US trade (export - import) with Saudi Arabia in 2016

Published or Updated: Apr 23, 2017

The report on US foreign trade in goods with Saudi Arabia in 2016: exports, imports, balance, product types and groups, dynamics.

US Trade with Saudi Arabia

In 2016, US trade with Saudi Arabia was $36,033.7 million, down 16.29% ($7,013.7 million) from 2015.

US exports to Saudi Arabia in 2016 were $18,022.5 million, down 8.47% ($1,667.6 million) from 2015.

US imports from Saudi Arabia in 2016 were $18,011.2 million, down 22.89% ($5,346.1 million) from 2015.

US trade balance with Saudi Arabia went from a deficit of $3,667.1 million in 2015, to a surplus of $11.4 million in 2016.

Saudi Arabia was the US 22nd largest trading partner in 2016 (down from 21st in 2015), accounting for 0.9731% of US total trade (down from 1.1296% in 2015).

Saudi Arabia was the US 19th largest export market in 2016 (just as in 2015), accounting for 1.2402% of US total exports (down from 1.3093% in 2015).

Saudi Arabia was the US 21st largest supplier in 2016 (down from 19th in 2015), accounting for 0.8006% of US total imports (down from 1.0125% in 2015).

US Exports to Saudi Arabia

The major share of US exports to Saudi Arabia in 2016 (and in 2015) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 72.33% of US total exports to Saudi Arabia (74.90% in 2015);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 8.06% of US total exports to Saudi Arabia (8.22% in 2015);
  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 7.91% of US total exports to Saudi Arabia (6.52% in 2015);
  • Metals and products from them (HS codes 72-83) - 2.52% of US total exports to Saudi Arabia (2.69% in 2015);
  • Wood and wood products (HS codes 44-49) - 1.06% of US total exports to Saudi Arabia (1.15% in 2015).

The largest gains in US exports to Saudi Arabia in 2016 over 2015 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Aircraft, spacecraft, and parts thereof (HS code 88) - an increase of $1,062,196.5 thousand;
  • Arms and ammunition; parts and accessories thereof (HS code 93) - an increase of $294,212.7 thousand;
  • Cereals (HS code 10) - an increase of $142,237.0 thousand;
  • Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds (HS code 86) - an increase of $99,650.4 thousand.

The largest declines in US exports to Saudi Arabia in 2016 over 2015 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof (HS code 84) - a decrease of $1,295,068.2 thousand;
  • Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof (HS code 87) - a decrease of $1,204,765.0 thousand;
  • Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles (HS code 85) - a decrease of $222,970.8 thousand;
  • Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof (HS code 90) - a decrease of $150,679.4 thousand;
  • Pharmaceutical products (HS code 30) - a decrease of $75,218.0 thousand.
US exports to Saudi Arabia in 2016 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value
of exports
in 2016
(USD thousand)
Share
in total export
(%)
Value
of exports
in 2015
(USD thousand)
Change
in 2016
over 2015
(%)
01 Live animals 5,666.9 0.03 9,086.1-37.63
02 Meat and edible meat offal 10,130.9 0.06 12,856.3-21.20
03 Fish and crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates 2,174.1 0.01 2,305.1-5.68
04 Dairy produce; birds eggs; natural honey; edible products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 41,649.9 0.23 80,457.7-48.23
05 Products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 5,645.0 0.03 6,146.1-8.15
06 Live trees and other plants; bulbs, roots and the like; cut flowers and ornamental foliage 891.9 0.00 896.2-0.48
07 Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers 9,453.2 0.05 11,477.6-17.64
08 Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons 134,302.7 0.75 139,022.9-3.40
09 Coffee, tea, maté and spices 13,792.6 0.08 10,681.629.12
10 Cereals 446,083.1 2.48 303,846.146.81
11 Products of the milling industry; malt; starches; inulin; wheat gluten 1,477.5 0.01 1,710.0-13.60
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 245,995.5 1.36 208,184.918.16
13 Lac; gums, resins and other vegetable saps and extracts 2,849.2 0.02 5,811.0-50.97
14 Vegetable plaiting materials; vegetable products not elsewhere specified or included 1,074.0 0.01 1,472.1-27.04
15 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes 91,142.2 0.51 96,866.9-5.91
16 Preparations of meat, of fish or of crustaceans, molluscs or other aquatic invertebrates 846.5 0.00 1,573.9-46.21
17 Sugars and sugar confectionery 9,991.2 0.06 11,234.3-11.07
18 Cocoa and cocoa preparations 27,570.0 0.15 30,154.4-8.57
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 54,301.4 0.30 52,888.42.67
20 Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants 93,001.1 0.52 112,057.5-17.01
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 120,372.8 0.67 116,156.43.63
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 13,991.3 0.08 7,483.586.96
23 Residues and waste from the food industries; prepared animal feed 93,495.0 0.52 60,149.755.44
24 Tobacco and manufactured tobacco substitutes 13.1 0.00 334.5-96.09
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 24,301.6 0.13 30,646.0-20.70
26 Ores, slag and ash 12.0 0.00 100.0-88.01
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 117,828.0 0.65 109,419.47.68
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 77,426.4 0.43 74,963.13.29
29 Organic chemicals 104,307.1 0.58 154,548.1-32.51
30 Pharmaceutical products 249,683.1 1.39 324,901.1-23.15
31 Fertilizers 1,059.7 0.01 817.529.62
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 16,501.9 0.09 20,334.7-18.85
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 59,801.5 0.33 62,180.4-3.83
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 48,831.2 0.27 65,913.3-25.92
35 Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes 35,510.8 0.20 28,707.723.70
36 Explosives; pyrotechnic products; matches; pyrophoric alloys; certain combustible preparations 12,201.1 0.07 10,541.415.74
37 Photographic or cinematographic goods 1,688.4 0.01 2,798.4-39.66
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 473,270.0 2.63 427,825.910.62
39 Plastics and articles thereof 271,705.8 1.51 296,883.2-8.48
40 Rubber and articles thereof 101,002.8 0.56 147,407.7-31.48
41 Raw hides and skins (other than furskins) and leather 1,190.2 0.01 1,670.9-28.77
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 12,295.9 0.07 15,207.6-19.15
43 Furskins and artificial fur; manufactures thereof 153.9 0.00 63.1143.81
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 17,891.2 0.10 30,974.4-42.24
45 Cork and articles of cork 15.8 0.00 109.3-85.58
46 Manufactures of straw, of esparto or of other plaiting materials; basketware and wickerwork 5.8 0.00 182.9-96.82
47 Pulp of wood or of other fibrous cellulosic material; waste and scrap of paper or paperboard 70,008.5 0.39 73,594.1-4.87
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 74,462.7 0.41 84,005.9-11.36
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 29,524.0 0.16 37,457.3-21.18
50 Silk 479.5 0.00 442.28.43
51 Wool, fine or coarse animal hair; horsehair yarn and woven fabric 12.2 0.00 19.6-37.70
52 Cotton 421.5 0.00 455.6-7.47
53 Other vegetable textile fibers; paper yarn and woven fabric of paper yarn 237.2 0.00 107.0121.79
54 Man-made filaments 4,704.5 0.03 2,771.069.78
55 Man-made staple fibers 2,443.3 0.01 1,780.837.20
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 8,473.8 0.05 7,312.715.88
57 Carpets and other textile floor coverings 7,569.4 0.04 8,904.0-14.99
58 Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery 589.7 0.00 1,345.6-56.18
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 9,829.2 0.05 13,234.1-25.73
60 Knitted or crocheted fabrics 3,284.1 0.02 1,009.9225.19
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 8,348.8 0.05 8,674.9-3.76
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 23,982.0 0.13 32,194.3-25.51
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 14,341.5 0.08 19,089.7-24.87
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 3,400.8 0.02 3,247.24.73
65 Headgear and parts thereof 2,331.8 0.01 2,297.61.49
66 Umbrellas, sun umbrellas, walking sticks, seatsticks, whips, riding-crops and parts thereof 170.7 0.00 224.2-23.87
67 Prepared feathers and down and articles made of feathers or of down; artificial flowers; articles of human hair 804.0 0.00 1,278.8-37.13
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 7,121.8 0.04 9,168.6-22.32
69 Ceramic products 7,109.9 0.04 10,284.4-30.87
70 Glass and glassware 12,988.6 0.07 18,813.8-30.96
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 16,148.1 0.09 11,153.544.78
72 Iron and steel 23,427.4 0.13 66,962.7-65.01
73 Articles of iron or steel 189,005.8 1.05 212,229.6-10.94
74 Copper and articles thereof 50,189.4 0.28 56,828.9-11.68
75 Nickel and articles thereof 4,881.0 0.03 7,994.3-38.94
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 64,909.0 0.36 51,528.525.97
78 Lead and articles thereof 514.3 0.00 498.03.26
79 Zinc and articles thereof 1,562.8 0.01 1,293.220.85
80 Tin and articles thereof 2,018.7 0.01 2,224.9-9.27
81 Other base metals; cermets; articles thereof 1,641.0 0.01 6,477.2-74.67
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 79,596.3 0.44 79,995.6-0.50
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 36,629.9 0.20 42,791.3-14.40
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 2,627,235.4 14.58 3,922,303.6-33.02
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 1,298,411.4 7.20 1,521,382.2-14.66
86 Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds 170,020.9 0.94 70,370.5141.61
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 3,611,735.0 20.04 4,816,500.0-25.01
88 Aircraft, spacecraft, and parts thereof 4,703,208.5 26.10 3,641,012.029.17
89 Ships, boats and floating structures 4,435.2 0.02 6,642.5-33.23
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 619,949.6 3.44 770,629.0-19.55
91 Clocks and watches and parts thereof 7,978.6 0.04 7,233.210.30
92 Musical instruments; parts and accessories of such articles 376.4 0.00 109.5243.74
93 Arms and ammunition; parts and accessories thereof 598,057.0 3.32 303,844.496.83
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 137,935.4 0.77 190,824.0-27.72
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 49,535.8 0.27 50,830.0-2.55
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 9,290.5 0.05 7,880.517.89
97 Works of art, collectors’ pieces and antiques 2,063.8 0.01 2,355.3-12.38
99 Commodities not specified according to kind 366,543.6 2.03 411,499.5-10.92

US Imports from Saudi Arabia

The major share of US imports from Saudi Arabia in 2016 (and in 2015) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Mineral products (HS codes 25-27) - 93.18% of US total imports from Saudi Arabia (93.53% in 2015);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 2.86% of US total imports from Saudi Arabia (2.40% in 2015);
  • Metals and products from them (HS codes 72-83) - 0.68% of US total imports from Saudi Arabia (1.29% in 2015).

The largest gains in US imports from Saudi Arabia in 2016 over 2015 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Plastics and articles thereof (HS code 39) - an increase of $68,407.0 thousand.

The largest declines in US imports from Saudi Arabia in 2016 over the 2015 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes (HS code 27) - a decrease of $5,063,686.7 thousand;
  • Commodities not specified according to kind (HS code 99) - a decrease of $128,571.3 thousand;
  • Organic chemicals (HS code 29) - a decrease of $102,730.9 thousand;
  • Aluminum and articles thereof (HS code 76) - a decrease of $77,780.3 thousand;
  • Articles of iron or steel (HS code 73) - a decrease of $61,263.4 thousand.
US imports from Saudi Arabia in 2016 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value
of imports
in 2016
(USD thousand)
Share
in total import
(%)
Value
of imports
in 2015
USD thousand)
Change
in 2016
over 2015
(%)
03 Fish and crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates 8,067.8 0.04 2,301.3250.58
04 Dairy produce; birds eggs; natural honey; edible products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 330.9 0.00 188.076.00
07 Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers 21.3 0.00 64.1-66.83
08 Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons 1,716.1 0.01 1,239.738.43
09 Coffee, tea, maté and spices 30.8 0.00 172.3-82.12
10 Cereals 30.4 0.00 0.0
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 342.4 0.00 121.4182.10
15 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes 0.0 0.00 16.3-100.00
17 Sugars and sugar confectionery 78.2 0.00 57.236.72
18 Cocoa and cocoa preparations 0.0 0.00 26.8-100.00
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 946.7 0.01 877.27.93
20 Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants 62.7 0.00 80.8-22.42
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 0.0 0.00 5.3-100.00
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 1,027.7 0.01 127.1708.45
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 0.0 0.00 8.4-100.00
26 Ores, slag and ash 334.0 0.00 322.73.53
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 16,782,030.3 93.18 21,845,717.0-23.18
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 16,801.9 0.09 6,394.1162.77
29 Organic chemicals 239,936.9 1.33 342,667.9-29.98
30 Pharmaceutical products 691.4 0.00 741.0-6.70
31 Fertilizers 171,931.1 0.95 191,365.4-10.16
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 238.2 0.00 2,121.2-88.77
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 1,444.5 0.01 1,258.414.79
35 Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes 0.0 0.00 21.7-100.00
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 2,687.0 0.01 2,950.7-8.94
39 Plastics and articles thereof 80,765.5 0.45 12,358.5553.52
40 Rubber and articles thereof 52.6 0.00 49.36.61
41 Raw hides and skins (other than furskins) and leather 0.0 0.00 0.3-100.00
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 184.4 0.00 8.42,091.30
43 Furskins and artificial fur; manufactures thereof 0.0 0.00 2.0-100.00
46 Manufactures of straw, of esparto or of other plaiting materials; basketware and wickerwork 2,341.9 0.01 625.5274.40
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 88.0 0.00 47.684.80
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 887.8 0.00 857.73.50
50 Silk 18.6 0.00 0.0
52 Cotton 7.7 0.00 4.573.16
53 Other vegetable textile fibers; paper yarn and woven fabric of paper yarn 14.3 0.00 0.0
54 Man-made filaments 39,176.0 0.22 34,122.314.81
55 Man-made staple fibers 16,497.3 0.09 14,669.012.46
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 9,329.8 0.05 8,516.69.55
57 Carpets and other textile floor coverings 385.3 0.00 248.654.97
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 116.2 0.00 34.6235.62
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 340.8 0.00 297.214.67
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 371.0 0.00 465.2-20.24
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 12.0 0.00 9.330.10
65 Headgear and parts thereof 4.0 0.00 6.1-34.22
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 2,769.2 0.02 3,482.9-20.49
69 Ceramic products 49.1 0.00 52.3-6.07
70 Glass and glassware 13,621.3 0.08 1,154.81,079.51
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 64,914.8 0.36 47,389.936.98
72 Iron and steel 1,478.8 0.01 42,848.3-96.55
73 Articles of iron or steel 11,402.6 0.06 72,666.0-84.31
74 Copper and articles thereof 937.1 0.01 1,872.8-49.96
75 Nickel and articles thereof 40.6 0.00 608.3-93.32
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 104,687.7 0.58 182,468.0-42.63
78 Lead and articles thereof 1,490.6 0.01 0.0
81 Other base metals; cermets; articles thereof 45.8 0.00 84.6-45.91
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 1,616.5 0.01 584.6176.50
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 290.4 0.00 261.311.12
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 41,263.2 0.23 19,178.5115.15
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 72,194.2 0.40 70,558.52.32
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 326.9 0.00 330.7-1.13
88 Aircraft, spacecraft, and parts thereof 731.9 0.00 460.958.81
89 Ships, boats and floating structures 62.5 0.00 27.3128.65
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 2,448.3 0.01 2,405.81.76
91 Clocks and watches and parts thereof 48.1 0.00 0.0
92 Musical instruments; parts and accessories of such articles 5.8 0.00 4.047.16
93 Arms and ammunition; parts and accessories thereof 1,204.4 0.01 919.431.00
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 522.2 0.00 942.3-44.58
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 491.4 0.00 14.53,287.07
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 3.0 0.00 7.9-62.17
97 Works of art, collectors’ pieces and antiques 1,056.5 0.01 1,037.31.85
99 Commodities not specified according to kind 308,131.8 1.71 436,703.2-29.44
Compiled by «US-EXPORT–IMPORT» based on the statistics of the US Department of Commerce