164,188.6-18.30
86 Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds 2.0 0.00 40.3-94.93
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 35,442.7 6.02 32,388.19.43
88 Aircraft, spacecraft, and parts thereof 1,914.9 0.33 1,807.25.96
89 Ships, boats and floating structures 21.6 0.00 0.0
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 26,431.8 4.49 21,157.824.93
91 Clocks and watches and parts thereof 2.4 0.00 2.8-15.68
92 Musical instruments; parts and accessories of such articles 437.8 0.07 894.2-51.04
93 Arms and ammunition; parts and accessories thereof 1,223.7 0.21 1,955.5-37.42
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 20,907.6 3.55 17,070.322.48
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 4,876.3 0.83 4,697.63.80
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 64.2 0.01 117.1-45.18
97 Works of art, collectors’ pieces and antiques 4,028.2 0.68 1,605.6150.88
99 Commodities not specified according to kind 14,335.4 2.43 14,204.50.92
Compiled by «US-EXPORT–IMPORT» based on the statistics of the US Department of Commerce