US trade with Romania in the 4th quarter of 2017

Published or Updated: May 26, 2018

The report on US foreign trade in goods with Romania in the 4th quarter of 2017: exports, imports, balance, product types and groups, dynamics.

US Trade with Romania

In the 4th quarter of 2017, US trade with Romania totaled $819.3 million, up 20.78% ($141.0 million) from the 4th quarter of 2016.

US exports to Romania in the 4th quarter of 2017 totaled $232.3 million, up 28.22% ($51.1 million) from the 4th quarter of 2016.

US imports from Romania in the 4th quarter of 2017 totaled $587.0 million, up 18.07% ($89.8 million) from the 4th quarter of 2016.

US trade deficit with Romania in the 4th quarter of 2017 was $354.7 million, a 12.25% increase ($38.7 million) over the 4th quarter of 2016.

Romania was the US 72nd largest trading partner in the 4th quarter of 2017 (just as in the 4th quarter of 2016), accounting for 0.0786% of US total trade (up from 0.0705% in the 4th quarter of 2016).

Romania was the US 77th largest export market in the 4th quarter of 2017 (up from 88th in the 4th quarter of 2016), accounting for 0.0570% of US total exports (up from 0.0478% in the 4th quarter of 2016).

Romania was the US 65th largest supplier in the 4th quarter of 2017 (just as in the 4th quarter of 2016), accounting for 0.0924% of US total imports (up from 0.0853% in the 4th quarter of 2016).

US Exports to Romania

The major share of US exports to Romania in the 4th quarter of 2017 (and in the 4th quarter of 2016) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 57.44% of US total exports to Romania (45.65% in the 4th quarter of 2016);
  • Mineral products (HS codes 25-27) - 18.01% of US total exports to Romania (24.59% in the 4th quarter of 2016);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 8.44% of US total exports to Romania (8.60% in the 4th quarter of 2016);
  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 8.17% of US total exports to Romania (12.41% in the 4th quarter of 2016);
  • Metals and products from them (HS codes 72-83) - 4.60% of US total exports to Romania (4.97% in the 4th quarter of 2016).

The largest gains in US exports to Romania in the 4th quarter of 2017 over the 4th quarter of 2016 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles (HS code 85) - an increase of $16.4 million;
  • Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof (HS code 87) - an increase of $12.0 million;
  • Aircraft, spacecraft, and parts thereof (HS code 88) - an increase of $11.2 million;
  • Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof (HS code 84) - an increase of $10.3 million;
  • Plastics and articles thereof (HS code 39) - an increase of $2.3 million;
  • Beverages, spirits and vinegar (HS code 22) - an increase of $2.1 million;
  • Miscellaneous chemical products (HS code 38) - an increase of $1.4 million;
  • Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal (HS code 44) - an increase of $1.1 million;
  • Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal (HS code 82) - an increase of $1.0 million;
  • Explosives; pyrotechnic products; matches; pyrophoric alloys; certain combustible preparations (HS code 36) - an increase of $0.9 million;
  • Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof (HS code 90) - an increase of $0.8 million.

The largest declines in US exports to Romania in the 4th quarter of 2017 over the 4th quarter of 2016 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder (HS code 12) - a decrease of $6.2 million;
  • Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes (HS code 27) - a decrease of $2.8 million;
  • Rubber and articles thereof (HS code 40) - a decrease of $1.4 million;
  • Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons (HS code 08) - a decrease of $0.9 million.
US exports to Romania in the 4th quarter of 2017 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value
of exports
in Q4 2017
(USD thousand)
Share
in total export
(%)
Value
of exports
in Q4 2016
(USD thousand)
Change
in Q4 2017
over Q4 2016
(%)
03 Fish and crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates 394.9 0.17 189.2108.72
04 Dairy produce; birds eggs; natural honey; edible products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 6.5 0.00 0.0
05 Products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 122.0 0.05 82.747.48
08 Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons 766.1 0.33 1,635.5-53.16
10 Cereals 22.8 0.01 159.4-85.68
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 5,524.5 2.38 11,685.0-52.72
13 Lac; gums, resins and other vegetable saps and extracts 17.2 0.01 32.1-46.38
17 Sugars and sugar confectionery 19.6 0.01 7.2171.53
18 Cocoa and cocoa preparations 0.0 0.00 3.5-100.00
20 Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants 11.4 0.00 0.0
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 2,042.9 0.88 1,662.322.89
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 4,534.1 1.95 2,467.283.77
23 Residues and waste from the food industries; prepared animal feed 410.6 0.18 122.3235.83
24 Tobacco and manufactured tobacco substitutes 5,105.0 2.20 4,433.815.14
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 53.0 0.02 7.0655.86
26 Ores, slag and ash 0.0 0.00 5.0-100.00
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 41,785.8 17.99 44,550.4-6.21
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 153.3 0.07 165.4-7.32
29 Organic chemicals 1,557.2 0.67 1,743.8-10.70
30 Pharmaceutical products 2,761.3 1.19 2,138.929.10
31 Fertilizers 323.0 0.14 0.0
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 84.6 0.04 58.145.54
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 1,310.3 0.56 821.459.51
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 314.1 0.14 794.7-60.48
35 Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes 51.9 0.02 51.50.91
36 Explosives; pyrotechnic products; matches; pyrophoric alloys; certain combustible preparations 3,283.4 1.41 2,344.140.07
37 Photographic or cinematographic goods 30.2 0.01 14.8104.35
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 2,887.3 1.24 1,500.092.48
39 Plastics and articles thereof 5,343.7 2.30 3,029.876.37
40 Rubber and articles thereof 1,497.2 0.64 2,919.9-48.73
41 Raw hides and skins (other than furskins) and leather 84.6 0.04 0.0
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 40.3 0.02 143.7-71.95
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 1,525.7 0.66 411.6270.70
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 181.1 0.08 273.0-33.65
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 83.0 0.04 181.5-54.26
52 Cotton 0.0 0.00 4.7-100.00
54 Man-made filaments 97.4 0.04 149.1-34.67
55 Man-made staple fibers 73.2 0.03 0.0
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 354.7 0.15 190.286.47
57 Carpets and other textile floor coverings 5.8 0.00 19.9-70.91
58 Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery 52.0 0.02 70.4-26.16
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 81.8 0.04 237.3-65.51
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 50.1 0.02 15.3227.24
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 70.3 0.03 227.2-69.06
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 41.7 0.02 112.7-63.00
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 0.0 0.00 3.3-100.00
65 Headgear and parts thereof 13.1 0.01 0.0
67 Prepared feathers and down and articles made of feathers or of down; artificial flowers; articles of human hair 19.9 0.01 31.4-36.68
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 57.4 0.02 110.6-48.11
69 Ceramic products 119.0 0.05 16.2633.41
70 Glass and glassware 518.1 0.22 400.829.25
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 437.5 0.19 442.0-1.02
72 Iron and steel 1,123.5 0.48 1,415.2-20.61
73 Articles of iron or steel 4,439.3 1.91 4,072.09.02
74 Copper and articles thereof 51.6 0.02 104.7-50.69
75 Nickel and articles thereof 429.3 0.18 743.6-42.26
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 1,530.1 0.66 1,136.634.61
78 Lead and articles thereof 20.5 0.01 11.087.65
79 Zinc and articles thereof 3.0 0.00 2.614.33
80 Tin and articles thereof 54.6 0.02 3.41,499.94
81 Other base metals; cermets; articles thereof 257.9 0.11 278.9-7.55
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 1,966.8 0.85 1,001.096.49
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 821.9 0.35 235.9248.47
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 31,321.1 13.48 21,067.348.67
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 38,597.7 16.61 22,150.874.25
86 Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds 10.0 0.00 0.0
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 24,526.1 10.56 12,488.796.39
88 Aircraft, spacecraft, and parts thereof 18,281.1 7.87 7,068.4158.63
89 Ships, boats and floating structures 33.1 0.01 27.221.60
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 20,667.5 8.90 19,914.73.78
91 Clocks and watches and parts thereof 42.7 0.02 85.9-50.25
92 Musical instruments; parts and accessories of such articles 100.8 0.04 119.7-15.78
93 Arms and ammunition; parts and accessories thereof 224.3 0.10 157.942.05
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 383.7 0.17 840.2-54.33
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 389.8 0.17 423.9-8.04
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 139.2 0.06 248.4-43.96
97 Works of art, collectors’ pieces and antiques 103.3 0.04 92.012.35
99 Commodities not specified according to kind 2,486.5 1.07 1,831.835.74

US Imports from Romania

The major share of US imports from Romania in the 4th quarter of 2017 (and in the 4th quarter of 2016) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 56.94% of US total imports from Romania (60.06% in the 4th quarter of 2016);
  • Textiles, textile products and footwear (HS codes 50-67) - 10.16% of US total imports from Romania (12.15% in the 4th quarter of 2016);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 9.98% of US total imports from Romania (11.84% in the 4th quarter of 2016);
  • Metals and products from them (HS codes 72-83) - 9.36% of US total imports from Romania (4.54% in the 4th quarter of 2016);
  • Wood and wood products (HS codes 44-49) - 2.72% of US total imports from Romania (1.50% in the 4th quarter of 2016);
  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 1.17% of US total imports from Romania (1.17% in the 4th quarter of 2016).

The largest gains in US imports from Romania in the 4th quarter of 2017 over the 4th quarter of 2016 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles (HS code 85) - an increase of $28.0 million;
  • Articles of iron or steel (HS code 73) - an increase of $20.7 million;
  • Commodities not specified according to kind (HS code 99) - an increase of $9.8 million;
  • Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof (HS code 84) - an increase of $9.6 million;
  • Iron and steel (HS code 72) - an increase of $8.7 million;
  • Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal (HS code 44) - an increase of $8.5 million;
  • Works of art, collectors’ pieces and antiques (HS code 97) - an increase of $3.5 million;
  • Aluminum and articles thereof (HS code 76) - an increase of $1.8 million.

The largest declines in US imports from Romania in the 4th quarter of 2017 over the 4th quarter of 2016 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Rubber and articles thereof (HS code 40) - a decrease of $2.6 million;
  • Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes (HS code 28) - a decrease of $2.2 million;
  • Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof (HS code 90) - a decrease of $1.8 million.
US imports from Romania in the 4th quarter of 2017 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value
of imports
in Q4 2017
(USD thousand)
Share
in total import
(%)
Value
of imports
in Q4 2016
(USD thousand)
Change
in Q4 2017
over Q4 2016
(%)
01 Live animals 15.4 0.00 26.7-42.21
04 Dairy produce; birds eggs; natural honey; edible products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 732.1 0.12 986.5-25.79
05 Products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 96.1 0.02 503.1-80.89
07 Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers 23.5 0.00 211.4-88.89
08 Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons 1,127.7 0.19 1,076.14.80
09 Coffee, tea, maté and spices 8.7 0.00 104.5-91.69
10 Cereals 1,101.9 0.19 52.81,987.00
11 Products of the milling industry; malt; starches; inulin; wheat gluten 2.7 0.00 0.0
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 106.3 0.02 84.525.86
14 Vegetable plaiting materials; vegetable products not elsewhere specified or included 0.0 0.00 7.0-100.00
16 Preparations of meat, of fish or of crustaceans, molluscs or other aquatic invertebrates 150.2 0.03 12.31,121.12
17 Sugars and sugar confectionery 68.3 0.01 0.0
18 Cocoa and cocoa preparations 513.3 0.09 457.812.12
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 954.2 0.16 734.429.92
20 Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants 77.6 0.01 98.9-21.53
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 81.5 0.01 52.754.60
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 903.9 0.15 539.167.68
23 Residues and waste from the food industries; prepared animal feed 389.0 0.07 722.5-46.15
24 Tobacco and manufactured tobacco substitutes 521.6 0.09 130.4300.11
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 46.1 0.01 0.0
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 193.2 0.03 2,427.9-92.04
29 Organic chemicals 2,752.0 0.47 1,151.5138.99
30 Pharmaceutical products 3,412.5 0.58 2,532.034.78
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 159.8 0.03 174.1-8.22
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 364.6 0.06 81.1349.33
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 1,738.5 0.30 1,221.042.38
35 Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes 236.4 0.04 152.255.39
36 Explosives; pyrotechnic products; matches; pyrophoric alloys; certain combustible preparations 20.7 0.00 14.543.23
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 913.4 0.16 399.6128.58
39 Plastics and articles thereof 5,402.3 0.92 4,744.913.86
40 Rubber and articles thereof 43,399.0 7.39 45,959.8-5.57
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 5,889.1 1.00 4,887.020.50
43 Furskins and artificial fur; manufactures thereof 25.6 0.00 9.9157.46
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 15,450.6 2.63 6,989.8121.04
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 131.2 0.02 79.764.59
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 406.7 0.07 392.73.56
51 Wool, fine or coarse animal hair; horsehair yarn and woven fabric 959.0 0.16 716.833.79
52 Cotton 110.3 0.02 93.118.57
53 Other vegetable textile fibers; paper yarn and woven fabric of paper yarn 517.4 0.09 459.812.52
54 Man-made filaments 601.7 0.10 1,570.6-61.69
55 Man-made staple fibers 659.5 0.11 686.5-3.94
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 528.1 0.09 468.712.65
57 Carpets and other textile floor coverings 74.7 0.01 19.2289.15
58 Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery 27.4 0.00 11.7133.67
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 827.1 0.14 803.03.01
60 Knitted or crocheted fabrics 0.0 0.00 196.2-100.00
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 5,998.7 1.02 6,112.8-1.87
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 34,293.3 5.84 35,871.3-4.40
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 1,250.7 0.21 1,020.522.56
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 13,714.3 2.34 12,323.811.28
65 Headgear and parts thereof 72.9 0.01 16.6339.00
67 Prepared feathers and down and articles made of feathers or of down; artificial flowers; articles of human hair 0.7 0.00 18.1-96.41
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 498.5 0.08 276.380.40
69 Ceramic products 908.0 0.15 795.614.13
70 Glass and glassware 600.4 0.10 863.9-30.49
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 416.8 0.07 399.04.48
72 Iron and steel 11,551.4 1.97 2,821.3309.44
73 Articles of iron or steel 36,057.2 6.14 15,312.7135.47
74 Copper and articles thereof 4.5 0.00 22.1-79.61
75 Nickel and articles thereof 150.2 0.03 8.31,712.86
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 3,555.1 0.61 1,725.2106.07
81 Other base metals; cermets; articles thereof 85.4 0.01 101.8-16.07
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 112.8 0.02 201.4-43.98
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 3,437.7 0.59 2,360.545.64
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 111,427.5 18.98 101,870.49.38
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 162,112.4 27.62 134,126.420.87
86 Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds 0.0 0.00 21.9-100.00
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 32,028.5 5.46 32,472.6-1.37
88 Aircraft, spacecraft, and parts thereof 2,718.0 0.46 2,270.019.74
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 25,968.3 4.42 27,799.1-6.59
91 Clocks and watches and parts thereof 6.0 0.00 0.0
92 Musical instruments; parts and accessories of such articles 310.5 0.05 508.4-38.94
93 Arms and ammunition; parts and accessories thereof 2,629.2 0.45 2,327.012.99
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 15,861.1 2.70 17,619.6-9.98
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 1,520.9 0.26 1,157.331.42
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 95.5 0.02 123.4-22.58
97 Works of art, collectors’ pieces and antiques 5,550.0 0.95 2,026.1173.93
99 Commodities not specified according to kind 22,326.7 3.80 12,521.078.31
Compiled by «US-EXPORT–IMPORT» based on the statistics of the US Department of Commerce