US trade (export - import) with Saudi Arabia in 2017

Published or Updated: Jun 10, 2018

The report on US foreign trade in goods with Saudi Arabia in 2017: exports, imports, balance, product types and groups, dynamics.

US Trade with Saudi Arabia

In 2017, US trade with Saudi Arabia was $35.9 billion, down 0.45% ($0.2 billion) from 2016.

US exports to Saudi Arabia in 2017 were $16.3 billion, down 9.78% ($1.8 billion) from 2016.

US imports from Saudi Arabia in 2017 totaled $19.6 billion, up 8.88% ($1.6 billion) from 2016.

US trade balance with Saudi Arabia went from a surplus of $0.0 billion in 2016, to a deficit of $3.4 billion in 2017.

Saudi Arabia was the US 22nd largest trading partner in 2017 (just as in 2016), accounting for 0.9071% of US total trade (down from 0.9731% in 2016).

Saudi Arabia was the US 20th largest export market in 2017 (down from 19th in 2016), accounting for 1.0517% of US total exports (down from 1.2402% in 2016).

Saudi Arabia was the US 21st largest supplier in 2017 (just as in 2016), accounting for 0.8143% of US total imports (up from 0.8006% in 2016).

US Exports to Saudi Arabia

The major share of US exports to Saudi Arabia in 2017 (and in 2016) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 65.17% of US total exports to Saudi Arabia (72.33% in 2016);
  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 8.98% of US total exports to Saudi Arabia (7.91% in 2016);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 8.34% of US total exports to Saudi Arabia (8.06% in 2016);
  • Metals and products from them (HS codes 72-83) - 2.48% of US total exports to Saudi Arabia (2.52% in 2016);
  • Wood and wood products (HS codes 44-49) - 1.13% of US total exports to Saudi Arabia (1.06% in 2016).

The largest gains in US exports to Saudi Arabia in 2017 over 2016 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Arms and ammunition; parts and accessories thereof (HS code 93) - an increase of $780.6 million;
  • Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles (HS code 85) - an increase of $297.6 million;
  • Commodities not specified according to kind (HS code 99) - an increase of $84.0 million.

The largest declines in US exports to Saudi Arabia in 2017 over 2016 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Aircraft, spacecraft, and parts thereof (HS code 88) - a decrease of $1,196.3 million;
  • Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof (HS code 87) - a decrease of $1,039.6 million;
  • Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof (HS code 84) - a decrease of $377.7 million;
  • Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds (HS code 86) - a decrease of $123.7 million;
  • Cereals (HS code 10) - a decrease of $50.4 million.
US exports to Saudi Arabia in 2017 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value
of exports
in 2017
(USD thousand)
Share
in total export
(%)
Value
of exports
in 2016
(USD thousand)
Change
in 2017
over 2016
(%)
01 Live animals 1,716.3 0.01 5,666.9-69.71
02 Meat and edible meat offal 9,960.0 0.06 10,130.9-1.69
03 Fish and crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates 1,646.0 0.01 2,174.1-24.29
04 Dairy produce; birds eggs; natural honey; edible products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 47,471.2 0.29 41,649.913.98
05 Products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 6,166.4 0.04 5,645.09.24
06 Live trees and other plants; bulbs, roots and the like; cut flowers and ornamental foliage 683.4 0.00 891.9-23.38
07 Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers 6,660.6 0.04 9,453.2-29.54
08 Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons 167,798.4 1.03 134,302.724.94
09 Coffee, tea, maté and spices 14,036.0 0.09 13,792.61.76
10 Cereals 395,719.5 2.43 446,083.1-11.29
11 Products of the milling industry; malt; starches; inulin; wheat gluten 492.6 0.00 1,477.5-66.66
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 262,789.3 1.62 245,995.56.83
13 Lac; gums, resins and other vegetable saps and extracts 4,191.6 0.03 2,849.247.11
14 Vegetable plaiting materials; vegetable products not elsewhere specified or included 4,237.0 0.03 1,074.0294.51
15 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes 100,092.0 0.62 91,142.29.82
16 Preparations of meat, of fish or of crustaceans, molluscs or other aquatic invertebrates 1,928.0 0.01 846.5127.75
17 Sugars and sugar confectionery 12,640.9 0.08 9,991.226.52
18 Cocoa and cocoa preparations 20,540.0 0.13 27,570.0-25.50
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 45,872.5 0.28 54,301.4-15.52
20 Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants 82,232.2 0.51 93,001.1-11.58
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 133,754.6 0.82 120,372.811.12
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 18,148.8 0.11 13,991.329.71
23 Residues and waste from the food industries; prepared animal feed 121,105.1 0.74 93,495.029.53
24 Tobacco and manufactured tobacco substitutes 162.6 0.00 13.11,143.99
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 25,420.7 0.16 24,301.64.60
26 Ores, slag and ash 135.0 0.00 12.01,025.90
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 76,986.8 0.47 117,828.0-34.66
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 57,628.1 0.35 77,426.4-25.57
29 Organic chemicals 106,262.2 0.65 104,307.11.87
30 Pharmaceutical products 217,381.5 1.34 249,683.1-12.94
31 Fertilizers 461.0 0.00 1,059.7-56.50
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 14,427.7 0.09 16,501.9-12.57
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 56,393.0 0.35 59,801.5-5.70
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 65,660.2 0.40 48,831.234.46
35 Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes 34,355.0 0.21 35,510.8-3.25
36 Explosives; pyrotechnic products; matches; pyrophoric alloys; certain combustible preparations 5,643.1 0.03 12,201.1-53.75
37 Photographic or cinematographic goods 2,719.8 0.02 1,688.461.08
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 441,091.5 2.71 473,270.0-6.80
39 Plastics and articles thereof 271,117.5 1.67 271,705.8-0.22
40 Rubber and articles thereof 82,410.3 0.51 101,002.8-18.41
41 Raw hides and skins (other than furskins) and leather 1,018.3 0.01 1,190.2-14.45
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 10,069.1 0.06 12,295.9-18.11
43 Furskins and artificial fur; manufactures thereof 107.2 0.00 153.9-30.34
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 20,053.5 0.12 17,891.212.09
45 Cork and articles of cork 51.3 0.00 15.8225.49
46 Manufactures of straw, of esparto or of other plaiting materials; basketware and wickerwork 43.9 0.00 5.8655.02
47 Pulp of wood or of other fibrous cellulosic material; waste and scrap of paper or paperboard 64,296.0 0.40 70,008.5-8.16
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 66,726.0 0.41 74,462.7-10.39
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 32,393.4 0.20 29,524.09.72
50 Silk 377.7 0.00 479.5-21.23
51 Wool, fine or coarse animal hair; horsehair yarn and woven fabric 21.2 0.00 12.273.25
52 Cotton 116.1 0.00 421.5-72.46
53 Other vegetable textile fibers; paper yarn and woven fabric of paper yarn 108.0 0.00 237.2-54.48
54 Man-made filaments 1,903.7 0.01 4,704.5-59.54
55 Man-made staple fibers 1,466.7 0.01 2,443.3-39.97
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 7,455.4 0.05 8,473.8-12.02
57 Carpets and other textile floor coverings 6,992.6 0.04 7,569.4-7.62
58 Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery 739.5 0.00 589.725.41
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 10,854.2 0.07 9,829.210.43
60 Knitted or crocheted fabrics 5,591.8 0.03 3,284.170.27
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 7,437.1 0.05 8,348.8-10.92
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 17,862.1 0.11 23,982.0-25.52
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 13,665.9 0.08 14,341.5-4.71
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 3,330.3 0.02 3,400.8-2.07
65 Headgear and parts thereof 3,199.1 0.02 2,331.837.19
66 Umbrellas, sun umbrellas, walking sticks, seatsticks, whips, riding-crops and parts thereof 161.4 0.00 170.7-5.44
67 Prepared feathers and down and articles made of feathers or of down; artificial flowers; articles of human hair 665.3 0.00 804.0-17.25
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 6,854.6 0.04 7,121.8-3.75
69 Ceramic products 6,627.4 0.04 7,109.9-6.79
70 Glass and glassware 13,498.9 0.08 12,988.63.93
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 16,095.9 0.10 16,148.1-0.32
72 Iron and steel 21,474.3 0.13 23,427.4-8.34
73 Articles of iron or steel 171,329.9 1.05 189,005.8-9.35
74 Copper and articles thereof 60,312.1 0.37 50,189.420.17
75 Nickel and articles thereof 8,402.6 0.05 4,881.072.15
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 28,193.3 0.17 64,909.0-56.56
78 Lead and articles thereof 207.7 0.00 514.3-59.61
79 Zinc and articles thereof 1,134.5 0.01 1,562.8-27.41
80 Tin and articles thereof 232.1 0.00 2,018.7-88.50
81 Other base metals; cermets; articles thereof 6,624.0 0.04 1,641.0303.66
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 74,718.4 0.46 79,596.3-6.13
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 31,074.1 0.19 36,629.9-15.17
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 2,249,555.0 13.83 2,627,235.4-14.38
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 1,596,023.4 9.82 1,298,411.422.92
86 Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds 46,363.0 0.29 170,020.9-72.73
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 2,572,176.3 15.82 3,611,735.0-28.78
88 Aircraft, spacecraft, and parts thereof 3,506,957.0 21.57 4,703,208.5-25.43
89 Ships, boats and floating structures 2,850.2 0.02 4,435.2-35.74
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 622,641.9 3.83 619,949.60.43
91 Clocks and watches and parts thereof 6,496.5 0.04 7,978.6-18.58
92 Musical instruments; parts and accessories of such articles 185.0 0.00 376.4-50.85
93 Arms and ammunition; parts and accessories thereof 1,378,676.1 8.48 598,057.0130.53
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 126,572.1 0.78 137,935.4-8.24
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 47,342.8 0.29 49,535.8-4.43
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 9,552.8 0.06 9,290.52.82
97 Works of art, collectors’ pieces and antiques 2,982.7 0.02 2,063.844.53
99 Commodities not specified according to kind 450,496.2 2.77 366,543.622.90

US Imports from Saudi Arabia

The major share of US imports from Saudi Arabia in 2017 (and in 2016) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Mineral products (HS codes 25-27) - 93.41% of US total imports from Saudi Arabia (93.18% in 2016);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 2.73% of US total imports from Saudi Arabia (2.86% in 2016);
  • Metals and products from them (HS codes 72-83) - 1.46% of US total imports from Saudi Arabia (0.68% in 2016).

The largest gains in US imports from Saudi Arabia in 2017 over 2016 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes (HS code 27) - an increase of $1,536.1 million;
  • Articles of iron or steel (HS code 73) - an increase of $71.2 million;
  • Organic chemicals (HS code 29) - an increase of $69.4 million;
  • Aluminum and articles thereof (HS code 76) - an increase of $64.2 million.

The largest declines in US imports from Saudi Arabia in 2017 over the 2016 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Commodities not specified according to kind (HS code 99) - a decrease of $71.4 million.
US imports from Saudi Arabia in 2017 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value
of imports
in 2017
(USD thousand)
Share
in total import
(%)
Value
of imports
in 2016
USD thousand)
Change
in 2017
over 2016
(%)
03 Fish and crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates 2,612.6 0.01 8,067.8-67.62
04 Dairy produce; birds eggs; natural honey; edible products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 747.1 0.00 330.9125.75
05 Products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 4.1 0.00 0.0
07 Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers 24.2 0.00 21.313.85
08 Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons 2,638.7 0.01 1,716.153.76
09 Coffee, tea, maté and spices 109.9 0.00 30.8256.74
10 Cereals 0.0 0.00 30.4-100.00
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 8.1 0.00 342.4-97.64
17 Sugars and sugar confectionery 133.0 0.00 78.270.16
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 938.2 0.00 946.7-0.91
20 Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants 80.0 0.00 62.727.62
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 4.3 0.00 0.0
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 1,115.8 0.01 1,027.78.57
26 Ores, slag and ash 482.2 0.00 334.044.36
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 18,318,139.8 93.41 16,782,030.39.15
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 8,955.9 0.05 16,801.9-46.70
29 Organic chemicals 309,288.6 1.58 239,936.928.90
30 Pharmaceutical products 850.0 0.00 691.422.95
31 Fertilizers 149,669.9 0.76 171,931.1-12.95
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 101.5 0.00 238.2-57.39
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 1,791.5 0.01 1,444.524.02
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 2,426.3 0.01 2,687.0-9.70
39 Plastics and articles thereof 59,411.4 0.30 80,765.5-26.44
40 Rubber and articles thereof 2,073.7 0.01 52.63,842.74
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 10.8 0.00 184.4-94.12
46 Manufactures of straw, of esparto or of other plaiting materials; basketware and wickerwork 7.7 0.00 2,341.9-99.67
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 95.6 0.00 88.08.55
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 785.7 0.00 887.8-11.50
50 Silk 0.0 0.00 18.6-100.00
52 Cotton 1.2 0.00 7.7-84.12
53 Other vegetable textile fibers; paper yarn and woven fabric of paper yarn 0.0 0.00 14.3-100.00
54 Man-made filaments 34,624.3 0.18 39,176.0-11.62
55 Man-made staple fibers 11,826.6 0.06 16,497.3-28.31
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 4,218.8 0.02 9,329.8-54.78
57 Carpets and other textile floor coverings 1,580.7 0.01 385.3310.29
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 35.1 0.00 116.2-69.83
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 598.3 0.00 340.875.56
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 82.8 0.00 371.0-77.68
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 5.3 0.00 12.0-55.74
65 Headgear and parts thereof 4.4 0.00 4.09.86
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 1,390.1 0.01 2,769.2-49.80
69 Ceramic products 145.8 0.00 49.1197.00
70 Glass and glassware 3,383.0 0.02 13,621.3-75.16
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 57,361.3 0.29 64,914.8-11.64
72 Iron and steel 28,935.3 0.15 1,478.81,856.65
73 Articles of iron or steel 82,618.7 0.42 11,402.6624.56
74 Copper and articles thereof 846.8 0.00 937.1-9.64
75 Nickel and articles thereof 342.6 0.00 40.6743.65
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 168,860.2 0.86 104,687.761.30
78 Lead and articles thereof 2,282.7 0.01 1,490.653.14
81 Other base metals; cermets; articles thereof 72.6 0.00 45.858.59
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 1,535.1 0.01 1,616.5-5.04
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 210.2 0.00 290.4-27.62
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 23,606.5 0.12 41,263.2-42.79
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 66,836.5 0.34 72,194.2-7.42
86 Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds 5.0 0.00 0.0
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 266.6 0.00 326.9-18.45
88 Aircraft, spacecraft, and parts thereof 3,629.2 0.02 731.9395.83
89 Ships, boats and floating structures 109.6 0.00 62.575.41
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 1,512.6 0.01 2,448.3-38.22
91 Clocks and watches and parts thereof 0.0 0.00 48.1-100.00
92 Musical instruments; parts and accessories of such articles 0.0 0.00 5.8-100.00
93 Arms and ammunition; parts and accessories thereof 12,098.6 0.06 1,204.4904.54
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 724.2 0.00 522.238.68
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 33.7 0.00 491.4-93.14
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 4.7 0.00 3.057.16
97 Works of art, collectors’ pieces and antiques 2,334.7 0.01 1,056.5120.98
99 Commodities not specified according to kind 236,708.1 1.21 308,131.8-23.18
Compiled by «US-EXPORT–IMPORT» based on the statistics of the US Department of Commerce