US trade with Saudi Arabia in the first nine months of 2017

Published or Updated: Jun 10, 2018

The report on US foreign trade in goods with Saudi Arabia in the first nine months of 2017: exports, imports, balance, product types and groups, dynamics.

US Trade with Saudi Arabia

In the first nine months of 2017, US trade with Saudi Arabia totaled $27.8 billion, up 4.27% ($1.1 billion) from the first nine months of 2016.

US exports to Saudi Arabia in the first nine months of 2017 were $12.3 billion, down 6.04% ($0.8 billion) from the first nine months of 2016.

US imports from Saudi Arabia in the first nine months of 2017 totaled $15.5 billion, up 14.27% ($1.9 billion) from the first nine months of 2016.

US trade deficit with Saudi Arabia in the first nine months of 2017 was $3.2 billion, a 641.90% increase ($2.7 billion) over the first nine months of 2016.

Saudi Arabia was the US 22nd largest trading partner in the first nine months of 2017 (up from 23rd in the first nine months of 2016), accounting for 0.9552% of US total trade (down from 1.0178% in the first nine months of 2016).

Saudi Arabia was the US 20th largest export market in the first nine months of 2017 (down from 19th in the first nine months of 2016), accounting for 1.0830% of US total exports (down from 1.2409% in the first nine months of 2016).

Saudi Arabia was the US 20th largest supplier in the first nine months of 2017 (up from 21st in the first nine months of 2016), accounting for 0.8732% of US total imports (up from 0.8668% in the first nine months of 2016).

US Exports to Saudi Arabia

The major share of US exports to Saudi Arabia in the first nine months of 2017 (and in the first nine months of 2016) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Machinery, equipment and vehicles (HS codes 84-90) - 67.41% of US total exports to Saudi Arabia (72.96% in the first nine months of 2016);
  • Food products and agricultural raw materials (HS codes 01-24) - 9.39% of US total exports to Saudi Arabia (7.54% in the first nine months of 2016);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 8.03% of US total exports to Saudi Arabia (8.20% in the first nine months of 2016);
  • Metals and products from them (HS codes 72-83) - 2.38% of US total exports to Saudi Arabia (2.80% in the first nine months of 2016);
  • Wood and wood products (HS codes 44-49) - 1.17% of US total exports to Saudi Arabia (1.16% in the first nine months of 2016).

The largest gains in US exports to Saudi Arabia in the first nine months of 2017 over the first nine months of 2016 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Arms and ammunition; parts and accessories thereof (HS code 93) - an increase of $453.5 million;
  • Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles (HS code 85) - an increase of $63.3 million;
  • Commodities not specified according to kind (HS code 99) - an increase of $60.2 million;
  • Residues and waste from the food industries; prepared animal feed (HS code 23) - an increase of $48.8 million;
  • Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder (HS code 12) - an increase of $41.9 million;
  • Aircraft, spacecraft, and parts thereof (HS code 88) - an increase of $39.6 million.

The largest declines in US exports to Saudi Arabia in the first nine months of 2017 over the first nine months of 2016 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof (HS code 87) - a decrease of $895.4 million;
  • Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof (HS code 84) - a decrease of $387.8 million;
  • Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof (HS code 90) - a decrease of $48.0 million.
US exports to Saudi Arabia in the first nine months of 2017 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value
of exports
in first 9 months 2017
(USD thousand)
Share
in total export
(%)
Value
of exports
in first 9 months 2016
(USD thousand)
Change
in first 9 months 2017
over first 9 months 2016
(%)
01 Live animals 244.0 0.00 1,610.0-84.84
02 Meat and edible meat offal 7,299.8 0.06 7,105.32.74
03 Fish and crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates 1,133.3 0.01 1,770.2-35.98
04 Dairy produce; birds eggs; natural honey; edible products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 33,776.3 0.27 35,546.9-4.98
05 Products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 4,847.3 0.04 4,492.97.89
06 Live trees and other plants; bulbs, roots and the like; cut flowers and ornamental foliage 580.6 0.00 764.2-24.02
07 Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers 5,390.2 0.04 8,375.8-35.65
08 Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons 116,534.9 0.95 81,103.743.69
09 Coffee, tea, maté and spices 10,411.7 0.08 9,539.39.15
10 Cereals 355,937.5 2.89 322,827.110.26
11 Products of the milling industry; malt; starches; inulin; wheat gluten 423.4 0.00 966.8-56.20
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 193,698.2 1.57 151,758.527.64
13 Lac; gums, resins and other vegetable saps and extracts 2,266.9 0.02 1,711.632.44
14 Vegetable plaiting materials; vegetable products not elsewhere specified or included 3,107.0 0.03 1,074.0189.29
15 Animal or vegetable fats and oils and their cleavage products prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes 82,255.4 0.67 61,328.434.12
16 Preparations of meat, of fish or of crustaceans, molluscs or other aquatic invertebrates 1,924.0 0.02 336.4471.94
17 Sugars and sugar confectionery 9,593.0 0.08 7,731.224.08
18 Cocoa and cocoa preparations 16,232.7 0.13 21,703.6-25.21
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 35,121.1 0.28 42,014.6-16.41
20 Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants 62,858.5 0.51 71,201.3-11.72
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 101,348.5 0.82 89,535.613.19
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 5,732.9 0.05 8,552.2-32.97
23 Residues and waste from the food industries; prepared animal feed 106,775.8 0.87 57,930.284.32
24 Tobacco and manufactured tobacco substitutes 162.6 0.00 13.11,143.99
25 Salt; sulfur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement 18,476.7 0.15 18,629.1-0.82
26 Ores, slag and ash 135.0 0.00 8.81,426.40
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 61,309.5 0.50 63,693.3-3.74
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 44,280.5 0.36 54,840.9-19.26
29 Organic chemicals 75,494.8 0.61 82,539.3-8.53
30 Pharmaceutical products 150,941.8 1.22 178,429.2-15.41
31 Fertilizers 357.7 0.00 1,045.1-65.78
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 10,831.5 0.09 13,213.7-18.03
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 41,931.2 0.34 44,902.5-6.62
34 Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modeling pastes, "dental waxes" and dental preparations with a basis of plaster 48,185.4 0.39 37,212.129.49
35 Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes 27,806.1 0.23 27,358.81.64
36 Explosives; pyrotechnic products; matches; pyrophoric alloys; certain combustible preparations 4,037.8 0.03 10,553.1-61.74
37 Photographic or cinematographic goods 2,380.6 0.02 1,510.457.62
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 313,698.5 2.54 324,658.3-3.38
39 Plastics and articles thereof 205,448.2 1.67 212,219.3-3.19
40 Rubber and articles thereof 64,477.8 0.52 86,993.9-25.88
41 Raw hides and skins (other than furskins) and leather 763.8 0.01 888.7-14.06
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 7,732.6 0.06 10,556.8-26.75
43 Furskins and artificial fur; manufactures thereof 56.1 0.00 146.6-61.77
44 Wood and articles of wood; wood charcoal 16,277.4 0.13 14,486.912.36
45 Cork and articles of cork 38.4 0.00 15.8143.61
46 Manufactures of straw, of esparto or of other plaiting materials; basketware and wickerwork 43.9 0.00 3.11,310.66
47 Pulp of wood or of other fibrous cellulosic material; waste and scrap of paper or paperboard 47,032.1 0.38 52,930.3-11.14
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 53,374.7 0.43 60,850.1-12.29
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 27,228.0 0.22 24,428.211.46
50 Silk 130.8 0.00 448.8-70.85
51 Wool, fine or coarse animal hair; horsehair yarn and woven fabric 21.2 0.00 12.273.25
52 Cotton 54.9 0.00 258.2-78.73
53 Other vegetable textile fibers; paper yarn and woven fabric of paper yarn 108.0 0.00 234.4-53.93
54 Man-made filaments 1,677.4 0.01 3,898.2-56.97
55 Man-made staple fibers 1,094.0 0.01 1,839.0-40.51
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 5,079.2 0.04 6,951.4-26.93
57 Carpets and other textile floor coverings 5,625.5 0.05 6,234.9-9.77
58 Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace, tapestries; trimmings; embroidery 710.4 0.01 293.6142.00
59 Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use 7,574.2 0.06 6,379.318.73
60 Knitted or crocheted fabrics 3,864.1 0.03 2,603.348.43
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 5,384.3 0.04 6,016.8-10.51
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 11,453.1 0.09 18,607.9-38.45
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 9,459.3 0.08 12,444.5-23.99
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 2,158.8 0.02 2,544.3-15.15
65 Headgear and parts thereof 2,551.8 0.02 1,845.838.25
66 Umbrellas, sun umbrellas, walking sticks, seatsticks, whips, riding-crops and parts thereof 150.6 0.00 132.613.53
67 Prepared feathers and down and articles made of feathers or of down; artificial flowers; articles of human hair 531.8 0.00 709.5-25.04
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 4,862.7 0.04 4,725.42.91
69 Ceramic products 4,312.4 0.03 4,889.1-11.79
70 Glass and glassware 9,690.5 0.08 10,152.0-4.55
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 11,417.9 0.09 12,721.4-10.25
72 Iron and steel 5,082.6 0.04 21,966.8-76.86
73 Articles of iron or steel 123,247.2 1.00 151,547.5-18.67
74 Copper and articles thereof 50,756.9 0.41 42,147.820.43
75 Nickel and articles thereof 4,734.3 0.04 3,392.839.54
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 21,119.3 0.17 53,154.7-60.27
78 Lead and articles thereof 164.5 0.00 382.8-57.03
79 Zinc and articles thereof 925.9 0.01 1,016.4-8.91
80 Tin and articles thereof 202.9 0.00 1,989.3-89.80
81 Other base metals; cermets; articles thereof 6,232.8 0.05 1,313.3374.58
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 58,905.9 0.48 60,848.5-3.19
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 22,168.1 0.18 30,006.5-26.12
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 1,557,664.5 12.63 1,945,478.5-19.93
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 1,088,759.8 8.83 1,025,503.46.17
86 Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds 38,214.8 0.31 71,597.6-46.63
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 1,909,258.5 15.48 2,804,644.3-31.93
88 Aircraft, spacecraft, and parts thereof 3,270,720.9 26.53 3,231,129.01.23
89 Ships, boats and floating structures 2,598.4 0.02 3,869.8-32.85
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 444,528.1 3.61 492,551.6-9.75
91 Clocks and watches and parts thereof 4,603.4 0.04 6,169.1-25.38
92 Musical instruments; parts and accessories of such articles 90.2 0.00 367.2-75.44
93 Arms and ammunition; parts and accessories thereof 784,367.0 6.36 330,834.5137.09
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 92,729.9 0.75 113,208.4-18.09
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 35,660.0 0.29 37,339.4-4.50
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 7,739.7 0.06 7,492.73.30
97 Works of art, collectors’ pieces and antiques 2,663.5 0.02 1,468.781.36
99 Commodities not specified according to kind 328,918.6 2.67 268,672.322.42

US Imports from Saudi Arabia

The major share of US imports from Saudi Arabia in the first nine months of 2017 (and in the first nine months of 2016) was accounted for the following product types:

  • Mineral products (HS codes 25-27) - 94.36% of US total imports from Saudi Arabia (92.92% in the first nine months of 2016);
  • Chemical products (HS codes 28-40) - 2.27% of US total imports from Saudi Arabia (2.84% in the first nine months of 2016).

The largest gains in US imports from Saudi Arabia in the first nine months of 2017 over the first nine months of 2016 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes (HS code 27) - an increase of $2,019.4 million.

The largest declines in US imports from Saudi Arabia in the first nine months of 2017 over the first nine months of 2016 were recorded for the following product groups:

  • Commodities not specified according to kind (HS code 99) - a decrease of $48.3 million.
US imports from Saudi Arabia in the first nine months of 2017 by product groups
HS
code
Name of product group Value
of imports
in first 9 months 2017
(USD thousand)
Share
in total import
(%)
Value
of imports
in first 9 months 2016
(USD thousand)
Change
in first 9 months 2017
over first 9 months 2016
(%)
03 Fish and crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates 1,864.7 0.01 6,284.1-70.33
04 Dairy produce; birds eggs; natural honey; edible products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included 747.1 0.00 255.3192.61
07 Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers 24.2 0.00 21.313.85
08 Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons 2,579.9 0.02 1,671.454.35
09 Coffee, tea, maté and spices 109.9 0.00 23.4370.76
10 Cereals 0.0 0.00 30.4-100.00
12 Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruits; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder 8.1 0.00 336.3-97.60
17 Sugars and sugar confectionery 92.0 0.00 78.217.77
19 Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; bakers’ wares 615.9 0.00 783.1-21.35
20 Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants 80.0 0.00 24.2231.12
21 Miscellaneous edible preparations 4.3 0.00 0.0
22 Beverages, spirits and vinegar 921.6 0.01 842.89.35
26 Ores, slag and ash 482.2 0.00 334.044.36
27 Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes 14,607,499.4 94.36 12,588,098.916.04
28 Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals,of radioactive elements or of isotopes 8,955.9 0.06 144.66,093.71
29 Organic chemicals 200,803.2 1.30 177,864.312.90
30 Pharmaceutical products 355.7 0.00 316.112.51
31 Fertilizers 98,132.0 0.63 134,096.1-26.82
32 Tanning or dyeing extracts; dyes, pigments, paints, varnishes, putty and mastics 43.9 0.00 162.5-73.00
33 Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations 1,475.9 0.01 660.1123.59
38 Miscellaneous chemical products 1,813.0 0.01 1,114.262.71
39 Plastics and articles thereof 39,625.2 0.26 70,581.4-43.86
40 Rubber and articles thereof 615.6 0.00 44.61,281.30
42 Articles of leather; saddlery and harness; travel goods, handbags and similar containers; articles of animal gut (other than silkworm gut) 8.2 0.00 184.4-95.57
46 Manufactures of straw, of esparto or of other plaiting materials; basketware and wickerwork 7.7 0.00 2,065.2-99.63
48 Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard 95.6 0.00 53.578.74
49 Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans 699.6 0.00 829.0-15.61
50 Silk 0.0 0.00 6.0-100.00
52 Cotton 1.2 0.00 4.3-71.77
53 Other vegetable textile fibers; paper yarn and woven fabric of paper yarn 0.0 0.00 4.1-100.00
54 Man-made filaments 25,469.6 0.16 31,315.8-18.67
55 Man-made staple fibers 8,108.4 0.05 12,968.2-37.47
56 Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns, twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof 3,051.2 0.02 8,461.9-63.94
57 Carpets and other textile floor coverings 866.6 0.01 209.0314.67
61 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted 28.3 0.00 112.2-74.82
62 Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted 382.7 0.00 273.539.96
63 Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags 70.0 0.00 359.7-80.54
64 Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles 5.3 0.00 1.8190.30
65 Headgear and parts thereof 4.4 0.00 4.09.86
68 Articles of stone, plaster, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials 1,241.2 0.01 2,199.7-43.57
69 Ceramic products 0.0 0.00 7.0-100.00
70 Glass and glassware 1,746.3 0.01 12,064.1-85.53
71 Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones,precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewelry; coin 56,304.7 0.36 64,695.7-12.97
72 Iron and steel 14,287.4 0.09 1,346.5961.08
73 Articles of iron or steel 51,672.4 0.33 11,174.7362.41
74 Copper and articles thereof 640.9 0.00 84.4659.03
76 Aluminum and articles thereof 72,362.9 0.47 80,481.1-10.09
78 Lead and articles thereof 2,282.7 0.01 222.4926.61
81 Other base metals; cermets; articles thereof 72.6 0.00 11.7522.76
82 Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal 1,489.5 0.01 1,351.010.25
83 Miscellaneous articles of base metal 57.8 0.00 186.8-69.07
84 Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof 18,888.1 0.12 37,477.4-49.60
85 Electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof; sound recorders and reproducers, television image and sound recorders and reproducers, and parts and accessories of such articles 51,163.4 0.33 56,771.5-9.88
86 Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds 5.0 0.00 0.0
87 Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof 190.0 0.00 326.9-41.87
88 Aircraft, spacecraft, and parts thereof 3,505.6 0.02 503.7595.97
89 Ships, boats and floating structures 5.6 0.00 47.2-88.25
90 Optical, photographic, cinematographic, measuring, checking, precision, medical or surgical instruments and apparatus; parts and accessories thereof 1,012.5 0.01 2,145.6-52.81
91 Clocks and watches and parts thereof 0.0 0.00 10.6-100.00
92 Musical instruments; parts and accessories of such articles 0.0 0.00 5.8-100.00
93 Arms and ammunition; parts and accessories thereof 11,863.5 0.08 845.91,302.50
94 Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; lamps and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated sign illuminated nameplates and the like; prefabricated buildings 628.2 0.00 441.842.19
95 Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof 22.9 0.00 491.4-95.35
96 Miscellaneous manufactured articles 4.7 0.00 0.0
97 Works of art, collectors’ pieces and antiques 680.6 0.00 746.3-8.80
99 Commodities not specified according to kind 185,282.6 1.20 233,617.9-20.69
Compiled by «US-EXPORT–IMPORT» based on the statistics of the US Department of Commerce