US trade (export - import) with Saudi Arabia in 2014

Published or Updated: Feb 07, 2017

The report on US foreign trade in goods with Saudi Arabia in 2014: exports, imports, balance, product types and groups, dynamics.

US Trade with Saudi Arabia

In 2014, US trade with Saudi Arabia was $67.1 billion, down 6.94% ($5.0 billion) from 2013.

US exports to Saudi Arabia in 2014 were $18.7 billion, down 1.35% ($0.3 billion) from 2013.

US imports from Saudi Arabia in 2014 were $48.4 billion, down 8.94% ($4.7 billion) from 2013.

US trade deficit with Saudi Arabia in 2014 was $29.6 billion, a 13.16% decrease ($4.5 billion) over 2013.

Saudi Arabia was the US 12th largest trading partner in 2014 (down from 10th in 2013), accounting for 1.66% of US total trade (down from 1.85% in 2013).

Saudi Arabia was the US 20th largest export market in 2014 (down from 19th in 2013), accounting for 1.15% of US total exports (down from 1.20% in 2013).

Saudi Arabia was the US 8th largest supplier in 2014 (just as in 2013), accounting for 2.01% of US total imports (down from 2.28% in 2013).

US Exports to Saudi Arabia

The major share of US exports to Saudi Arabia in 2014 (and in 2013) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 69.88% of US total exports to Saudi Arabia (73.96% in 2013);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 8.87% of US total exports to Saudi Arabia (7.94% in 2013);
  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 7.22% of US total exports to Saudi Arabia (6.11% in 2013);
  • Metals and products from them (HS codes 72-83) - 3.82% of US total exports to Saudi Arabia (3.84% in 2013);
  • Wood and wood products (HS codes 44-49) - 1.06% of US total exports to Saudi Arabia (1.13% in 2013).

The largest gains in US exports to Saudi Arabia in 2014 over 2013 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Arms and ammunition; parts and accessories thereof (HS code 93) - an increase of $313.9 million;
  • Cereals (HS code 10) - an increase of $110.8 million;
  • Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles (HS code 85) - an increase of $78.3 million;
  • Iron and steel (HS code 72) - an increase of $72.6 million;
  • Miscellaneous chemical products (HS code 38) - an increase of $63.5 million.

The largest declines in US exports to Saudi Arabia in 2014 over 2013 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof (HS code 87) - a decrease of $862.9 million;
  • Aircraft, spacecraft, and parts thereof (HS code 88) - a decrease of $101.7 million;
  • Aluminum and articles thereof (HS code 76) - a decrease of $84.5 million.
US exports to Saudi Arabia in 2014 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value
of exports
in 2014
(USD thousand)
Share
in total export
(%)
Value
of exports
in 2013
(USD thousand)
Change
in 2014
over 2013
(%)
01 Live animals 6,430.7 0.03 4,559.241.05
02 Meat and edible meat offal 23,483.0 0.13 37,457.7-37.31
03 Fish and crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates 1,899.0 0.01 1,920.7-1.13
04 Dairy produce; birds eggs; natural honey; edible products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 146,355.5 0.78 133,265.39.82
05 Products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 4,700.7 0.03 5,400.4-12.96
06 Live trees and other plants; bulbs, roots and the like; cut flowers and ornamental foliage 735.8 0.00 632.116.40
07 Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers 12,179.9 0.07 11,785.73.35
08 Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons 118,430.2 0.63 90,993.830.15
09 Coffee, tea, maté and spices 8,862.0 0.05 7,195.223.17
10 Cereals 346,189.3 1.85 235,432.747.04
11 Products of the milling industry; malt; starches; inulin; wheat gluten 1,410.3 0.01 519.9171.24
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 184,491.1 0.99 179,552.02.75
13 Lac; gums, resins and other vegetable saps and extracts 4,162.7 0.02 3,352.824.15
14 Vegetable plaiting materials; vegetable products not elsewhere specified or included 152.9 0.00 4.33,423.65
15 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes 97,437.5 0.52 112,968.7-13.75
16 Preparations of meat, of fish or of crustaceans, molluscs or other aquatic invertebrates 1,262.7 0.01 2,561.0-50.70
17 Sugars and sugar confectionery 15,383.3 0.08 15,161.91.46
18 Cocoa and cocoa preparations 25,579.7 0.14 23,554.38.60
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 53,543.5 0.29 55,447.7-3.43
20 Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants 91,678.6 0.49 76,090.320.49
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 100,161.8 0.54 96,081.84.25
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 6,621.1 0.04 6,225.26.36
23 Residues and waste from the food industries; prepared animal feed 98,990.2 0.53 57,076.673.43
24 Tobacco and manufactured tobacco substitutes 343.1 0.00 564.0-39.17
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 19,857.5 0.11 12,790.155.26
26 Ores, slag and ash 11.7 0.00 14.8-21.07
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 135,527.2 0.72 113,470.619.44
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 81,780.1 0.44 68,309.519.72
29 Organic chemicals 225,149.5 1.20 186,017.021.04
30 Pharmaceutical products 283,088.9 1.51 262,122.58.00
31 Fertilizers 608.3 0.00 1,092.6-44.32
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 26,920.6 0.14 33,658.2-20.02
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 48,022.5 0.26 40,197.619.47
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 42,695.1 0.23 38,899.09.76
35 Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes 40,070.9 0.21 35,173.913.92
36 Explosives; pyrotechnic products; matches; pyrophoric alloys; certain combustible preparations 7,745.1 0.04 11,126.1-30.39
37 Photographic or cinematographic goods 3,494.6 0.02 6,612.6-47.15
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 458,177.2 2.45 394,642.516.10
39 Plastics and articles thereof 303,005.8 1.62 307,779.3-1.55
40 Rubber and articles thereof 139,185.4 0.74 120,149.515.84
41 Raw hides and skins (other than furskins) and leather 785.1 0.00 910.5-13.77
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 8,507.1 0.05 17,064.6-50.15
43 Furskins and artificial fur; manufactures thereof 322.2 0.00 66.0388.34
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 21,749.7 0.12 21,261.12.30
45 Cork and articles of cork 243.0 0.00 129.387.93
46 Manufactures of straw, of esparto or of other plaiting materials; basketware and wickerwork 7.9 0.00 26.2-69.76
47 Pulp of wood or of other fibrous cellulosic material; waste and scrap of paper or paperboard 70,126.2 0.37 68,015.63.10
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 80,225.0 0.43 94,756.5-15.34
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 26,065.1 0.14 30,934.4-15.74
50 Silk 397.8 0.00 302.331.59
51 Wool, fine or coarse animal hair; horsehair yarn and woven fabric 47.0 0.00 50.4-6.74
52 Cotton 356.3 0.00 402.9-11.56
53 Other vegetable textile fibers; paper yarn and woven fabric of paper yarn 67.7 0.00 53.925.69
54 Man-made filaments 4,208.0 0.02 1,805.0133.13
55 Man-made staple fibers 2,386.7 0.01 2,822.6-15.44
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 7,215.4 0.04 8,943.1-19.32
57 Carpets and other textile floor coverings 11,160.3 0.06 11,062.10.89
58 Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery 917.4 0.00 510.779.61
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 7,489.9 0.04 10,536.4-28.91
60 Knitted or crocheted fabrics 250.0 0.00 314.9-20.62
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 8,344.5 0.04 9,718.2-14.14
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 36,938.0 0.20 29,351.925.85
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 29,576.5 0.16 8,247.8258.60
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 3,685.8 0.02 3,860.2-4.52
65 Headgear and parts thereof 2,317.6 0.01 2,116.49.50
66 Umbrellas, sun umbrellas, walking sticks, seatsticks, whips, riding-crops and parts thereof 148.8 0.00 359.3-58.59
67 Prepared feathers and down and articles made of feathers or of down; artificial flowers; articles of human hair 979.9 0.01 984.5-0.46
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 16,057.9 0.09 16,405.8-2.12
69 Ceramic products 14,089.6 0.08 26,503.7-46.84
70 Glass and glassware 21,450.7 0.11 20,443.84.93
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 22,642.9 0.12 18,050.525.44
72 Iron and steel 104,212.4 0.56 31,568.5230.11
73 Articles of iron or steel 242,708.4 1.30 231,965.24.63
74 Copper and articles thereof 43,404.4 0.23 55,867.8-22.31
75 Nickel and articles thereof 5,738.9 0.03 11,204.9-48.78
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 171,150.8 0.92 255,669.6-33.06
78 Lead and articles thereof 1,104.8 0.01 620.678.03
79 Zinc and articles thereof 1,675.9 0.01 1,955.2-14.29
80 Tin and articles thereof 556.9 0.00 137.8304.19
81 Other base metals; cermets; articles thereof 7,748.0 0.04 6,031.128.47
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 92,302.9 0.49 85,905.07.45
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 43,606.5 0.23 46,253.6-5.72
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 3,584,815.1 19.17 3,627,993.8-1.19
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 1,524,697.8 8.15 1,446,383.45.41
86 Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds 93,162.2 0.50 121,389.5-23.25
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 4,908,801.6 26.24 5,771,735.6-14.95
88 Aircraft, spacecraft, and parts thereof 2,018,975.1 10.79 2,120,648.8-4.79
89 Ships, boats and floating structures 12,121.9 0.06 7,334.665.27
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 927,497.2 4.96 927,515.0-0.00
91 Clocks and watches and parts thereof 3,758.2 0.02 3,627.83.60
92 Musical instruments; parts and accessories of such articles 249.2 0.00 179.538.86
93 Arms and ammunition; parts and accessories thereof 646,653.3 3.46 332,718.094.35
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 224,837.6 1.20 222,394.81.10
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 50,558.7 0.27 42,080.920.15
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 6,947.0 0.04 10,710.2-35.14
97 Works of art, collectors’ pieces and antiques 9,683.6 0.05 4,013.5141.27
99 Commodities not specified according to kind 413,311.6 2.21 398,374.03.75

US Imports from Saudi Arabia

The major share of US imports from Saudi Arabia in 2014 (and in 2013) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Mineral products (HS codes 25-27) - 97.56% of US total imports from Saudi Arabia (97.71% in 2013);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 1.37% of US total imports from Saudi Arabia (1.33% in 2013).

The largest gains in US imports from Saudi Arabia in 2014 over 2013 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • No product groups with a substantial increase.

The largest declines in US imports from Saudi Arabia in 2014 over the 2013 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes (HS code 27) - a decrease of $4,710.5 million.
US imports from Saudi Arabia in 2014 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value
of imports
in 2014
(USD thousand)
Share
in total import
(%)
Value
of imports
in 2013
USD thousand)
Change
in 2014
over 2013
(%)
03 Fish and crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates 324.1 0.00 8.53,732.56
04 Dairy produce; birds eggs; natural honey; edible products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 241.6 0.00 0.0
07 Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers 67.4 0.00 0.0
08 Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons 1,153.7 0.00 1,731.1-33.35
09 Coffee, tea, maté and spices 147.0 0.00 141.73.73
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 0.0 0.00 21.6-100.00
15 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes 0.0 0.00 2.8-100.00
17 Sugars and sugar confectionery 134.5 0.00 230.9-41.74
18 Cocoa and cocoa preparations 20.9 0.00 0.0
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 1,106.9 0.00 857.329.11
20 Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants 272.1 0.00 63.1331.42
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 5.1 0.00 0.0
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 128.5 0.00 53.8139.15
24 Tobacco and manufactured tobacco substitutes 3.0 0.00 0.0
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 3.0 0.00 3.2-7.97
26 Ores, slag and ash 318.7 0.00 969.3-67.12
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 47,172,694.0 97.56 51,883,151.1-9.08
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 70,360.3 0.15 56,419.124.71
29 Organic chemicals 349,247.0 0.72 461,010.3-24.24
30 Pharmaceutical products 847.8 0.00 126.7569.31
31 Fertilizers 225,641.7 0.47 174,353.429.42
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 26.1 0.00 1,381.6-98.11
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 818.0 0.00 1,566.9-47.80
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 3.4 0.00 16.4-78.97
35 Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes 10.8 0.00 66.0-83.61
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 5,555.7 0.01 2,549.7117.90
39 Plastics and articles thereof 10,988.7 0.02 6,269.375.28
40 Rubber and articles thereof 87.5 0.00 22.8284.45
41 Raw hides and skins (other than furskins) and leather 13.8 0.00 2.9368.11
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 58.4 0.00 15.6274.75
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 6.9 0.00 37.1-81.45
46 Manufactures of straw, of esparto or of other plaiting materials; basketware and wickerwork 462.4 0.00 40.21,050.46
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 19.9 0.00 3.7445.06
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 849.7 0.00 966.0-12.04
51 Wool, fine or coarse animal hair; horsehair yarn and woven fabric 4.5 0.00 0.0
52 Cotton 4.3 0.00 0.0
54 Man-made filaments 45,346.6 0.09 43,600.24.01
55 Man-made staple fibers 861.6 0.00 0.0
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 2,430.9 0.01 1,015.5139.37
57 Carpets and other textile floor coverings 666.2 0.00 2,188.9-69.56
58 Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery 340.7 0.00 1,552.7-78.06
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 153.0 0.00 95.560.18
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 51.3 0.00 29.772.51
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 229.8 0.00 275.9-16.73
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 330.5 0.00 236.239.91
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 36.9 0.00 22.861.46
65 Headgear and parts thereof 2.6 0.00 9.3-72.16
66 Umbrellas, sun umbrellas, walking sticks, seatsticks, whips, riding-crops and parts thereof 0.5 0.00 0.0
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 5,413.2 0.01 9,800.9-44.77
69 Ceramic products 9.1 0.00 169.7-94.65
70 Glass and glassware 907.4 0.00 1,151.0-21.17
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 37,716.9 0.08 67,944.0-44.49
72 Iron and steel 26,629.2 0.06 3,114.6754.99
73 Articles of iron or steel 75,477.1 0.16 113,116.8-33.28
74 Copper and articles thereof 896.8 0.00 2,163.9-58.56
75 Nickel and articles thereof 210.5 0.00 0.0
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 42,698.5 0.09 12,680.0236.74
78 Lead and articles thereof 0.0 0.00 4.1-100.00
81 Other base metals; cermets; articles thereof 1,222.8 0.00 0.0
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 502.3 0.00 918.1-45.29
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 365.2 0.00 185.397.11
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 20,077.0 0.04 24,277.4-17.30
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 69,222.3 0.14 52,364.132.19
86 Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds 11.0 0.00 0.0
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 179.4 0.00 771.4-76.74
88 Aircraft, spacecraft, and parts thereof 230.5 0.00 292.3-21.14
89 Ships, boats and floating structures 10.3 0.00 0.0
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 3,287.5 0.01 1,211.1171.45
92 Musical instruments; parts and accessories of such articles 9.0 0.00 0.0
93 Arms and ammunition; parts and accessories thereof 888.1 0.00 443.9100.05
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 654.0 0.00 429.952.13
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 7.2 0.00 17.5-58.67
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 0.0 0.00 10.8-100.00
97 Works of art, collectors’ pieces and antiques 465.1 0.00 337.038.02
99 Commodities not specified according to kind 173,607.4 0.36 167,917.93.39
Compiled by «US-EXPORT–IMPORT» based on the statistics of the US Department of Commerce